patent Roll 4 Richard II

1
2 Jul. 1380
Drogheda

INSPEXIMUS of a writ attested by William Windsor at Dublin, 3 March [1372] 46 Edw. III,1 ordering Roger Hakenshawe, escheator of Ire., to restore the lands of William, son and heir of Walter Nangle dcd, who held in chief of Edmund, son and heir of Roger Mortimer, late earl of March. The lands were in the K.'s hand by reason of the minority the said William, who has now proved his age.

EXEMPLIFICATION of this writ, which has been enrolled, at the request of John Rusche.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March
C: 

NAI, RC 8/33, pp 118–19.

Footnotes: 

1 CIRCLE, CR 46 Edw. III, §17.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
20 Jul. 1380
Carrickfergus

INSPEXIMUS of the following letters patent under the g.s. used in Ire. by Edward III, late K. of Eng., viz. [1] letters patent dated at Dublin, 5 March [1373] 47 Edw. III,1 inspecting and confirming [2] letters patent attested by Lionel, e. Ulster, the K.’s son and his Lt in Ire., dated 22 March [1361] 36 Edw. III.2

[1] 'INSPEXIMUS of the following letters patent:

[2] "To the mayor and bailiffs and worthy men of the town of Drogheda on the side of Uriel, greetings.

By letters patent dated 7 Jan. [1356], the K. granted the following customs both to the mayor [etc.] of Drogheda on the side of Uriel and also to the seneschal and bailiffs of Drogheda on the side of Meath in aid of their town—which had been impoverished both by the great and horrible pestilence and because of merchandise of the burgesses accidentally lost at sea—for the paving of that town and its enclosure with a stone wall, and also for the repair of the towers of the quays [Kayarum] and the bridge of that town, to be levied on all articles for sale coming to that town by sea or by land, from 20 June [1356] next, and for the following 6 years, viz:

from each pound of all articles for sale, ½d;
from each pound of saffron for sale, 1d;
from each pound of pepper for sale, ¼d;
from each pound of Galyngale for sale, ½d;
from each pound of cloves [Clowys] for sale, 1d;
from each pound of pound of mace, ginger and grain of Paris [Gremdeparys] for sale, ½ d;
from all other kinds kinds of spices worth 12d for sale, ¼d;
for one hundred pounds of wax, 4d;
for one hundred pounds of almonds and rice for sale, 2d;
from each frail of figs and raisins for sale, ½d;
for one hundred pounds of Alyme for sale 2d;
for one hundred pounds of leek seeds for sale 2d;
for twelve pounds of onion seeds for sale 1d;
from each pound of silk for sale, 2d;
from each muslin cap for sale, 1d;
from 100 ells of canvas for sale, 2d;
from each Bolt de Elyesham for sale, ½ d;
from each piece of muslin [card’] for sale, 1d;
from each blanket [gallon’] or other coverlet for sale, ½d;
for 12 felt hats for sale, ½ d;
from each pecia de leges for sale, 1d;
from each piece of whole English cloth for sale, 4d;
from 12 ells of English cloths for sale, 2d;
from each piece of Irish cloth for sale containing twelve yards, 1d;
from each piece of Irish linen for sale, containing twelve ells, ½d;
from each hundred-weight of pieces of iron for sale, 2d;
from each band of pieces of iron for sale, 1d;
from each seme de slabbes for sale, 1d;
from each hundred stone of Spanish iron, 4d;
from each linch of tin for sale, 1d;
from each fotmel of lead for sale, ½d;
from 100 pounds of scrof’ for sale, 1d;
from all kinds of avoirdupois worth 12d for sale, ¼d;
from each thousand nails [clavorum & Speykynges] for sale, 1d;
for 12 plough-shares for sale, 1d;
from each frail of batry [kitchenware] for sale, 4d;
from each large cooking pot for sale, 1d;
from each cella worth 5s for sale, ½ d;
from each tun of wine or sale 4d;
from each pipe of wine or sale 2d;
from each crannock of ordinary malt and first-grade malt for sale, 1d;
from each crannock of wheat-corn for sale, 1d;
from each load of wheat for sale, ½ d;
from each tun of butter for sale 4d;
from each sum of butter for sale, 1d;
from each last of butter for sale, 1d;
from each stone of tallow for sale,½ d;
from each tun of herrings for sale, 4d;
for each mease of fish for sale, ½d;
for each crannock of salt for sale, 1d;
for each crannock of barley, beans and peas for sale, 1d;
from each crannock of flour of oats and of other types of grain, for sale, 1d;
from cheese and butter worth 12d for sale ¼d;
from each sack of wool for sale, 4d;
from each stone of wool for sale, 1d;
from each hide tanned, fresh or salted for sale, ¼ d;
from all kinds of hides worth 12d for sale, ¼ d;
from each hundred-weight of woolfells for sale, ½ d;
from each hundred-weight of skins of Walsellis for sale, 2d;
from each hide of lambs for sale, 1d;
from each hundred-weight of rabbit-skins for sale, 1d;
and from all other kinds of hides worth 12d for sale, ¼d;
from each horse worth 40d or more for sale, 2d;
from each draught-horse, bull, ox or cow for sale, 1d;
from each calf for sale, ¼ d;
from each pig, sheep or goat for sale, ¼ d;
from each horse-load of fishes for sale, ½ d;
from each hundred of dried fishes for sale, 1d;
from each salmon for sale, ¼ d;
from each hundred merlin eels for sale, 1d;
and from all kinds of timber and also from bigs, carriages, carts and boards worth 2s for sale, ½d;
and from all kinds of merchandise worth 2s for sale of which mention has not been made here, ½d.

At the end of the term of six years these customs were to cease and be removed entirely.

On account of the faith that the seneschal [etc.] of Drogheda on the side of Meath and also the mayor [etc.] of Drogheda on the side of Uriel bore and held towards the K., and also for a fine of 40s made by them both in the K.’s chancery of Ire., the K. exonerated them from rendering any account of those customs at his Ex. of Dublin, such that the money derived from those customs should be expended faithfully on the enclosure and paving [of the town], and the repair of the towers of its quays and its bridge, and not otherwise. And that at the end of the said term, an account for the same should be rendered by the said seneschal [etc.] and mayor [etc.] before two law-worthy burgesses of the said town to be chosen by them.

Considering the premises and wishing to show them more abundant grace, LICENCE to the mayor and bailiffs and worthy men of Drogheda on the side of Uriel to take the said customs from the day of the making of these presents for a term of 20 years, rendering an account for the same as said before. And at the end of that term those customs are to cease and be removed entirely.

The K.'s son, Lionel, e. Ulster, Lt in Ire., at Dublin, 22 March [1361] 36 Edw. III."

ACCEPTANCE, RATIFICATION, APPROVAL, GRANT and CONFIRMATION of the K.’s previous charter [dated 22 March 1361] to the mayor, seneschal, bailiffs and burgesses of the town of Drogheda on both sides of the water and all its contents for remainder of the previous term of 20 years in aid of the paving of that town and its enclosure with a stone wall […]. The K. also exonerates them from rendering an account of moneys derived from those customs at his Ex. of Ire., always providing that at the end of that term an account is rendered before two law-worthy burgesses elected by them. And at the end of that term those customs are to cease and be removed entirely.

Robert Ashton, Jcr, at Dublin, 5 March [1373] 47 Edw. III.’

ACCEPTANCE, RATIFICATION, APPROVAL and CONFIRMATION of those letters patent [dated 5 March 1373] for the remainder of that term of 20 years and then for a further term of 9 years.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
C: 

CPI, p. 78.

N: 

CPI, p. 82 (=CIRCLE, PR 9 Ric. II, §250: an inspeximus dated at Dublin, 10 Oct. 1385).

Footnotes: 

1 CIRCLE, PR 47 Edw. III, §3.
2 CIRCLE, PR 36 Edw. III, §6.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
7 Aug. 1380

GRANT to Thomas, prior of St Andrew in Le Arde of Ulster, for a set rent payable at the Ex. of Ire., of the said priory, which is a parcel of the abbey of Lonley in Normandy, for as long as the same priory is in the K.'s hand by reason of the war with France.

C: 

CCR 1389–92, pp 473–4, 496.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
66
11 Sep. 1380
Trim

Similar WRITS [of parliamentary summons, as in §65] under the same date addressed to the following persons, viz.:

Gerald fitz Morice, e. Desmond;
Maurice fitz Thomas, e. Kildare;
William Loundres kt;
Thomas fitz John kt;
Patrick de la Freigne kt;
Robert de la Freigne kt;
Simon Cusak kt;
Walter Cusak kt;
Hugh Byset kt;
Henry Savage kt;
Thomas Tuite kt;
Thomas Vernayll1 kt;
Edmund Hussey kt;
David Barry kt;
Richard Burgh kt.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
T: 

Lynch, Legal institutions, p. 329.

C: 

NAI, Lindsay MS 11, f. 26; Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., 326; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'Nayll'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
63
11 Sep. 1380
Trim

Similar WRITS [of parliamentary summons, as in §62] under the same date addressed to the following archbishops and other persons, viz.:

the archbishop of Cashel or his vicar general;
the archbishop of Tuam;
the keeper of the spiritualities of the archbishopric of Armagh;
the keeper of the spiritualities of the bishopric of Meath;
the bishop of Kildare;
the bishop of Leighlin;
the bishop of Ossory;
the bishop of Ferns;
the bishop of Lismore and Waterford;
the bishop of Cork;
the bishop of Limerick;
the bishop of Cloyne;
the bishop of Clogher;
the bishop of Ardfert;
the bishop of Killaloe;
the bishop of Emly;
the bishop of Elphin;
the bishop of Down;
the bishop of Killala;
the bishop of Kilmacduagh;
the bishop of Clonfert;
the bishop of Ross;
the bishop of Connor;
the bishop of Clonmacnoise;
the bishop of Raphoe;
the bishop of Kilmore [Breffnin']
the bishop of Derry.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
T: 

Lynch, Legal institutions, pp 328–9.

C: 

Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., 325–6; NAI, Lindsay MS 11, f. 26; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
67
11 Sep. 1380
Trim

Similar WRITS [of parliamentary summons, as in §65] under the same date addressed to the following persons being of the K.'s council, viz.:

Robert Preston kt;
John Keppok;
Stephen Bray;
Richard Plunket;
John Tyrell.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
T: 

Lynch, Legal institutions, p. 330.

C: 

Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., 326; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
64
11 Sep. 1380
Trim

Similar WRITS [of parliamentary summons, as in §62] under the same date addressed to the following abbots and priors, viz.:

the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire.;
the abbot of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin;
the abbot of the House of the Blessed Mary near Dublin;
the abbot of Mellifont;
the abbot of Baltinglass;
the abbot of Dunbrody;
the abbot of Tracton;
the abbot of Maigue [Monasteranenagh];
the prior of Conall.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
T: 

Lynch, Legal institutions, p. 328.

C: 

Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., 325–6; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
69
11 Sep. 1380
Trim
To the sheriff of Dublin.

For certain most urgent reasons specially concerning the K. and the state of his land, the K. has thought fit by the advice of his Lt and council in Ire. to ordain that a parliament be held at Dublin on Saturday, the morrow of All Souls next [3 Nov. 1380]. ORDER to the sheriff of Dublin, firmly enjoining him that he is to cause to be elected by the common assent of the commons of that county two of the more worthy and law-worthy knights of that county [Dublin] with full power for themselves and the said co. to come on that day and place to treat, agree and consent concerning articles to be expounded and declared there on behalf of the K. And they are to have there the names of the said two knights and this writ.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
T: 

Lynch, Legal institutions, p. 330.

C: 

NAI, Lindsay MS 11, f. 26v; Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., 327; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
65
11 Sep. 1380
Trim
To the K.'s beloved and faithful cousin, James Butler, e. Ormond.

For certain most urgent reasons specially concerning the K. and the state of his land, the K. has thought fit by the advice of his Lt and council in Ire. to ordain that a parliament be held at Dublin on Saturday, the morrow of All Souls next [3 Nov. 1380]. ORDER to James Butler, e. Ormond, firmly enjoining him in the faith and love that he owes the K., to be present on that day in person to treat, agree and consent concerning articles to be expounded there on behalf of the K. And he is to have there this writ.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
T: 

Lynch, Legal institutions, p. 329.

C: 

NAI, Lindsay MS 11, f. 26; Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., 326; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
70
11 Sep. 1380
Trim

Similar WRITS [of parliamentary summons, as in §69] under the same date addressed to the following persons, viz.:

the sheriff of Kildare;
the sheriff of Louth;
the sheriff of Meath;
the sheriff of Carlow;
the sheriff of Wexford;
the sheriff of Waterford;
the sheriff of Limerick;
the sheriff of Cork;
the seneschal of the liberty of Kilkenny and the sheriff of the crosslands of the same;
the seneschal of the liberty of Meath;
the seneschal of the liberty of Ulster and the sheriff of the crosslands of the same;
the seneschal of the liberty of Tipperary and the sheriff of the crosslands of the same;
the seneschal of the liberty of Kerry and the sheriff of the crosslands of the same.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
T: 

Lynch, Legal institutions, p. 330.

C: 

Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., 327; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
62
11 Sep. 1380
Trim
To the venerable father in Christ, Robert [Wikeford], by the grace of God, archbishop of Dublin.

For certain most urgent reasons specially concerning the K. and the state of his land, the K. has thought fit by the advice of his Lt and council in Ire. to ordain that a parliament be held at Dublin on Saturday, the morrow of All Souls next [3 Nov. 1380]. ORDER to Robert [Wikeford], abp Dublin, firmly enjoining him in the faith and love that he owes the K., to be present on that day in person together with sufficient proctors for the dean and chapter of his church of Dublin and others of his diocese, chosen by their assent, having obtained sufficient power for himself and the said dean, chapter and clergy to treat, agree and consent concerning articles to be expounded there on behalf of the K. And he is to have there the names of the said proctors and this writ.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
T: 

Lynch, Legal institutions, p. 328.

C: 

NAI, Lindsay MS 11, f. 26; Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., 325; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
8 Oct. 1380
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

ORDER to accept the oath of William Archbold, appointed as usher and marshal of the Ex. [as in §4].

C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 205.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
8 Oct. 1380

APPOINTMENT of William Archbold as usher and marshal of the Ex.

C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 205.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
24 Nov. 1380
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of letters patent under the g.s. of Eng. given at Westminster, 5 June [1380] 3 Ric. II:1

'By his special grace and by assent of his council, the K. has given and granted to his beloved cousin James Butler, e. Ormond, at the latter's request, the lands and tenements in Athbillir in the barony of Overk, co. Kilkenny, which belonged to John Kermerdyn, who held them of Edmund Butler, grandfather of the said James, who was then lord of that barony. The lands came into the K.'s hand because John adhered to the Scots, enemies of Edward II, late K. of Eng. These lands and tenements consist of 1 messuage and 1 carucate of land, and 340 acres of pasture and mountain, worth 20s 3d p.a., as was found by inquisition held by Robert Sutton clk, deputy of Robert Lughteburgh, the K.'s escheator of Ire.2 To have and to hold to the said earl and the heirs male of his body, of the K. and his heirs by due and accustomed services.'

EXEMPLIFICATION of these letters at the request of James [Butler], e. Ormond.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
O: 

NLI, D 1271.

C: 

COD, ii, §246.

Footnotes: 

1 The text of original grant is given in CPR 1377–81, p. 502.
2 The text of a writ ad quod damnum dated Westminster, 19 Aug. 1379, and the ensuing inquisition taken before Robert Sutton on 6 March 1380 are given in Inquisitions & extents, §343.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
8 Dec. 1380

APPOINTMENT of [Walter Bermingham] the lord of Athenry as sheriff of Connacht.

C: 

NAI, Lindsay MS 13, f. 176v.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
22 Feb. 1381
Dundalk

PARDON, for a fine of 20m, to Matthew Tanner and Richard s. of Matthew Tanner and John s. of Matthew Tanner for all manner of felonies and trespasses committed by them in Ire. in the time of Edward III, K. of Eng., and up to the date of these presents; such that they stand to law in the K.'s court, in case anyone should sue them.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
Authorized: 
By letters of the Lt.
O: 

NLI, D 15713.

C: 

Dowdall deeds, §269.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
25 Feb. 1381

APPOINTMENT of Walter de la Botellerie as marshal of the common bench.

C: 

NAI, Phillips MS 2653, p. 216.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
18 Mar. 1381

INSPEXIMUS of a record of the [common] bench of the K. in 13 Edw. II [1319–20] of a plea arraigned by Edmund Walter against Robert and William Bagot concerning possession of land in le Rath. It was adjudged that the matter should be settled in the court of the city of Dublin.

O: 

DCA, Royal Charter §41.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
20 Mar. 1381
Mullingar

Among the other goods and chattels that belonged to Stephen Vale, late bishop of Meath, dcd, who owed various debts and accounts on the day he died both to Edward III, late K. of Eng., grandfather of the present K., and also to the present K., and which were taken and seized into the K.'s hand on account of those debts, was the custody of all lands and tenements in Ire. that belonged to John Rochefort kt, dcd, together with the marriage of Margaret, his daughter and heir. The bishop had this custody and marriage by gift and grant of Robert Ashton kt, to whom Edward III granted the same custody and marriage by his letters patent of Eng., to have of his gift.

On advice of the Lt and council in Ire, GRANT, by mainprize of Gerald s. of Maurice and William Wellesley of co. Kildare, to Maurice s. of Thomas, e. Kildare, of custody of the said lands and tenements, with appurtenances, to have with all things belonging to that custody until the heir comes of age, together with the marriage of the heir without disparagement, and so from heir to heir until one of the heirs comes of age; for 525m, of which the earl has paid 362m in the hanaper of the K.'s chancery of Ire. and will pay the remainder, viz. £108 30s 4d, at the receipt of the Ex. within Michaelmas next coming, in part-payment of the said debts.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
T: 

Red bk Kildare, §148.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
24 Apr. 1381
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of letters patent attested by Lionel, duke of Clarence, Edward III's Lt in Ire., dated at Dublin, 28 Oct. [1366] 40 Edw. III,1 viz.:{

'LICENCE to Robert Holywood, for a fine, after inquisition made by Simon Cruys, escheator in co. Dublin, for the alienation in mortmain of a messuage and 160 acres of land in Haketston held of Robert Burnell as of his manor of Ramlotri [Balrothery], to the prior and convent of St Patrick's, Holmpatrick for finding four canons to celebrate divine service daily in their priory church for the good estate of the K. and the souls of his consort, sons and ancestors, and for the souls of the said Robert, his heirs and ancestors, and others.'

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
C: 

CPR 1381–5, p. 543 (=an inspeximus of this inspeximus, dated at Westminster, 5 March 1385).

Footnotes: 

1 CIRCLE, PR 40 Edw. III, §12.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
26 Apr. 1381
Trim

CONFIRMATION, for a fine of 20m paid in the hanaper of the chancery of Ire. by John Yatton, prior of St John, Llanthony Prima in Wales, of the estate that the prior and his successsors have in the church of Ardcath, diocese of Meath, as it was held by John Rufford, late prior, and his predecessors.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
C: 

CPR 1391–6, p. 10 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 27 Nov. 1391).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
[No date.]

COMMISSION for overseeing the repairs of Carlow Castle.

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife