patent Roll 28 Henry VI

1
1 May. 1450
Drogheda

GRANT to Thomas Pollard clk of custody of the temporalities of the bishopric of Connor and Down, in the K.'s hand by reason of the death of John [Fossade], the last bishop; to have for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, without rendering anything.

Attested: 
Richard, duke of York, Lt
C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

{1} This is the first item in RCI roll §114, entitled as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus patens de anno 28 & 29 Hen. VI.'. By 1828 this roll seems to have contained membranes from both the patent roll of 28 Hen. VI and that of 29 Hen. VI, but the two regnal years are each given a separate numeration in RCH. It is unclear whether the original really was compiled across two years, but it seems more likely that membranes from the two seperate rolls were later stitched together. The letters from 29 Hen. VI have been calendared separately below as CIRCLE, PR 29 Hen. VI.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
8 May. 1450
Drogheda

COMMISSION to David Cowan clk of custody of the lands that belonged to Simon Keally in co. Wexford; to have for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, rendering the true value.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
12 Jul. 1450
Mullingar

COMMISSION to Robert Rochefort gentleman of custody of 1 messuage and 80 acres of land in Elyeston red', which formerly belonged to Thomas Seyntleger [St Leger]; to have for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, rendering 6s 8d p.a.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
5 Jun. 1450
Dublin

GRANT to John Sees esq. of the office of seneschal of [New]castle Lyons, Saggart, Esker and Crumlin; to have and occupy that office by himself or sufficient deputies for whom he is willing to answer, during pleasure, receiving in that office the fees and wages accustomed of old.

Attested: 
Richard, duke of York, Lt
T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 91.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
18 Aug. 1450
Dublin

COMMISSION, by mainprize of Nicholas Devenish yeoman [yeman] and David Tully husbandman [husbanman], to Henry Bathe gentleman and James s. of Richard Deveros of custody of the lands and rents in Devroston, Fregheston and Pyrrokeston, and 8s p.a. of rent in Archerston; to have for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, rendering the true value rendering the true value in equal portions at Michaelmas and Easter.

Attested: 
[Richard, duke of York] Lt
T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 91.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
6 Dec. 1449

GRANT to Geoffrey Harding of the office of the chief serjeanty of co. Kildare, with the usual fees; he is to execute that office by himself or by deputy, for as long as Richard, duke of York, should remain as Lt of Ire.

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 91.

C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 8; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
16 Aug. 1450

COMMISSION to Edmund Mulso kt1 of custody of the following, which formerly belonged to Wolfram Hont of Dublin, the K.'s debtor, to have for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, rendering the true value, viz.:

a shop [1 shope] in Cook Street, Dublin;
[…] house of Patrick Thoude;
a hall in the said street in which Robert Gallan lately lived;
a messuage with ships annexed to it in Winetavern Street of the said city in which John Blakebon lived;
a hall in Cook Street in which John Gaydon lately lived.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 19, p. 195.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads Ed' Mulso. The recipient was certainly 'Edmund' (rather than Edward); cf. CPR 1446–52, p. 233 (letters of protection dated 20 Feb. 1449 for Edmund Mulso of Caundissh, co. Suffolk, going to Ire.).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
28 Aug. 1450
Dublin

APPOINTMENT of James Prenderegast, alias Collyn, as clerk or keeper of the hanaper of the chancery of Ire.; to have, execute, occupy that office by himself or deputies for whom he is willing to answer for as long as Richard duke of York, Lt of Ire., remains in that office; receiving the same fees, wages and rewards as John Passavaunt, formerly clerk of the hanaper, used to receive in the same, notwithstanding any statute, article or ordinance made by the K. in Eng. or Ire., nor the fact that express mention is not made in these presents of the true annual value of the said office, fees, wages and rewards, nor any other gifts or grants made to the said James.

Attested: 
Richard, duke of York, Lt
T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 91–91v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
9 Aug. 1450
Dublin

GRANT to William Smyth of the office of the serjeanty [servientis sive sergentie] of Swords; to hold, occupy and exercise that office by himself or sufficient deputies for whom he is willing to answer, to have for as long as the temporalities of the archbishopric of Dublin are in the K.'s hand, receiving the fees, wages and rewards due and accustomed to that office of old.

Attested: 
[Richard, duke of York] Lt
T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 91v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
18 Aug. 1450
Dublin

GRANT to James Prendergast, alias Collyn, of the office of bailiff of Dalkey; to have occupy and exercise that office by himself or his sufficient deputies for whom he is willing to answer for as long as the temporalities of the archbishopric of Dublin are in the K.'s hand, receiving in that office the wages and rewards due and accustomed to that office.

Attested: 
[Richard, duke of York] Lt
T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 91v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
13 Aug. 1450

COMMISSION to Nicholas, son and heir of Christopher Bernewall, of custody of 2 messuages and 10 acres in Bocaneston; [to have] for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, rendering the true value, if it should happen to be decided in the K.'s court that it ought to pertain to the K.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
27 Jul. 1450
Dublin

GRANT to John Rochefort of Killane, esquire, of the office of sheriff of co. Kilkenny; to have occupy and exercise that office during the K.'s pleasure.

Attested: 
[Richard, duke of York] Lt
T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24, f. 91v.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
[24 Apr. 1450]

ESTREATS of fines and amercements of a certain parliament summoned and held at Drogheda on Friday next before St Mark 28 Hen. VI [24 April 1450] before Richard, duke of York, Lt of Ire., and concluded there, viz.:

from the archbishop of Tuam, for undue return of a writ addressed to him, 20s;
from the bishop of Lismore and Waterford, because he did not come on the [specified] day, 100s;
from the bishop of Cork and Cloyne, because he did not come on the [specified] day, 100s;
from the sheriff of Carlow, because he did not return the writ, 40s;
from the sheriff of Limerick, for undue return, 100s;
from the sheriff of Cork, for undue return, 100s;
from the sheriff of Connacht [Connat'], for undue return, 100s;
from the sovereign and provosts of the town of Kinsale, because they did not return the writ, 40s;
from the sovereign and provosts of the town of Galway, for undue return, 40s;
from the sovereign and provosts of the town of Athenry, for undue return, 40s.

And £20 of a fine from the following proctors in the said parliament for an offence committed in that parliament, viz.:

Nicholas Alexander, perpetual vicar of St Peter’s of Drogheda;
John White, archdeacon of Meath;
Philip […], vicar of Dunboyne [Deboyn’];
Walter Thundir, rector of Clongyell;
Walter Prendregast, vicar of Skreen;
John Stakboll, rector of Kilbery;
John Kelly chaplain;
Walter Fleming clk;
John Whittey, canon of the cathedral of Ferns;
Hugh Wogan;
James Prendregast clk;
Thomas Mithe;
Simon Gower chaplain;
Patrick Clerk chaplain;
Nicholas Fleming clk;
[…] Purcell, archdeacon of Lismore;
James Prendregast clk;
Roger Cros chaplain;
John […], treasurer of the cathedral of Limerick;
John Bysk, precentor of the cathedral of Cloyne;
John Morphy;
Roger Cross, archdeacon of Dublin;
brother David Wynchestre, canon of the cathedral of Holy Trinity, Dublin;
William […], prior of St John the Baptist outside the New Gate, Dublin;
Cornelius Mohoun, canon of the cathedral of Cashel;
William Casshyn chaplain;
and brother James Lyndesey, canon of the house of St Mary of Louth.1

T: 

Armagh Public Library, MS KH.II.24 (an unnumbered folio between ff 91 and 92).

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This item is not dated; the date given here is that of the parliament mentioned in the text.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
10 Oct. 1449

By letters patent under the g.s. of Eng. dated 13 April [1448] 26 Hen. VI,1 the K. granted to [Richard] Bermingham and Richard fitz Robert, and either of them, in survivorship, the offices of chancellor of the green wax and clerk of the common pleas in the Ex. of Ire., to have by themselves or their deputies. They have appointed before the K. in the chancery of Ire. John Bateman, John Broun and Christopher Fox, clerks, together and separately, as their deputies to exercise those offices. ORDER to be intendant to John, John and Christopher as deputies of the said Richard and Richard.

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, pp 130–1.

Footnotes: 

1CPR 1446–52, p. 168.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
20 Oct. 1449

APPOINTMENT of Thomas de la Feld of Feldeston as sheriff of […], on the election of the community of the county.1

C: 

BL, Add. MS 43769, f. 65.

Footnotes: 

1 Thomas de la Feld served as sheriff of co. Dublin in 1440 (COD, iii, §165).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
19 Nov. 1449
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of letters patent dated at Kilkenny, 10 June [1407] 8 Hen. IV, and attested by Stephen Scrope kt, deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, steward of Eng. and Lt of Ire.;1 by which the K. confirmed to the sovereign and burgesses of the town of Callan, co. Kilkenny, a charter of William Marshal, e. Pembroke, together with various other liberties.

Attested: 
Richard, duke of York, Lt
C: 

COD, ii, §441.

Footnotes: 

1 CIRCLE, PR 8 Hen. IV, §125.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
[24 Apr. 1450]

Letters issued under the g.s. of Ire. plaqué, addressed to the K. from parliament held at Drogheda on Friday next before St Mark the Evangelist [24 April 1450], thanking him for acquittal of Ormond, viz.:1

'Most high most excellent most mightie Prince and most redouted soverayne liege lord We recomaunde vs unto your most noble grace as lowely as we your trewe liege men con or may certifieng your most roiall mageste for as moche as in your grete Counseill holden at your Cite of Diuelyn w{t}yn [within] this yo{r} land of Irland the ffriday next afor the feste of Seint Luk the-u{a}gelist the yere of yo{r} most gracieux Reigne xxviij afor the gode and worthie Prince Richard Duk of York yo{r} lieunten{a}nt of this yo{r} saide land the lords spiritell and temperell and commones in the saide Counseill assembled it was considered whon that James le Botiller Erle of Ormond your trewe liege man wickedly untrewly and of forcast was of late time accused unto your highnes of the crime of treison done unto yo{r} most Roiall persone in this yo{r} saide lande of Irlande for whoos trewe acquitaill the substaunce of the lordes espirituell knightez Esquiers and Gentils of this yo{r} saide lande wrote under their seeles unto yo{r} most Roiall mageste certifieng that they knewe never ne herd of such treason done to your most Roiall persone byt that the saide accusement was of forcast malice and ill will ymagined And after that the saide lordes knightes Esquiers and gentils by yo{r} dredfull comaundement as by writtez under yo{r} grete seell of England sende unto this yo{r} saide lande of proclamacion on peyn of their ligeaunce appiered in yo{r} most rigtvous persence at Westminster and othir placez w{t}yn [within] yo{r} said Realme as they were assigned for their trewe acquitayll and the said Erles affermyng by worde of mouth in trouth whate they hadde wrytt in declaracion of the saide Erles trewe acquitayll which lordes knightes Esquiers and gentils effectuely and rightfully examined sped and herd of yo{r} most rightuousnes ye licenced theim to reto{r}ne unto this yo{r} saide land to grete comfort of all yo{r} subiectez and liege people shame and confusion to yo{r} Enemies and Rebelx And so by your rightuous dilligence and wisdom trowth knowen it plesed yo{r} most habundaunt rightuousnes by yo{r} lettrez patents made at Westminster the xv day of September the yere of your Reigne xxvj to acquite and declare yo{r} trewe liege man the saide Erle not gilty of the saide treason ne cryme willing that from thensforward to the promotour or promotours of the said empechement and accusement none feith to be yeven charging moreover all your subiectez and liege people on their ligeaunce and yo{r} continuell indignacion that nethir in worde nethir in dede nethir by none othir exquisite colour they shold not reprove the said Erle nethir his blode cont{a}rie to yo{r} most notable and rightuous declaracion and him so declared licenced to reto{r}ne in to this yo{r} saide lande to the singular relief and defense of the same as it hath bien ofte afor grete comfort to all yo{r} trewmen and subiectez Wherefor all your trewe liegemen and subiettez in the said Counseill assembled in thair most lowely wise thank yo{r} most rightuousnez and Roiall mageste of the saide declaracion and trewe acquitaill and in taking soo grete and shamfull a sklaundre fro this yo{r} saide lande as by your saide lettrez patents and consideracion of yo{r} saide grete Counseill more pleyne it appereth And nowe in thes yo{r} present parlement holden befor your saide lieuten{a}nt at your Town of Drogheda w{t}yn [within] this yo{r} saide land the ffriday next afor the feste of Seint Mark the-u{a}ngelist the saide xxviij yere of yo{r} most gracieux Reigne the premisses tenderly considerate We yo{r} saide lieuten{a}nt lordes spirituell and temperell and commones assembled in this yo{r} saide parlment in oure most humble and lowely wise thank yo{r} most Roiall mageste of the gracieux exploit and tendrenes of the said lordes spirituelx knightes Esquiers and gentilez in yo{r} saide glorious Roialme shewed to them and yo{r} most rightuousnes and just saide declaracion of the saide Erle and in putting away of so grete shamfull a sklaundre and inaudite infamie of such matiers fro this yo{r} saide lande. And we continuelly shall pray the blissfull Trinite for yo{r} most Roiall mageste to thencresse of yo{r} Roialmes in continuell felicite to his plesir Yeven in yo{r} saide parlement holden at yo{r} saide toun of Drogheda the ffriday next afor the feste of Seint Mark the-u{a}ngliste undir that one parte of yo{r} grete seell of this your saide land. By your most humble trewe subiectes and liegemen Richard Duk of York yo{r} lieuten{a}nt of this yo{r} saide lande the lordes spirituell and temperell and commones in yo{r} saide parlment being.'

T: 

Stat. Hen. VI, pp 240–2.

Footnotes: 

1 The letter was written in English. Superior letters are printed here within curly brackets. Contractions are expanded and printed in italics. The date given here is that on which parliament convened.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
9 Jun. 1450

COMMISSION, by mainprize of John Vale, barber, and John Walsh, smith, both of Dublin, to Edward Mulso kt, of custody of a stone house and half a carucate in Bray in co. Dublin, in the K.'s hand, rendering yearly the true value.

T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 228–30.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
14 Aug. 1450
Dublin

APPOINTMENT, during good behaviour, to John s. of John Chevir, esq., as clerk and keeper of the rolls of chancery, to hold himself or by deputies, taking the usual fees.

Attested: 
Richard, duke of York, Lt
C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 3, p. 199; CPR 1446–52, p. 404 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 3 Oct 1450).

N: 

RCH, p. 267, §33 (=CIRCLE, PR 30 Hen. VI, §34).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife