patent Roll 8 Henry VI

1
9 Jun. 1430

GRANT to John Seyntleger [St Leger] of Ardee of the offices of chief clerk of the chief place and keeper of the rolls and clerk of the crown there; to have by himself and his deputies during good behaviour, with the accustomed fees [etc.].

C: 

RCH, p. 254, §77 (=CIRCLE, PR 10 Hen. VI, §77: an inspeximus dated at Dublin, 3 Dec. 1431).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
10 Dec. 1429

GRANT of £100 to James fitz Gerald, e. Desmond, who for a long time was engaged with men-at-arms, horse and foot against the K.'s enemies in Munster and Connacht, in the company of the earl of Ormond, formerly Lt.

C: 

COA, PH 15174, p. 42.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
4 Jan. 1430

By assent of R[ichard Talbot], abp Dublin, Jcr, GRANT to John Broun clk, of custody of all messuages, lands [etc.] in Athcor in the barony of Moyesshell; [to have] during pleasure, rendering 13s 4d p.a.

O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/248/11, m. 15.

T: 

Rot. selecti, p. 89.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
10 Jan. 1430
Trim

GRANT to [John Swayne] the archbishop of Armagh of £20 p.a.; [to have] during pleasure at the Ex. while he is retained as a member of the council, by the assent of Thomas Strange, deputy Lt and others of the council.

Attested: 
Thomas Strange, deputy Lt
C: 

Reg. Swayne, p. 121.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
24 Apr. 1430
Dublin

GRANT to the prior and convent of the house of St Dominic of the order of Friars Preachers, Naas, and their successors a water-mill and water, with appurtenances, between the town of Naas and Yagoestown, co. Kildare, worth 2m p.a., for the rent of one rose p.a.

Attested: 
Richard Talbot, abp Dublin, Jcr
C: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 252.

N: 

CPR 1446–52, pp 216–17 (=letters patent dated at Westminster, 6 Dec. 1448).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
12 May. 1430

By assent of R[ichard Talbot], abp Dublin, Jcr, GRANT to John Norman esq. of 4 messuages, 40 acres of land, 8 acres of meadow, 2 acres of wood, 8 acres of pasture, 4 acres of moor and 5s of rent late of John Dardit in Scurlageston; to have for life, rendering one red rose p.a. at St John the Baptist [24 June].

O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/248/11, m. 15.

T: 

Rot. selecti, p. 89.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
12 May. 1430

By assent of R[ichard Talbot], abp Dublin, Jcr, GRANT to Thomas Hawkeslowe1 esq. of custody of all lands [etc.] formerly of Richard Pykard in Ire., in the K.'s hand by the death of Richard and the minority of John, his son and heir; [to have] without rendering anything.

O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/248/11, m. 15.

T: 

Rot. selecti, p. 89.

Footnotes: 

1Rot. selecti, p. 89, reads 'Hawleslowe', corrected to 'Hawkeslowe' in the corrigenda that appear at the end of the volume.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
13 May. 1430

By assent of R[ichard Talbot], abp Dublin, Jcr, GRANT to Edward s. of Eustace kt of custody of all temporalities of the bishopric of Kildare, in the K.'s hand by the death of John [Madock], the last bishop, rendering 5m p.a.

O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/248/11, m. 15.

T: 

Rot. selecti, pp 88–9.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
12 Jun. 1430

PARDON to John Netterville of Balygarth of his debts and accounts.

Attested: 
Richard Talbot, abp Dublin, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/248/11, m. 20.

T: 

Rot. selecti, p. 101.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
27 Jul. 1430

On 19 Oct. [1422] 1 Hen. VI the K. granted to Robert Dyke the office of chancellor of the green wax of the Ex. of Ire., to hold by himself and his deputies during good behaviour, with all fees, wages and rewards due and accustomed to that office. At Robert's petition, GRANT to him of that office to be held by himself and his deputies during his lifetime, receiving in that office all manner of fees, wages and rewards due and accustomed to that office. Furthermore, because the office of clerk of the common pleas of that Ex. is a member and parcel of the office of chancellor of the green wax and is pertained and annexed to it, and both offices had been held by Robert Emeldon as chancellor of the Ex. of Ire. and by his clerk, as is of record in the K.'s treasury; and also other persons [by the title of] chancellor of the green wax of that Ex. and by their clerks before these times, GRANT to Robert of that office of clerk of the common pleas of the Ex. of Ire., to be held by himself and his deputies or clerks as a parcel and member pertaining and annexed to the office of chancellor of the green wax of that Ex. during the lifetime of that Robert, receiving in the said office of clerk of the common pleas for his deputies or clerks the same fees, wages and rewards as any other clerks or deputies were accustomed to have or receive in that office, notwithstanding any grant or confirmation of that office of clerk fo the comon pleas of that Ex. made to any other person by the K., or by Henry IV or Henry V.1

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, pp 88–91.

Footnotes: 

1 On 14 Oct. 1430 Robert Dyke appointed Hugh Coryngham and Henry Stanyhurst junior, jointly and separately, as his deputies to hold the office of clerk of the common pleas in Robert's absence; and they were sworn before the barons of the Ex. on that day (TCD, MS 1747, pp 90–1).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
15 Aug. 1430

GRANT, by assent of R[ichard Talbot], abp Dublin, Jcr, to Richard Rose of the manor of Dunmow; [to hold] for as long as it is in the K.'s hand, rendering 40s p.a.

O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/248/11, m. 20.

T: 

Rot. selecti, p. 89.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
15 Aug. 1430
Dublin

The mayor and citizens of the K.'s city of Waterford have pleaded to the K. that the city of Waterford, with appurtenances, both by land and by water, were and are held from time immemorial for a fee-farm by the mayor and citizens and their predecessors of the K. and his progenitors, rendering annually 100m. Those 100m were granted by the K.'s progenitors in small parts in annuities to various outsiders [extraneis personis],1 such that little or nothing is left to the profit and use of the K. and his progenitors, nor does any of the fee-farm remain for the repair or defence of that city. And now the said city is in such poverty, both because of the destructions, robberies and killings of the city's better citizens committed by the Irish enemies and English rebels, and also because of robberies and killings committed by sea by armed Bretons, Scots and Spaniards [per Britones Scottos & Ispanios armatos per mare]. As a consequence the goods and merchandise and shipping customary in that city have, within the past three years, been lost and destroyed for the greater part; and also the ditches, towers and walls and other fortifications of that city are are so ruined that in various places of that city and the suburb of the same the walls, ditches, towers and other fortifications were and are knocked down to the ground, to the manifest peril of the destruction of that city unless a remedy is swiftly ordained in this part.

And also because of the said robberies and killings, many of the better citizens of that city have left the city and stay in Eng., and are leaving for there daily, as a result of which the city has become devoid of people, and for lack of inhabitants the mayor and citizens have sustained at their costs various soldiers, both horse and foot, for the good custody and defence of the city, and the said mayor and citizens are reduced to such poverty both by the payment of the fee-farm and by the continual robberies, killings and oppressions and various other unbearable burdens which they sustain daily that they have little with which to sustain themselves there and cannot henceforth keep that city without the K.'s aid. And the mayor and citizens have often complained of this before and obtained little remedy.

Considering the premises, the K. wishes to provide a suitable remedy in this part. By assent of the venerable father in Christ Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, Jcr of Ire., GRANT, of the K.'s special grace, to the said mayor and citizens, and their successors, of £30 p.a. of the said fee-farm to be received for a term of 20 years next coming in support of the mayor and citiznes and in aid of the payment of the wages of various soldiers retained in the present or future by the said mayor and citizen and their successors in defence of the city and to stengthen its enclosure and the repair of the walls, towers and fortifications, and other charge and business which shall pertain in any way to the good custody and defence of the city, without rendering any account to the K. or his successors or any of his ministers during that term of 20 years, notwithstanding that the mayor and citizens made not express mention in their petition concerning those things that they had received by the gift and grant of the K. or his progenitors or predecessors before this time.2

Attested: 
The Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/248/11, m. 17.

T: 

Rot. selecti, pp 93–5.

C: 

COA, PH 15174, p. 44.

Footnotes: 

1 i.e. persons from outside the city.
2 For a petition on this matter to the K. in Eng. see TNA (PRO) E 28/52/39 (whence CTNA, pp 196–7), which resulted in English-seal letters dated at Westminster, 8 July 1430 (CPR 1429–36, p. 68).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife