patent Roll 7 Edward IV

1
[No date.]

[The first legible item on this roll concerned one James Chamberleyn.]1

C: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388; RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first item in RCI roll §118, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus patens de anno 7 Edw. IV.' RCH records that the two membranes of this roll were so badly damaged that nothing could be gleaned from them. There are no numbered entries for this roll in RCH. The information as to the contents of the first legible item is drawn from Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
18 May. 1467
Trim

GRANT, for a certain sum of money, to Elizabeth widow of John de la Feld and to Richard Nangle, husbandman, of custody of all lands that belonged to the said John, now in the K.'s hand on account of his death and by reason of the minority of Nicholas his son, together with the reversion of the dower of Rose Cusak, widow of Thomas de la Feld, father of John.

C: 

BL, Add. MS 43769, f. 73.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
20 May. 1467
Trim

Wishing to bestow gracious favour upon Sawe Kevanagh, wife of James s. of Edmund Butler, she being of Irish birth, GRANT of the K.'s special grace, by assent of the K.'s beloved cousin Thomas e. Desmond, deputy of the K.'s beloved brother George duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire., to Sawe (by whatever name she is known [quocumque nomine censeatur]) that she and all the issue between them, both begotten and to be begotten, may be of free status and condition, and free and quit from all Irish servitude. And that they may use and enjoy the English laws in the same manner as English persons within that land do use and enjoy the same. And that they shall answer and be answered in all the courts of the K., his heirs and successors. And that they may acquire and purchase lands, enjoy the same, be promoted to any ecclesiastical benefices, both dignities and other benefices, and enjoy the same as English persons in the said land have and enjoy them, without any hindrance or impediment of the K. or his successors, officers or ministers; notwithstanding any Irish condition or custom, or any statutes, acts, ordinances or provisions to the contrary.

Attested: 
Thomas e. Desmond, deputy of the K.'s beloved brother George duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the deputy and sealed with his seal, and by authority of parliament of that date.
O: 

NLI, D 1800.

C: 

COD, iii, §230.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
3 Jun. 1467

Charter of EXEMPTION in favour of Richard Goldyng of Tippersoule.

N: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 570.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
24 Jul. 1467

GRANT to John Pylkyngton esq. and his heirs male the manors of Turvey, Balscaddan and Rush, with appurtenances, in co. Dublin.

N: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 554.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
8 Aug. 1467

Charter of EXEMPTION to John Bowde of Dundalk.

N: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 566.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
16 Aug. 1467

CHARTER of English law [vne Chartre de liberte] to William Hugre alias Hure.

N: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 570.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
12 Sep. 1467
Bray

By assent of Thomas e. Desmond, deputy of George, duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire., GRANT, by the K.'s special grace and for 6s 8d paid into the hanaper, to Philip ORonane of Ire. that he and his issue be of free status and condition and free and quit from all Irish servitude; and that they may use English laws in and by all things and enjoy them in the same manner that the English within the said land enjoy and use them; and that they may answer and be answered in any of the K.'s courts within Ire., or those of the K.'s heirs and successors; and that they may acquire all manner of lands, rents, services, offices and other possessions whatsoever, and have and hold them to themselves and their heirs and assigns forever, and may succeed in the same; and also be promosted and admitted to any ecclesiastical benefices, both diginites and other benefices, and to have, accept, occupy and enjoy them just as English persons have, enjoy and use them within that land; without any hindrance or impediment from the K. or his heirs, successors, his officers or ministers, notwithstanding any Irish condition or any statutes, ordinances, provisions or privileges made before this time. So long, however, as Philip and his issue bear and maintain themselves well and faithfully towards the K. and his heirs, and his faithful lieges, in future.1

Attested: 
Thomas e. Desmond, deputy of George duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the said deputy and sealed with his p.s. and by authority of parliament of that date.
O: 

NLI, MS D 25570.

Footnotes: 

1 The original letters patent are in good condition except for the seal, which is missing although the parchment tag stitched to the plica survives. The engrossment condludes with the following 'mention of service': Prendirgast. On the dorse is an interesting note from the reign of Henry VII:

'Enrolled and allowed in the rolls before the most reverend father in Christ Walter [FitzSimons] abp Dublin, C. of Ire., and other justices of the K., at Youghal on Monday next after St Luke the Evangelist 14 Hen. VII.'

Another endorsement in a modern hand misattributes the letters to the reign of Edward I and gives the date as 12 Sept. 1278. It is clear from palaeographical and diplomatic evidence, as well as the attestation clause, that the correct year is 7 Edw. IV.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
12 Sep. 1467

GRANT, for life, to William Hamlyn of Smithstown, gentleman, of exemption from being placed on assizes [etc.].

Attested: 
Thomas, e. Desmond, deputy Lt
C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 246–7.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
3 Oct. 1467

GRANT to Davy Fitzhenrie, John Sprot, Thomas Norreys, Martin Broun, William Waryng and Robert Boys, chaplains.

N: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 570.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
12 Nov. 1467

GRANT in survivorship to John Leche, parson of ffittis [Finglas], and Henry Smyth, chaplain, of the office of the collector of the K.'s customs and coket in Dublin and Drogheda.

N: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 546–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
28 Nov. 1467
Dublin

John Dowdall kt, Henry Dowdall of the town of Castellomnagh, gentleman, John Dowdall, Laurence Dowdall, George Dowdall, Patrick Dowdall, all of the same town, gentlemen, Nicholas Kynton of Stabanan, gentleman, Thomas Bigton of Termonfeckin, yeoman, and William Bulle, yeoman, are impleaded before the K. in his chief place in Ire. for the abduction [raptu] of Margaret Jenico alias Dartas; and the same Margaret came before John [Tiptoft] e. Worcester, deputy of George, duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire., and swore on the Holy Gospels that she was not abducted nor carried away against her will. Considering the premises and also that John [Bole], abp Armagh, primate of Ire., by letters under his seal and by a public instrument certified to the deputy on these matters and much more before his commissioner, PARDON the above-named persons all treasons, felonies, abductions of women [etc.] hitherto perpetrated whereof they or any of them may be impleaded. But they and each of them must stand to right in court if any person wish to prosecute them for the premises.

Attested: 
John, e. Worcester, deputy of George, duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the said deputy and sealed with his p.s. and by authority of parliament of that date.
O: 

NLI, D 15915.

C: 

Dowdall deeds, §471.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
11 Dec. 1467
Dublin

Whereas John [Tiptoft] e. Worcester, and Elizabeth his wife, Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, William [Sherwood], bp Meath, Richard, abbot of the house of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin, John Cornell, chaplain, Walter Delahide esq., Barnaby [Barnewall] esq., John Chevir esq., Walter Chevir esq. and Philip Bermingham esq., inflamed with the fervour of devotion and of charity, purpose to found anew a perpetual chantry of one chaplain or of two chaplains, in honour of God, the Blessed Virgin Mary, his mother, St Katherine the Virgin, and St Secundinus the bishop, to celebrate divine service at the altar of St Katherine the Virgin in the church of St Secundinus the Bishop, of Dunshaughlin; wherefore they have prayed to the K. that he would deign to grant them royal licence to do so. The K., commending the pious and wholesome purpose of John, e. Worcester [etc.], and desiring that divine worship should be increased, and willing for that consideration to condescend most favourably to their prayer in parliament held at Dublin before John [Tiptoft] e. Worcester, deputy of George, duke of Clarence, Lt, on the Friday next after St Nicholas the Bishop [++++] 7 Edw. IV, and with the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal being in the same parliament, by authority of the said parliament, have granted to John, e. Worcester [etc.], and to every of them have given licence, for the K. and his heirs, that they and every of them, may found anew, institute and appoint for ever such a chantry; and that John, e. Worcester [etc.], and every of them, may give and grant to the chaplain or chaplains and to their successors in the form founded, lands and tenements, rents and services, with their appurtenances, to the value of 20m p.a., whether they be held of the K. or others, and without writ of Ad quod damnum, or any other licence to be obtained or procured thereon. And further, by authority of parliament, the K. has granted that the chaplain or chaplains in the chantry thus founded and their successors, may purchase and acquire lands, tenements, rents and services, with their appurtenances, to the value of 100s p.a., to hold to them and their successors for ever, whether they held of the K. or of others, without any writ of Ad quod damnum in this behalf to be procured; the statute against putting lands and tenements into mortmain or any other statute, act or ordinance whatsoever thereon passed, to the contrary notwithstanding. And further, the K. has granted special licence that the chaplain or chaplains and their successors may receive, occupy and enjoy all the lands and tenements, rents and services, with their appurtenances, for ever, without any other licence from the K. or his heirs to be purchased or obtained. And moreover, the K. wills and by these presents grant to the proctors of the church and their successors that they, as often as and when it shall happen the chaplains or either of them in form founded, or their successors, die or be of bad conduct, may for ever, by the assent of the greater part of the good men of Dunshaughlin, ordain and appoint another fit chaplain or other fit chaplains in the place of them or him so departing; not willing that John, e. Worcester, [etc.], or their heirs or the heir of any of them, or chaplain or chaplains or their successors, by reason of the premises, by the K., his heirs or successors, the justices, escheators and sheriffs, bailiffs or ministers of the K., his heirs or successors, should be troubled or troubled in any manner, or aggrieved.

Attested: 
John, e. Worcester, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 454–60.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
8 Feb. 1468
Drogheda

LICENCE for Dean John Alleyn of St Patrick's to sue at Rome for all benefices.

Attested: 
John, e. Worcester, deputy
T: 

Dignitas decani, §98.

C: 

J. H. Bernard (ed.), 'Calendar of documents contained in the chartulary commonly called "Dignitas decani" of St Patrick's Cathedral', PRIA, 25:C9 (1905), 497.

N: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 482–6.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
8 Feb. 1468
Drogheda

GRANT to John [Bole], abp Armagh, of the following rights in all his lordships and manors, viz. sok and sak, thol and thean, infangth[ef] and outfanth[ef], rights to sanctuary and the trying of felons. GRANT also of weekly markets in Armagh every Thursday; in Iniskeyn every Wednesday; in Termonfeckin every Monday; in Nobber every Monday. And LICENCE to have a pillory in Termonfeckin, Dromiskin, Nobber and Kilclogher.

Witnesses:

M[ichael Tregury], abp Dublin;
W[illiam Sherwood], bp Meath;
R[ichard Lang], bp Kildare;
Thomas e. Desmond;
Thomas, [seventh] earl of Kildare;
T. Plunket kt;
R. Dowdall kt.

C: 

'A calendar of the register of Primage George Dowdall, commonly called the "Liber Niger" or "Black Book", JCLAS, 7:1 (1929), p. 82, §117 (=an inspeximus dated 10 Feb. 1558); Anthony Lynch, 'A calendar of the reassembled register of John Bole, archbishop of Armagh, 1457–71', Seanchas Ardmhacha, 15:1 (1992), p. 179.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
22 Feb. 1468
Drogheda

GRANT, for life, of the manor of Castlericard, co. Meath, to Edmund s. of James Butler, baron of Dunboyne, for his services in the wars in Ire., and especially in the taking of Conn O Conher, chieftain of his lineage.

Attested: 
[John, e. Worcester, deputy]
Authorized: 
By bill of the deputy and by authority of parliament.
C: 

Lambeth, MS 608, f. 17.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
23 Feb. 1468
Drogheda

The castle of Carrickfergus is a garrison of war and is surrounded by Irish and Scots without succour of the English for 60 miles; and the constables of that castle formerly had 24 soldiers for its safe-keeping, but James Dokray esq., constable of that castle, keeps it alone with a force at his own expense. In order that James might have 10 soldiers within the castle and 4d a day for each of them, GRANT to him for life, for his good service to the K's father and the K., of 40m p.a. from the K.'s manor or lordship of Ardmulghan and the customs and cokets in the ports and franchises of Ardeglasse and Carrickfergus, in part-payment [of those 4d a day for the 10 soldiers].

Attested: 
John, e. Worcester, deputy
C: 

CPR 1467–77, pp 161–2 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 10 June 1469).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
26 Feb. 1468
Trim

GRANT, on petition and for good service in the wars in Ire., to Edward Butler, Lord Dunboyne, of £10 p.a. from the fee-farm of the city of Waterford which belonged to James [Ormond], e. Wiltshire, in the K.'s hand because of forfeiture; and further GRANT to him of the prisage of wines pertaining to the towns of New Ross, Youghal, Galway, Kinsale, Dungarvan and Dengill [Dingle]; to hold for life without rendering anything.

Attested: 
John, e. Worcester, deputy
Authorized: 
By authority of parliament.
C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 3, p. 245; Lambeth, MS 608, f. 16b.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
[No date.]

GRANT, for life, to Robert Preston kt, lord of Gormanston, of £20 p.a. out of the issues and profits of the manors of Demor and Kildalkey, co. Meath.

T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 834.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife