close Roll 3 Richard II

1
6 Oct. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Henry Michell, chief justice of the common bench, £10 arrears of his fee from 3 July [1379] last until 3 Oct. following, viz. a quarter year, in part-payment of his annual fee of £40.1

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §181.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 74.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 385.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first item in RCI roll §39, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus clausus de anno 3 Ric. II' (=§1–34 below).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
16 Jul. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Tyrell, K.'s pleader, 50s arrears his fee from 21 Jan. [1379] last until 21 July following, viz. a half a year, in part-payment of his annual fee of 100s.

Attested: 
James, son and deputy of the Jcr, James Butler, e. Ormond
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §196.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 74.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 385.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
5 Sep. 1379
Dublin
To Robert Lughteburgh, escheator of Ire.

The pope has provided Bernard Oconghur, bishop-elect of Ross, to the cathedral church of Ross, vacant by the death of Dionisius, late bishop of Ross, as [appears] by a bull [etc.]. As the bishop-elect has renounced all words contained in that bull that are prejudicial to the crown, the K. has taken his fealty and restored the temporalities to him. ORDER to deliver the temporalities to him.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
5 Mar. 1380
Dublin
To William Roche Barry, late farmer of the temporalities of Ross.

ORDER to deliver the temporalities of the bishopric of Ross [as in §3].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
12 Nov. 1379
Naas
To the seneschal of the liberty of Meath.

Joan, who was wife of Thomas Verdon kt, has shown that Thomas was seised in his demesne as of fee of the manor of Rathmore, within that liberty; and that a long time after Joan became entitled to her dower portion, that manor was taken into the K.'s hand on account of certain outlawries. And although Joan recovered her dower by writ of the same liberty, she cannot have execution of that judgement because the manor is in the K.'s hand. ORDER to cause execution of that judgement to be made.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 75.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
12 Nov. 1379
Naas
To the T. [and barons of the Ex.].

ORDER to remove the K.'s hand from the dower portion of the manor of Rathmore [as in §5].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
19 Oct. 1379
Le Mone
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

On 19 Oct. [1379], by advice of the council, Art' McMurgh, chieftain of his lineage, was admitted to the K.'s peace, and he swore to conduct himself well, and to apply himself with the utmost diligence concerning the safe custody of the common roads between Carlow and Kilkenny. And it was agreed that he should receive 80m p.a., during pleasure, as a reward, but not, as he sought, as a fee. ORDER to pay him the said 80m.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
30 Oct. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James Penkeston, keeper of the writs and rolls, indictments, records, bills, memoranda, and all other pleas before the Jcr or keeper [of Ire.], and their deputies, 75s arrears of his annual fee of 100s from […] last until 23 Oct. [1379] following, viz. three quarters of a year.

Attested: 
Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §184.

C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 75; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
30 Oct. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James Penkeston, keeper of the writs and rolls, indictments, records, bills, memoranda, and all other pleas before the Jcr or keeper [of Ire.], and their deputies, 100s for his expenses in sustaining clerks and their horses.

Attested: 
Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §184.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
26 Nov. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, [Jcr of Ire.] £58 18s ¼d arrears of his annual fee of £500 from 14 Oct. [1379] last until 25 Nov. following, viz. 43 days inclusive.

Attested: 
Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §222.

C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 75; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
12 Nov. 1379
Naas
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Edmund Berle, Robert Stakeboll and John Cruys have pleaded that, at the request of Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, Jcr, they came with 6 men-at-arms and 60 armed hobelars and archers in their company to a parley held at Baltinglass between the K. and his lieges of cos. Kildare and Carlow, and McMurgh, Onolan, Obryn and Otothill and others of the K.'s Irish enemies and rebels. They sustained various expenses and labours in coming, remaining and returning for three days, and seek satisfaction as promised by the Jcr. Wishing to do what is just towards them, ORDER to pay them £4 for their expenses.

Attested: 
Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §58.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 75.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
12 Nov. 1379
Naas
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Nicholas Serjaunt, William fitz William, Thomas Mareward, Richard Talbot, Thomas Serjaunt, Geoffrey Callan have pleaded that they came with 128 men-at-arms, hobelars and archers in their company to a parley held at Baltinglass between the K. and his leges of cos. Kildare and Carlow, and McMurgh, Onolan, Obryn and Otothill and others of the K.'s Irish enemies and rebels. They sustained great expenses and labour in coming, remaining and returning for three days, and seek recompense for their expenses. Wishing to do what is just towards them, ORDER to pay Nicholas, William, Thomas, Richard, Thomas and Geoffrey £9 for their expenses.

Attested: 
Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §52.

C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 2, p. 8; COA, PH 15171, p. 75; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
24 Oct. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Hugh Possewyk, keeper of the rolls and writs before the justices of the common bench, and chirographer in the same bench, 25s arrears from 22 July [1379] last until 22 Oct. following, viz. a quarter year, in part-payment of his annual fee of 100s.

Attested: 
Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §173.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
14 Oct. 1379
Naas
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James Butler, e. Ormond, formerly Jcr of Ire., £39 13s 3¼d arrears of his annual fee of £500.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
18 Nov. 1379
Dublin
To the escheator.

ORDER to assign dower to Margaret, who was the wife of Philip St John dcd, who held in chief of Margaret Marshal, late countess of Norfolk, as of the manor of Elderosse [Old Ross], which is in the K.'s hand, from the lands that Philip thus held in his bailiwick [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
12 Mar. 1380
Wexford
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

ORDER to cause Patrick Broun, K.'s farmer of the said lands [the manor of Elderosse, as in §15], to be exonerated and quit upon his account.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
3 Nov. 1379
Dublin
To the justices [of pleas following the Jcr].

ORDER to prorogue until the quindene of Easter [1380] all assizes against Robert [Wikeford], abp Dublin, who is going to Eng.

Authorized: 
By petition of council.
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
3 Nov. 1379
Dublin
To the justices [of pleas following the Jcr].

Similar ORDER [as in §17] to prorogue all assizes in Leinster touching James Butler, e. Ormond, who is occupied on the wars in Munster.

Authorized: 
By petition of council.
C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
18 Jan. 1380
Trim
To John Keppok.

ORDER to supersede the taking of all assizes in co. Louth.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
16 Jan. 1380
Trim
To the justice of Ire.

As William Boltham is occupied in the service of the Jcr of Ire. in various parts, he cannot be present at Dublin. ORDER to continue and prorogue a certain assize to which William is a party in the same state in which it is at present.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
10 Feb. 1380
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James, son and deputy of James Butler, e. Ormond, formerly Jcr of Ire., £95 17s 8¼d arrears of his annual fee of £500.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 76.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
24 Jan. 1380
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Hugh Possewyk, keeper of the writs and rolls before the justices of the common bench, and chirographer in the same bench, 25s arrears from 22 Oct. [1379] last until 22 Jan. [1380] following, viz. a quarter year, in part-payment of his annual fee of 100s.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §174.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 75.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
2 May. 1380
Castledermot
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Hugh Possewyk, keeper of the writs and rolls before the justices of the common bench, and chirographer in the same bench, 25s arrears from 22 Jan. [1380] last until 22 May following, viz. a quarter year, in part-payment of his annual fee of 100s.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §175.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 75.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
24
12 Dec. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Richard Walsh, parson of the church of Carlow, has shown that for the whole of the past year—both when the town was burnt by McMurgh, chieftain of his lineage and other Irish enemies and rebels of Leinster, having gathered many of the Irish of Munster to rise in war to destroy and conquer the K.'s lieges of Leinster, and also afterwards until the present—he stayed at Carlow with a large host of defensible men in his company for the comfort of the K.'s lieges in that town and its vicinity, at great expense and labour, without receiving any wage or reward for that time from the K. or any other person. His house and buildings were burnt and he lost goods and chattels worth £40 and more, to the destruction of his estate. He seeks remedy. The Jcr and council being satisfied as to the truth of the premises, the K. has granted him 10m of his gift. ORDER to pay him that sum.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §50.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 77; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
25
9 Dec. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Thomas Everdon—the K.'s clerk appointed to pay wages and rewards customary in Eng. to men-at-arms and archers from Eng., and wages customary in Ire. to men-at-arms, hobelars, horse and foot from Ire.—200m with which to pay the wages and rewards as ordered from time to time by the Jcr of Ire.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §196.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 77.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
26
7 Feb. 1380
Wexford
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Walter Coterell, appointed by the advice of the council as K.'s pleader in Munster and cos. Kilkenny and Wexford, 100s from 21 Jan. [1379] last until 21 Jan. [1380] following, viz. one year, in payment of his annual fee of 100s.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §164.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
27
25 Jan. 1380
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Tyrell, K.'s pleader, 50s arrears of his annual fee from 21 July [1379] last until 21 Jan. [1380] following, viz. half a year.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §189.

C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. ++.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
28
18 Sep. 1379
Dublin
To the sheriff of Dublin.

John Cruys has shown the K. that, while he was in Eng. in the company of Maurice s. of Thomas, e. Kildare, his lands and tenements in Thomaston and Balybochir, which he held of the K. at a fee-farm, were burnt in his absence by les Obrynes, and the tenants of those lands were plundered [depredati]. ORDER that […] totally superseded.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
29
[13 Oct. 1379]

MEMORANDUM that on 13 Oct. [1379],1 James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., showed certain letters patent of the K. from Eng. before the council and Maurice s. of Thomas, e. Kildare, and others at Naas, and caused them to be read out by Thomas Ford clk:

'The K., at the petition of James [Butler, e. Ormond] and the advice of the K.'s council [in Eng., granted to him that he should be utterly exonerated and quit of the name and burden of the office [of Jcr] from the quindene of Michaelmas [1379] following, and that he should not be bound to interfere with anything touching that office, nor should he interfere in any way.

The K., Westminster, 24 Aug. [1379].'2

And because the earl's successor has not yet come from Eng., as was ordained by the council in Eng., and pleas pending in the courts will be discontinued unless someone is appointed to the office after the said quindene, the K.'s council in Ire. pleaded to the said earl of Ormond that he, having consideration for the premises, should exercise the office himself for the time being. The earl excused himself alleging that he could not meddle in that office after the said quindene because of the said letters. On this, the council similarly pleaded to the earl of Kildare, who also excused himself. Then, the Jcr and council of Ire, with the assent of the said earl of Kildare, elected Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, T. of Ire., to exercise the office of Jcr, and charged him with that office in so far as they could. And the bishop, considering the great necessity of the matter, accepted the office and agreed to exercise it for the time being to the best of his power. On which, it was agreed and ordained by the Jcr and council that the K.'s commission under the g.s. of Ire. should be made to the said bishop to keep the said office of Jcr of Ire. during the K.'s pleasure with a fee at the rate of £500; and it was agreed and ordained that writs of the chancery of Ire. should be sent to the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. of Ire. to deliver the said fee to the bishop, notwithstanding the K.'s writ recently sent from Eng. to the said T., ordering him to cause the K.'s money to be kept without making any payment until he should receive further orders from the K. Whereupon the bishop took the official oath.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 21.

Footnotes: 

1 The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given is that on which the Ormond displayed the letters patent to the council.
2CPR 1377–81, 385.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
30
24 Jan. 1380
Dublin
To the justices [at pleas following the Jcr].

ORDER not to proceed with a certain plea of quare impedit against the priory of Llanthony near Gloucester […].1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This item was nearly entirely obliterated by 1828.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
31
10 Jan. 1380
Trim
To William Tany, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire.

ORDER not to leave the realm without licence.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
32
14 Feb. 1380
Naas
[To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.]

ORDER to allow Thomas [Dene], bp Ferns, £7 10s.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
33
7 Nov. 1379
Dublin
To the mayor and bailiffs of the city of Dublin.

Robert Stakeboll, formerly mayor of the city of Dublin, Walter Passavaunt and William Bank, formerly bailiffs of the same city, have shown the K. that although the mayor and community of that city for the time being ought to have power to punish and correct all craftsmen and labourers for trespasses within the said city, as in the charters of their liberties [etc.], yet Thomas Maureward and John fitz Rery, formerly justices of labourers in co. Dublin, amerced the said mayor and bailiffs in 100s because they did not make a return before the said justices at the town of Santry (which is outside the liberty of that city) to a certain order addressed to them to produce before the said justices at the said town certain craftsmen of that city to inquire concerning various articles; and they also amerced them in £10 for not returning to them at the town of Swords (which is outside the said liberty) another similar order delivered to them by William Crouche. ORDER to supersede the levying of the said money, notwithstanding any order from the Ex.

Authorized: 
By petition of council.
C: 

RCH; COA, PH 15171, p. 212.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
34
6 Dec. 1379
Dublin
To the escheator.

WRIT of diem clausit extremum on the death of Geoffrey de la Launde, who held of the K. in chief.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
35
24 Jul. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Sutton, keeper of the rolls of chancery, 100s arrears of his annual fee of £20 from 21 April [1379] last until 21 July following viz. a quarter year.

Attested: 
James, son and deputy of the Jcr, James Butler, e. Ormond
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §205.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
36
24 Jul. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Hugh Possewyk, keeper of writs and rolls before the justices of the common bench, and chirographer in the same bench, 25s arrears from 22 April [1379] last until 22 July following, viz. a quarter year, in part-payment of his annual fee of 100s.

Attested: 
James, son and deputy of the Jcr, James Butler, e. Ormond
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §172.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
37
31 Jul. 1379
Mullaghmast
To the T. of Ire.

On 30 April [1379] 2 Ric. II, the K. ordered the T. of Ire. to deliver to Ralph Beltesford, K.'s clk, clerk of the wages, the sum of £430 4s to pay the wages and rewards of 4 men-at-arms and 120 archers of the retinue of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire. for a quarter year; with proviso that, whatever should remain to the K. of the sum of 1000m after those wages and rewards had been paid, half should be spent on the northern side of the bridge of Leighlin and the other half on the southern side of the same bridge, on which the people of the country gather.1 Because, however, at the end of that quarter nothing was sent by the K. and his council of Eng. for the governance of the land of Ire., as was promised by the K.'s council of Eng., and because the retinue does not intend to remain in that land beyond the said quarter year upon its defence unless their future wages and rewards are provided to them, it was agreed by advice of the Jcr and also the keeper of the g.s. of Ire., the T., the earl of Kildare and others of the K.'s council in Ire.—considering the most fierce wars being in that land and the damages and evils which may easily occur to that land and the K.'s faithful people there by the withdrawal of that retinue from that land—that the £103 10s remaining with the bishop from the original 1000m beyond the wages and rewards paid to the said men-at-arms and archers for the quarter year just finished should be delivered to the K.'s clerk of the wages for the purpose of paying the wages and rewards of those men-at-arms and archers for the [length of] time that the said sum of £103 10s can last; notwithstanding the ordinances made both in Eng. and Ire. that the said sum ought to be expended upon the people of the country gathering there according to the accustomed rates used in that land, and that half of the said £103 10s should be spent on the northern side of the bridge [of Leighlin] and the other half on the southern side of the same bridge, upon which the people of the country gather. ORDER to deliver the said £103 10s still remaining from those 1000m.

Attested: 
James, son and deputy of the Jcr, James Butler, e. Ormond
T: 

Parls & councils, §60, item B.

Footnotes: 

1 See CIRCLE, CR 2 Ric. II, §50, where the full text is given.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
38
16 Aug. 1379
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James, son and deputy of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, £49 4s 4½d arrears of his annual fee of £500 from 7 July [1379] last until 15 Aug. following, viz. 50 days counting both the first and the last day.

Attested: 
James, son and deputy of the Jcr, James Butler, e. Ormond
Authorized: 
By letters of the deputy.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §232.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
39
5 Sep. 1379
Knocktopher
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James, son and deputy of James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr, £35 3s 1¼d arrears of his annual fee of £500.

Attested: 
James, son and deputy of the Jcr, James Butler, e. Ormond
Authorized: 
By letters of the said Lt [of the Jcr].
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §233.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
40
12 Oct. 1379
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Edward III pardoned Stephen Fleming, a minor in the K.'s custody, and son and heir of the late baron of Slane who held in chief, in £10 as a reward in part-payment of £20 that Stephen owed the K. consideration of the great expense that Stephen sustained. ORDER to allow him those £10.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 99; NAI, Ferguson Coll. 2, p. 5.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
41
24 Oct. 1379
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Sutton, keeper of the rolls of chancery, 100s arrears of his annual fee of £20 from 21 July [1379] last until 21 Oct. following, viz. a quarter year.

Attested: 
Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §205.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
42
24 Jan. 1380
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Sutton, keeper of the rolls of chancery, 100s arrears of his annual fee of £20 from 21 Oct. [1379] last until 21 Jan. [1380] following, viz. a quarter year.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §207.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
43
3 Feb. 1380
Naas
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

John Smith of Castledermot has pleaded that by order of James Butler, e. Ormond, formerly Jcr of Ire., and Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, then T. of Ire., he received into his custody Donaldus s. of Donaldus Onolan, a hostage for the peace of all his lineage towards the K. and his faithful people. John held that hostage for 2½ years at his own expense without receiving any reward from the K. or anyone else for the maintenance of the hostage. He seeks recompense. The K. has granted John 20s of his gift for the said reasons. ORDER to pay him that sum.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §54.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
44
4 Feb. 1380
Naas
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

On 14 June 1377, Edward III, late K. of Eng., granted to William York, his esquire, custody of all the lands and tenements that Mary St Pol, late countess of Pembroke, held in dower or otherwise of the inheritance of John Hastings, late earl of Pembroke, in co. Wexford on the day he died, which are in the K.'s hand by reason of the death of the countess and the minority of the heir. William was to hold this custody until the heir should reach his majority, and so from heir to heir. And on 10 Aug. [1377], the K. ordered his cousin, James Butler, e. Ormond, then Jcr of Ire., to allow William the custody and issues from 14 June [1377]; and in a writ of the chancery of Ire. on 23 Jan. [1378] 1 Ric. II, the K. ordered Thomas [Dene], bp Ferns, farmer of the said lands and tenements, to allow to the said William those issues from 14 June. The bishop paid £7 10s to William. ORDER to cause the bishop to be allowed that sum in his account at the Ex. of Ire.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
C: 

NAI, RC 8/33, pp 21–2; COA, PH 15171, p. 78.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
45
17 Feb. 1380
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert le Hore, K.'s attorney in the Ex. and common bench, 50s arrears of his fee from 23 May [1379] last until 23 Feb. [1380] following, viz. three quarters of a year, in part-payment of his annual fee of 5m.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §161.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
46
8 Mar. 1380
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Obreen Mole of Thomond has shown that on the advice of the [Irish] council of Edward III, late K. of Eng., when William Windsor was governor and keeper, Obreen was created chieftain of his lineage, viz. Obreen of Thomond, and he was ordered to stay with the K. in resisting the malice of Obreen Shramagh, the K.'s Irish enemy, and in assisting the K.'s lieges in Munster against the activities of the said Obreen Shramagh, taking from the Edward III a certain fee. That fee is for the most part in arrears. He begs that he be paid the arrears of his fee or suitable reward to maintain his estate against Obreen Shramagh, in recompense for his great labours and losses suffered at that time and in the future. The K., being inclined to his petition and because, by letters patent under the p.s., he had ordered the Jcr and T. to assist Obreen Mole for the K.'s advantage and that of his lieges and for the good governance of the land of Ire., has granted Obreen £20 of his gift. ORDER to pay him that sum.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §48.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
47
13 Mar. 1380
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Bromwiche, Jcr, £125 arrears of his annual fee of £500 from 26 Nov. [1379] last until 26 Feb. [1380] following, viz. a quarter year.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §224.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
48
13 Mar. 1380
Kilkenny
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

In consideration of the great expenses and labours suffered by Matthew fitz Henry by the killing of seven of his men and various other things in the custody of the castle of Inescorthy among the Irish, as is said, which belonged to John Rochefort kt, dcd, who held of Edward III in chief; and by his death and the minority of his heir it was seized into Edward IIII's hands, and is now in the hands of the present K. Matthew faithfully held the custody of castle for five years and more in resistance of the malice of the K.'s Irish enemies and for the comfort and relief of the K.'s faithful people, without receiving anything for the said custody besides 40s, as the K. has learned. As there may be damages and dangers unless the castle is guarded, and wishing to remunerate Matthew, the K. has granted him 100s of his gift for those reasons. ORDER to pay him that sum.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §28.

C: 

Hore, Wexford, vi, 351–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
49
11 Apr. 1380
To Henry Michell.

ORDER to receive the oath of Thomas Bathe, second baron of the Ex.

C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 114; NAI, RC 8/33, p. 49.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
50
24 Apr. 1380
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Tyrell, K.'s pleader, £6 5s arrears of his annual fee of 100s from 21 Jan. [1379] until 21 April following, viz. 1¼ years.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §189.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
51
24 Apr. 1380
Drogheda
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Sutton, keeper of the rolls of chancery, 100s arrears of his annual fee of £20 from 21 Jan. [1380] last until 21 April following, viz. a quarter year.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §208.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
52
26 Apr. 1380
Drogheda
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Thomas Everdon clk has pleaded to the Jcr and council that in the time of Edward III, late K. of Eng., grandfather of the present K., a certain tally of 100s was levied from John Fox, collector of the great new custom of Edward III in Carrickfergus, in Hilary term 49 Edw. III [1376] by the abbot of St Thomas the Martyr, then deputy of John Colton, T. of Ire., for the said Thomas, and delivered to John Fox; and Thomas received none of the said 100s contained in that tally from the collector before the death of Edward III, nor could he do so afterwards by reason of the K.'s death. He seeks assignment or payment elsewhere to be made. ORDER to receive the said tally from Thomas, and to cancel it so that he can obtain no benefit from it; and to cause payment or assignment of the 100s to be made to Thomas.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §32.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
53
2 May. 1380
Castledermot
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James Penkeston, keeper of the writs and rolls, indictments, records, bills, memoranda, and all other pleas before the Jcr or keeper [of Ire.], and their deputies, 50s arrears of his annual fee of 100s from 23 Oct. [1379] last until 23 April [1380] following, viz. half a year, in part-payment of his annual fee of 100s.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §185.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
54
4 May. 1380
Castledermot
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Henry Michell, chief justice of the common bech, £10 arrears of his fee from 3 Jan. [1380] last until 3 April following, viz. a quarter year, in part-payment of his annual fee of £40.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §182.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
55
6 May. 1380
Castledermot
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

Alexnder [Balscot], bp Ossory, T. of Ire., has pleaded by his petition displayed to the Jcr of Ire. and the K.'s council there that by order of the Jcr he has laboured in various parts of Ire. upon the advantage and profit of the K., viz. at Waterford, Wexford, Dublin and Drogheda, both in the time of the vacations and on other occasions, sustaining various costs and labours in this part. Considering the premises, the K. wishes graciously to provide the bishop with a suitable reward in recompense of those costs and labours, and has granted him £20 to have of the K.'s gift, by name of reward, for the said reasons. ORDER to pay him that sum.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of parliament.
T: 

Parls & councils, §62 .

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
56
6 May. 1380
To the sheriff of Wexford.

ORDER to distrain John Lynagh of Cleyland to account for the fines of 40s in Rosclar anciently called 'the wood of Rosclar', in the K.'s hand by reason of the minority of the heir of John Hastings [e. Pembroke], who held in chief, from 10 March [1380] 2 Ric. II.

C: 

Wexford, Hore MS 48, p. 255.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
57
27 May. 1380
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Bromwiche, Jcr, £125 arrears of his annual fee of £500 from 26 Feb. [1380] last until 26 May following, viz. a quarter year.

Attested: 
John Bromwiche, Jcr
O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/246/5, §225.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
58
13 Jun. 1380
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

ORDER to receive the oath of Stephen Bray, chief justice of the common bench.

Attested: 
Edmund Mortimer, e. March, Lt
C: 

NAI, RC 8/33, p. 85.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
59
[No date.]
[To the T. and barons of the Ex.]

The abbot of Tracton has petitioned the K. before the Jcr and council in parliament held on the next Monday after Ash Wednesday last [8 March 1378] that he was summoned by a writ of Edward III to attend a parliament held at Dublin before William Windsor, then governor and keeper [of Ire.], in 48 Edw. III [1374], when he was sick and could not go without peril of his life. He appointed the prior of Legan and the abbot [?]Duer as his proctors, and took their oaths and answered for him as proctors; but the said abbot was fined £10 against law and reason. He seeks remedy. ORDER if the petition is true, to discharge the said fine.

C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 116; NAI, Ferguson Coll. 1, p. 344.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife