close Roll 5 Henry VI

1
20 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Philip Faryngton―to whom Henry IV granted by letters patent under the g.s. of Ire., which Henry V and Henry VI confirmed, the office of spigurnal of the Irish chancery, to have for life, with all due fees, receiving from the K. 2d a day at the Ex. during [his] life―both those 38s 6d returned as being in arrears, and also those 2d a day from year to year during his life.1

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first item in RCI roll §100, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus clausus de anno 5 Hen. VI. 2a pars.' It is in fact the earlier portion of a controlment roll of the Irish Ex. for that year. RCH records that the beginning of this roll had perished by 1828; the remainder begins with the remnants of two articles, from which nothing could be gleaned. The following items were numbered in the margin of the roll 'nos. 1, 2 etc.'; from which it may gathered that the numeration was not imposed on the first two items. The illegible item immediately preceding this one is recorded in Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388, as referring to a person named Stephen: the surname is not given. The latter portion of the same controlment roll (RCI roll §99) was calendared separately in RCH and entitled 'Rotulus Clausus de anno 5 Hen. VI. 1a pars.'

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
9 Nov. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Henry Fortescu, whom the K. appointed as chief justice at pleas [etc.] during good behaviour, 40d a day for his wages, as agreed by the council.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 309.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
19 Nov. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Roger Hakenshawe―whom the K. appointed on 20 Oct. [1422] 1 Hen. VI as second justice at pleas, during pleasure―£128 3s 6d, which were returned as being in arrears of his fee and wages; and [ORDER] also [to pay him] annually in future [his] fee of £20 p.a., and 20d a day for wages.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
26 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Blakeney―whom the K. appointed on 16 June [1425] 3 Hen. VI as chief justice of the common bench, during good behaviour―£28 3s 7½d, which were returned as being in arrears to him of his fee; and [ORDER] also [to pay him] annually in future [that] fee.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
26 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Bateman―to whom, on 20 Oct. [1422] 1 Hen. VI, the K. granted the office of chirographer and keeper of the writs of the common bench, during good behaviour―71s 8d, which were returned as being in arrears of his fee of 100s p.a.; and [ORDER] also [to pay him] those 100s p.a. in future.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
17 Nov. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John White―to whom, on 19 Oct. [1422] 1 Hen. VI, the K. granted the office of K.'s attorney in the Ex. and in the common bench―both that which is now in arrears of his fee of 100s p.a., and also those 100s annually in future.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
16 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Edward Perers kt―[who was appointed as] constable of Wicklow castle for his lifetime by letters patent of Henry IV, which the present K. confirmed on 11 March [1423] 1 Hen. VI,1 by advice of the great council of Eng.―£102 8s 8d, which were returned as being in arrears to him of his fee of £50 p.a.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1CPR 1422–9, pp 101–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
26 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay William Scryvener, keeper of the castle of Nycolestoun, £18 3s 8d, which were returned as being in arrears of his fee of 10m p.a.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
27 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Hugh Bavent1 clk―whom the K., by advice of his council of Eng., ordained as T. of Ire.―£36 20¾d, which were returned as being in arrears of wages of 40d a day [granted] to him, by agreement of the council of Ire.; and and [ORDER] also [to pay him] those 40d a day in future.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 308.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'Banent'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
12 Dec. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Janico Dartas showed by petition to the Westminster parliament on 2 May [1426] last that he had received from Henry IV various letters patents, which were confirmed by Henry V, viz. 100m from the fee-farm, customs and coket of the town of Drogheda; £40 from the fee-farm of the city of Dublin; 12d a day from the office of constable of Dublin castle 12d a day from the town and manor of Esker; £100 p.a. from the Ex.

Because payment by virtue of these letters patent was stopped by [John Talbot], Lord Furnival, Lt of Ire., he sought to have them restored. This was done by inspeximus of his petition and letters patent dated Westminster, 12 July and 20 July 1421. And on 17 Oct. 1413 Henry V granted Janico the said 100m from the fee-farm of Drogheda and £40 p.a. from the fee-farm of Dublin for life, in recompense for the baron of Norragh, of which he had custody for life; and this was confirmed on 3 Feb. 1422. And Janico died on 20 Nov. 1426.

ORDER to pay £382 18s 7d―which were returned as being in arrears to Janico―to Janico's executors, viz. Elizabeth, who was the wife of Janico Dartas esq.; Sampson Dartas; and Nicholas Bailiff.

Authorized: 
By petition.
C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 17, p. 152; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
18 Nov. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Blakton―to whom the K. granted by letters patent dated 15 May [1424] 2 Hen. VI, 40s p.a. of increment beyond his fee as clerk of the T. of Ire.―that which is in arrears [to him]; and [ORDER] also [to pay him] those 40s annually in future.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
10 Nov. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James Cornewalsch, chief baron of the Ex.―who was elected on 13 Sept. [1425] 4 Hen. VI as a messenger [to go] to Eng. upon public business, receiving 6s 8d a day―£36, which were returned as being in arrears of those 6s 8d a day.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
11 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., 30m [granted] to him by agreement of the council for his expenses in resisting Geraldus Okevenagh.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
12 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 3 July [1426] at the K.'s council at Trim, James Butler, e. Ormond, pleaded before the K.'s council at Trim that he had custody of certain Irish hostages, viz.:

Bernardus, son of Bernadus McMaghon', chieftain of his lineage, hostage of the said McMaghon';
Tirrelagh s. of Naghtyn Odownyl, hostage for Nelanus Odowynyll', chieftain of his lineage;
Catholicus Oneel, son of Donaldus s. of Eugenius Oneel';
and Ed' Oneel, son of Edonis, son of the same Eugenius;
and Thomas Bermingham, son of James Bermingham (the brother of Meiler Bermingham), [hostage] for that Meiler.

ORDER to pay him 50m [granted] to him by agreement of the council for his expenses in sustaining and keeping [those] hostages.

Attested: 
[James Butler, e. Ormond] Jcr
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 303.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
21 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Gerald fitz Morice, e. Kildare, 20m granted to him by the K. at his petition as a reward for his labours and expenses [sustained] in resisting the K.'s Irish enemies and English rebels on the frontier of the marches [in fronturis marchiarum].

Attested: 
[James Butler, e. Ormond] Jcr
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 304.

C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 28; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
24 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Similar [ORDER to pay, as in §15] rewards of 40m to William Bourk, lord of Loghrye; and 20m to William Bourk, granted at their petition in recompense for their great labours in the parts of Connacht in resisting the K.'s Irish enemies and English rebels, and because of the good service performed by them in levying and collecting money.

Attested: 
[James Butler, e. Ormond] Jcr
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 306.

C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 28; RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
24 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Holywood kt £20, granted to him at his petition on account of labours and costs both in the [K.'s] wars and in levying moneys of the K. while he was sheriff of co. Dublin.

Attested: 
[James Butler, e. Ormond] Jcr
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 307.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
24 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Richard fitz Eustace kt £20 granted to him at his petition for his labours and expenses in the K.'s service, as a result of which he could not construct a fortalice that he started in the frontier of the marches for the salvation of the peace.

Attested: 
[James Butler, e. Ormond] Jcr
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 305.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
23 Nov. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Henry Strangways, chief chamberlain of the Ex., 100s, which were returned as being in arrears to him of those 20m previously granted to him for crossing to Eng. according to the requirements of the K.'s writ to charge Hugh Bavent1 clk, formerly T., upon his account at the English Ex.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'Banent'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
22 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay 4m to William Bathe and Thomas Glerne, granted to them for [their] labour in writing writs and commissions for the K. in the chancery [of Ire.], and enrolments of indentures between the Lt and Irish enemies.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
20 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Similar [ORDER to pay, as in §20] a similar reward of 26s 8d to Edward Somerton clk, granted for similar labour [in the Irish chancery].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
6 Oct. 1426
Naas
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Edward [Dantsey], bp Meath, £20, granted to him at his petition on account of his long labour and great costs upon the K.'s business.

Attested: 
[James Butler, e. Ormond] Jcr
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 305.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
16 Dec. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Richard Vale, deputy of Bartholomew Bathe, usher of the Ex., £7 7s 2d for parchment, ink, wax, messengers [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
24
6 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 15 April [1426] last, with the advice and assent of the council of Ire., the K. appointed James Butler, e. Ormond, as Jcr of Ire. during pleasure, to do all things pertaining to that office, taking with the accustomed fee, viz. £500 p.a., as appears in the K.'s letters patent. Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of that fee from 15 April, when the earl was sworn into office, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls [etc.] returning their findings to the K. in the chancery of Ire. They returned that £330 5s 5½d are in arrears to him of the said fee from 15 April [1426] last until 15 Jan. [1427] last, counting the first day but not the last, viz. three quarters of a year and two days, beyond the amount already paid to him. ORDER to pay that sum to the Jcr or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §114.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 76.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

{1} This is the first item in RCI roll §99, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus clausus de anno 5 Hen. VI. 1a pars.' It was in fact the later portion of an Ex. controlment roll for that year.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
25
4 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 15 April [1426] last, James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., and the K.’s council discussed how, by letters patent under the g.s. of Ire., the K. appointed that earl, with the assent of that council, as Jcr, during pleasure, to do all things pertaining to that office according to the law and custom of Ire., taking the customary fee. And considering that the customary fee is not sufficient to support the wars and other charges of that land, and the impoverishment of the said land and the K.’s lieges there, and the damage and peril which could easily arise to the said land and lieges by war and insurrection by the K.’s Irish enemies unless a remedy be speedily applied, and that the Jcr does not have sufficient means to make war without assistance, it was agreed that 12 men-at-arms and 60 archers should be retained to that Jcr, each man-at-arms taking 12d a day, and each archer 6d, for 40 days from the day on which the Jcr should make a muster of them before Hugh Bavent, formerly T. of Ire., or his deputy, until the 40 days are complete, as appears in an agreement enrolled in the rolls of the Irish chancery. And the K. ordered the former T. to take that muster on a certain day and in a certain place, informing the K. in chancery of the day of that muster with the names of the men-at-arms and archers under his seal, without delay. The said T. returned that he took that muster at Naas on Wednesday before St George the Martyr last by William Baldewyn, summoner, his deputy, with the names of the men-at-arms and archers retained to the Jcr in the K.’s service.

On 11 June [1426] last it was agreed by the Jcr and council that the 12 men-at-arms and 60 archers should be retained at the K.’s wages from the revenues of Ire. for the 80 days next following the end of those 40 days, each man-at-arms taking 12d a day and each archer 6d a day, as in the agreement enrolled in the rolls of chancery. Wishing to be informed as to the arrears owed to the Jcr of the said wages for those 80 days, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls [etc.], returning their findings in chancery with this writ. They returned that on searching the rolls [etc.] it was found that the Jcr’s arrears of his wages for the 80 days beyond that paid before 2 Feb. [1427] last amount to £50 14s 7½d. ORDER to pay the Jcr that sum or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §113.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
26
20 Jan. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

[The opening of this writ recites the substance of §25 above, concerning an agreement dated 15 April [1426] for the retaining of 12 men-at-arms and 60 archers for 40 days, and a second agreement dated 11 June [1426] for the retaining of the same 12 men-at-arms and 60 archers for a further 80 days from the end of the 40 days.]

And on 11 Aug. [1426] last it was agreed by the Jcr and council that they should be retained for a further 80 days after the first 80 days, at the same wages, as in an agreement enrolled in the rolls of chancery. ORDER to pay the 12d a day for each man-at-arms and 6d a day for each archer retained in the K.'s service from the revenues of Ire. for those last 80 days, according to the said agreement, receiving from the Jcr letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §110.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
27
20 Jan. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

[The opening of this writ recites the substance of §25 above, concerning an agreement dated 15 April [1426] for the retaining of 12 men-at-arms and 60 archers for 40 days, and a second agreement dated 11 June [1426] for the retaining of the same 12 men-at-arms and 60 archers for a further 80 days from the end of the 40 days.]

And on 28 Aug. [1426] last it was agreed by the Jcr and council that they should be retained for a further 80 days after the first 80 days, at the same wages, as in an agreement enrolled in the rolls of chancery. ORDER to pay the 12d a day for each man-at-arms and 6d a day for each archer retained in the K.'s service from the revenues of Ire. for those last 80 days, according to the said agreement, receiving from the Jcr letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §108.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
28
17 Feb. 1427
Dunboyne
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

[The opening of this writ recites the substance of §25 above, concerning an agreement dated 15 April [1426] for the retaining of 12 men-at-arms and 60 archers for 40 days, and a second agreement dated 11 June [1426] for the retaining of the same 12 men-at-arms and 60 archers for a further 80 days from the end of the 40 days.]

And on 28 Aug. [1426] last it was agreed by the Jcr and council that they should be retained for a further 80 days after the first 80 days, at the same wages, as in an agreement enrolled in the rolls of chancery. And on the same 28 Aug. [1426] the Jcr and others of the K.'s council discussed how the Jcr and the C., T. and others of the K.'s council will have to be so occupied in the K.'s service that they shall not be able to communicate together at the end of those 80 days, without damage to the K.; and that help and relief will still be needed at the end of that period. It was agreed that when those 80 days elapse the said 12 men-at-arms and 60 archers shall be retained to the Jcr in the K.'s service at the same wages, while the Jcr holds that office. ORDER to pay the 12d a day for each man-at-arms and 6d a day for each archer retained in the K.'s service from the revenues of Ire., for as long as the Jcr remains in office, according to the said agreement, receiving from the Jcr letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §103.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, ff 76–77v.

C: 

Lib. mun. pub. Hib., i, pt 2, p. 200; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
29
18 Feb. 1427
Dunboyne
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

By advice and consent of the K.'s great council, the K. appointed Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, as C. of Ire., during pleasure, with the customary fees, as appears in the K.'s letters. Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of of his fee, which extends to £40 p.a., from 13 July [1423] when he was sworn into office until 25 April [1426] last, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears for that time, viz. 2¾ years and 12 days (counting the first but not the last) amount to £21 6s 8d. ORDER to pay that sum to the said C., or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §102.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
30
18 Feb. 1427
Dunboyne
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On Tuesday, 13 July [1423] 1 Hen. VI, the Jcr and council, meeting at the palace of St Sepulchre near Dublin, discussed how, by letters patent dated 19 May [1423] 1 Hen. VI,1 under the g.s. of Eng., the K. appointed, with the advice and assent of his great council, Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, as his C. of Ire., during pleasure, with the customary fees of old, as appears by letters patent enrolled in the chancery of Ire. And because in those letters no express mention was made of how much the C. should receive daily as wages for the sustenance and keeping of clerks of chancery, serving men and their horses, and also the other costs and expenses that he must support while he holds that office, it was agreed and ordained by the Jcr and council that the archbishop should have 10s a day for his wages from that 13 July, when he was sworn into office, while he holds that office, from the issues, profits and revenues of that land, by the and of the T. and chamberlains [of the Ex.], as in the agreement enrolled in chancery.

Wishing to be informed as to the C.'s arrears, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from 13 July [1423] until 25 April [1426], viz. 2¾ years, amount to £20 11s 6½d. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §99.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1CPR 1422–9, p. 103.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
31
28 Feb. 1427
Dunboyne
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Trusting in the loyalty and circumspection of brother William fitz Thomas, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., the K. appointed him, with the advice of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, as C. of Ire., during pleasure, taking the accustomed fee, as appears in the K.'s letters patent. Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of the said fee, which extends to £40 p.a., from 26 April [1426] last, on which day the prior was sworn into office, until 5 Aug. following, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that the prior's arrears from 26 April [1426] until 5 Aug. last, viz. a quarter year and ten days (counting the first day but not the last), amount to £11 22½d. ORDER to pay him that sum or to assign it in debts, receiving from the prior letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §97.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
32
28 Jan. 1427
Naas
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Trusting in the loyalty and circumspection of Richard fitz Eustace, the K. appointed him, with the advice of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, as C. of Ire., during pleasure, taking the accustomed fee, as appears in the K.'s letters patent. Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of the said fee, which extends to £40 p.a., from 15 Sept. [1426] last, on which day he was sworn into office, until 27 Dec. following, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that the prior's arrears from 15 Sept. [1426] until 27 Dec. last, viz. a quarter year and twelve days (counting the first day but not the last), amount to £11 6s 3d. ORDER to pay him that sum or to assign it in debts, receiving from the prior letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §95.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
33
28 Jan. 1427
Naas
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 16 Sept. [1426] last, in a certain chamber in the house of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin, James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., and the K.'s council discussed how, by letters patent and by advice and consent of the Jcr and council, the K. appointed Richard fitz Eustace kt as C. of Ire., during pleasure, with the accustomed fee, as appears in those letters patent. And because in those letters no express mention was made of how much the C. should receive daily as wages for the costs both for the sustenance of the clerks of chancery, and their men and horses, and also other costs which he must support while riding and travelling in the K.'s service in that office, it was agreed and ordained by the Jcr and council that he should have 6s 8d a day for his wages for the sustenance of those clerks, men and horses, and other expenses, from the revenues of Ire. by the hands of the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. from 15 Sept. [1426] last, when he was sworn into office.

Wishing to be informed as to the C.'s arrears from 15 Sept. [1426] last until 27 Dec. following, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains on 20 Jan. [1427] last to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from 15 Sept. [1426] last until 27 Dec. following, viz. a quarter year and 12 days, amount to £14 6s 8d. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts, receiving from him letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §93.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, ff 77v–78.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
34
13 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 23 Oct. [1426] last, by letters patent under the g.s. of Eng.,1 the K. appointed Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, by advice and consent of his council, as C. of Ire., during pleasure, taking the accustomed fee. Wishing that he be paid that fee, which extends to £40 p.a., ORDER to pay the archbishop £40 from 12 Jan. [1427] last, when he was sworn into office, or to assign it in debts, and also henceforth to pay him annually those £40 p.a. while he holds that office, receiving from the archbishop letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §91.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1CPR 1422–9, p. 379

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
35
13 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 18 Feb. [1427] last, in the church of St Peter at Dunboyne, James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., and the council discussed how, on 23 Oct. [1426] last, by letters patent under the g.s. of Eng., the K. appointed, with the advice and concent of his council, Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, as C. of Ire., to hold that office during pleasure with the accustomed fees of old, as appears in those letters patent enrolled in the chancery of Ire. And because in those letters no express mention was made of the amount of wages that the archbishop should receive daily for the sustenance of clerks, serving men and horses, and other sums and expenses that he must support in that office, it was agreed and ordained by the Jcr and council that he should take 10s a day for his wages from 12 Jan. [1427] last, when he was sworn into office, for as long as he holds that office, from the issues and revenues of Ire., by the hands of the T. and chamberlains of the Ex., as appears in the agreement enrolled in the chancery rolls. ORDER to pay the archbishop those 10s a day from 12 Jan. for as long as he occupies that office, or to assign it in debts, receiving from the archbishop letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §89.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
36
13 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 7 Sept. [1425] 4 Hen. VI, with the assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, formerly Lt of Ire., and the K.'s council, the K. appointed Stephen Roche as clerk or keeper of the hanaper of the chancery of Ire., to hold that office by himself or sufficient deputies for whom he will answer, during good behaviour, taking the same fees, wages and rewards as John Passavaunt clk, dcd, late keeper of the hanaper, took from the K. annually in the same manner and form.

Wishing lately to be informed as to the arrears owed to Stephen of his fee, which extends to 100s p.a., the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from 19 Oct. [1425], when Stephen was sworn into office, until 11 March [1427] last, viz. 1¼ years (counting the first day, but not the last), amount to 42s 5d beyond the sums already paid to him. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts, and also henceforth to pay him those 100s annually from the said 11 March [1427], for as long as he holds that office.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §85.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 78–78v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
37
4 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

By letters patent of Henry IV, dated 12 Jan. [1402] 3 Hen. IV, which were confirmed by letters patent of Henry V, dated 31 Jan. [1414] 1 Hen. V, which were accepted and confirmed by letters patent of the present K., dated 22 Oct. [1422] 1 Hen. VI., Thomas Broun was granted the office of clerk of the crown in the chancery of Ire., for life, taking 10m p.a. as his fee at the Ex. of Ire. at Easter and Michaelmas in equal portions, as appears in those letters and confirmations.

Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of Thomas from the said 22 Oct. [1422], the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from 22 Oct. [1422] until 22 Jan. [1427] last, viz. 4¼ years (counting the first day, but not the last), amount to £22 13s 4d. ORDER to pay him that sum, and also henceforth to pay him those 10m p.a. for as long as he holds that office, receiving from him letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §83.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, ff 78v–79.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
38
12 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 25 June [1426] last, the K. appointed Henry Fortescue as chief justice of pleas held before the K. in Ire., to do all things pertaining to that office during good behaviour, taking annually all the accustomed fees and rewards, as is contained in the K.'s letters patent.

Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of Henry of that fee, which extends to £40 p.a., from the said 26 Oct. [1426], when he was sworn into office, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from 26 June [1426] until 9 March [1427] last, viz. for half a year and 74 days (counting the first day, but not the last), amount to £28 22½d. ORDER to pay him that sum, and also henceforth to pay him annually those £40 p.a. for as long as he holds that office, receiving from him letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §81.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 79–79v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
39
12 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 4 Aug. [1426] last, James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., and the K.'s council discussed how the K. appointed Henry Fortescue as chief justice of pleas before the K. in Ire., during good behaviour, taking all the accustomed fees [etc.]; and in those letters no express mention was made as to how much he should take daily as wages in that office. The justice sustained great expenses and labours in that office. Considering that some other justices were accustomed to take 5s a day as wages, and others 40d a day, it was agreed and ordained on the advice of the Jcr and council, so that Henry might maintain himself in that office, that he should have 40d a day from 26 June [1426] last when he was sworn, while he holds that office, from the issues and revenues of Ire. by the hands of the T. and chamberlains, as is contained in the agreement enrolled in the chancery of Ire.

Wishing to be informed as to Henry's arrears of those 40d a day from the said 26 June, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from 26 June [1426] until 9 March [1427] last, viz half a year and 74 days (counting the first day but not the last), amount to £36 beyond that which has already been paid to him. ORDER to pay Henry those £36 or assign it in debts, and also henceforth to pay him 40d a day from the said 9 March [1427].

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §79.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, ff 79v–80.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
40
7 Jun. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 19 Oct. [1422] 1 Hen. VI, the K. appointed Roger Hakenshawe as second justice of pleas before the K. in Ire., during pleasure, taking the fees and rewards that he took in the time of Henry V, late K. of Eng., father of the present K., in that office.

Wishing to be informed as to Roger's arrears, the present K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery, with this writ. They returned that Roger's arrears from the said 19 Oct. [1422] until 19 April [1427] last, viz. 4½ years, amount to £127 11s 4d beyond that which has already been paid to him. ORDER to pay Roger that sum or assign it in debts, receiving from Roger letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §77.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 80–80v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
41
20 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 16 June [1425] 3 Hen. VI, the K. appointed John Blakeney as chief justice of the common bench, during good behaviour, to do all things pertaining to that office, taking the accustomed feees, wages and rewards.

Wishing lately to be informed as to the arrears of of his fee of £40 p.a. from the said 16 June [1425], when he was sworn, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from the said 16 June [1425] until 22 Jan. [1427] last, viz. 1½ years and 38 days (counting the first day, but not he last) amount to £34 6s 6½d. ORDER to pay John that sum, or assign it debts, and also henceforth to pay him annually the £40 p.a. from the said 22 Jan. [1427] while he holds that office, receiving from John letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §75.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, ff 80v–81.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
42
20 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 20 Oct. [1422] 1 Hen. VI, the K. granted to John Bateman the office of chirographer and keeper of writs and rolls of the common bench, during good behaviour, with the accustomed fees [etc.].

Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of his fee, which extends to 100s p.a., from 20 Oct. [1422] when he was sworn, on 20 Jan. [1427] last the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears amount to from the said 20 Oct. [1422] until 20 Jan. [1427], viz. 4¼ years, amount to 78s beyond that which has already been paid to him. ORDER to pay John that sum, or to assign it in debts, and also henceforth to pay him annually those 100s from the said 20 Jan. [1427], receiving from John letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §72.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 81–81v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
43
16 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 19 Oct. [1422] 1 Hen. VI, the K. granted to John White the office of K.'s attorney in the Ex. and common bench, to hold during good behaviour, taking 100s p.a. for the customary fee and reward from the revenues of Ire. by the hands of the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. of Ire.

Wishing lately to be informed as to the arrears of John's fee from the said 19 Oct., the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from 19 Oct. [1422] until 9 March last, viz. 4¼ years and 50 days (counting the first but not the last), amount to 39s 6½d beyond that which has already been paid to him. ORDER to pay John that sum, or to assign it in debts, and also henceforth to pay him annually the 100s p.a. from the said 9 March [1427], while he holds that office.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §71.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, ff 81v–82.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
44
15 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

By letters patent of Henry IV, which were confirmed by Henry V and also by letters patent under the g.s. of Eng. dated 3 May [1423] 1 Hen. VI, William Sutton was granted the office of clerk of the common pleas of the Ex., to be held and executed by him and sufficient deputies for whom he will answer for life, taking in that office similar fees, rewards and wages as John Penkeston, former clerk of the common pleas in the Ex., was accustomed to take in the time of Edward III, late K. of Eng. John was accustomed to take 5m p.a. as his fee in the time of Edward III, as appears by inspection of the records of the Irish chancery from that time.

Wishing lately to be informed as to the arrears of those 5m p.a. from the said 3 May [1423], the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from the said 3 May until 23 Feb. [1327] last, viz. 3¾ years and 23 days (counting the first day, but not the last), amount to £6 18s 8d. Wishing that satisfaction be made to William of those arrears, ORDER to pay him that sum, or to assign it in debts, and also henceforth to pay him annually those 5m p.a. for life, from the said 23 Feb. [1427].

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §69.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 82–82v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
45
6 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 15 Jan. [1423] the K. granted to William Scryvener custody of Nycoleston, co. Kildare, for life, taking for its safe custody 10m p.a. at the Ex. by the hands of the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. of Ire. Wishing lately to be informed as to William's arrears of from that 15 Jan., the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from that 15 Jan. until 16 April [1427] last, viz. 4¼ years (counting the first day, but not the last), amount to £15 17s. Wishing that satisfaction be made to William, ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §67.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
46
27 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 8 Aug. [1401] 2 Hen. IV, Henry IV, late K. of Eng.―for the honour of God and increase of divine service, in aid of the sustenance of the prior and brethren of the order of Carmelites of Dublin and their successors―by his grace, for the souls of predecessors and the faithful departed, granted the said prior and brethren the chantry of the Ex. taking 100s p.a. at that Ex., wherever it may be within Ire., for the celebration of divine service in the Ex. by one of their brethren; always provided that the prior and brethren sustain that chantry forever, just as is contined in those letters.

Wishing lately to be informed as to the arrears of those 100s from 2 Sept. [1422] 1 Hen. VI., the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery, with this writ. They returned that the arrears of those 100s from the said 2 Sept. until 21 Jan. [1427] last, viz. 4¼ years and 50 days (counting the first day, but not the last), amount to 79s 3¼d beyond that which has already been paid to them. Wishing that satisfaction be made to them, ORDER to pay them that sum, or assign it in debts, and also henceforth to pay them annually those 100s p.a. from the said 21 Jan. [1427].

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §65.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
47
11 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

By letters patent of Henry IV, confirmed by Henry V, late K. of Eng., and confirmed by the present K., with the advice of his great council, by letters patent under the g.s. of Eng. dated 3 July [1423] 1 Hen. VI, the K. granted to Henry Strangways the office of chief chamberlain of the Ex. of Ire., for life, taking annually at the recept of that Ex. the accustomed fees and rewards, and 10m of increment as a reward beyond those fees and rewards, [to be received] by the hands of the T. and chamberlains, in the same manner as Robert Sutton, formerly chief chamberlain, received, just as is contained in those letters and the confirmations.

Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of those 10m of increment from the said 3 July [1423], the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears of those 10m from 3 July [1423] until 27 Feb. [1427] last, viz. 3½ years and 57 days (counting the first day but not the last), amount to 47s 6¼d beyond that which has already been paid to him. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts, and also henceforth to pay him annually those 10m p.a. from the said 27 Feb. [1427].

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §61.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, ff 82v–83.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
48
22 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 15 May [1424] 2 Hen. VI, the granted by letters patent to John Blakton, clerk of the T. of Ire., 40s p.a. of increment beyond the fees, wages and rewards due to him in that office, to be received annually by the hands of the T. and chamberlains for as long as he should occupy that office, just as Thomas Fourneys clk and the said John, formerly clerks of the T., were accustomed to receive, as is contained in the K.'s letters patent.

Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of those 10m of increment from the said 15 May [1424], the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears of those 10m from 15 May [1424] until 15 May [1427] last, viz. 3 full years, amount to 13s 9d beyond that which has already been paid to him. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts, and also henceforth to pay him annually from term to term those 10m p.a. from the said 15 May [1427] for as long as he holds that office, receiving from him letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §59.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 83–83v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
49
5 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 2 Sept. [1424] 3 Hen. IV, James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire.―formerly deputy of Edmund [Mortimer], late earl of March and Ulster, formerly Lt of Ire.―and the K.'s council discussed how the K., on the advice of his council of Eng., appointed Hugh Bavent1 as T. of Ire., during pleasure, with the accustomed fees of old, as is contained in those letters patent. As those letters made no express mention of how much the said T. should take a day in wages in that office, and considering that the T. must sustain excessive labours and costs in that office, it was agreed on the advice of the said former deputy and council, that the T. might have 40d a day from the issues and revenues of that land for as long as he holds that office, from the said 2 Sept. [1424], when he was sworn into office, so that he might better support himself in that office.

Wishing to be informed as to Hugh's arrears of those 40d a day from the said 2 Sept. [1424] the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery, with this writ. They returned that his arrears from the said 2 Sept. [1424] until 21 Dec. [1426] last, viz. 2¼ years and 19 days (counting the first day, but not the last) amount to £28 9s 9¼d. Wishing that satisfaction be made to him of that sum, ORDER to pay him those £28 9s 9¼d arrears, receiving from him letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council and sealed with the p.s. of the Jcr.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §63.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, ff 83v–84.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'Banent'

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
50
31 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 28 March [1427] last, James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., and the K.'s council discussed how by letters patent under the g.s. of Eng. dated 23 Oct. [1426] last, the K., by advice and consent of his council of Eng., appointed Edward [Dantsey], bp Meath, as T. of Ire., to hold and occupy that office during pleasure, with the accustomed fees of old, as is contained in those letters patent and enrolled in the chancery of Ire. As those letters made no express mention of how much the said T. should take a day in wages in that office, and considering that the T. must sustain excessive labours and costs in that office, it was agreed on the advice of the said former deputy and council, that the T. should have 5s a day from the issues and revenues of that land for as long as he holds that office, from 12 Jan. [1427] last, when he was sworn into office, so that he might better support himself in that office, as in the agreement enrolled in chancery. ORDER to pay him those 5s a day from the said 12 Jan. [1427], for as long as he holds that office.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §47.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 84.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
51
16 Jul. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

The K. lately appointed John Blakeney, chief justice of the common bench; James Cornewalsh, chief baron of the Ex.; Reginald Snyterby, second baron of the Ex.; and Christopher Barnevall, serjeant-at-laws in Ire. as justices to inquire, hear and determine in cos. Dublin, Meath, Louth and Kildare, and in the crosslands of the same, both inside and outside liberties, just as [etc.]; and it was ordained with the advice of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council that the said James Cornewalsh and Christopher Bernevall should hold their sessions in co. Meath for the K.'s profit. And because those justices suffered great expense and labour, it was agreed on 28 Oct. [1426] last by the Jcr and council that the said James and Christopher should have 40d a day respectively while they sit in those sessions in that county, and that as many writs as necessary should be made to the T. and chamberlains ordering them to pay James and Christopher those sums daily, as appears in the agreement enrolled in the rolls of the Irish chancery. And because Christopher has taken his oath before the K. in chancery that he held his sessions in the said county for 40 days, ORDER to pay him those 40d for the said 40 days.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §52.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 84v; NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. ++.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
52
4 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 13 Sept. [1425] 4 Hen. IV, in a certain chamber within the house of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin―by advice of James Butler, e. Ormond, former Lt of Ire., and the K.'s council―James Cornewalsh, chief baron of the Ex., was elected and ordained as messenger [nuncius] to go to Eng. to declare to the K. and his council concerning the state of Ire., and to prosecute certain business concerning the advantage and welfare of that land. And on that day it was agreed and ordained by the Lt and council that James, while thus engaged in the K.'s service, should have 6s 8d a day for his expenses, in going to Eng. and returning, from the day of his embarkment [a die eskippamenti] for as long as he should happen to be occupied upon the said business; [to be paid] from the issues and receipts of that land by the hands of the T. and chamberlains [etc.]. Afterwards before James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council at Dublin, James Cornewalsh showed how he embarked at Howth on 22 Oct. [1425] and went to Eng., and declared to the K. and council concerning the said business; and remained there until 16 April [1426] last, when he landed at Dalkey; and on that business he served the K. well and faithfully; and he sought payment of the 6s 8d a day owed to him. Being informed as to the truth of the premises and inclined to his petition―because James swore before the K. in the chancery of Ire. at Thomastoun that he left on the said 22 Oct. [1425] from Howth and returned from Eng. to Dalkey just as he had declared to the Jcr and council, labouring upon the K.'s business for 176 days (counting the first and the last day)―the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to pay James the sum of his wages of 6s 8d a day for that time, which amounted to £58 13s 4d.

Wishing to be informed as to James's arrears of those £58 13s 4d, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears amount to £26. Wishing that satisfaction be made, ORDER to pay him that sum.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §53.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, ff 85–85v.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 29.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
53
10 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Edward [Dantsey], bp Meath, pleaded that he prosecuted a certain writ of error before the former C. and T. in a certain chamber near the Ex. called 'le counseill chamb[re]', on account of a certain judgement rendered against the bishop by the barons of the Ex. of a certain sum of £124 10s 10½d, by reason of the absence of the bishop from Ire. from Monday after St Calixtus the Pope 9 Hen. V until Monday after the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 10 Hen. V. The judgement was annulled by the said late C. and T. in Michaelmas term 2 Hen. VI because of certain errors in the record; and, further, it was further agreed by the C. and T. that the bishop should be restored to that which he lost by the said judgement, of which £124 10s 10½d was levied for the K.'s use by virtue of certain writs out of the […]. Being inclined to the bishop's petition and wishing to be informed as to the premises, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery, with this writ. They returned that, of the said £124 10s 10½d, the sum of £54 7s 2d had been paid to the K. Wishing that satisfaction be made of the said £54 7s 2d, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. to pay the bishop that sum.

Wishing to be informed as to the bishop's arrears of the said £54 7s 2d, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery with this writ. They returned that his arrears amount to £14 2s 10d beyond that which had been paid before 5 March [1427] last. ORDER to pay him that sum or to assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §55.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
54
27 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 28 May [1426] last, with the assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, the K. appointed William Hill as serjeant-at-arms within Ire., during pleasure, to do all things pertaining to that office with the accustomed fees and rewards, just as [etc.]; and later, at his petition, because of his costs in going and travelling to the town of Limerick in execution of various writs and commands addressed to the mayor and bailiffs of that town, the K. granted William 12d a day, just as Laurence Newton, former serjeant-at-laws, was accustomed to receive.

Wishing to be informed as to the arrears of Laurence of those 12d from 28 May [1426] until 13 Jan. [1427] last, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from the said 28 May [1426] until 13 Jan. [1427] last, viz. half a year and 48 days (counting the first day, but not the last) amount to £11 10s. Wishing that satisfaction be made to William of those £11 10s, ORDER to pay him that sum or assign ti in debts, receiving from William letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §49.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 86–86v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
55
28 Jan. 1427
Naas
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, has pleaded that he has sustained great labours and expenses in finding men-at-arms and archers, and others both mounted and foot, for the salvation and defence of the K.'s lieges in the marches of co. Dublin, and elsewhere, in resisting the malice of the K.'s Irish enemies and rebels in those parts, at his own costs, without receiving anything from the K., to his impoverishment and loss. He seeks reward. Being inclined to his petition, and by assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, the K. has granted him £40 of his gfit. ORDER to pay him those £40 or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §45.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 29; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 29.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
56
6 Apr. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

John [Swayne], abp Armagh, primate of Ire., has pleaded that on 23 Jan. [1425] 3 Hen. VI, by letters patent attested by John, Lord Talbot, then Jcr of Ire., the K. ordered and constituted the archbishop to be of the K.'s council. Because of this, the archbishop laboured in various ways in the K.'s service at his own great costs without reward, for which he seeks remedy. Being inclined to his plea, and by assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, the K. has granted him £40 of his gift. ORDER to pay him those £40 or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §43.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
57
12 Jan. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

James, earl of Desmond, has shown how on 23 Aug. [1423] 1 Hen. VI, with the assent of Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, then Jcr of Ire., the K.―having consideration for his costs and excessive damages upon the wars of Munster, without reasonable reward―granted him the office of constable of Limerick castle, to hold by himself and sufficient deputies for whom he shall answer, taking £10 p.a. for as long as he occupies that office from the fee-farm of the city [of Limerick] by the hands of the mayor, bailiffs and other receivers and keepers of that fee-farm, just as [etc.]. The earl is in arrears of that fee-farm from the said 23 Aug. [1423], and seeks adequate reward in compensation. Being inclined to his plea and by assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, the K. has granted him £40 of his gift in recompense for his fee, and for his labours and expenses. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §39.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 86v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
58
23 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

William fitz Thomas, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., has pleaded that on 8 Aug. [1426] last, the K. appointed him by letters patent as C. of Ire., during pleasure, taking the accustomed fee. And from the said 8 Aug. [1426] until 10 Sept. following, he occupied that office sustaining costs and charges in maintaining clerks, serving men and horses without receiving from the K. any wages or reward. He seeks reward. Being inclined to his plea and with the assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, the K. has granted him £10 of his gift. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §38.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
59
6 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

The mayor, bailiffs and community of Dublin have pleaded for an adequate reward for commendable service in resisting the Irish enemies before this time. Being inclined to his plea and with the assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, the K. has granted him £20 of his gift as a reward. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §35.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 76, p. 22; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28;

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
60
20 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

William Bourke of Loghreragh has pleaded that K. should grant him suitable reward for his great labour and expenses in the K.'s wars and those of his predecessors. Being inclined to his plea and by assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, the K. has granted him £40 of his gift as a reward. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §34.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 29.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
61
6 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Christopher Plunket kt pleaded that he was in the K.'s service in his wars in Ire., both in the company of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and also those of other justiciars and lieutenants, sustaining great costs and losses to his manifest impoverishment; and he sought adequate reward. The K. granted him 20m of his gift, and, on 20 Nov. [1426] last, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. to pay him that sum or assign it in debts. Wishing to be informed as to how much as been paid, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that nothing of those 20m has been paid. Wishing that satisfaction be made to Christopher, ORDER to pay him those 20m or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §32.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
62
14 Jul. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

James Cornewalsh, chief baron of the Ex., pleaded that, for his great labours and costs sustained in the company of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., upon the K.'s business in Munster and Leinster, he might have sufficient reward. Being inclined to his plea and with the assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, the K. granted him £10 of his gift and on 3 June [1427] ordered the T. and chamberlains to pay him that sum or assign it in debts. Wishing to be informed as to how much as been paid, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that nothing of those £10 has been paid. Wishing that satisfaction be made to James, ORDER to pay him those 20m or assign it in debts, receiving letters of acquittance from James.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §42.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
63
7 Jul. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Henry Strangways, chief chamberlain of the Ex., has pleaded that he was ordered by writ of Eng. to come to the kingdom of Eng. to charge Hugh Bavent1 clk, former T. of Henry V in Ire., upon his account at the Ex. of Eng. of the issues and profits of the land of Ire. And now Henry has fulfilled those orders at great expense and labour, without reward, to his grave loss unless the K. aids him. As Henry Stanyhurst, and each chamberlain of the Ex. of Ire. in similar circumstances, had 20m, he seeks reward for his labours and expenses as other chamberlains were accustomed receive before now. Being inclined to his plea and by assent of John Talbot, former Jcr of Ire., and the council, the K. granted Henry 20m and ordered the T. and chamberlains to pay that sum or assign it in debts. Wishing to be informed as to Henry's arrears, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears of those 20m amount to 53s 4d beyond that which had been paid to him before 22 May [1427] last. Wishing that Henry be satisfied of this, ORDER to pay him those 43s 4d or to assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §29.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'Banent'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
64
20 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Meiler Bermingham has pleaded that the K. should grant him sufficient reward for his good and laudable service in resisting the malice of Calvagh Oconghor,1 the K.'s Irish enemy. Being inclined to his plea and by assent of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, and the council, the K. has granted him £20 of his gift as a reward. ORDER to pay him that sum, or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §25.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 29; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'Galvagh Oconghor'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
65
12 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

The K.'s clerk, Stephen Roche, pleaded that―by order of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr―he laboured frequently in the K.'s service in cos. Dublin, Meath, Louth, Kildare and Carlow, and in Kilkenny, Tipperary, Waterford, Wexford and Limerick, at great expense, without receiving any reward from the K. or the Jcr, to his great impoverishment and annihiliation, unless the K. aids him. He sought a reward. Being inclined to his petition and by assent of the Jcr and council, the K. granted Stephen 10m of his gift as a reward, and ordered the T. or his deputy, and the chamberlains of the Ex., to pay him that sum or assign it in debts. Wishing to be informed as to how much has been paid, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that nothing of those 10m has been paid. Wishing that satisfaction be made to James, ORDER to pay him those 10m or assign it in debts, receiving letters of acquittance from James.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §27.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
66
5 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Maurice Stafford and Robert Folyng have pleaded that the K. appointed them, with others, by his letters patent as justices to inquire, hear and determine in cos. Carlow, Kerry, Wexford, Waterford, Tipperary, Cork and Limerick, and in the crosslands of the same, both inside and outside liberties. By virtue of that appointment, they were occupied upon the K.'s business from 21 June [1425] 3 Hen. VI until 6 Feb. [1427] last, sustaining great labours and costs, without reward. They sought reward. Being inclined to their petition and by assent of the Jcr and council, the K. granted Maurice and Robert £6 of his gift as a reward, and on […] March [1427] last, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. to pay him that sum or assign it in debts. Wishing to be informed as to how much as been paid, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that nothing of those £6 has been paid. Wishing that satisfaction be made to James, ORDER to pay him those £6 or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §23.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
67
18 Feb. 1427
Dunboyne
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Stephen Palmer, sub-sheriff of co. Meath, has pleaded that he served the K. well and faithfully in levying the green wax in co. Meath and various other matters there, by order of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., for the K.'s profit at his own expense before this time. He seeks adequate reward. Being inclined to his plea and by advice of the said Jcr, the K. has granted Stephen 8m of his gift for that reason. ORDER to pay him that sum.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §22.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 87.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
68
23 May. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 14 Dec. [1423] 2 Hen. VI, the K.'s clerk, Adam Veldon, one of the clerks of the chancery of Ire., has shown that he was taken prisoner during a hostile expedition lately made upon the K.'s lieges in co. Meath by the Oconghires, the K.'s Irish enemies, and also various of les Bermynghames, English rebels, with many other Irish enemies and English rebels; and he was detained until he paid £10 silver to the said Conghir, to his great destruction and annihilation. He seeks reward for that reason, and for his long service performed in the chancery of Ire., both in the reign of Henry V, and also that of the present K., and to be performed in future. By assent of Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, then Jcr of Ire., and the council, the K. granted Adam 4m of his gift as a reward for the premises, and ordered the T. and chamberlains to pay him that sum or assign it in debts.

Now, wishing to be informed as to Adam's arrears, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that the arrears amount to 33s 4d beyond that which had been paid before 15 May [1427] last. Wishing that satisfaction be made to James, ORDER to pay him that sum or assign it in debts, receiving from Adam letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §21.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
69
16 Jul. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

John Broun clk has pleaded that the K. should grant him a suitable reward for his good and laudable service in writing various letters and records touching the affairs of Ire., which were sent to the K. in Eng. and his council there by the lords and magnates of that land. Being inclined to their petition and by assent of the Jcr and council, the K. granted John 40s of his gift as a reward, and on 22 Oct. [1427] last, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. to pay him that sum or assign it in debts. Wishing to be informed as to his arrears from 7 July [1327] last, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that nothing of those 40s has been paid. Wishing that satisfaction of those 40s be made to John, as is just, ORDER to pay him that sum or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §17.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
70
30 Jan. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, C. of Ire., has pleaded that a certain tally of 66s 4d was levied with these words, viz.:

'From the custody of the lands and tenements, with appurtenances, that belonged to Peter fitz Thomas Cruys, outlawed for felony, in Robertstoun near Kells, 66s 4d, from James White of Trim, farmer; for Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, former C. of Ire. Easter, 4 Hen. VI [1426]'.

James will not receive that tally from the archbishop, nor make any payment of the 66s 4d, to the damage of the archbishop. The archbishop seeks remedy.ORDER to receive the tally in the receipt of the Ex. and cancel it so that neither the archbishop nor anyone in his name shall not have any benefit from it in the future; and then to pay those 66s 4d to the archbishop, or to assign that sum in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §16.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
71
142/2/18
Dunboyne
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Edward [Dantsey], bp Meath, has pleaded that he had assignment of £13 6s 8d for a tally levied from Christopher Plunket, former sheriff of Meath, in these words, viz.:

'From Christopher Plunket, sheriff of Meath, from various debts, £13 6s 8d; for Edward [Dantsey], bp Meath. Meath, 5 Hen. VI.'

The said former sheriff will not receive that tally from the bishop, nor will he pay by virtue of that tally, to the bishop's grave damage. Being inclined to the bishop's petition, ORDER that, having received that tally in the receipt of the Ex. and cancel it so that neither the bishop nor anyone in his name shall benefit from it in the future, they are to pay the bishop the said sum or assign it in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §13.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
72
10 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., has pleaded that he had assignment of £41 from three tallies in these words, viz.:

[1] 'From the sovereign and provosts of the town of Youghal from the goods and chattels of John Walsh; for James Butler, e. Ormond. Cork, Hilary 5 Hen. VI [1427]'.

[2] 'From the issues of 20s of each tun of wine taken in the ports of the city of Dublin and the town of Drogheda; for James Butler, e. Ormond, butler of the K. in Ire., the occupier, by the same earl, Jcr of Ire., of the prisage of wines. Hilary 5 Hen. VI [1427]'.

[3] 'From the issues of 20s on each tun of wine taken in the ports of the city Dublin and the town Drogheda; for James Butler, e. Ormond, butler of the K. in Ire., by the same the earl, Jcr of Ire., of the prisage of wines, Hilary 5 Hen. VI [1427]'.

The earl cannot receive payment of those £41 because the sovereign, provosts and occupier1 have nothing in their hands that they can pay the earl. He seeks remedy. Being inclined to his plea and by assent of the Jcr and council, ORDER that, the tallies having been restored and cancelled before them in the receipt of the Ex., they are to pay the earl those £41.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §11.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 87.

C: 

RCH; RIA, MS 12.D.16, p. 141.

Footnotes: 

1 i.e. of the office of butler of Ire.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
73
12 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., has pleaded that a tally for £26 13s 4d was levied for the earl in these words, viz.:

'From the rents and issues of the manor of Ardmulghan and from all lands and tenements in Rathcarran from John Bernevall, receiver; for James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr. Meath, Hilary 5 Hen. VI [1427].'

And also another tally was levied, in these words, viz.:

'From the custody of the manor of Rathmore, with appurtenances, except 2 messuages, 48 acres, 6 acres of meadow, 20 acres of pasture, 2 acres of moor, parcel of that manor, from Robert Dyke, Henry Strangeways and John Blaketon, farmers; for James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr. Meath, Hilary 5 Hen. VI [1427]'.

The earl cannot receive payment of those sums because the receiver and farmers have nothing in their hands. He seeks remedy. Being inclined to his plea and by assent of the Jcr and council, ORDER that, the said tallies having been returned and cancelled, they are to pay the earl those sums or assign them in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §10.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 87v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
74
12 Mar. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Stephen Roche clk has pleaded that, in Michaelmas term 2 Hen. VI [1423], a certain tally of 40s was levied from Stephen in these words, viz.:

'From the issues of the hanaper of the chancery of Ire. from John Passavaunt clk, keeper [of the hanaper]; for Stephen Roche'.

John [Passavaunt], former keeper of the hanaper, would not receive that tally from Stephen or any other payment by virtue of that tally to the damage and loss of Stephen. ORDER that, the said tallies having been returned and cancelled before them in the receipt of the Ex., they are to pay the earl those sums or assign them in debts.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and council, and sealed with the p.s.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §10.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 87v–88.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
75
26 Feb. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 6 Aug. [1425] 3 Hen. VI, the K. appointed Francis Toppesfeld esq. as one of the barons of the Ex., Dublin, during good behaviour, taking 20m p.a. for his fee, with the accustomed rewards of the office, as appears in the K.'s letters patent. Wishing to be informed as to Francis's arrears of from 14 Aug. [1425], when he was sworn into office, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings in chancery. They returned that his arrears from 14 Aug. [1425] until 14 Feb. [1427] last, viz. 1½ years, amount to £6 13s 4d beyond that which has been paid to him. Wishing that satisfaction be made, ORDER to pay Francis those £6 13s 4d, and also henceforth to pay him those 20m p.a., or assign it in debts; receiving from him letters of acquittance.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/247/20, §6.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
76
13 Mar. 1427
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Richard Vale, deputy of Bartholomew Bath, usher of the Ex., 50s 11½d for parchment, ink and other minor necessities in the Ex. from 16 Dec. [1426] last until 13 March [1427] then following.1

Attested: 
James Cornewalshe, chief baron [of the Ex.]
C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This was a writ of the Irish Ex., rather than the chancery; consequently it was attested by the chief baron of the Ex.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
77
5 Jun. 1427
[To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.]

ORDER to pay 47s 7d for parchment and ink [etc.], and other minor necessities in the Ex. from 13 March [1427] until 5 June then following.1

Attested: 
James Cornewalshe, chief baron [of the Ex.]
C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This was a writ of the Irish Ex., rather than the chancery; consequently it was attested by the chief baron of the Ex.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
78
26 Jul. 1427
[To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.]

ORDER to pay 27s 10d for similar necessaries [as in §77] from 5 June [1427] last until 26 July then following.1

Attested: 
James Cornewalshe, chief baron [of the Ex.]
C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This was a writ of the Irish Ex., rather than the chancery; consequently it was attested by the chief baron of the Ex.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
79
20 May. 1427
Dublin
[To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.]

At the petition of Nicholas Hay, son of William of Sleade, and on account of his willing and laudable service which he and his progenitors performed to the K. and his predecessors many times in resistance of the enemies in Ire., and that he will perform in future, the K. took him into special friendship, appointed him prefect of the arc of Wexford, and granted him £50 of his gift by name of reward. ORDER to pay him those £50.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
80
11 Oct. 1426
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay 24m to Gerald O Kevenagh as a result of an agreement made between him and James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, on 8 Aug. [1426] 4 Hen. VI at the house of the Benedictines at Naas before the council, when it was declared that Gerald had assembled a great number of Irish kerns and other Irish enemies to attack the K.'s liege people, and because of this it was necessary to pay him off in order to protect the lieges and safeguard the peace of the land.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 302.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
81
20 Mar. 1427
To John [Swayne], abp Armagh.

SUMMONS to the great royal council to be held at […] at the feast of St Cuthbert the Bishop and Confessor.1

C: 

Reg. Swayne, p. 52.

Footnotes: 

1 The assembly met on the Friday after St Cuthbert, 21 March 1427 (Ir. parl., p. 352).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
82
[Before 21] Mar. 1427
Dublin
To Richard Asshewell, chief clerk of the chief place and also keeper of the rolls [etc.].

The K. caused to come before him the record and process and also the judgement of a plea between the present prior of Mullingar and the present prior of Llanthony Prima in Wales concerning the record and process and judgement of a plea held before before John fitz Adam and his fellows, former justices of the common bench of Ire. in the reign of Henry IV between the former prior of Mullingar and the former prior of Llanthony Prima in Wales. The plea concerned £16 18d which were owed in arrears to the prior of Llanthony from a certain annual rent of £13 6s 8d which that prior exacted from the prior of Mullingar, as is said. The K. has heard by complaint of the present prior of Mullingar that a manifest error occurs in that record and process, to that prior's grievous injury.

Wishing that the error (if there be any) should be duly corrected and justice be done to the parties, as is right, ORDER to Richard Asshewell to send the record and process before the K. in his parliament to be held before James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, on Friday next after St Cuthbert the Bishop and Confessor [21 March 1427], under his [Asshewell’s] seal, so that these may be inspected further on behalf of the parties by authority of the parliament.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

Stat. Hen. VI, pp 2–4.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
83
8 Apr. 1427
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Writ reciting the record and process before the K. in parliament held at Kilkenny on Monday next before St David the Bishop before James Butler, e. Ormond, Lt of Ire., and the lords spiritual and temporal there present. On account of errors in the record, the judgement is to be revoked and annulled. ORDER to supersede all summonses and distraints for the said wine.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 3, p. 38.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
84
16 Aug. 1427
Trim
To John [Swayne], abp Armagh.

In response to a writ of certiorari concerning the indictment of Edward Daundesay, bp Meath, for felony before John Blakeney, chief justice of the common bench, John Cornewalsh, chief baron of the Ex., Reginald Snitterby, second baron of the Ex. and Christopher Bernevale, serjeant-at-law, justices assigned by royal letters patent to inquire, hear and determine within cos. Dublin, Meath, Louth and Kildare and the crosslands of the same, it was found that the inquisition was taken at Trim on 14 Nov. 1426, and related to a certain felony perpetrated by the bishop. By royal writ the justices were instructed to return under their seals the inquisition [etc.] taken before them to the parliament held at Dublin before James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, on Tuesday, 1 April 1427, which they did. By this inquisition it was found that Edward Daundesay, bp Meath, came at Taver[u]agh on 14 Oct. 1426, and there plundered [spoliavit] a cup worth 13s 4d outside St Patrick’s church, Taveruagh, from Thomas Serch clk, of said church.

On that Tuesday [1 April] the bishop arose in parliament at Dublin and pleaded that as he was indicted before the justices of Oyer and Terminer for a felony perpetrated in Meath, the inquisition might be read out publicly in the parliament. Assenting to the bishop’s plea, the Jcr caused the inquisition to be read out by Thomas Brou[n], clerk of the parliament. After that the bishop publicly protested in parliament that he did not intend by any words brought forth by him in parliament to infringe or violate in anything canonical sanctions or ecclesiastical liberties, but only to make manifest and declare his innocence; and he said he did not commit the felony of which he was indicted. And the bishop sought, as a consecrated bishop and spiritual lord and peer of parliament, that in all things ecclesiastical liberty in should remain unimpaired and that the K. should remit the case to the archbishop and metropolitan to proceed to the bishop's purgation, acquittance and delivery. By advice and consent of the Jcr and the lords spiritual and temporal, and wishing to exhibit justice and observe ecclesiastical liberties uninjured in all things, REMISSION of the bishop to the archbishop to fulfil in this part his duty in pastoral office, and report under his seal in the parliament held at Dublin and there adjourned to 22 Sept. 1427.

Attested: 
John Grey kt, Lt
C: 

Reg. Swayne, pp 66–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife