close Roll 5 Henry V

1
20 May. 1417
Dublin
To the collectors and receivers of the great custom in the port of Galway, present and future.

Edmund [Mortimer], earl of March and Ulster and lord of Trim, showed by his petition to Thomas [Cranley], abp Dublin, then Jcr, how he and his ancestors, lords of Trim, were seised of 25m annual rent for a site in the town of Drogheda and the castle called Castel Blathagh, which belonged to the said earl's ancestors; the said rent was in the K.'s hands and those of the K.'s predecessors from the death of Roger, father of the present earl, until 9 July [1413] 1 Hen. V, on which day all lands [etc.] of the earl in Eng., Wales and Ire. were restored to him. the arrears of the said rent were not paid from that date and Wishing to ascertain whether the earl's ancestors were seised of the 25m payable from the Ex., writs were issued on 27 April [1415] 3 Hen. V ordering the T. and chamberlains to search the records and return their findings to the Irish chancery. They returned that Roger and his ancestors were seised of the 25m and that, therefore, the present count was entitled to the arrears and to hold the rent for life. ORDER therefore to pay those 25m annually to the earl, receiving from him letters of acquittance; and they are to have allowance of the sum in debts in your account.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/37, pp 148–53.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
18 Jul. 1417
Dublin
To John Wyche, seneschal of the liberty of Wexford.

ORDER to levy and collect with all possible speed all debts owed to the K. in co. Wexford, for which John Borke, former seneschal of the said liberty, was answerable in his account at the Ex.; and all debts owed to the K. in the same county for which Fulk Furlong, former seneschal in the same liberty, was answerable in his account, as is contained in the rolls. John is to receive the debts for the K.'s use and to distrain debtors if necessary. They are to be diligent in this matter.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/37, pp 13–14.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
18 Jul. 1417
To John Barry, former sheriff of Wexford.

John Barry has pleaded that he owed the K. various sums from fines, amercements and forfeited chattels which remain to be levied; and because he has been removed from the said office, he no longer has the power to levy them, which not only delays the making of satisfaction by debtors but is also to the grave damage of the said former sheriff. In order to remedy both these ills, ORDER to levy, collect and receive with all speed the various sums owed by debtors in the said county whose names appear in the rolls, with power to distrain all debtors when necessary until they have paid and to amerce all those who are negligent or rebellious about paying their debts. He is to return the said amercements to the Ex., and also to seize debtors when necessary. He is to be diligent in these matters.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/37, pp 9–12.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
12 Oct. 1417
To John Roche of Cloncurrey.

By election of tenants of the manors of Cloncurrey, Donaghdee and Agheterard, APPOINTMENT as receiver of the said manors, in the K.'s hands because of the debts and accounts owed to the K. by James Butler, e. Ormond. He is to levy and receive all rents [etc.] of the said manors pertaining to the K. from the date on which they were seized into the K.'s hand, viz. from 18 July [1417], during pleasure; and to answer at the Ex. for the rents and profits.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/37, pp 21–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
12 Oct. 1417
To Robert Harbryk esq.

APPOINTMENT as receiver of the manors of Donaghmore and Blakecastle with all appurtenances, late of James Butler, e. Ormond, in our hands because of the debts and accounts owed to the K. by the said earl. He is to levy and receive all rents [etc.] of the said manors pertaining to the K. from the date on which they were seized into the K.'s hand, viz. from 18 July [1417]; and to answer at the Ex. for the rents and profits.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/37, pp 23–4.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
13 Oct. 1417
To John Mulgham and John Franklin junior.

By the choice of the tenants of the manors of Thorncastle, Ballybothar and Meriong, APPOINTMENT of them as receivers of the said manors with all appurtenances because of the debts and accounts owed to the K. by James fitz William. They are to levy and receive all rents and issues [etc.] of the said manors pertaining to the K. from Michaelmas term last and henceforth, during pleasure, taking for the said office that which it has been the custom of other receivers to take. And they are to answer for the said issues [etc.] at the Ex. of Ire.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/37, pp 22–3.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
20 Oct. 1417
Naas
To the K.’s beloved in Christ brother Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire.

From the clamourous report of certain of the K.’s faithful lieges of his land of Ire., the K. has learned that, on account of various discords, dissensions and debates that have now lately arisen between the said Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., and Walter Burgh, chieftain of his lineage, the said prior has gathered to himself as many men as possible, both English rebels and Irish enemies, from various parts of the K.’s land of Ire., destroying the K.’s said land and the faithful liege people of the same, and especially cos. Kilkenny, Tipperary, Limerick and other parts; and that the prior has assessed those same English rebels and Irish enemies upon the K.'s faithful lieges there, taking by his own authority food and other victuals illicitly for their consumption against the will of the K.’s said lieges, and also contrary to statutes and ordinances made before this by the K. and his progenitors, former kings of Eng., to the K.’s prejudice and the considerable loss and damage of his faithful people, and also the manifest violation and enervation of the K.’s statutes and ordinances, if a remedy is not ordained very speedily in this part by the K.

Therefore, as the K. wishes to extend his helping hands to the imminent peril of the destruction of his said land, as is just, ORDER and COMMAND to the prior, firmly enjoining him in the faith and allegiance that he owes the K. and under forfeiture of all which he could forfeit to the K., to remove from the K.’s faithful people without delay all such English rebels and Irish enemies gathered by him or his men for the said reasons or any other reasons whatsoever, and also to desist from any discords, dissensions and debates whatsoever until another remedy is ordained by the K. And he is to omit nothing under pain of forfeiture.

Attested: 
John Talbot of Halomshire kt [«chivaler»], Lt of Ire.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 163/7/12, m. 4.

T: 

A. J. Otway-Ruthven (ed.), ‘The background to the arrest of Sir Christopher Preston in 1418’, AH, no. 29 (1980), 81–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
20 Oct. 1417
Naas
To the K.'s beloved Walter Burgh, chieftain of his lineage.

From the clamourous report of certain of the K.’s faithful lieges of his land of Ire., the K. has learned that, on account of various discords, dissensions and debates that have now lately arisen between the said Walter Burgh, chieftain of his lineage, and Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., Walter has gathered to himself as many men as possible, both English rebels and Irish enemies, from various parts of the K.’s land of Ire., destroying the K.’s said land and the faithful liege people of the same, and especially cos. Kilkenny, Tipperary, Limerick and other parts; and that the prior has assessed those same English rebels and Irish enemies upon the K.'s faithful lieges there, taking by his own authority food and other victuals illicitly for their consumption against the will of the K.’s said lieges, and also contrary to statutes and ordinances made before this by the K. and his progenitors, former kings of Eng., to the K.’s prejudice and the considerable loss and damage of his faithful people, and also the manifest violation and enervation of the K.’s statutes and ordinances, if a remedy is not ordained very speedily in this part by the K.

Therefore, as the K. wishes to extend his helping hands to the imminent peril of the destruction of his said land, as is just, ORDER and COMMAND to the said Walter, firmly enjoining him in the faith and allegiance that he owes the K. and under forfeiture of all which he could forfeit to the K., to remove from the K.’s faithful people without delay all such English rebels and Irish enemies gathered by him or his men for the said reasons or any other reasons whatsoever, and also to desist from any discords, dissensions and debates whatsoever until another remedy is ordained by the K. And he is to omit nothing under pain of forfeiture.

Attested: 
John Talbot of Halomshire kt [«chivaler»], Lt of Ire.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 163/7/12, m. 4.

T: 

A. J. Otway-Ruthven (ed.), ‘The background to the arrest of Sir Christopher Preston in 1418’, AH, no. 29 (1980), 82.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
27 Nov. 1417
Naas
To the K.’s beloved in Christ brother Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire.

On account of various discords and dissensions which have arisen between the said Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., and Walter Burgh, by which the peace and tranquillity of the K.’s liege people has been greatly upset and disturbed, the K. wishes (with God’s aid) to end and determine those discords and dissensions duly and in right manner equally at the present council at the town of Naas [del Naas]. By assent of the K.’s beloved and faithful John Talbot of Halomshire, kt [chivaler], Lt of Ire., and of the lords spiritual and temporal present in that council, the K. has continued and adjourned his said council in the same state as it is now to the said town until the Tuesday next after the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary next [14 Dec. 1417]. ORDER to the prior, firmly enjoining him in the faith and allegiance that he owes the K. and also on forfeiture of all that he could forfeit to the K., to be present in person at that town on that Tuesday at the council for the said reasons in order to determine them for his part; and the K. has also specified that day and place by his writ to Walter for his part. And further ORDER, as the K. ordered before, that he is to desist from all placing any further impositions, burdens or assessments of any men upon our faithful people. And he is to omit nothing under pain and forfeiture. And he is to have there this writ.

Attested: 
John Talbot of Halomshire kt [«chivaler»], Lt of Ire.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 163/7/12, m. 4.

T: 

A. J. Otway-Ruthven (ed.), ‘The background to the arrest of Sir Christopher Preston in 1418’, AH, no. 29 (1980), 84.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
6 Dec. 1417
Naas
To the K.'s beloved Walter Burgh, chieftain of his lineage.

On account of various discords and dissensions which have arisen between the said Walter Burgh and Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., by which the peace and tranquillity of the K.’s liege people has been greatly upset and disturbed, the K. wishes (with God’s aid) to end and determine those discords and dissensions duly and in right manner equally, at the present council at the town of Naas [del Naas]. By assent of the K.’s beloved and faithful John Talbot of Halomshire, kt [chivaler], Lt of Ire., and of the lords spiritual and temporal present in that council, the K. has continued and adjourned his said council in the same state as it is now to the said town until the Tuesday next after the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary next [14 Dec. 1417]. ORDER to the said Walter, firmly enjoining him in the faith and allegiance that he owes the K. and also on forfeiture of all that he could forfeit to the K., to be present in person at that town on that Tuesday at the council for the said reasons in order to determine them for his part; and the K. has also specified that day and place by his writ to Walter for his part. And further ORDER, as the K. ordered before, that he is to desist from all placing any further impositions, burdens or assessments of any men upon our faithful people. And he is to omit nothing under pain and forfeiture. And he is to have there this writ.

Attested: 
John Talbot of Halomshire kt [«chivaler»], Lt of Ire.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 163/7/12, m. 4.

T: 

A. J. Otway-Ruthven (ed.), ‘The background to the arrest of Sir Christopher Preston in 1418’, AH, no. 29 (1980), 84–5.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
6 Dec. 1417
Dublin
To Roger Stokes of Ulster.

ORDER to inquire by oath of lawful men, both inside and outside the liberty, concerning all goods, chattels, lands [etc.] by William Sarresfeld and John Spenser, deceased, who are debtors, or anything they held in that county when they died or became debtors; and to inquire into whose hands they came after their deaths; and the lands, goods, chattels [etc.] held by all those owing debts or accounts to the K. and his predecessors in those counties, whether dead or alive, who have not made satisfaction; and to inquire as to the day they died and how they held the said lands [etc.] when they died or became debtors; and into whose hands they came. And they are to seize all the said lands [etc.] and extend them at their true value and to hold them in secure custody for the K.'s use. And they are to arrest all outlaws in that county and to inquire into the lands [etc.] of the said outlaws; and to inquire as to when they became outlaws and into whose hands the lands fell; and to extend them well and faithfully and to seize them for the K.'s use. And they are to answer for all this at the Ex. in the quindenes of Easter. And they are to arrest anyone who is rebellious or hinders them in the execution of the premises.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/37, pp 34–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
17 Dec. 1417
Naas
To the sheriff of Dublin.

ORDER to the sheriff, firmly enjoining him that, immediately upon having viewed these present letters, he is to cause it to be proclaimed publicly on the K.'s behalf in all cities, boroughs, markets and other places whatsoever within co. Dublin, both inside and outside liberties, where a large multitude of the people may be present, that Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., is to be present in his own person before the K. in the K.'s parliament to be held at the city of Dublin on Monday the feast of St Valentine the Martyr next [14 Feb. 1418], under pain of his life and limbs and under his allegiance and forfeiture to the K. of all that the prior can forfeit. The K. has ordained that parliament to be held at the same city on that day by assent of the K.'s beloved and faithful John Talbot of Halomshire kt [chivaler], Lt of Ire., and that of the K.'s council in the same land; and also by assent of the lords spiritual and temporal present in the K.'s council last held at the town of Naas [del Naas]. The prior is to answer then and their upon high crimes, contempts and other offences which shall be objected against him on the K.'s behalf; and furthermore is to receive that which may be ordained, determined, decided and adjudged by the K. in that parliament. And on that Monday, in the K.'s said parliament, the sheriff is to inform the K., distinctly and openly under his seal, as to the days and places of proclamation and concerning all his service in this part, returning this writ. And he is to omit nothing under pain of £1000, knowing for certain that if he acts to the contrary the K. shall take it as a grave violation of his mandate.

Attested: 
John Talbot of Halomshire kt [«chivaler»], Lt of Ire.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 163/7/12, m. 5.

T: 

A. J. Otway-Ruthven (ed.), ‘The background to the arrest of Sir Christopher Preston in 1418’, AH, no. 29 (1980), pp 88–9, 90.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
17 Dec. 1417
Naas

Similar WRITS [as in §12] addressed to the following persons, viz.:

the sheriff of Louth;
the sheriff of Kildare;
the sheriff of Carlow;
the sheriff of Kilkenny;
the sheriff of Waterford;
the seneschal of the liberty of Meath and the sheriff of the crosslands there;
the seneschal of the liberty of Tipperary and the sheriff of the crosslands there;
the seneschal of the liberty of Wexford and the sheriff of the crosslands there.1

Attested: 
John Talbot of Halomshire kt [«chivaler»], Lt of Ire.
N: 

TNA (PRO), E 163/7/12, m. 5; A. J. Otway-Ruthven (ed.), ‘The background to the arrest of Sir Christopher Preston in 1418’, AH, no. 29 (1980), p. 89.

Footnotes: 

1 The list of recipients of these writs is given in French in TNA (PRO), E 163/7/12, m. 5.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
24 Feb. 1418
To the escheator

ORDER to assign dower to Anastasia widow of David Wogan kt.

C: 

RCH, p. 222, §1 (b) (=CIRCLE, CR 1 Hen. VI, §2).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
[No date.]
To Hugh Burgh, T. of Ire.; William Tynbegh, chief baron of the Ex.; James Uriell; John White; John Coryngham; and James White.

ORDER to levy for the K.'s use all debts owed to the K. and his predecessors in cos. Dublin, Kildare, Carlow, Drogheda and Meath, and in the crosslands, both inside and outside liberties; and to levy all money from royal service proclaimed in the reign of the present K. or that of any other, in all parts of Ire., and to arrest anyone who refuses or evades. They are to extend all lands [etc.] in the K.'s hand at their annual value and their value at the time they were seized. And to inquire concerning all goods, chattels [etc.] of those who died owing debts or accounts in those counties, the day they died and what they held; and they are to seize and extend the goods chattels [etc.].

They are to inquire as to who holds lands [etc.] while residing outside Ire., contrary to the ordinance, and to extend two thirds of the rents, fruits [etc.] and to levy the said two thirds. They are to answer at the Ex. for all these sums.

And they are to inquire concerning all those who carreid to other parts without licence corn, malt or any victuals or goshawks or falcons, contrary to the proclamation.

And they are to inquire into the manner in which collections of subsidies and tallages granted by the communities of the said counties and whether there were extortions against our faithful people.

And they are to collect the customs on wool, hides, fleeces, lead and other merchandise, and the debts of outlaws, fugitives and others.

And they are to inquire concerning escheats wards marriages and reliefs belonging to the K. or his predecessors, inside or outside liberties, and all other things pertaining to the office of escheator.

They are to answer for all the money and render account. With full power to take mainprizes, sureties and recognizances from debtors so that they will make satisfaction. They are to return extents and inquisitions are to the T. and barons of the Ex., Dublin, in the quindenes of Michaelmas under their seal.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/37, pp 25–34.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife