close Roll 9 Edward II

1
16 Dec. 1315
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

WRIT of allocate for John Ufford, escheator, for the following sums in his account of the issues of the temporalities of the archbishopric of Dublin, 24 Feb. 1314 – 28 Sept. 1315: £15 8s. 11d. of the extent of certain demesne lands in the manor of Swords, being under the K.’s ploughs, and of the extent of part of the meadow and pasture for the maintenance of oxen and afers for the ploughs in that manor; 29s. of the extent of certain demesne lands in the manor of Colonia being under the K.’s ploughs; 64s. from the extent of demesne lands in the manor of Fynglas, being under the K.’s ploughs, and also of the extent of part of the pasture for the maintenance of oxen and afters for the ploughs; 106s. 9½d. of the extent of certain demesne lands in the manor of Rathcoule being under the K.’s ploughs, and also of the extent of parts of the meadows and pasture for the maintenance of oxen and afers for the ploughs; 58s. 8s. of the extent of certain demesne lands in the manor of Balymore being under the K.’s ploughs, and also of the extent of part of the pasture for the maintenance of the oxen and afers for the ploughs; £138 11s. 3½d. spent on oxen, afers, ploughs, carts, harrows, and other small items, and in wheat and oats bought of the goods of John Leek, late archbishop of 11Dublin, for the maintenance of the manors; £11 0s. 10¼d. for 65 crannocks and 10 bushels of wheat, oats, barley, maslin and flour, and afers for sowing the said demesne lands, payments to servants and sustentacio of the manors; £16 10s. 11½d. for the shoeing of afers going with ploughs and harrows and in iron work for ploughs, wages of smiths and ploughmen, and timber, harciis and other things bought for making, repairing and maintaining ploughs, harrows and carts; £55 1s. 9d. for the serculacio and harvesting of corn, mowing and gathering hay and carting and stacking of the same, and other expenses in autumn; £3 4s. paid to the constables of Balymore and Swords and the bailiff of Clondolkan, for fees for the custody of the castle of Balymore and the manors of Swords and Clondolkan, and for receiving and carrying out the K.’s orders, each constable receiving 3s. per week and the bailiff 2s. per week; £51 2s. 11d. paid to Thomas Fonte, constable of Castlekevin, for his fee for the custody of that castle, 9 April 1314 – 28 Sept. 1315, at the rate of 13s. 4d. per week; £60 19s. 8d. for the wages of bailiffs, provosts, receivers, doorkeepers, haywards and other servants in the said manors; £6 13s. 4d. paid to various clerks, for their labours and expenses in connection with making and ordinandum the escheator's account, and in writing the pleas of the court in the said manors as often as necessary; 11s. 4d. for two grindstones bought for the mill of Tallaght, and in carrying them there from Dublin; 34s. 10s. for timber, carpentry and other necessary things bought for the repair of the mills of Swords and le Seton; 27s. 8d. paid to messengers carrying the K.’s writs and orders to various places within the archbishopric, for their labours; 10s. for parchment bought for the rolls of the courts and estreats [exactis] of the same, and for writing the account of the escheator and various other things touching the archbishopric; £4 10s. 8d. paid to a vicar serving the archbishop's stall in the cathedral church of St Patrick, Dublin, for his salary from 2 Feb. 1314 to 10 Aug. 1315; £4 16s. 3s. in depreciation of the rent of two carucates of land at Staghgonyld in the manor of Senekill, and also of the rent of 120½ acres of demesne lands of Wherue in the manor of Swords, in Easter and Michaelmas terms 1314 and of the rent of 83½ acres of land of the same demesnes, for Easter term 1315, together with the rent of 48 acres of land of the demesnes of Balymore, for the same term, because those lands lie waste and uncultivated for lack of tenants, so that nothing could be taken or levied from them during that time; £9 10s. 4d. of the extent of 71 acres of meadow at Swords for a.r. 8 [1314–15] and 12½ acres of meadow at Wherue, 23½ acres of meadow at Rathcoule, 4½ acres of meadow at Clondolkan and the turbary of Fynglas, for the same year, because nothing could be mown or dug from the said meadows and turbary, and no profit could be taken from them because of the rainy season and the great flood of water which occurred in that year; 11s. 11¼d. of the extent of the mill of Balybougth in the manor of Balymore, from 10 Aug. 1314 to 28 Sept. 1315, because the mill was completely thrown down, so that no profit could be taken or levied for that time; 3s. of the extent of the sale of the wood of Colonia, because nothing was cut or sold from it; 8s. 8d. of the extent of 13 acres of meadow at Senekill, because the crop of that meadow was carried away by the Irish of the Leinster mountains, so that no profit could be taken or received; 27s. 7s. of the extent of 20 acres of meadow at Colonia, 3 acres of meadow at Fynglas, and the extent of the wood of Clondolkan, the gardens and orchards of St Sepulchre, Clondolkan and Fynglas, for a.r. 9 [1315–16], because the crop of those meadows with the herbagium of the said wood, gardens and orchard were totally destroyed by the K.’s army coming towards the parts of Ulster to fight the Scots, the K.’s felons, so that nothing could be taken or levied there

Attested: 
Edmund Butler, Jcr
T: 

Gilbert, Hist. & mun. docs, pp 366–71

C: 

NAI, RC 8/10, pp 416–22

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
[No date.]
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

WRIT of allocate for Robert Bagod, justice of the Dublin bench, for £20 which he paid for a war horse for the K.’s use in the marches of Leinster against the Scots and the Irish enemies

C: 

Gilbert Library, Gilbert MS 152 p. 374

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
28 Jan. 1316
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

ORDER that John Athy kt, recently sheriff of Limerick and Kerry, should have respite until 2 Feb. next from arrest to account at the Ex. for the time when he was sheriff if he gives security to join the K.’s army which the Jcr is ready to lead against the Scottish enemies and rebels, who have penetrated from Ulster into Kildare.

Attested: 
Edmund Butler, Jcr
Authorized: 
By the council.
T: 

Gilbert, Hist. & mun. docs p. 373

C: 

NAI, RC 8/10, pp 505–6

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
4 Feb. 1316
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

WRIT of allocate for John s. of Thomas s. of Philip for £10 for the loss of a horse valued at £20 against the Scots. He is to be allowed this sum in the £40 which he owes at the Ex. for his own and his father's debts.

Attested: 
Edmund Butler, Jcr
T: 

Gilbert, Hist. & mun. docs, pp 372–3.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/10, p. 505.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
4 Feb. 1316
Dublin
To the justices of the bench.

Owing to the disturbances caused by the K.'s Scottish enemies and rebels in Ire., the people cannot come to the bench because of the dangers of the ways and the ambushes of the enemies, as many have shown. ORDER that, having diligently discussed this, they are to prorogue all pleas for Hilary term by public proclamation until the quindene of Easter next, the pleas then to be held in the same state as they are now in the said bench.1

Attested: 
Edmund Butler, Jcr
T: 

Gilbert, Viceroys, p. 527; NLI, [Harris] MS 1, f. 427; TCD, MS 579/1, f. 191v (p. 398).

Footnotes: 

1 Both Gilbert and Harris state that this is from patent roll 9 Edward II. According to Gilbert, "this document escaped the researches of the Record commission', but the PROI detailed list of chancery records held there before 1922 includes no such roll. It is possible that Gilbert was using the common bench plea roll (no. 111) for Hilary term a.r. 9. Unfortunately the Record Commission's calendar of this roll is not extant.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
20 Feb. 1316
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The K. lately committed to Richard Clare during pleasure custody of the castle and two parts of the lands and tenements which belonged to Gilbert Clare, e. Gloucester and Hertford, deceased, who held of the K. in chief, in the K.’s hand because of the death of the earl, paying the extent. ORDER to deliver the castle and lands to Richard.

Attested: 
Edmund Butler, keeper of Ire.
C: 

NAI, RC 8/10, p. 171; NAI, Ferguson coll, vol. 1, p. 164

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
28 Apr. 1316
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The K. has pardoned William, bp Ossory the 20s. in which he was amerced for want of a pillory in the Irishtown near Kilkenny, which is exacted from him by summons of the Ex. ORDER to remove the 20s. from the rolls and acquit the bishop.

Attested: 
Edmund Butler, Jcr
C: 

NAI, RC 8/10, p. 146; RIA 12 D 8, p. 387

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
2 [... ...]
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Cotegrave, assigned to provide […] Dublin castle, £40 for provisioning the castle.

Attested: 
Edmund Butler, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/239/12.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife