close Roll 34 Edward III

1
3 Feb. 1360
Dublin
To the sheriff of the cross of Kilkenny and seneschal of the liberty of Kilkenny.

Many persons of English birth, both in the marches of the K.’s land of Ire. and elsewhere there, have now anew become of the condition of Irish persons, unwilling to obey or be subject to the K.’s laws and customs hitherto used in the K.’s court among the English, nor to prosecute right or justice for their actions and plaints in the K.’s court, nor to answer to anyone else according to the same laws and customs concerning any such actions by their will. Rather (what is worse) they very frequently take preys in warlike manner, by name of pledges or distraint, from those against whom they intend to have actions, as a result of which disturbances of war or discord arise; and they hold parleys with the English in the Irish manner concerning similar actions and plaints, and continue to do so daily, according to the law of the march [juxta legem Marchie], as if one party of the plaint or action were entirely Irish, to the derogation of the K. and the royal jurisdiction, and the subversion of the said laws and customs. And equally persons of the English race in that land are taught and converse in the Irish manner of speaking [idioma Hibernicum] and their children are sent away to be nursed among the Irish and suckled so that they might use the Irish language [lingua Hibernica]; and, as a result of speech of this kind, the K.’s people in the countryside, [who are] of the English race, have become for the greater part Irish, to the manifest diminution of the K.’s lordship of the same land.1

Wishing to prevent such damages and disadvantages (as the K. is bound to do), by assent of the Jcr of Ire. and others of the K.’s council, the K. has ordained that henceforth no Englishman, of whatever state or condition he may be, whether he is in the march or elsewhere, is to hold or exercise such Irish conditions, or laws and customs of the March or parley with other English, in derogation of the K.’s laws and his cognizance of plaints, nor is he to take the said preys, under forfeiture of life, limbs and all other things which they can forfeit; with this single exception: that lords of fees in their own fees might take distraints for customs and services due to them, as they were accustomed to do before this time. Furthermore the K. has ordained that after the Nativity of St John the Baptist next [24 June 1360] no one of the English race, under pain of losing English liberty, is to converse with other Englishmen in the Irish manner of speaking [idioma Hibernicum cum aliis Anglicis loquantur]; rather, in the meantime, each Englishman is to learn the English language [quilibet Anglicus linguam Anglicanam erudiat]. Nor are they to send their children to be fostered among the Irish after that feast, under pain [of losing English liberty].

ORDER to cause this ordinance to be proclaimed on the K.’s behalf and maintained within their bailiwick on days and places that seem best to them.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

Gerrard, 'Notes', pp 266–8 (=Bodl., Rawl. MS D. 657, f. 142); J. T. Gilbert (ed.), 'Archives of the see of Ossory', 10th rep. HMC, appendix, pt 5, p. 260.

C: 

H. J. Lawlor (ed.), 'Calendar of the Liber Ruber of the diocese of Ossory', PRIA, 27, C:5 (1908), §31 (p. 184).

Footnotes: 

1 The text at this point is problematical. In attempting to capture the sense, I have preferred the reading in Gerrard, 'Notes', pp 266–8, which runs as follows: Et nichilominus homines de genere Anglicano in dicta terra idioma Hibernicum erudiuntur et loquuntur, et infantes suos inter Hibernicos nutriendos ut lingua Hibernica utantur amandantur et lactantur. Ita quod per huiusmodi idioma populus noster campestris de genere Anglicano pro maiori parte Hibernicos devenerunt in dominii nostri eiusdem terre diminucionem manifestam. J. T. Gilbert gives a different reading in 10th rep. HMC, appendix, pt 5, p. 260, in which the key passage is rendered: Et nichilominus homines de genere Anglicano in dicta terra idioma Hibernicum erudiunt et loquuntur et infantes suos inter Hibernicos nutriendos, ut lingua Hibernica utantur, emittunt et locantur, ita quod per hujus idioma populus noster campestris de genere Anglicano pro maiori parte Hibernicos devenit in dominii nostri eiusdem terre diminucionem manifestam.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
14 Feb. 1360
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Writ on the petition of Oliver s. of Eustace that from 22 July until 20 Aug.1359 he was lately at Crumlin, by order of the Jcr and council, with 6 men-at-arms and horses and 16 hobelars at his own expense against the O Bryns and O Tothilles, Irish rebels.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

NAI, RC 8/27, p. 542.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
21 Mar. 1360

Temporalities of the abbey of Sts Biconan and Coani, diocese of Lismore, restored to brother Maurice O Calyth, abbot by the resignation of brother Patrick, late abbot.

C: 

Bodl., MS Rawl. B. 502, f. 15.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
8 Jun. 1360
Cork
To John de St Paul, abp Dublin.

ORDER to John de St Paul, abp Dublin, to be personally present with the Jcr and others of the council at Kilkenny on the Monday after St Margaret the Virgin next [++] for business [etc.]

Similar letters to the archbishops of Tuam and Cashel, the bishops of Ossory, Ferns, Kildare, Meath, Louth, Killaloe, Lismore, Cloyne, Cork, Ardfert, Connor and Down; the abbot of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin, the abbot of Douysky, the prior of Athissell and the prior of Louth.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

Bodl., MS Rawl. B. 502, f. 14v.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
28 Jul. 1360
Kilkenny
To Ralph [Ó Ceallaigh], abp Cashel.

ORDER without delay to [levy?] that 40s which [was granted?] for the expenses of brother Thomas Bureley, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., C., messenger and other messengers who were chosen by the archbishop and other prelates, magnates and peers and the community of Ire. at the council of Kilkenny on Monday after St Margaret last [++] to go to Eng. on the K.'s business to inform the K. and council in Eng. of the state of the land of Ire., the sum to be levied and paid in the chancery.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

Bodl., MS Rawl. B. 502, f. 15.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
[28 Jul. 1360]
Kilkenny
To Ralph [Ó Ceallaigh], abp Cashel.

Similar WRITS [as in §5] addressed to the bishop of Meath (100s), bishops of Ferns and Ardfert (40s each), bishops of Emly, Lismore, Killaloe, Cloyne and Cork (20s each), and the abbot of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin (40s).

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

Bodl., Rawl. MS B. 502, f. 15.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
15 Sep. 1360

Temporalities of the house of the Blessed Mary del Hogges restored to Margaret Bicommenesyn, formerly prioress of Tamolyn, and abbess of Hogges by the resignation of Alice Tyrell, lately abbess.

C: 

Bodl., MS Rawl. B. 502, f. 14v.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
15 Sep. 1360
New Ross
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

John Clynton has petitioned that whereas he lately held for life at farm all lands [etc.] in Donaghmayn which lands were destroyed and wasted by the Irish of those parts per tempus non modicum elapsum, so that he was exonerated of a certain sum from 15 April 1345, but he has been unable to receive any profit. ORDER for inquiry to be made [etc.]

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

NAI, RC 8/28, pp 256–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
21 Oct. 1360
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

ORDER to account with Richard Plunket, the K.'s pleader, ordered by the Jcr and others of the council to go in Connota on the K.'s business, with 40d a day wages.

Attested: 
Maurice fitz Thomas, e. Kildare, deputy Jcr
C: 

NAI, RC 8/27, p. 489.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
26 Oct. 1360
Dublin
To the escheator of Ire.

ORDER to certify the grounds of his return as to cause of taking land in Balycore into the K.'s hand.

Attested: 
Maurice fitz Thomas, e. Kildare, deputy Jcr
C: 

CARD, i, p. 317.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
26 Oct. 1360
Dublin
To the sheriff of Dublin.

Writ of scire facias concerning lands in Balicor.

Attested: 
Maurice fitz Thomas, e. Kildare, deputy Jcr
C: 

CARD, i, pp 318–20.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
1 Nov. 1360
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

William Petit has petitioned that whereas it was ordained by the Jcr and others of the council that he should go in Conucia versus partes Momonie ad bonum consilium et auxilium eidem justiciario in expedicione negociorum nostrorum impendendum, where he was for 17 weeks and 3 days with 16 horses. Afterwards by order of the Jcr in the last council at Kilkenny with 12 horses for 10 days, coming, staying and returning. GRANT him 4s for each day.

Accounted with him: 123 days from 22 Feb. to 24 June [1360] 34 Edw. III inclusive, and in Conatia from 24 June to 2 Aug.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/27, pp 502–3.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
14 Nov. 1360
To James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr.

ORDER to inspect the enclosed inquisition taken at Kells and do what is just at the prosecution of the abbot of St Mary's, Dublin.

Attested: 
Maurice fitz Thomas, e. Kildare, deputy Jcr
C: 

CARD, i, p. 316.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
8 Jan. 1361
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Thomas Smothe retained divers armed men, both horses and foot at Donabrok, ready to go with those of the city of Dublin and the keepers of the peace or other marchers of that county to repel the incursions of hostile Irish of the parts of Leinster almost continually invading the same county. ORDER to exonerate him of 5s in which he was amerced because he did not come among those of the said county to a certain muster lately held before the deputy Jcr.

Attested: 
Maurice fitz Thomas, e. Kildare, deputy Jcr
C: 

NAI, RC 8/28, pp 359–60.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
[No date.]
To Maurice s. of Thomas, e. Kildare, deputy Jcr.

Gerald s. of Maurice, late e. Desmond, David Roche, John Cusake, John Husse, Francis Feypo, John Rochefort, John s. of Nicholas of Kerry, David s. of Adam Barry, Remond s. of Peter Caunteton, Maurice s. of Thomas s. of Gilbert, Richard Keting, Edmund s. of William Burgh […].1

C: 

Bodl., MS Rawl. B. 502, f. 14v.

Footnotes: 

1 Letter incomplete.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
[No date.]

ORDER relative to a seal for the liberty of Meath.

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 16.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
[No date.]

Writs ordering subsidy granted by bishops to be levied:

Nicholas, bp Ferns (15 Feb. 1360);
Thomas [Giffard], bp Kildare (10 March 1360);
R[ichard Ledred] bp Ossory (20 March 1360);
Ralph [Ó Ceallaigh], abp Cashel (20 March 1360);
J[ohn Whitekot], bp Cloyne,
Thomas [le Reve] bp Lismore,
Thomas [Ó Cormacáin], bp Killaloe,
Gerard [Barry], bp Cork,
John [Valle], bp Ardfert,
John [Esmond], bishop of Emly,
Nicholas [Allen], bp Meath, £20 for him and his clergy;
Richard [FitzRalph], abp Armagh (6 March 1360); the keeper of the spiritualities of the bishopric of Limerick, sede vacante.

C: 

Bodl., MS Rawl. B. 502, f. 15.

Footnotes: 

{1} Dates not given but may be 6 March 1360.
{2} Letter has no date.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife