close Roll 49 Edward III

1
8 Feb. 1375
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

The abbot of Tintern has shown the K. by his petition displayed in parliament held at Dublin in the octaves of Hilary [20 Jan. 1375] that he is bound in an annual pension of 13m to the prior of Canterbury in Eng. for certain churches that he has in co. Wexford; and that, before the ordinance made at Guildford and the proclamation in Ire. that all men having benefices or possessions in Ire. should be there in person before Easter 43 Edw. III [1369], he paid the said [prior], being ignorant of the said ordinance in Eng. The K. orders that, if this is true, allowance should be made to him; but because the said letters of acquittance were made in Eng. legalis cognitio whether the same be true without inquisition and certificate on this from Eng. To the T. And barons […]. Because the prelates, magnates [etc.] in the said parliament testify that the said petition contains the truth, the K. Has pardoned him by advice of council and at the request of the magnates [etc.], the said 13m. [Order to cause him to be exonerated.]

C: 

COA, PH 15170, pp 213–14; BL Egerton MS 78, p. 19.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
10 Feb. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

The lands, tenements, goods and chattels of Roger Hakenshawe are in the K.'s hand because of the death of the said Roger. Joan, his wife, pleads that she cannot support Roger, son of the said Roger. The K. has granted to Joan 10m of his gift out of the goods and chattels of Roger in order to assist in supporting Roger s. of Roger. ORDER to allow Richard Myot, now Joan's husband, the said 10m in debts in his account.

C: 

NAI, 8/32, pp 457–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
11 Feb. 1375
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Irish Ex.

Concerning the petition presented by Reginald Haddesore and Robert Heyron to the governor and council at the parliament in Dublin in the octaves of Hilary [20 Jan. 1375], and endorsed by the governor and council, that they were justices of labourers in co. Louth and pray reward. ORDER to examine the petition and endorsement, and to take appropriate action.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
T: 

Parls & councils, §33.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/32, pp 263–4; COA, PH 15170, p. 314.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
12 Feb. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Order to allow William Ilger, who is appointed escheator and keeper of the market, measures and weights during pleasure, £40 p.a.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 200.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
16 Feb. 1375
[To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

The bishop of Meath has been appointed to pay men-at-arms fighting Raymond Canton at Balyrrauyn and Obreen in Thomond by the hands of John fitz Rery, clerk of the wages. The bishop should take 13s 4d a day for his fee and for the fees of each man-at-arms by view and testimony of the said clerk; and for each armed hobelar, 4d [a day]; and for each captain of 20 foot, 4d a day. ORDER for allowance to be made to the said John [fitz Rery].

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 195.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
20 Feb. 1375
[To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

Henry Cadogan has shown the K. by petition displayed before the governor and council in parliament at Dublin in the octaves of Hilary [20 Jan. 1375] that he was deputy of John Duket, marshal of Ire., specially appointed by the K. to hear and determine concerning all trespasses and felonies in Munster; and that Nicholas Roche, who was fined 3m because he would not find surety, was imprisoned in the marshalsea of Kilmallock; and the said Nicholas escaped while Henry was absent, for which Henry was fined 100s. The K. Has pardoned Henry the 100s. ORDER to cause him to be exonerated.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 188.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
20 Feb. 1375
[To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

Writ on petition of John Beek, citizen of Dublin, stating that John Scrope dcd, formerly chamberlain of the Ex., bought from him English cloth worth 71s, for which he did not pay; and, after John's death, his goods were taken into the K.'s hand. ORDER to cause the rolls to be examined and return made in chancery.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 195.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
24 Feb. 1375
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Memorandum that, in parliament held at Dublin on Tuesday after the Epiphany [++++], it was agreed that Alexander, bp Ossory, should go to Louth and Meath with a justice itinerant to hold pleas and do whatever else pertains to the needs of the K. there, and should remain for Hilary term. Afterwards, at a council at Naas held on St Matthew the Apostle [21 Sept. ++++], it was agreed that, because of the bishop's labours and expenses in staying there, he should take £10 as a reward. ORDER to pay him the said £10.

T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 3, f. 223.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
28 Feb. 1375
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Keppok, chief justice of pleas following the governor and keeper, £20 arrears of his fee from 22 June [1374] last until 22 Dec. following, viz. half a year, in part-payment of his annual fee of £40.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
1 Mar. 1375
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Keppok, chief justice of pleas following the governor and keeper, £43 13s 4d owed to him for expenses from 1 July [1374] last to 28 Feb. [1375] following, counting both days, viz. for 262 days, taking 3s 4d a day while he holds that office, by advice and order of Robert Ashton, formerly Jcr, and others of the [K.'s] council, as is contained in those letters patent.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §40.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
1 Mar. 1375
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Concerning the petition displayed by Robert Ashton, formerly Jcr, to the governor and council and endorsed by them. ORDER to examine the petition and endorsement, and to take appropriate action.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
C: 

NAI, RC 8/31, pp 462–3.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
2 Mar. 1375
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

It was agreed by the K. and council in Eng. that no one being in Ire. should have to come to Eng. by the suggestion of any person to the K. Of Eng. Wishing for certain reasons to be informed concerning the premises, ORDER to search the rolls and memoranda of the ordinance in their custody, and to send a transcript to the chancery of Ire.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 188.

Footnotes: 

{1} Cf. The statute of ++++.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
12 Mar. 1375
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Because of the great labours and expenses that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire. incurred while parleying in Munster with Macdermot with men-at-arms, hobelars and foot, ORDER to exonerate him from paying the amercement imposed on him for not coming to the parliament held at Dublin.

T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 13, f. 56.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
28 Mar. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The K. wishes to be informed how much William Windsor has in surplus of his account rendered in the Ex. of the issues of the manor of Marty. ORDER to search the rolls and to ascertain the amount without delay, returning their findings in chancery.

C: 

RC 8/31, pp 265–6; COA, PH 15170, p. 196.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
17 Apr. 1375
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Concerning the petition displayed by Maurice fitz Richard, formerly sheriff of Cork, displayed before the governor and others of the council in parliament [held] at Dublin in the octaves of Hilary [20 Jan. 1375], and endorsed by them [pleading that he be exonerated for ancient debts]. ORDER to view the petition and endorsement, and to act on them.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
C: 

RC 8/31, pp 414–15; COA, PH 15170, p. 218.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
18 Apr. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Simon Cusak has shown [the K. by his petition displayed before] the governor and council that when he came to the Ex. to account for the issues of the bailiwick of Estmyth [sic] for the time when John Cusak, his father, whose heir he is, was sheriff, it was calculated that John owed £229 16s 8d of arrears. Simon was permitted to pay that sum in instalments each term, and £51 16s 8d now remains of the debt, which he asks to be pardoned. The K. Has pardoned him £11 16s 8d of the said £51 16s 8d, and granted that he pay £20 p.a. In equal portions at Michaelmas and Easter until the £40 is fully paid. ORDER to permit him to pay by instalment and to allow him the said £11 16s 8d according to the pardon.1

C: 

NAI, RC 8/31, pp 421–2; COA, PH 15170, p. 229.

Footnotes: 

1 An alternative date is 28 April 1375.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
19 Apr. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

William Windsor has shown that an assignment of £20 was lately made to him from the Ex. by the T. and chamberlains by a tally to Roger Levenes, collector of the great custom of the city of Dublin. Because William did not obtain this tally, the K. ordered on 28 March [1375] that the mayor and bailiffs of Dublin should pay the same to him out of their farm. ORDER to give them allowance [of that sum].

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 297.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
10 May. [1375]
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Order for customs of Connacht to be paid at Galway for three years.

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 19.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
12 May. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The K. wishes to be informed if Hugh s. of Edward le Despenser, now dcd, jointly with Alice, daughter of John s. of Peter Hothum, lately his wife, was seised of the castle of Kilkenny with the mills there, of the borough of Rosbargan with the mill there, of the manor[s] of Dunfert Kildorrey, with appurtenances, with the serjeanty of Everk, and £33 15s 3d rent in Callan, and the advowson of the church of Callan, with other lands, tenements and knights' fees in Everk, Ebargan, Lugheran, Kyllagh, Roysynan, Knocktopher, Newtown of Jerpoint and Kyllamery, artereston, Lysdony, Kylfatheran, Newtown of Darley, Rathgulby, Kyltranen, Ramdouf and Choleghame with the royal liberties there and other liberties, offices and profits belonging to the said castle, towns, manors and serjeanties held in chief; and also if the same with all fees, advowsons, liberties and other things belonging to them were taken into the K.'s hand by virtue of the ordinance made at Guildford, 42 Edw. III [1368], because the said Hugh did not come to Ire. or find defensible men, or any other cause.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, pp 200–3.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
18 May. 1375
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Preston, chief justice of the bench of Ire., £10 arrears of his fee from 9 Jan. [1375] until 9 Apr. next following, in part-payment of his fee of £40 p.a.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/244/8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
20 May. 1375
Dublin
[?To the escheator.]

Robert Holywood kt has shown by petition displayed before the governor and [keeper] of the land of Ire. and others of the council there that George s. of James Crikcot held in chief the manor of Killaly, with appurtenances, […] and three carucates of land, with appurtenances, in Parsonestoun and Nichollestoun in co. Louth of the said Robert by military service […] and in Robert's homage […] after whose death […] to William Crikcot, cousin and heir of the said George, being under age. Robert, as chief lord of the tenement should have had custody of lands held by such service during the minority of the heir […] but a certain Thomas Clinton who had no right in the said custody intruded himself into the tenements […] Robert proceeded against Thomas by the K.'s writ before the justices of the common bench at Carlow […] Thomas came before the justices there and pleaded that the said George did not hold the tenements of the said Robert, offering to prove this. It was adjudged that a jury should be taken between them. And before the jury could be taken, a certain Thomas Verdon was outlawed by reason of a process agaisnt him in the chief place of Ire. [?and the escheator] claiming the said tenements to be held of him intruded himself into the custody. And the said Robert and Thomas Clinton had a day concerning the said plea in the common bench by writ of nisi prius before Robert Preston, chief justice of the said bench, at Drogheda on Thursday before St Bartholomew last [17 Aug. 1374], at which day the justice, because it had been certified to him that the said tenements had been taken into the K.'s hand because of the outlawry of the said Thomas Verdon, and also because the said Thomas Clinton was dead before that day, would not proceed to take the jury, to the great loss of the said Robert, on which he petitioned for a remedy. The K. therefore commanded the said governor and keeper that, having viewed the cause of the seizure of the said tenements and the K.'s serjeants and others of those parts, he should ascertain the truth by inquisition or otherwise, and do according to right and the law and custom of the land of Ire., as has been accustomed to be done in such cases. And an inquisition taken before brother William Tany, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., when he was Jcr, having been viewed, by which it appeared that John Crikcot on the day he died held the said tenements of the said Thomas Verdon as of the manor of Clonmore, in the K.'s hand by reason of Thomas's outlawry, by military service, and that the custody was in the K.'s hand because of the minority of John's heir, and Roger Gernoun, farmer of the said tenements, and the K.'s serjeants and others called for him in that matter having been duly warned, Henry Michell, pleading for the K., alleged that the tenements were held of the K. as of the manor of Clonmore, etc., and not of the said Robert as he suggests in his petition, and offered to prove this. And Robert answered that the said tenements were held immediately of him by military service and not of the K., and offered similarly to prove this. And on this by a jury taken between the K. and the said Robert, it appeared that the said tenements were held immediately of the said Robert, as he suggested in his petition, and not of the K. as of the manor of Clonmore, etc., as was suggested by the inquisition. Adjudged that the K.'s hand should be removed from the tenements, and that the custody should be delivered to Robert.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

NLI, D 15702.

C: 

Dowdall deeds, §258.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
8 Jun. 1375
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

John [++++], bp Leighlin, has shown the K. [by petition] that he was indicted and accused of trespass, but being at Carlow he could not come to make a fine of 20s for the said trespass because of the wars. The K. Has pardoned the said fine. ORDER that he be exonerated.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, pp 210–13.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
14 Jun. 1282
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The K. granted to Robert Calf that he shall not be placed on assizes nor made sheriff, mayor [etc.] against his will, for life. ORDER not to trouble him.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
24
10 Jul. 1375
Kilkenny
[To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

Concerning the petition displayed by Edmund Mortimer, e. March, before William Windsor and the K.'s council in parliament at Kilkenny on the morrow of Holy Trinity. ORDER to examine the petition and endorsement and see if there is any reason why the issues [mentioned] in that petition may not be restored to the said earl and Philippa his wife. They are to inform the K. in the chancery of Eng. If, however, they find no reason why restoration should not be made, then they are to restore the issues to the said earl and his wife without delay.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor [and keeper]
C: 

NAI, RC 8/31, pp 388–90; COA, PH 15170, p. 214.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
25
1 Jul. 1375
[To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.]

John Lumbard of Cork pleaded that on 1 Feb. 1353, the K. granted him the custody of the castle of Gynys in co. Cork, together with 30 carucates [of land] in the said county in order that he might maintain the said custody, [to be held] forever by due and accustomed services, rendering for the first two years one rose, and after that 40s p.a.; and that when war there, all the free tenants of the cantreds of McKyll [and] Olethan were compelled to remain in the said castle, wherefore he cannot pay the said 40s. The K., on testimony [given by] the C. and T. of Ire. before the council in Eng. that the contents of the petition are true, pardoned all arrears of the said 40s and granted that John may hold the castle [etc.] for ten years to come without rendering anything for it, and he also pardoned him 100m arrears from when he was sheriff of Cork. [ORDER to exonerate him.]

C: 

COA, PH 15170, P. 287.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
26
1 Jul. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Thomas Everdon, one of the clerks of chancery, 50s arrears of his fee of £10 p.a., from 20 March [1375] last to 20 June following, viz. a quarter year.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/9, §53.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
27
3 Jul. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The K. sends them a certain petition displayed by Peter [Curragh], bp Limerick, before the governor and keeper of Ire. and others of the K.'s council in the K.'s parliament held at Kilkenny on the morrow of Holy Trinity [18 June 1375] and endsored by the said governor and council [by which the bishop pleads that he was amerced in 100s before [William Windsor], formerly Lt of Ire., for which he was pardoned by a writ addressed to the T. and barons of the Ex., dated 18 Aug. 1372; but because no mention was made in that writ of the reason why he was amerced, the T. and barons would not exonerate the bishop, wherefore he seeks another writ]. ORDER, when they have viewed the said petition and endorsement, to act on its contents accordingly.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/31, pp 427–8; COA, PH 15170, p. 229.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
28
4 Jul. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Thomas Brykyn has pleaded by petition that on 2 May 1364, the K. committed to him the custody of various lands and tenements in Nicholeston, then in the K.'s hand, rendering the extent. On 16 June following, the same lands [etc.] were delivered to Edmund s. of Arnold s. of Eustace le Poer as his right and inheritance, at his suit; and although Thomas was ordered to interfere no further in those lands, yet he was commanded to account [etc.]. ORDER that he be exonerated.

C: 

++++ SOURCE

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
29
11 Jul. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The K. sends them the petition presented to the governor and council by Maurice fitz Eustace and Joan, his wife, formerly the wife of James de la Hyde, and endorsed by the said governor and council [concerning the manor of Dundaghlyn and one carucate in Roweston, held of the earl of March in chief]. When they have viewed the said petition and endorsement, ORDER to do what is just.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/31, pp 435–6; COA, PH 15170, p. 230.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
30
14 Jul. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The K. wishes to ascertain how much was in surplus of the account of Richard Porter, formerly the K.'s clerk of the wages of men-at-arms, hobelars, archers, horse and foot retained by letters patent both in the company of the K.'s beloved Maurice s. of Thomas, e. Kildare, formerly keeper of Ire., and elsewhere. ORDER to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex. and to certify to the K. in chancery whatever is found therein.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 280.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
31
20 Jul. 1375
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Matilda, w. of Henry Ferrers, has shown by petition that because Henry was abroad, all his lands in Ire. were taken into the K.'s hand, which were of the dower and inheritance of Matilda. The K. has restored same to her provided that she answers for the profits. ORDER to accept surety for the payment of the said profits.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 289.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
32
21 Jul. 1375
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Wishing lately to be informed of the arrears owed to Roger Gabyard and 23 associates of their wages when in the ward at Carlow, by order of the T. and council, for the safety and defence of the said town, and after they left the company of Robert Ashton, formerly Jcr, the K. ordered them to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex. concerning the premises and to send their findings to the Irish chancery. They returned that the arrears from 9 Oct. 1373 to 20 Dec. following, viz. 53 days inclusive, each of them receiving 6d daily, amounted to £31 16s. Wishing that satisfication be made to Roger and his fellows, ORDER to pay them the said £31 16s.

O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §24.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
33
18 Aug. 1375
Limerick
To the venerable father in Christ, Milo, by the grace of God archbishop of Armagh.

The K. has sent certain messengers from Eng. to his land of Ire. to treat with the prelates, magnates and commons of his said land on the state and good governance of the same land, and by letters patent of his p.s. he ordered his beloved and faithful William Windsor, governor and keeper of his said land, to summon a parliament to be held at a suitable location in that land. By advice of the said governor and keeper, and of the council in that land, the K. has ordained that the said parliament is to be held at Kilkenny on Saturday in the octaves of Michaelmas next coming [6 Oct. 1375], to treat on this and on certain other most urgent matters specially touching the salvation and defence of the K.'s said land. ORDER, therefore, to M[ilo], abp Armagh, firmly enjoining him in the faith and love that he owes the K. to be present there in person on that day, without delay or excuse, together with sufficient proctors for the dean and chapter of his church of Armagh and the other clergy of his diocese, with sufficient powers to treat, agree and consent together with other prelates, magnates and peers present there on the articles to be expounded and declared there on the K.'s behalf: this under pain of incurring to the K. a most grave amercement. And he is to have there the name of those proctors, and this writ.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
T: 

Reg. Sweteman, §239; Parls & councils, §41 (pp 73–4).

C: 

H. J. Lawlor, 'A calendar of the register of Archbishop Sweteman', PRIA, 29:C8 (1911), §239 (p. 285).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
34
1 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Keppok, chief justice at pleas following the governor and keeper of Ire., £30 arrears of his annual fee of £40 from 22 Dec. [1374] last until 22 Sept. [1375] following, viz. three quarters of a year.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §9.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
35
12 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Preston, chief justice of the bench, £10 arrears of his fee from 9 July [1375] last until 9 Oct. following in part-payment of his fee of £40 p.a.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/244/8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
36
12 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Preston, chief justice of the bench, £10 arrears of his fee from 9 April [1375] last until 9 July following, viz. a quarter of a year, in part-payment of his fee of £40 p.a.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/244/8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
37
17 Oct. 1375

The K. sends them a petition displayed by William Butler before the governor and council in parliament at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas [6 Oct. 1375] and endorsed by them. ORDER, having inspected the said petition and endorsement, to act accordingly.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
C: 

RC 8/32, pp 95–6.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
38
20 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
[To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.].

ORDER to pay William fitz William, constable of Wicklow castle, 100s arrears of his annual fee of £20 from 17 June [1375] last until 17 Sept. following, viz. a quarter year.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §14.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
39
20 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny

Thomas Scurlag, abbot of the house of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin has shown by petition displayed before the governor and council in parliament held at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas last [6 Oct. 1375] that when King John was lord of Ire., he granted by charter to the said house forever one tenth of the farm of the city of Dublin, worth 20m p.a., in pure alms; and, as K., John confirmed the said charter; and Edward I confirmed same. The abbot was seised until Easter 41 Edw. III [18 April 1367], from which date the said farm is in arrears. ORDER to inspect the rolls [and memoranda] and to certify [to the K.] in chancery concerning the amout of arrears due.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 280.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
40
22 Oct. 1375
[To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

Walter Lenfaunt has shown by petition displayed in parliament at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas [6 Oct. 1375] that Ralph Pipard was seised lately of the manor of Athrdee in Donghmayn, co. Louth, held of Edward I by £10 royal service when scutage runs, which came to the said K. by gift to him of the said Ralph. The K. granted the said manor to John Bermingham, grandfather of the said Walter, whose heir he is, to be held by service of 1 fee and 3 parts of a knight's fee forever, as appears by letters of de intendendo addressed to the tenants of the said manor. The John was seised and afterwards the manor descended to the said Walter as his cousin and heir. Although the manor was in the K.'s hand by reason of the minority of the said Walter, the T. and barons distrained him to answer royal service because it was found in a book called Domesday that the said manors were held of the K. by £10 royal service. ORDER to cause all demands against Walter to be superseded, provided the free tenants of the said manor shall be charged, each being bound to pay royal service.

C: 

COA PH 15170, pp 283–4.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
41
22 Oct. 1375
[To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

John fitz Rery, formerly clerk of the wages in Munster, has shown by petition displayed in the K.'s parliament held at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas [6 Oct. 1375] last that on 18 Oct. 1374 he was ordered to pay all money he had received in the said part by order of the Jcr for the K.'s wars and [he was] to have allowance made at the Ex. Although John paid certain fees and rewards to Thomas McSchan, Raymond Caunton, Philip fitz Thomas, John McWilliam, John Filglasse, William Kam, Robert Barry, William Boy Burgh, Edward s. of David Burgh, Richard Burgh, Maurice fitz Thomas, Richard Og Burgh, Turlough Obreen and Thady his son, Thady McMahon, Cormac Ohayre, David McShan, Philip McGibon, Conghir McTeyg McMahon, Conghir McKenedy, Edmund fitz Thomas fitz John, Donagh Keyghr McMahon, Tayg McRoury, John Trafford, Robert Alysaundre, John Esgat, Thomas Warpeston, Thomas Almaigne, John McRicard, David Burgh, William Bernard, Molaghlyn Ocally, still no allowance was made because letters of acquittance were not shown. He seeks remedy. As the said justice, on being examined before the governor and council in parliament, testified that the said sums were paid in his presence, ORDER to cause allowance to be made to the said John.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 301.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
42
24 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

The K. lately ordered the T. by writ to seize all goshawks and tercels that he can find for sale in Ire. for the K.'s use, paying reasonably for them of the K.'s money of the issues of Ire., delivering them to John Tristram, the K.'s hawker sent by the K. from Eng., by indenture made between him and the said John, returning to the K. in chancery the details of the sum spent and the value of the goshawks and tercels, so that a writ of liberate of the said sum can be made to him. The T. demanded payment of £14 17s 6d for four goshawks and three tercels bought by him for the K., and for other expenses for their carriage to Eng. by reason of the said order, by indenture made between him and the K.'s hawker and displayed in chancery. Wishing that the T. be paid that sum, ORDER to pay him the said £14 17s 6d.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §36.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
43
25 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
[To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

James and Richard Verdon have shown by petition displayed in parliament at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas [6 Oct. 1375] that the K., by reason of an outlawry pronounced on Thomas Verdon, had seized his lands [etc.] in co. Louth, which were leased by letters patent of the said K. to the said James and Richard, rendering the extent in the Ex. Among the said lands was the mill of Mandevilstoun and the moor of Rathdronewe, which mill James Bedlewe, formerly escheator, valued at 40s although it was worth nothing; and Roger Hakenshawe took the profits of the said moor. The ask to be discharged of the extents of the same mill and moor. ORDER to see that justice is done.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
C: 

COA, PH 15171, pp 38–9.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
44
25 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
To the venerable father in Christ, [Milo Sweteman], by the grace of God, archbishop of Armagh.

The K. charged his beloved and faithful Nicholas Dagworth kt, royal messenger sent by the K. to his land of Ire., that in a certain parliament summoned in the K.'s said land [of Ire.] by virtue of certain royal letters sent to his beloved and faithful William Windsor, governor and keeper of that land, he should cause to be expounded to the prelates, magnates and commons appearing in that parliament, among other matters contained a certain indenture made between the K. and his said messanger, that—both because of the excessive and intolerable expenses that the K. has sustained before this time on his wars in that land for the salavation and defence of same, and because of the great effusion of expenses that he will have to sustain on his wars elsewhere—the K. is unable to sustain any further expenses; and that the same prelates, magnates and commons of that land should incur a reasonable part of the expenses, each according to his faculty and status, to maintain the same wars and for the salvation of that land. And, if the same prelates, magnates and commons refused to assume a reasonable part of those expenses, then the K.'s messenger was charged on the K.'s behalf that each bishop should send two ecclesiastical persons with sufficient power [to act] for him [the bishop] and the clergy of his diocese, by letters of proxy from that bishop and clergy; and the commons of each county of the said land should send two lay persons with sufficient power [to act] for the magnates and commons of the same county; and the citizens and and burgesses of each city and borough of the said land should send two citizens and two burgesses with sufficient power [to act] for themselves, and for the citizens and burgesses of the said cities and boroughs, to the K. and his council in Eng. to treat, counsel and agree with him concerning both the governance of that land and also the aid and maintenance of the K.'s wars.

And although the K.'s messenger expounded the premises to the prelates, magnates and commons appearing in the parliament summoned and held for the said reasons at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas last [6 Oct. 1375], and charged them in the said form, they however excused themselves that, on account of their insufficiency, they could not sustain any part of the costs and expenses for the maintenance of the K.'s wars there. Therefore, wishing that persons should be sent to the K. in Eng. by reason of the premises, in the aforesaid form, ORDER to Milo [Sweteman], abp Armagh, that, having summoned the clergy of his diocese before him, he should cause to be elected by assent of the same clergy two ecclesiastical persons with power [to act] for him and his said clergy. He is to send them before the K. and his council in Eng. at the his own cost and that of his clergy in the quindene of the Purification of the Blessed Mary next [16 Feb. 1376], wherever the K. may then be in Eng., in order to treat, counsel and agree, as was said before. He is to certify under his seal to the K. in his chancery of Ire. before St Katherine the Virgin next coming [25 Nov. 1375], wherever it [the chancery] may then be, the names of the two persons thus elected by him, returning this writ to the K. then and there: and he is to omit nothing under pain of £100 to be levied from the archbishop and his said clergy to the K.'s use.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), C 49/75, mm 9–13.

T: 

Cal. ancient charters, pp 446–7 (=Leland, History of Ire., i, 363–4); Bodl., Rawl. MS B. 491, ff 9–11.

C: 

Clarke, 'William of Windsor', pp 232–3.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
45
25 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny

Similar letters [as in §44] under the same date addressed to the following archbishops and bishops, viz.:

the keepers of the spiritualities of the archbishopric of Dublin sede vacante;
the archbishop of Cashel;
the archbishop of Tuam;
the bishop of Meath;
the bishop of Kildare;
the bishop of Leighlin;
the bishop of Ossory;
the bishop of Lismore and Waterford;
the bishop of Ferns;
the bishop of Limerick;
the bishop of Lismore;
the bishop of Cork;
the bishop of Cloyne.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), C 49/75, mm 9–13.

T: 

Cal. ancient charters, pp 448–53 (=Leland, History of Ire., i, 365–70); Bodl., Rawl. MS B. 491, ff 11v–12.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
46
25 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
To the sheriff of Dublin.

The K. charged his beloved and faithful Nicholas Dagworth kt, royal messenger sent by the K. to his land of Ire., that in a certain parliament summoned in the K.'s said land [of Ire.] by virtue of certain royal letters sent to his beloved and faithful William Windsor, governor and keeper of that land, he should cause to be expounded to the prelates, magnates and commons appearing in that parliament, among other matters contained a certain indenture made between the K. and his said messanger, that—both because of the excessive and intolerable expenses that the K. has sustained before this time on his wars in that land for the salavation and defence of same, and because of the great effusion of expenses that he will have to sustain in his wars elsewhere—the K. is unable to sustain any further expenses; and that the same prelates, magnates and commons of that land should incur a reasonable part of the expenses, each according to his faculty and status, to maintain the same wars and for the salvation of that land. And, if the same prelates, magnates and commons refused to assume a reasonable part of those expenses, then the K.'s messenger was charged on the K.'s behalf that each bishop should send two ecclesiastical persons with sufficient power [to act] for him [the bishop] and the clergy of his diocese, by letters of proxy from that bishop and clergy; and the commons of each county of the said land should send two lay persons with sufficient power [to act] for the magnates and commons of the same county; and the citizens and and burgesses of each city and borough of the said land should send two citizens and two burgesses with sufficient power [to act] for themselves, and for the citizens and burgesses of the said cities and boroughs, to the K. and his council in Eng. to treat, counsel and agree with him concerning both the governance of that land and also the aid and maintenance of the K.'s wars.

And although the K.'s messenger expounded the premises to the prelates, magnates and commons appearing in the parliament summoned and held for the said reasons at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas last [6 Oct. 1375], and charged them in the said form, they however excused themselves that, on account of their insufficiency, they could not sustain any part of the costs and expenses for the maintenance of the K.'s wars there. Therefore, wishing that persons should be sent to the K. in Eng. by reason of the premises, in the aforesaid form, ORDER to the sheriff of Dublin, that, having summoned the magnates and commons of his county before him, he should cause to be elected by assent of the same two lay persons with power [to act] both for him and for the said magnates and commons. He is to send them before the K. and his council in Eng. in the quindene of the Purification of the Blessed Mary next [16 Feb. 1376], wherever the K. may then be in Eng., in order to treat, counsel and agree, as was said before. He is to certify to the K. in his chancery of Ire. before St Katherine the Virgin next coming [25 Nov. 1375], wherever it [the chancery] may then be, the names of the two persons thus elected by him, returning this writ to the K. then and there: and he is to omit nothing under pain of £100 to be levied from him and the commons of his county to the K.'s use.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), C 49/75, mm 9–13.

T: 

Cal. ancient charters, p. 453 (=Leland, History of Ire., i, 370).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
47
25 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny

Similar letters [as in §46] under the same date addressed to the following, viz.: the sheriff of Louth; the sheriff of Kildare; the sheriff of Carlow; the sheriff of Waterford; the sheriff of Wexford; the sheriff of Limerick; the sheriff of Cork; the seneschal of the liberty of Meath; the seneschal of the liberty of Meath; the seneschal of the liberty of Tipperary; the seneschal of the liberty of Kerry.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), C 49/75, mm 9–13.

T: 

Cal. ancient charters, pp 455–9 (=Leland, History of Ire., i, 372–5).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
48
25 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
To the mayor and bailiffs of the K.'s city of Dublin.

The K. charged his beloved and faithful Nicholas Dagworth kt, royal messenger sent by the K. to his land of Ire., that in a certain parliament summoned in the K.'s said land [of Ire.] by virtue of certain royal letters sent to his beloved and faithful William Windsor, governor and keeper of that land, he should cause to be expounded to the prelates, magnates and commons appearing in that parliament, among other matters contained a certain indenture made between the K. and his said messanger, that—both because of the excessive and intolerable expenses that the K. has sustained before this time on his wars in that land for the salavation and defence of same, and because of the great effusion of expenses that he will have to sustain in his wars elsewhere—the K. is unable to sustain any further expenses; and that the same prelates, magnates and commons of that land should incur a reasonable part of the expenses, each according to his faculty and status, to maintain the same wars and for the salvation of that land. And, if the same prelates, magnates and commons refused to assume a reasonable part of those expenses, then the K.'s messenger was charged on the K.'s behalf that each bishop should send two ecclesiastical persons with sufficient power [to act] for him [the bishop] and the clergy of his diocese, by letters of proxy from that bishop and clergy; and the commons of each county of the said land should send two lay persons with sufficient power [to act] for the magnates and commons of the same county; and the citizens and and burgesses of each city and borough of the said land should send two citizens and two burgesses with sufficient power [to act] for themselves, and for the citizens and burgesses of the said cities and boroughs, to the K. and his council in Eng. to treat, counsel and agree with him concerning both the governance of that land and also the aid and maintenance of the K.'s wars.

And although the K.'s messenger expounded the premises to the prelates, magnates and commons appearing in the parliament summoned and held for the said reasons at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas last [6 Oct. 1375], and charged them in the said form, they however excused themselves that, on account of their insufficiency, they could not sustain any part of the costs and expenses for the maintenance of the K.'s wars there. Therefore, wishing that persons should be sent to the K. in Eng. by reason of the premises, in the aforesaid form, ORDER to the mayor and bailiffs of the K.'s city of Dublin, that, having summoned the citizens and commons of that city before them, they should cause to be elected by assent of the same two citizens with power [to act] both for him and for the said magnates and commons. They are to send them before the K. and his council in Eng. at their own cost in the quindene of the Purification of the Blessed Mary next [16 Feb. 1376], wherever the K. may then be in Eng., in order to treat, counsel and agree, as was said before. They are to certify to the K. in his chancery of Ire. before St Katherine the Virgin next coming [25 Nov. 1375], wherever it [the chancery] may then be, the names of the two persons thus elected by them, returning this writ to the K. then and there: and they are to omit nothing.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), C 49/75, mm 9–13.

T: 

Cal. ancient charters, p. 459 (=Leland, History of Ire., i, 376).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
49
25 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny

Similar letters [as in §48] under the same date addressed to the following, viz.: the mayor, seneschal and bailiffs of the K.'s town of Drogheda on both sides of the water; the mayor and bailiffs of the K.'s city of Waterford; the mayor and bailiffs of the city of Limerick; the mayor and bailiffs of the K.'s city of Cork; the sovereign and provost of the town of Kilkenny; the sovereign and bailiffs of the town of New Ross; the sovereign and bailiffs of the town of Wexford; the sovereign and bailiffs of the town of Youghal.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), C 49/75, mm 9–13.

T: 

Cal. ancient charters, pp 460–1 (=Leland, History of Ire., i, 376–8).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
50
26 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

[Richard Burgh] has petitioned the K. that for half a year now elapsed he was engaged continously with over 300 foot in resisting the malice of Breen, formerly Obreen [of Thomond] in aid of our [faithful people] in Munster, at his own great expense […]. He seeks a suitable reward for the premises. The K. has granted him […] £40 of his gift. ORDER to pay him that sum.1

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
Authorized: 
By petition of parliament.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §29.

Footnotes: 

1 The writ is faded, but some information is supplied from the receipt: TNA (PRO), TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §30.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
51
26 Oct. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Lately, by assent of the K.’s great council, for the necessary salvation and defence of his land of Ire., the K. ordained that any man having lordships, lands, tenements and possessions in the K.’s said land should come in person to his said land, or send men there according to the value of his said lordships, lands, tenements and possessions, before Easter 43 Edw. III [1 Apr. 1369], to stay there thenceforth in aid of the defence and salvation of the K.’s said land, under pain of forfeiture of those lordships, lands, tenements and possessions.

The K. has learned that, because his beloved and faithful John Crophulle kt—who, at the time that that ordinance was made and afterwards, held the manor of Casteltone, with appurtenances, near Dundalk in Ire.; and one carucate of land, with appurtenances, at le Hagard; and 6s 2d of rent, with appurtenances, in le Miltone, co. Louth; and various other lands and tenements, with appurtenances, in the K.’s said land of Ire., in various other counties in that land and also in the said county of Louth—did not come in person to the K.’s said land, nor did he send sufficient men according to the value of the said manor, lands, tenements and rent before the said feast, to stay there thenceforth according to the effect of the said ordinance, the manor, lands, tenements and rend were forfeited to the K. by virtue of the said ordinance and taken into the K.’s hand; and they remained in his hand in the same manner until the present.

Of his special grace, the K. pardoned John the forfeiture of the manor, lands, tenements and rents, with appurtenances, thus incurred by virtue of the said ordinance, and he granted and restored to the same John, for the K. and his heirs, as much as was in him, that he should have and hold the said manor, lands, tenements and rents with appurtenances in their former state and in the same manner, from the same lords and by the same service by which the manor, lands, tenements and rents used to be held before the said forfeiture, the said ordinance notwithstanding, just as is more fully contained in the K.’s letters patent made concerning this.

Therefore, by various royal writs sealed with g.s., on 16 Feb. [1374] 48 Edw. III,1 the K. ordered his beloved and faithful William Windsor, governor and keeper of his land of Ire., and to his C. and T. there, that they should cause the said manor, lands, tenements and rents to delivered to John to have according to the tenor of the K.’s letters, just as more fully appears in the K.’s said writs. When the governor and others of the K.’s council in that land had read, seen and understood the K.’s letters patent and writs, because they it was known to them that the lands, tenements and rents had been committed by letters patent to certain farmers of the K. for a certain farm rendered annually to the K., of their common assent and advice it was agreed and adjudged that the K.’s serjeants and farmers should be summoned by a writ of premunire to be in the chancery of Ire. on a certain day to inform the K. concerning his right in the premises. Therefore, by various writs, the K. ordered the sheriffs of Dublin and Louth, and the seneschal of the liberty of Meath to notify the K.’s serjeants and John Bellewe, K.’s farmer of all the lands and tenements of the said John Crophulle in that land, with appurtenances, that they should be before the K. in his chancery on a certain day in the future to show on behalf of the K. or of themselves why the lands, tenements and rents, with appurtenances, ought not to be delivered to the said John Crophulle, according to the force and effect of the K.’s letters patent and writs, and further to do and accept the decision of the court in this part; and they were to have there the K.’s writ addressed to them on this matter.

And the said sheriff of Dublin and the K.’s seneschal returned separately in chancery that notification was made to the serjeants and the said John Bellewe to be in chancery at the day appointed in the K.’s writs to act as the same writs required, and similarly the said sheriff of Louth returned that he notified John Bellewe to be and act in the said form; but that he was unable to notify the K.’s serjeants because they did not have lands or tenements in his bailiwick in which they might be summoned, nor were they be found in his bailiwick. On that day, John Bellewe was solemnly called but did not come, and the said K.’s serjeants and John Crophulle, by his attorney John Cruys, appeared in chancery. And John Crophulle pleaded by his attorney that the lands, tenements and rents with appurtenances, together with the issues from the time of the pardon of the said forfeiture by the K. should be delivered to him according to the force and effect of the said letters patent and writs. And because neither the K.’s serjeants nor the said John Bellewe, nor any other in the K.’s name, for the K. or themselves, said, knew or alleged any reason why the lands, tenements and rents ought by right to be in the K.’s hand, except by reason of the said forfeiture, and that truly the K. did pardon the forfeiture to him, as was said, and the K. restored the same lands, tenements and rents with the appurtenances to him in his chancery, it was determined that the lands, tenements and rents with the appurtenances should be delivered and restored to the said John Crophulle according to the force and effect of the K.’s said pardon and restoration; and as to the issues and profits received by the K. from the said time, judgement concerning them was left in suspense until the court might be advised otherwise, because no mention was made concerning their restoration in the said letters patent.

And because later, the K, by another writ sealed under the said g.s. [of Eng.], ordered the said governor, C. and T. to cause John Crophulle to have all the lands and tenements with the appurtenances together with the issues received by the K. from same from the said 16 Feb. 1374, just as is contained more fully in the same writ, and also because the same John Crophulle, by his petition displayed to the said governor and council of the K.’s said land in his parliament held in the octaves of Michaelmas last [6 Oct. 1375], humbly pleaded to the K. that he might see fit to order restoration to be made to John of the said issues aforesaid, according to the force and effect of the K.’s writ, the K. caused the said issues to be restored to the same John Crophulle, by advice of the said governor and council.

ORDER to deliver without delay to John Crophulle all the issues received by the K. from the said lands and tenements from the said 16 Feb., to have according to the tenor of the K.’s said writ.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
Authorized: 
By petition of parliament.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §2 («Parls & councils», §42, pp 74–8).

Footnotes: 

1CPR 1370–4, p. 417; CIRCLE, PR 49 Edw. III, §25.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
52
1 Nov. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Wishing lately to be informed concerning the surplus in the account of Richard Porter, formerly clerk of the wages for men-at-arms, hobelars, archers, horse and foot in the company of Maurice s. of Thomas, e. Kildare, formerly keeper of Ire., and any others for whom he was appointed to pay wages, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. to search the rolls and memoranda and to return their findings to the K. in the chancery of Ire. They returned that, on the great roll of 48 Edw. III [1374–5], Richard accounted for wages paid by him to men-at-arms [etc.] in the company of the keeper and any others, viz. from 6 April 46 Edw. III [1372] until 3 Sept. following; on which account Richard had a surplus of £281 0s 2½d. ORDER to pay Richard the said surplus.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/244/8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
53
1 Nov. 1375
[?To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

Robert Ashton, formerly Jcr of Ire., has shown by petition to the K. displayed before William Windsor, governor [and keeper], in the parliament held at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas last [6 Oct. 1375] that on his landing in Ire. he held a meeting of the council and other prelates and magnates, his indenture [with the K.] being read; and they ordained that certain armed men retained by Robert should have their wages [from] before his said landing [etc.], as appears by an ordinance made by the said council and enrolled in chancery. ORDER that Robert Ashton and Robert Sytham [sic] should have allowance for the said payment notwithstanding the said indenture [between the K. and Robert Ashton].

C: 

COA, PH15170, p. 293.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
54
2 Nov. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Keppok, chief justices at pleas following the governor and keeper of Ire., £40 16s 8d owed to him for expenses from 1 March [1375] last until 30 Oct. following, counting both days, viz. for 245 days, taking 3s 4d daily: this on the advice of Robert Ashton, formerly Jcr, and others of the council, as is contained in those letters patent.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §41.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
55
3 Nov. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The prior of the Blessed Mary of Kells in Ossory has shown by his petition displayed to the governor and K.'s council in the K.'s parliament held at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas last [6 Oct. 1375] that although other priors of that house before this time, predecessors of the present prior, were never compelled to be present in any parliaments summoned and held by the K. in that land, yet the present prior is often compelled by the K.'s writ to come to parliaments, to his grave damage and the manifest impoverishment of the said house, as is said. The prior pleaded to the K. to provide him with a remedy on this matter. It was agreed by the governor and council in that parliament that, if the same prior does not hold by barony or by a part of a barony, he should be entirely exonerated from coming to any parliament henceforth summoned or held by the K. in that land. The K. wishes to be informed by the T. and barons of the Ex. whether or not the prior holds by any manner of barony or by a part of a barony, as was said before. ORDER that, having searched the rolls and memoranda of the K.'s Ex. of Ire. concerning the premises, they are to inform the K. concerning their findings, rendering them without delay in chancery under the seal of the Ex. distinctly and openly, returning this writ to the K.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
T: 

NAI, Ferguson Collection, i, p. 326; Parls & councils, §44.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/31, p. 60; COA, PH 15170, p. 280; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 20.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
56
6 Nov. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay to the K.'s clerk, Robert Sutton, keeper of the rolls of the chancery of Ire., 11m 3s 4d arrears of his fee from 4 Feb [1375] last until 4 Nov. following, viz. for three quarters of a year, in part-payment of his fee of £10 p.a.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper{1}
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, §20.

Footnotes: 

{1} The original reads 'lieutenant', which is an error on the part of the clerk.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
57
12 Nov. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Tyrell, K.'s pleader, 50s arrears of his fee of 100s p.a. from 8 May [1375] last until 8 Nov. following, viz. half a year.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/4, §107.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
58
13 Nov. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Wishing lately to be informed concerning the arrears owed to the prior and community of the house of the order of Blessed Mary of Mount Carmel, Leighlin, of 10m p.a. granted to them of the K.'s alms, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains to search the rolls and memoranda [of the Ex.] and to return their findings to the K. in the chancery of Ire. They returned that the arrears for Easter term 47 Edw. III [1373] were 40s; and for Michaelmas 47 Edw. III [1373], Easter and Michaelmas 48 Edw. III [1374], and Easter and Michaelmas 49 Edw. III [1375] they were £16 13s 4d. ORDER to pay the prior and community the said 40s and £16 13s 4d.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/244/8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
59
20 Nov. 1375
Waterford
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

The K. sends them a petition presented to William Windsor, governor, and the council by Maurice fitz Eustace and Joan, his wife, and endorsed by the the said governor and council. ORDER, having examined the said petition and endorsement, to act accordingly.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
C: 

RC 8/32, pp 178–9; COA, PH 15170, p. 297.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
60
20 Nov. 1375
Waterford
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Wishing lately to be informed concerning the arrears of John Cornewaill, formerly constable of Carlow castle, of his fee of £20 p.a., for all the time he held that office, the K. ordered the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. to search the memoranda and rolls [of the Ex.], returning their findings to the K. in the chancery of Ire. They returned that it was found that John's arrears for Easter term, the terms of the Nativity of St John the Baptist, Michaelmas and Christmas 42 Edw. III [1368], and the terms of Easter and the Nativity of St John the Baptist following [1369] were £12 4d. Wishing that John be satisfied of the said £12 4d, ORDER to pay him that sum.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/264/4, §105.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
61
29 Nov. 1375
Clonmel
To the sheriff of Dublin.

The K. charged his beloved and faithful Nicholas Dagworth kt, royal messenger sent by the K. to his land of Ire., that in a certain parliament summoned in the K.'s said land [of Ire.] by virtue of certain royal letters sent to his beloved and faithful William Windsor, governor and keeper of that land, he should cause to be expounded to the prelates, magnates and commons appearing in that parliament, among other matters contained a certain indenture made between the K. and his said messanger, that—both because of the excessive and intolerable expenses that the K. has sustained before this time on his wars in that land for the salavation and defence of same, and because of the great effusion of expenses that he will have to sustain in his wars elsewhere—the K. is unable to sustain any further expenses; and that the same prelates, magnates and commons of that land should incur a reasonable part of the expenses, each according to his faculty and status, to maintain the same wars and for the salvation of that land. And, if the same prelates, magnates and commons refused to assume a reasonable part of those expenses, then the K.'s messenger was charged on the K.'s behalf that each bishop should send two ecclesiastical persons with sufficient power [to act] for him [the bishop] and the clergy of his diocese, by letters of proxy from that bishop and clergy; and the commons of each county of the said land should send two lay persons with sufficient power [to act] for the magnates and commons of the same county; and the citizens and and burgesses of each city and borough of the said land should send two citizens and two burgesses with sufficient power [to act] for themselves, and for the citizens and burgesses of the said cities and boroughs, to the K. and his council in Eng. to treat, counsel and agree with him concerning both the governance of that land and also the aid and maintenance of the K.'s wars.

And although the K.'s messenger expounded the premises to the prelates, magnates and commons appearing in the parliament summoned and held for the said reasons at Kilkenny in the octaves of Michaelmas last [6 Oct. 1375], and charged them in the said form, they however excused themselves that, on account of their insufficiency, they could not sustain any part of the costs and expenses for the maintenance of the K.'s wars there. Therefore, wishing that persons should be sent to the K. in Eng. by reason of the premises, in the aforesaid form, the K. ordered the sheriff of Dublin to summon before him the magnates and commons of his county, and elect two lay persons with power for him and the said magnates and commons, with the assent of the community; and to send them before the K. and his council in Eng. at the expense of the said community be the quindene of the Purification of the Blessed Mary next, wherever the K. may be, to treat, counsel and agree, as is said, returning to the K. the names of those elected in the chancery of Ire. before St Katherine the Virgin next, wherever it [the chancery] might be, together with this writ. And you returned that Nicholas Howth and Richard White were elected without any power to agree on behlaf of the magnates and community, as is contained in the return, which is not sufficient; and by letters patent of most of those of your county addressed to the governor and council, the K. has learned that they did not consent to the election of Nicholas and Richard. The K. has appointed Thomas Scurlag, abbot of St Thomas the Martyr, Dublin, T. of Ire., and Robert Preston, chief justice of the bench, to be present at an election by the K.'s order. ORDER to the sheriff of Dublin to summon before him the magnates and commons of his county on a certain day and place, in the presence of the T. and justice, and to enjoin them on behalf of the K. to elect two persons with sufficient power [etc.], returning the names in the chancery of Ire. by the morrow of Epiphany [7 Jan. 1376]. And if the magnates and commons refuse to elect two persons with sufficient powers, then they are to be distrained of their lands and goods in that bailiwick, to the amount of 100s. The sheriff is to answer to the K. for the amount, so that he shall have them before the K. in chancery on the said morrow to answer to the K. as to why they do not do all that the K. has ordered with the greatest speed and necessity. And he is to have the names of the said magnates and commons in chancery, together with this writ.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), C 49/75, m. 3.

F: 

Gilbert, Facsimiles, iii, plate 19.

T: 

Bodl., Rawl. MS 491, ff 13–16.

C: 

Clarke, 'William of Windsor', p. 237.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
62
1 Dec. 1375
Clonmel
To Thomas Scurlag and Robert Preston.

Order to be present at the election to inform the magnates and commons [of co. Dublin] of their duty, and to make returns in the chancery of Ire. of the names of the persons elected, and whether they were chosen by common assent or by a majority.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
Authorized: 
By the governor and council.
O: 

TNA (PRO), C 49/75, m. 7.

C: 

Clarke, 'William of Windsor', 238.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
63
10 Dec. 1375
Clonmel
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay brother William Tany, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., C. of Ire., £30 arrears of his fee, viz. from 2 March [1375] last until 2 Dec. following, viz. three quarters of a year, in part-payment of his annual fee of £40 while C.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, §24.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
64
20 Dec. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay William fitz William, constable of Wicklow castle, 100s arrears of his annual fee of £20 from 17 Sept. [1375] last until 17 Dec. following, viz. for a quarter year.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, §15.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
65
6 Jan. 1376
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James Penkeston, keeper of the writs, rolls and indictments in the K.'s bench in Ire., 16s 8d arrears of his fee from 23 Oct. [1375] last until 23 Jan. [1376] following, viz. for a quarter year, of the 5m granted him for the sustenance of his clerks labouring on the writing of writs, rolls and indictments, beyond his fee of 100s p.a.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §49.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
66
12 Jan. 1375
Cashel
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Preston, chief justice of the bench, £10 arrears of his fee from 9 Oct. [1375] last until 9 Jan. [1376] following, in part-payment of his fee of £40 p.a.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/244/8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
67
20 Jan. 1375
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Thomas Everdon, clerk of the chancery of Ire., 100s arrears of his fee of £10 p.a.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, §54.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
68
22 Jan. 1375
Kilkenny
To Thomas Scurlag and Robert Preston.

Concerning the return made by Thomas Scurlag and Robert Preston, ORDER that Nicholas Howth and William fitz William, whom the majority [of the commons of co. Dublin] had elected, should be sent to Eng. with sufficient powers. They are to summon all the magnates and commons of co. Dublin and demand that they shall give Howth and FitzWilliam sufficient power and reasonable costs for their expenses'. Furthermore, they are to amerce all those who offer resistance either to the election of Howth and fitz William, or to the concession of powers. And they are to make a return of this writ by 16 Feb. [1376].

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), C 49/75, m. 1.

C: 

Clarke, 'William of Windsor', p. 240.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
69
24 Jan. 1375
Kilkenny

The prior and brethren of the order of Blessed Mary of Mount Carmel in Leighlin have pleaded that their house has lately been preyed upon by Irish enemies and rebels, and part of it has been completely destroyed and desolated. The prior and brethren have no one to maintain the house or themselves, nor do they receive any alms from the K. as help, and they seek help for their sustenance and relief, of the K.'s alms. Having consideration for the relief and comfort granted by the prior and brethren of that house to our faithful subjects against the robberies and attacks of the Irish enemies, the K. has granted them 100s. ORDER to pay that sum to them, or to assign the 100s in debts.

Attested: 
William Windsor, governor and keeper
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/245/9, pt 2, §18.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
70
[No date.]
[?To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

Writ on petition of William Boltham and Joan, his wife [pleading that as tenants of lands that belonged to Roland Shaldeford dcd, formerly sheriff of Meath, they were distrained for his debts, which they paid, as appears by a tally [etc.], which is not enrolled. ORDER to exonerate them.

C: 

COA, PH 15170, p. 207.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife