close Roll 7 Henry VI

1
25 Sep. 1428
To the escheator.

ORDER to remove the K.'s hand from certain messuages belonging to John Symlyng'.1

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first item in RCI roll §102, identified as follows in RCH: Rotulus clausus de anno 7 Hen. VI. RCH records that the beginning of this item had been torn away by 1828.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
12 Oct. 1428
Westminster
To Nicholas Plunket kt, T. of Ire.

'ORDER to be before the T. and barons of the Ex. of Eng. at Westminster in the quindene of Martinmas to render the account of his office.'1

Attested: 
English g.s.
C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 An enrolment of English letters close.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
24 Sep. 1428
Dublin
To John Charnels, escheator of Ire.

The K. has learned by inquisition that Robert Notyngham held the manor of Lyuecan1 as of fee on the day he died of Edward III in chief by knight service; and he died seised on 12 April [1327] 1 Edw. III; and that Richard Bathe was his cousin and heir, viz. son of Thomas Bathe, son of John Bathe […. and]2 Englentina Notyngham, daughter and heir of that Robert, is aged 24 years and more. ORDER to cause Richard to have full seisin of that manor.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

1 Lucan, co. Dublin; RCH reads 'Lynecan' in error.
2 There was a lacuna in the original enrolment by 1828.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
8 Nov. 1428
Dublin

Richard White gives [etc.] for a writ.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
23 Jan. 1429
Dublin

Hugh Bavent1 and Thomas Whiteside, clerks [give etc. for a writ, as in §4].

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'Banent'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
12 Jan. 1429
Dublin

James Butler, e. Ormond [gives etc. for a writ, as in §4].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
26 Oct. 1428
Dublin

John fitz Eustace of Newland' [gives etc. for a writ, as in §4].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
3 Feb. 1429
To the escheator.

ORDER to deliver the temporalities of house of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin to Richard Walsh, canon of that house, who has been elected abbot of that place with the assent of the K., and has been confirmed by Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin.

C: 

RCH; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 99; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
[5 Nov. 1428]
Dublin

ENROLMENT of the following documents:1

(i) articles of instruction [written in English] agreed by the peers and commons in the parliament held at Dublin before John Sutton kt, Lt of Ire., on Friday next after All Saints 7 Hen. VI [5 Nov. 1428], which were sealed under the g.s., and given into the charge of Henry Fortescue, chief justice of the chief place, and Thomas Strange kt to be carried to Eng.and delivered to the K. and council;
and (ii) letters of introduction addressed to the K.2

[(i) ARTICLES OF INSTRUCTION]

'Soveraigne liege lorde, these bien the articles and poyntementes, the whiche we, your humble lieges, ye lordes spiritual and temporels, and comunes of your land of Ireland, at your parliament last holden at your citie of Dyvelin assembled and fore John Sutton, knyght, your Lt yn the sayd land, the Fryday next after the fest of al-halwen, that last was, have send in message to your royall majeste, by our mesagers Henri Ffortescu, chief justice of your chief place in Ireland, and Thomas Strange, knyght, throgh our comune assent, chosen this ynstruccion of the articles you to delyver, written in the forme that foloweth:

[1] Fferst―that there your sayd land the last yere for lakke of goode gov{r}naunce, stood in poynt of lesing by brennyng, robbyng, takyng, and kyllyng of your liege people here by your Irysh enemyes in every partie, of the whiche myschiefs, aft{r} that ye and your wirshipfull and wyse counsell ther had notice of, graciously remedied us in sendyng ov{r} un to us be your sayd lieuten{a}nt sithe his comyng sayd enemyes, and in advantage of us, of the which we thanke you with al our hool hartes; the whiche your said Lt, sethe his comyng, over manly and diligently hath werryd and rebukyd your said enemyes, bren and destroied thar cornes, broken and drawed ov{r} thire castelles, thire wodds and paas kut; grete slaghtes had a pon tham, thire howses brent, and tham gretely empoverysshid in divers parties, so that thanket be God, we, youre liege people here standith in gode rest from the malice of yo{r} enemyes, oure persones, corn, houses, and godes, welly savyd from brennyng, robbyng, other takyng; of whos grete labour and costes, we beseche you that he be thanket, as he hath ryght well deservyd, causyng hym to have the moor corage to continue forth his said good and diligent labour.

[2] It[e]m—besechith your said lieges, that your sayd lieuten{a}nt may have good and hasty payment of that that he should have of you, our soveraigne lord, for the kepyng of your sayd land, so that he may have where with to continue his said labour, and to paie the people, and that he be wel seen unto, consyderyng that he hath had grete costes in holdyng of horsmen and fotemen, of the gise of this land, over the nombre of his soudiours.

[3] It[e]m—that ther afore this tyme this land hath stoude in greet meschief and lyklynesse of lesing, by ofte chaungyng and mysgove{r}nauncez of your lieuten{a}ntz and her deputees here. We beseche you that, while we stonden wel, such chaunge be not had to us hereafter, for fere of in peril of losing of this land, as hit had been ynne late, wher of God defende.

[4] It[e]m—for as myche that div{r}s men of this land, of malice and il will, have maad unto you our sov{r}aygne lord, and to your wise counsell there, div{r}se feyned suggestyons of your lieuten{a}nts, justices, and otheres estates of your sayd land, whiche suggestions have nether come to you, nethir to your said counscill, by auctorite of your parlements, ne counscils here, ne under autentikes seales, or seales of the estates of this land, when parlements or counscilles have not be, for the grete myschiefe that this land hath stouden ynne, but by bylles and naked language. We beseche you that such simple suggeston hereafter be not levyd, but that such suggestion makers finde sufficient suerte to stand by thire suggestions, and thenne thire said suggestions be send hither to your counscill here, they duly mō to be examyned in the next parlement, or greit counseill here, and, aft{r} that examynacion, ye and your said counseill ther of the trouthe, under your grete seall here, to be c{r}tified, and there opon to procede as reson requeryth; consideryng that light levyng of such bylles and suggestions often tymes have causyd greet hyndryng and hevynesse to your said land here.

[5] It[e]m—that there div{r}s clerkes, merchantz, and othere honeste persones out of your land here, hav travailled yn your land of Eng., there from Chester to Coventre, Oxenford, and London, now late ben robbed of thire hors and goodes, and thire bodies taken and put in warde, and some beten; we beseche you, that such mysgov{r}naunce be restreined and chastised. Sithe that we ever have and shall be your trewe liege men, and myche sorrow suffre from day to day, here of yo{r} enemyes for yo{r} sake, thogh we have none there.

[6] It[e]m—we beseche you, that ye best consider the true and notable s{r}vice that James, your erle of Ormond, hath done unto yo{r} g{a}ndsire, fadyr, and un to you at al tymes hereafor, and namely, when this land hath stoude at most myschief and at poynt of lesyng, and that ye luste have hyme recommended and thankyd for the relevyng and savyng ther of and of us, causyng hym to continue his said true and diligent labo{r} forth hereafter; and that he may be paied of that that is owing him for the kepyng of this yo{r} said land, while he had gov{r}naunce ther of, as wel in yo{r} fader tyme as youres, of that is owyng hym, that he may paie the peple, consideryng that he hath had here afor, and now sithe yo{r} said lieuten{a}nt came over the see, grete costes and charges a boute your s{r}vice and his, yn resistyng of your enemyes, and that ye best consider also how that his last absence and long tarying out of this land, causid your enemys to be the bolder to go to were, and your liege peple myche abasshed and foblied ther by.

[7] It[e]m—that yo{r} lieuten{a}nt, or depute, for the tyme beyng, may geve benefyces, consideryng that, whenne thay ben long voide, Irish men occupieth tham for lakke of Engleish men, havyng poer for y{r} lawes of this land, beyn at al tymes used, that wod benefice be give to on Irisshe man, that benefice y{s} voide and stant in yo{r} geft for that tyme; and, for as moche, that no man in this land hath power to give benefices y{t} longith to your geft; and also ye benefices her beyn of litill value, yat no man sueth to yor lordship to have hem. The which men occupieth them for the as shold Inglishmen, ye which is a great hinderyng to yo{r} said land.

[8] It[e]m—that ye wolde graciously consider and punysshe the despite that was done to yo{r} messagers Henry Fortescu, your chief justice, and Sir James Alleyn, knynght, send from us, yo{r} liege peple of this land, to your royall magest to c{r}tifi you of the estate and compleyntes of your said land, the which sholde be goyng and comyng, and werev{r} at that tyme undyr yo{r} g{a}cious proteccion, for yo{r} liege peple here, supposyn that the diservis that is doyn to thaym, goyng in to your reame of Eng., is doyn by boldenes that hit was not punysshed.

[9] It[e]m—that ye wolde graciously ordeyne, that all the lieuten{a}ntz, and thar deputes, of your faders and yours, make payement to yo{r} liege people her for thaym and soudio{r}s. Consideryng, gracious lord, that the defaut her of have be a grete hunderyng and empov{r}isshing to yo{r} said lieges, and if it be remedyet wel be a grete relevyng of thaym.

[10] It[e]m—forasmoche as your lawes of this land, in ev{r}y of yo{r} co{r}tes, at all tymes have beyn used, bothe in pledyng and judgements givyng, after your lawes used in Englond, and the lerned men here yo{r} saide lawes lernet in Innes of Co{r}t, in youre realme of Englond, in to nowe late that ther beyn refused to be had in Innes of Courte, contrarie to that, that hath be used afor this tyme; we byseche you that ordeyn{a}ncez be made there, that yo{r} liege people of this land, that comyth thedir for their said lernynge, may be resceyvet into Innes of Co{r}t, as they have be{n} of holde tyms, so that yo{r} lawes in this land may be contynuet forth, considerynge yat ellys whan these y{t} nowe beyn here lernet beyn dede, there shal be none in this land that shall canne yo{r} lawes, lasse than it be lernet there, the which will be a greet disprofite for you, and grete hynderyng for us your poure lieges.3

[11] Also, that the g{a}cious answers that were given by thavyse of yo{r} said consaill thereunto, the said Henry Ffortescu, and James Alleyn, knyght, messagers, for yo{r} said land, might be put in due execucion, accordyng to the same answers, for the grete availe of you, oure soveraigne lord, and in conforte of us your liege people here.

And at the special request of us, the Right Rev{r}ent fader in God, Richard, erchebisshop of Dyvelyn, yo{r} chancellor in yo{r} said land, your grette seale of yo{r} said land, to this our instruccion of oure message hath sette unto.

Written at yo{r} said cittee of Dyvelyn, the saide Friday next, aft{r} al halwen day.’

[(ii) INTRODUCTORY LETTER]

‘To our sovraigne and gracious liege lord the kyng of Eng. and of Ffrance, and lord of Irlond.

Sov{r}aigne and gracious lige lord, to yo{r} heighe and roial majeste, with al man{r}e of humilite and obeisaunce, we us do recomaunde, and of your benyge tendryng of our grevous and hevy compplentz of the mischiefe we yo{r} humble lieges, the lattist yere, and your land here, stodyn ynne, and of yo{r} gracious confort, that ye hastily send un to us John Sutton, knyght, yo{r} Lt, for our heighe relevyng, we thanke you with al our hole hertes, besechyng you of yo{r} godde and g{a}cious continuaunce, and of al our other matters that we have to acerte your said royal magiste. We yo{r} saide humble liges, at your parlement lattist holden at yo{r} cite of Dyvelyn, and for your saide lieuten{a}nt, the Friday next, aft{r} al halwen day, of this yo{r} said land, has chosen Henry Fortescu, yo{r} chief justice of your chief place in yo{r} said land, and Thomas Strangge, knyght, our messag{r}s, by us sent un to you, to approche yo{r} heighe p{r}sence, our said mat{r}s in an instruccion under yo{r} grete seale of your said land enseled conteyned, you to declare and delive{r}, besechyng you our said message{r}s and message benyngly receyve, and tham feith and gredence geve, and to the articles in our said message conteyned gracious aunsweres, purvey, and esploite, in al goodly haste, by thavyse of yo{r} wirshipful and wyse consey{l}ther, to youre p{o} fite, and advantage of us yo{r} true liege men here, and al myghty God gif you god life and victorye of yo{r} enemyes.

Written at yo{r} said cite of Dyvelyn, the said Friday next, aft{r} al halwen day, and at the special request of us, yo{r} said lieges the righ reve{r}nt fadyr in God, Richard, archebisshop of Dyvelyn, yo{r} chauncello{r} of yo{r} said land, y{t} one ptie of your grete seale of yo{r} said land to this p{r}sent bie hath set unto. By yo{r} humble lieges y{o} lordes spirituell and temp{r}ell and co[mm]e[n]s of yo{r} lond of Irland.’

F: 

Gilbert, Facsimiles, iii, plate 39.

T: 

Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., pp 352–9.

C: 

RCH; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 99; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

Footnotes: 

1 The date of enrolment is not recorded; the date given here is that of the parliament mentioned in the text. RCH gives a Latin summary of the articles. The text in Middle English is provided in Betham, Constable Eng. & early parl. Ire., pp 352–9, and that transcript has been reproduced here. Superior letters printed in Betham in superscipt are here enclosed by curly brackets.
2 Betham (Constable Eng. & early parl. Ire., p. 359 note) records that 'This letter is placed on the roll after the statement of grievances, although intended to introduce the messengers to the K.' [Betham's emphasis].
3 The tenth article is also given at Betham, Constable Eng. & early parl. Ire., pp 237–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
13 Oct. 1428
To John Charnelas [«sic»] esq., escheator of Ire.

It was found by inquisition taken before William Barret, formerly one of the deputies of Thomas Talbot kt, former escheator in the time of Henry V, that one Nicholas Cusak, who was lately seised as of fee of 4 messuages and 50 acres of land in Donokestoun, was outlawed for various felonies. Emelina Nugent, appearing in chancery, says that Philip Juge and John Bernewal, chaplains, were seised of the said land as of fee, and they demised it to Emelina for the term of her life; by pretext of which, she was seised until removed by colour of the said office; whereupon it was decided that the K.'s hand should be removed. ORDER to remove the K.'s hand.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
2 Jan. 1429

It was agreed by council that Thomas [Barry], bp Ossory―whom the K. appointed as T. of Ire. on 1 Jan. [1429] last, to have during pleasure―should have 5s a day for his wages.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
12 Feb. 1429

It was agreed by council that Henry Fortescue, whom the K. appointed as chief justice at pleas [etc.], during good behaviour, should have 5s a day for his wages.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
1 Apr. 1429
Drogheda

ENROLMENT of anonymous articles, which John Sutton kt, Lt of Ire., displayed before the council at Drogheda on 1 April [1429] 7 Hen. VI, declaring that he had been informed that these articles were sent by certain persons in Ire. to the K. and council in Eng. in hindrance of articles [§9] sent by parliament to the same. The substance of these dissenting articles [articuli contrarii] (which were written in English) follows here, viz.:

[1] The first article denies that evil administration of the late Lt was the reason for the evils of the preceding year, but [rather] the incitements and exhortations of certain of the peers and gentlemen [procerum & generosorum] of Ire., who stir up the Irish enemies and English rebels to arson and other outrages [ad incendia & alia enormia]; and that neither the peers nor the commons nor the counties nor the boroughs were willing to go in the Lt’s company in resistance of those enemies, although they were summoned by the K.’s writ at the Lt’s order.

[2] In response to the second article: they observe first that it is beyond doubt that lieges should be satisfied of moneys owed to them; since at this time little or nothing has been paid to them, which happened more rarely before this time.

[3] To the third article, which seeks that the Lt should not be changed during good governance [dum rei publice bene est]: they say that, first, that it would be against law to circumscribe royal power in that way; and, second, that the government has never been so ill as it now is.

[4]To the fourth, that allegations against governors [etc.] should be verified in Ire. by information of the parliament or great council of Ire.: they say, first, that the jurisdiction for such defaults pertains to the K. alone; and, second, that the truth would not be ascertained, since those who are sent to parliaments and councils are chosen not for the comfort of the K. and his lieges but rather by the will of the peers and magnates.

[5] To the fifth, concerning robberies [etc.]: they say that such injuries pertain to the common law, to which those affected may appeal.

[6] To the sixth, concerning the gracious actions of the earl of Ormond: they say that insofar as he acted well he assuredly deserved commendation; but insofar as he acted to the contrary, he did not; and that his actions at present tend rather to the ruin and destruction than to the comfort of the land.

[7] And finally, as to the speedy payment of the wages of the Lt, so earnestly requested: [they say that] the payment need not be so speedy, considering the many public subsidies (of which several were enumerated) he received and the large sums he took privately [privatim].'

When these articles had been read out, the following persons were asked one by one if they knew of, or had any part in, the making or transmitting these articles, viz. Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, C., asked Christopher Bernevale, serjeant-at-laws; James Alleyn kt, chief justice of the common bench; Thomas Straunge kt, one of the K.’s councillors; Henry Fortescue, chief justice of the chief place; James Butler, e. Ormond; Thomas [Barry], bp Ossory; and John [Swayne], abp Armagh, primate;
and the Lt asked the said C.

All those persons said that they did not. Whereupon, by advice of the said council, the Lt ordered that all the premises should be recorded in an act and enrolled in chancery, and that all the premises should be exemplified and sent to the K. and council in Eng. in declaration that the Irish council had no part, nor did it wish to have any, in so great a deception of the K. and his people of Ire.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
28 Jan. 1428
To the escheator.

It was found by inquisition before James de la Hyde, formerly deputy of John Pylkyngton kt, junior, formerly escheator in the time of Henry V, that John Fleming of Moretoun, who was lately seised as of fee of 6 acres of land in le Moretoun in the field called Elleve[n] acres, enfeoffed John White clk of the same land to have to him and his heirs forever―which is held of Thomas Fleming kt, baron of Slane, as of his manor of Slane by knight service, which manor is held of the K. in chief by knight service―without having obtained royal licence. For that reason, the land was taken into the K.'s hand. Because that cause was deemed to be insufficient, it was decided in chancery that the K.'s hand should be removed. ORDER to remove the K.'s hand.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
12 Apr. 1428

Nicholas Whitechurch gives 20d for a writ.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
24 [... ...]
Dublin

James Butler, e. Ormond, acknowledges that he owes the commons of the city [of Dublin] £1000.

And the said commons agree that if the said earl causes ten worthy, able and suitable men of cos. [… …] or Louth by deed of the staple before Michaelmas next, the said earl [… …] of the said ten men in £1000, under this condition: that the said earl shall fulfil all conventions [… …] Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, and the said commons on one side and the said earl on the other said, the said [… … …] recognizance shall be of no value whatever [etc.].1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The item was badly damaged by 1828.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
8 Jun. 1428

As an insufficient inquisition was returned in response to a writ of certiorari concerning the reason for taking into the K.'s hand the manor or lordship of Bannowe, co. Wexford, another writ was issued to Henry Fortescue, James Cornewallys, Robert Folyng, Maurice Stafford, Walter Whitey, William Lyncoll', John Gogh and Thomas Abbey, justices to inquire by oath [etc.] upon the premises. Those justices returned that Elizabeth Comyn was seised of the said manor as of fee, and she married John Bromwich kt, and had issue Anna; and the said Elizabeth died, after whose death John held the said lordship by the law of Eng., the reversion of the same pertaining to Gilbert Talbot as son and heir of the said Elizabeth, begotten between her and John Talbot kt. This Gilbert gave the said reversion to Robert Evere and Ismania his wife, to have to them and the heirs of the said Robert forever. By force of that grant, the said John nominated them as attorneys, and afterwards surrendered the said manor to them; and the said John died. Afterwards Ismania married John Drake. And James Evere, son and heir of the said Robert, confirmed the estate and possession that the said John Drake, then husband of Ismania, and Ismania had in that manor or lordship, to have to them for their lives. And Ismania died on the feast of the Circumcision 7 Hen. V [1 Jan. 1420]. And the said John is 50 years and more, and was married to Alice Preston long before the death of the said John and Ismania. ORDER to cause James to have full seisin.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
18 Aug. 1428
To the escheator.

It was found by inquisition before James de la Hyde clk, formerly deputy of John Founteyns esq., formerly escheator of Ire., that William Proute, who was was seised as of fee of a messuage in Proutestoun (otherwise Geranbanestoun) in the barony of Skreen, was outlawed for felony on the day [he died etc.] in 12 Edw. III [1338x9]. John Dillon, appearing in chancery, says that he [John] was seised as of fee of two thirds of the said messuage and land, and continued his estate therein until he was removed by colour of the said office; and he says that the said reason is insufficient [etc.], because such an outlawry, if there had been any, is of record, and the said former deputy ought not to inquire concerning it. Whereupon it was decided that the K.'s hand should be removed. ORDER to remove the K.'s hand.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
21 Oct. [1419]

ENROLMENT1 of a petition or request to the council of Eng., by the peers and commons of Ire., concerning the commendable deeds of the Lt for action taken bravely by him against the Irish enemies, and because he restored them to the peace so that many of their captains joined themselves to the Lt against Obryne. And also concerning moneys which he ought to be paid speedily for custody of Ire.

Written at Dublin on Saturday after St Luke the Evangelist [21 Oct. 1419], under one part of the g.s. of Ire., at special request.2

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH records that the greater part of this article, which was written in English, had perished by 1828.
2 RCH notes that no names were written under the petition, and the regnal year was also omitted, though it was to be presumed that it belonged to 7 Hen. VI, and that this item is connected with §9, above.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
[1 Sep. 1428]

Lately John Sutton kt, Lt of Ire., laudably made a certain hostile expedition at his own costs upon the Obrynes, to prepare for which the sheriff of Dublin was ordered to cause to be provided within his county and the crosslands of the same 100 carts laden with victuals, and also 800 men with axes and sickles [cum securibus & falsiculis], and 100 men with spades [vangis], and 200 men with shovels [tribulis], together with victuals for six days, such that they be at le Bree on Friday next after Michaelmas last [1 Oct. 1428], under pain of 20s for each cart and 6s 8d for each labourer. Those persons summoned did not come on the specified day and place, they were amerced by advice of the said Lt and council. And because the said Lt incurred great costs and labours to the K.'s honour and the chastisement of the said enemies, it was agreed by the council that the said Lt should have those amercements of the K.'s gift by name of reward.1

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

Footnotes: 

1 The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given here is that mentioned in the text.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
22 Nov. 1428
Dublin

It was agreed by the council that Nicholas Plunket, T. of Ire., who is going to Eng. by force of a writ to render the account of his office, might appoint his deputy.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 Cf. §24.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
19 Mar. 1428
Westminster

'INDENTURE made between the K. and John Sutton kt, by which the K. appointed the said John as Lt of Ire. for two years from the last day of April next following [30 April 1428], receiving 5000m for 24 men-at-arms and 500 archers; and for the second year 4000 for 24 men-at-arms and 400 archers, to be retained during the said term.

[6 Hen. VI.]'1

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

Footnotes: 

1 An enrolment of Stanley's indenture; the original indentures are TNA (PRO), E 404/44/183; E 404/46/154.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
16 Oct. 1428

It was agreed by the council that Richard Woddeward, one of the barons of the Ex.―who was ordained by the council to present certain letters to the K. and council of Eng., and to prosecute other public business―should have all manner of fees pertaining to his office during his absence.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
24
[1 Jan. 1429]

MEMORANDUM that on 11 Dec. [1428] at Trim, John Sutton kt, Lt of Ire., declared before the council that (as he had heard) Nicholas Plunket kt, T. of Ire., and departed the land [of Ire.]. And the Lt asked the council how that office should be exercised in the T.’s absence. To this Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, C., answered and declared that the T., together with a certain clerk of chancery, came to him [the C.] on another occasion and declared that the Lt and council had agreed that the T. might appoint a deputy during his absence, and that he might have the same agreement as Hugh Bavent1 clk, formerly T., had in a similar case. And upon this, the said C., trusting in his fealty, recommended that the said agreement should made. Whereupon the Lt asked the C. if he had known or heard that the Lt had ordered and given his consent to the appointment of the said deputy; and the C. said that he had not. Then the Lt asked the following persons, one by one, if they had known [etc., as above], viz.:

Henry Fortescue, chief justice of Ire.;
James Alleyn kt, chief justice of the common bench;
James Cornewalsh, chief baron of the Ex.;
Roger Hakenshawe, second justice at pleas [etc.];
Thomas Straunge kt, one of the K.’s councillors;
and Christopher Bernevale, serjeant-at-laws.

One by one they said that they had not. Then the Lt said that he never ordered the T. or any clerk of the chancery to make that agreement, nor had he heard anything of it before being informed of it now; nor had he granted his consent to the same; and he asked of the council whether or not the said memorandum and the enrolment should be cancelled. They said that it seemed to them that it was insufficient in law [etc.]; and, after mature deliberation, it was decided that they should be cancelled, and that all the premises should be enrolled in chancery. Furthermore, the Lt and council asked Christopher [Bernevale] if he would be willing to exercise the said office of deputy T. by virtue of the memorandum and letters patent of the deputy made to him. He said that he would not. From this it was adjudged that the said memorandum should be cancelled.

Afterwards, on 31 Dec. [1428] in the council at Dublin, the Lt asked James Butler, e. Ormond, who was then present, if he had known [etc., as above]; and he said that he had not; nor had the earl given his assent. And Reginald Sniterby was questioned similarly; and he said no. And furthermore the C. was asked, considering the said examinations and matters, if he wished to give his consent for the cancellation of that memorandum (as he was absent from the said judgement). He said that, because he himself had ordered the said agreement to be made by the T., according to his declaration, and had caused letters of deputation to the said Christopher to be sealed with the g.s., and also had received the oath of Christopher for his good behaviour in that office, that in no manner did he wish to give his assent to that cancellation; on the contrary, it seemed to him that the memorandum and enrolment ought in no way to be annulled for those reasons. Then the Lt asked him, as one of the council, whether he would he give his assent in the premises if he were not the C.; to which he answered that, as the others of the council had given [their assent], he would give his.

Afterwards, on 1 Jan. [1429] in the council at Dublin, the Lt asked the council what seemed should best be done in this part for the honour and advantage of the K. and the land. And because it appeared to the Lt and council that the said Nicholas was absent from Ire., and the office was unoccupied by his absence; and also that the K., in the letters patent by which he appointed Nicholas as T., had granted him no power to appoint a deputy, it seemed to the council that if the said office were vacant without royal [licence] that much harm might easily come about to the K. and the land. Wishing to avoid such harm, the Lt appointed Thomas [Barry], bp Ossory, as T. of Ire., by advice of the council, according to the custom of the said land used and approved of old in such cases; to have [that office] during pleasure, with the fee pertaining [to it]. The K.’s letters patent concerning this were made out to the bishop in the due form; and all the premises were made of record in the rolls of chancery.1

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

Footnotes: 

1 The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given here is that of the council that met on 1 Jan. 1429, as it was during this session of the council that it was decided that the proceedings should be enrolled.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
25
11 Jul. 1429
To the constable of Dublin castle.

Richard Borde, who has been detained in the prison of Dublin castle for a long time on unfounded suspicion of robbery committed at Cotterelestoun, is prepared to stand to right by mainprize of John Sutton of Dowdynestoun, John Borde of Cradokestoun, William Borde of the same, and Henry Danyell' of Dublin to produce Richard [etc.]. ORDER to deliver Richard from the said prison.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
26
11 Jul. 1429
To the constable of Trim castle.

Similar ORDER [to deliver from prison, as in §25] for Manys McHynnons,1 by mainprize of David Bobynton', Henry Plymton, Othell Gray and John Lange.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 ?Recte McGynnous.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
27
16 Jul. 1429
Westminster
To Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin.

'The K. has been informed that many of his subjects of Ire. go about armed and arrayed in warlike manner and gathered in various [great] illegal conventicles from place to place, placing many towns, fortalices and other places at ransom, and perpetrating other evils against the K. and the said land. It is said that the said archbishop assists in this. ORDER that, with all haste, he cause such illegal conventicles to end, and that ceasing all excuse he be before the K. and council in person in the octaves of Michaelmas [1429] next to answer upon the premises and other things that may then and there be charged against him.'1

Attested: 
The K.
C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

Footnotes: 

1 An enrolment of English letters.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
28
16 Jul. 1429
Westminster

'John Blakeney has a similar WRIT [of summons to Westminster, as in §27].'1

Attested: 
The K.
C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 An enrolment of English letters.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
29
16 Jul. 1429
Westminster

'Thomas Kent of Davyhistoun, Christopher Preston, Philip Netterville and Richard Cadell kt have similar WRITS [of summons to Westminster, as in §27].'1

Attested: 
The K.
C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 An enrolment of English letters.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
30
8 Jul. 1429
Westminster
To Richard Talbot, abp Dublin; John Blakeney; and Thomas Cusak.

'ORDER to have John Butler, son of James Butler, e. Ormond, who was taken prisoner and detained in their custody, before the K. in chancery in the quindenes of Michaelmas next, with the reason for his capture, under pain of 500m.'

Attested: 
The K.'
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
31
6 Dec. 1428
To the sheriff of Meath.

ORDER to pay William Sutton, clerk of the common pleas of the Ex. of Ire., 40s of silver that the K. has granted him.

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, pp 86–9.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife