patent Roll 9 Edward II

1
12 Nov. 1315

LICENCE to Walter Istelep to acquire 11½ carucates of arable land, 20 acres of wood, 60 acres of meadow and 60 acres of pasture in Clogheran, Staghcol, Corbaly, Balybreen, Balyricard, Balygeygh, Tiperbaynge and Kilkeppagh and the advowson of the church of Clogheran to be held in chief, and licence to Ririth fitzJohn to enfeoff the said Walter in the same.

C: 

NLI, GO MS 190 p. 127.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
[No date.]

INSPEXIMUS of charters of St Thomas's abbey, Dublin

C: 

CPR 1313–17, pp 486–8.

Footnotes: 

It is mentioned in a further inspeximus under the English great seal, made 29 June 1316

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
16 Feb. 1316
Dublin

For the good service which Philip s. of David de la Roche, Milo de la Roche kt, Henry s. of Philip de la Roche, David Tancard de la Roche, William s. of David de la Roche, Luke s. of Alexander de la Roche, Maurice s. of Alexander de la Roche, David s. of Maurice de la Roche, David s. of Nicholas de la Roche, Henry de la Roche, Henry Persone de la Roche, William de la Roche, William s. of Nicholas de la Roche, Adam de la Roche, Nicholas de la Roche, Philip s. of Luke de la Roche, John s. of Gerald de la Roche, Thomas de la Roche, Thomas Codde, William Codde junior, William Codde senior, Thomas s. of Peter, William s. of Alan, Henry s. of Alan, Thomas s. of Alan, Nevinus O Molmathe, Richard O Molmathe, Adam O Molmathe, Duneward O Bodecham, Padok, McLoghelyn, Robert O Nochdid, Alexander O Dath, Thomas Crick, Nicholas Crick, Gillepatrik O Kuyng, David Bandon, Adam Gillemore, David O Grygyn, Ro[..] og Grygyn, David og s. of Hugh, John s. of Martin Waleys, Robert Codde, Robert Codde, David Kyft, Henry Makede, Robert Midia, Richard Midia, Philip s. of Luke de la Roche, Luke s. of Luke de la Roche, Henry s. of Luke de la Roche, William s. of Luke de la Roche, Michael s. of Luke de la Roche, Henrys on of John de la Roche, David s. of Gerald Rupe, Gerald s. of Gerald Rupe, Gerald s. of Henry Rupe, John s. of Milo Rupe, Philip s. of Eustace Rupe, Thomas s. of Milo Rupe, William s. of Milo Rupe, Tancard s. of Milo Rupe, Robert Penrys, Henry s. of Henry Penrys, John Penrys, John Meye, Thomas Bercley, Richard Caunflur, John O Mothelan, Adam Sporoun, John O Molmychel, Robert Roth, John O Louchehan, William O Molekelly, Richard O Molekelly, William s. of Reginald O Molekelly, Philip O Molekelly, Milo s. of Henry de la Roche, Adam s. of David de la Roche, John le Wyte, Maurice Porter, Walter Bosser, Richard Nangle, William Hobyn, David Kenefeg, David Joce, Comd[in] O Crydan, Padyn Gilleconny, David O Hartel, Simon O Hyrathty and Gillepatrick has often done to the K. and will do so in future in fighting the Scottish and Irish enemies of the K. in the parts of Leinster, suit of the K.’s peace is pardoned to Philip s. of David de la Roche and others above mentioned for all trespasses and felonies by them committed against the K.’s peace up to the first day of Jan. last past, and for outlawries if any at the suit of the K. were promulgated against the persons of the said Philip s. of David de la Roche and the others aforesaid, and abjurings of the K.’s land if they shall have made any, shall be remitted them, on condition that they stand to the charge if […].

Nevertheless, the K. wills that if the said Philip s. of David de la Roche and the rest shall have in any way lent any assistance, counsel or favour by themselves or any in their name, openly or secretly, to Edward le Bruys or his accomplices, Scottish enemies of the king, who strive to invade from day to day the K.’s land in Ire. with a hostile hand and to destroy the K.’s faithful subjects by causing homicides depredations, and very many other ills, the suit of the K.’s peace against Philip s. of David de la Roche and all the rest on this point, shall be altogether reserved, notwithstanding the said pardon and remission, to the K. whenever he shall wish to plead. Therefore the C. of Ire. is commanded to cause the K.’s letters patent to be made for the said Philip s. of David de la Roche and the others abovenamed for the said pardon and remission in the form aforesaid.

C: 

NAI, KB 2/7 p. 50.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
15 Mar. 1316
Leighlin

GIFT to Richard Tuite, Hacket de la Sale and Hugh Rath of goods lately forfeited by them before Theobald Verdon, Jcr of Ire., for which William de la Felde, sheriff of Dublin, stands charged upon his account.

Attested: 
Edmund Butler, Jcr of Ire.
C: 

BL, Add. MS 43769, f. 10.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
30 Mar. 1316
Thurles

For the good of the K.’s peace, the Jcr here grants that brother Griffin, abbot of the house of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Balkynglas, of the Cistercian order, can [treat] and parley with the Irish of the Leinster mountains of the surname of O Totheles and O […]confederates, felons of the king, to last from now till Pentecost, and likewise that the said abbot [monks and] household or their tenants the goods robbed by those felons may lawfully receive or […] value from those felons […] the said abbot, monks or household for this reason in the K.’s court be not further troubled, charged […] the licence to last for the said period. And the C. of Ire. is commanded to cause the K.’s letters patent to be made in the usual form.

C: 

NAI, KB 2/8 p. 3.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife