patent Roll 22 Edward IV

1
5 Jun. 1482
Dublin

GRANT to Henry Meghan chaplain, who is of Irish birth, that he may use English laws [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 389.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
28 Apr. 1482
Maynooth

Similar GRANT [of English laws, as in §1] to Grayne Yny Moore,1 wife of Walter Butteler gentleman.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 389.

Footnotes: 

1 'Grayne Yymycore' in Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 389, but this reading is not reliable.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
1 Jul. 1482
Dublin

PARDON to John fitz John of Osbernestoun, esquire, concerning treasons [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
2 Aug. 1482
Dublin

APPOINTMENT of Roland Savage kt as […] of the liberty or county of Ulster.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
10 Oct. 1482
Kildare

PARDON to the following persons of treasons [etc.], and especially for the death of John Ward of Drogheda, who was recently killed, viz.:

Anne, who was the wife of James Kerey of Drogheda, housewife [huswyf];
Thomas Kerey of the same, yeoman [yeman];
and Margaret, wife of William Dykonesson of the same, housewife [huswyf].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
24 Oct. 1482
Dublin

APPOINTMENT of Oliver Eustace, son of Roland fitz Eustace kt, Lord Portlester, as chief baron of the Ex.

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy of Richard of Shrewsbury, duke of York, Lt
C: 

Bodl., Rawl. B. 502, f. 18v; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
24 Oct. 1482
Dublin

PARDON to John Sweteman, son and heir of Nicholas Sweteman of Castellyse, co. Kilkenny, gentleman, of treasons [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
23 Oct. 1482
Dublin

LICENCE to Thomas Dylloun gentleman to absent himself from Ire., and stay in Eng.

C: 

RCH; Bodl., MS Laud Misc. 613, f. 308.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
[No date.]

GRANT to Georgius Brana, [who is] of the nation of the Greeks [de nacione Grecorum], that he may use English laws.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This was George Branas (†1529), a native of Athens, who became bishop of Dromore in 1483 and was later translated to Elphin. See Jonathan Harris, Greek émigrés in the West, 1400–1520 (Camberley, 1995), 93–9; David McRoberts, 'The Greek bishop of Dromore', The Innes Review, 28:1 (1977), 22–38; William Reeves, Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, Connor and Dromore […] (Dublin, 1847), 308 note.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
12 Apr. 1482
Dublin

Similar GRANT [of English laws, as in §9] to Patrick Coigne chaplain, who is of Irish birth.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
27 Sep. 1482
Dublin

APPOINTMENT of Thomas Plunket as chief justice of the common bench.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
[25 Oct. 1482]

And [MEMORANDUM that] on 25 Oct. [1482] the said Thomas [Plunket] was sworn into the said office [as chief justice of the common bench, as in §11].1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given here is that mentioned in the text.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
8 Jan. 1483
Dublin

ACCEPTANCE of the estate [etc.] that Thomas Purcell―clerk and canon of the cathedral church of the diocese of Ferns and prebendary or parson of the parish church of St Gaddanus1 of Fethard, diocese of Ferns―has in that canonry [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 i.e. Áedan. The church of Fethard was dedicated to St Mogue, i.e. Máedóc or Áedan. See Billy Colfer, The Hook Peninsula, County Wexford (Cork, 2004), p. 133.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
27 Oct. 1482
Dublin

It was ordained that no one over 60 years of age should be placed on assizes [etc.]. ORDER to all officers [etc.] not to trouble Patrick Proutefote of Proutefotestoun, co. Meath, gentleman, who has taken an oath that he exceeds the said age.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
11 Dec. 1482
Dunboyne

APPOINTMENT of Walter Swayne […] to search and take all those who carry silver plate [laminas argenteas], bullion [etc.] to the mint, or makers of any money throughout the whole land of Ire.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
11 [Mar. 1483]

William Downyll chaplain has letters of presentation to the vicarage of the cathedral church of St Ultanus of Ardbracken, diocese of Meath, addressed to the keeper of the spiritualities of that diocese.

Anno 25 [sic].1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The letter is dated 'anno 25'. This may be an misprint, as the last regnal year of Edward IV was 23 Edw. IV (cf. below, §17, which is attributed to 23 Edw. IV). If the present item can be attributed to 23 Edw. IV, it would provide a date-range of 4 March and 9 April 1483. The month in which the letter was issued was illegible by 1828, but RCH records the day as '11'. This would mean the date of the letter is '11 March 1483'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
7 Mar. 1483
Maynooth

William Bodenham chaplain, [who is] of Irish birth, that he may use English laws.

[23 Edw. IV.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
28 Mar. 1465
Westminster

'Edward [II], sometime K. of Eng., by his charter [dated at Westminster, 4 March 1424]―which the present K. has confirmed―granted to Hugh de la Spenser junior that he and his heirs, and their burgesses and other men and tenants of Cardiff, Usk, Caerleon, Newport, Cowbridge, Neath, and Kenfig, in Wales,1 shall be quit forever of toll, murage, pavage, lastage, stallage, picage, tronage, quayage, terrage [de theolonio, muragio, pavage, lastagio, stallagio, picagio, tronagio, kaiagio, terragio necnon de omnibus aliis custumis & consuetudinibus],2 and all other customs throughout his realm, and his duchy of Aquitaine and his land of Ire.

ORDER to all the K.'s officers and ministers [etc.] to permit the present burgesses [etc.] of those towns to be wuit of tolls [etc.].

[5 Edw. IV.]'3

Attested: 
English g.s.
C: 

CPR 1461–7, p. 427; RCH; Cardiff Records, vol. 1, ed. John Hobson Matthews (Cardiff, 1898), charter XIV.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH gives the place-names as follows: 'Kerdiff, Urke, Kaerlyou[n], Neuport, Couburgge, Neeth, & Kenefeg, in Wallia.'
2 This is the list of customs as it appears in RCH. The original charter has a slightly different list, as follows:
toll, murage, pontage, panage, lastage, stallage, picage, tronage quayage, terrage [de theolonio, muragio, pontagio, panagio, lastagio, stallagio, picagio, tronagio, kaiagio, terragio necnon de omnibus aliis custumis & consuetudinibus]. For the full text of the original charter, see Cardiff Records, vol. 1, ed. John Hobson Matthews (Cardiff, 1898), charter II. A calendar of the enrolled version of the charter is available in CChR 1300–26, p. 461.
3 An enrolment of English letters patent, confirming an earlier inspeximus of the royal charter.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
[No date.]

CHARTER of incorporation of the bailiffs and burgesses of the town of Cardiff in South Wales, dated 1 Ric. II, containing a clause of acquittance from tolls [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
12 Mar. 1482
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of an act of parliament of 21x2 Edw. IV, at the piteous prayer of Thomas, prior of Christ Church, Dublin, and the convent of the same, viz.:

That where'as the prior and convent were possessed of a box of wrought silver ordained for the preservation and honour of the Holy sacrament of the precious body of Our Lord Jesus in the form of bread, always to be placed on the high altar of the said Cathedral Church, which box was of the weight of 33 ounces in pure wrought silver, which amounts to the sum of £12 12s, one Henry Alton, late of Ardee, gentleman, like on who feared not the law of God and human law, about Pentecost 6 Edw. IV, violently took the box from the altar, and the holy sacrament therein, and so took it with him without any manner of restitution or satisfaction therefor in any manner made to the prior and convent or to any of their predecessors, to the damages of the prior and convent of £20, which is to their most intolerable loss and charge. Whereupon the premises considered and also how that Henry has been and is always a fugitive and cannot be taken to answer to the common law, and that the prior and convent cannot sue the execution of the law which in that behalf should be sued against him inasmuch as they are spiritual persons: It is ordained, enacted and established by authority of parliament that proclamation be made in the same that Henry come in person and surrender himself in Dublin castle on Monday next after St Patrick the Bishop [++] next coming and there, then and continually from that time forth remain in prison under the sure guard of the constable of the castle until he has fully satisfied the prior and convent and their successors of their damages with their reasonable costs for the same. And by the same authority: it is ordained, enacted and established that if Henry Alton does not come on this day that then it shall be lawful for the prior and his successors and for the assign and assigns of the prior and successors to enter as well into all the lands and tenements, goods and chattels which Henry has in the land of Ire. or any other manner of person has in his use and profit as into the other lands and tenements in the same which he had and [which] are come to him by way of descent, remainder, reversion, purchase and reverter and them to have and hold to the prior and convent and their successors until they be, by the clear annual rents, issues, revenues and profits yearly coming thereform fully contented, satisfied and paid of the premises and every part thereof, and the prior and convent and their successors be adjudged by the same authority, in their prior estate thereof and of every part thereof, as if they had it in execution by the premises by an elegit according to the course of the common law. Any manner of thing had, made, or in any manner done to the contrary, notwithstanding. And that by the same authority, all manner of such persons or person who interrupt, disturb or trouble the said prior and convent or their successors or any of their assigns of their entry into the premises or any part thereof, or from receiving the issues in said form or any part thereof, that he or they who shall so be found offending for every such offence shall forfeit and lose £20, moiety thereof to the K., and the other moiety thereof to the prior and convent and their successors; and that it shall be lawful to sue for the same by bill or by writ in every court which the K. has in this his land of Ire., provided that this act contain the truth. The K. has thought fit at the request of Thomas, prior of Christ Church, Dublin, and the convent of the same, that the act or ordinance should be exemplified by the tenor of the presents.'

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 2, pp 890–4.

C: 

Christ Church deeds, §331.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
12 Apr. 1482

INSPEXIMUS of statute passed at Dublin, feast of St Luke the Evangelist last, granting to William [Sherwood], bp Meath, C., leave of absence to make pilgrimage to St William of York, Our Lady of Doncaster, Walsingham and other places.

C: 

COA, PH 15175, p. 272.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
13 Jun. 1482
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of statute of parliament 21–22 Edw. IV giving leave to the prior and canons of Christ Church to acquire lands in mortmain without writ of ad quod damnum [etc.], in these words:

'Also at the prayer of Thomas, prior of Christ Church, Dublin, and the fellow-canons and convent of the same. That in consideration that various of their deeds and muniments concerning their very ancient foundation are fallen in ruin and in decay: it is ordained by authority of parliament that where any manner of person or persons through his or their gracious disposition inspired in them by virtue of the Holy Trinity had founded, endowed or had given, granted, leased or in any manner devised or left to the prior and convent or to any of their predecessors or in any manner in time to come would or will endow, give or grant, lease or in any manner devise or leave to the prior and convent or to any of their successors, any manner of manors, lordships, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, annuities, reversions or services or any other manner of possessions whatsoever, that by authority of this present act and ordinance, it shall be lawful for the prior and convent and for their successors to retain in their possession and to enjoy, accept, receive and enter into all the manors, lordships, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, grants, annuities, reversions, and services and into each and every other manner of possessions whatsoever in said form as well to them and their predecessors as to the church or house, endowed, given, granted, leased or in any manner devised or left, as also to them and to their successors, as also solely to their successors as to the church or house, at any time to come by any manner of person or persons to be endowed, given, granted, leased or in any manner devised or left to have and to hold, retain and enjoy them and every part of them to them and to their successors in pure, free and perpetual alms, quit for ever, saving to the chief lords thereof their services of right due of ad quod damnum or any other manner of suit for that behalf to be made by them or their successors. And by the same authority, that the statute made for the restraint of alienation, gifts and grants of lands and tenements and of any of the premises in mortmain, and all and every other manner of statute, act, ordinance in any manner to the contrary made or to be made, and also all and every manner or restriction, use, custom or any other matter or thing to the contrary had and used, be restrained and extend not in any manner of effect in law to be prejudicial or to injure the prior and convent or any of their successors of, for or in any of the premises. And that by the same authority it shall be lawful for every manner of person and persons to give, grant and devise lands, tenements and every thing such as is specified in the premises and to make alienation of them and of every part of such, jointly and severally to the prior and convent and to their successors at all times at their pleasure and this without any manner of licence to be sued and fine to be made therefor, and for one sole fee of 6s and 8d to be paid in the K.’s hanaper in his chancery in Ire. And that this present act extend not nor be prejudicial to Patrick Burnell and Anne his wife, nor to Walter, abbot of St Mary’s near Dublin and the convent of the same, nor their successors, nor to Thomas Sharpe, nor to the proctors of the church of St Werburgh in Dublin not to their successors, nor to any of them in any manner, nor to the title, possession and entry of the mayor, bailiffs and commons of Dublin city in any manner for the premises so given. Except always that this act extend not nor be prejudicial to John [Walton], abp Dublin, nor to John, abbot of the house of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin, nor to Sir Roland Eustace kt, lord of Portlester, nor to the prior of Kilmainham, nor to James Fleming kt, baron of Slane, nor to Robert St Laurence kt, lord of Howth, nor to the heirs of Nicholas White, formerly of Killester, esq., nor to any of them. The K. has considered that the act or ordinance at the request of the prior, con-canons and convent by the tenor of the presents should be exemplified.'

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 2, pp 896–900.

C: 

Christ Church deeds, §334.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
14 Jun. 1482

EXEMPLIFICATION, at the request of [John Walton] the archbishop of Dublin, of an act of parliament at Dublin on Friday after St Luke last, granting to the archbishop on his petition of a fair and market at Dalkey. The K.'s letters patent of exemplification are to be made out and sealed for 6s 8d for the g.s. of the hanaper of Ire.

C: 

Reg. Alen, p. 247.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
24
12 Sep. 1482

GRANT of free status to William Offaelan clk, who is of Irish birth.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/43, p. 170.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
25
12 Feb. 1483

GRANT to William and Richard Halpeny, who are of Irish birth, of freedom from all Irish servitude.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/43, p. 169.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
26
15 Feb. 1483
Limerick

The K. has considered the many losses, dangers, burnings and other grievances that the town of Kilmallock and the K.'s liege inhabitants had sustained from Irish enemies and English enemies, whereby they were so impoverished that they could no longer defend themselves or keep the town unless they were granted relief. Therefore, for the better governance and defence of that town, LICENCE to the burgesses and their successors to elect from among themselves on Monday after Michaelmas each year, by assent of twelve of the better and chief burgesses or the greater part of them, one of the burgesses to be sovereign; and in case of his death within the year to chose another.

The sovereign and burgesses are hereby created and incorporated as a lawful and representative body and one community under the name of the sovereign and burgesses of Kilmallock, to sue and be sued, and to act in all cases concerning the burgesses and community of the town.

The sovereign, burgesses and community may receive certain customs on articles for sale in that town, to be expended upon the enclosing of the town with a wall; and the collectors are to account before the sovereign and council of the community or before auditors appointed by them. The sovereign and council are to assess the inhabitants for payment of the town expenses; and the sovereign may distrain for the same, and should render a just account. A sovereign who accepts the office and refuses to act in it is to forfeit 100s, to be applied to the defence of the town. Persons insulting or injuring the sovereign are to be punished by amercement or otherwise at the will of the town council. No person is to exercise the liberties of the town without the licence of the sovereign and council, under a penalty to be imposed by them; and that penalty is to be employed on the repair of the town.

The sovereign and council are to regulate the prices of markets. No person is to sell or export grain out of the town without the licence of the sovereign and council, on pain of forfeiture of the goods. No person is to have a dunghill or heap on the streets from one Saturday to another, under penalty of 3d for each offence. The sovereign and council are to amerce all persons making aqua vite within the town, contrary to the prohibition of the sovereign. All amercements are to be expended upon the repair of the walls and the enclosure of the town, and should be accounted for before the council or auditors appointed by them.

The sovereign is to act as escheator and clerk of the market, and is to impose amercements and forfeitures, by assent of the council, to be expended as before. No burgess is to be impleaded for lands within the borough, but a recognizance is to be made before the K.’s justices; and burgesses are not to be placed on assizes or recognizances before the judges itinerant unless for their external tenures.

The sovereign and community are to take, for a term of 40 years, one quarter of all rents of burgages, both inside and outside the town, to be expended upon the repair of the walls, to be accounted for as above. The sovereign and community are to amerce all persons obstructing the roads, walls or ditches of the town and are to have power to make walls and ditches through he grounds of any inhabitant, allowing a right of passage to such grounds.

With POWER to the sovereign and common council to assess the inhabitants from time to time to pay the salary or stipend of the sovereign and other expenses for the common good of the town. Saving to the bishop of Limerick and his successors all liberties, services and customs due to the crown.

C: 

CPR Ire., Hen. VIII–Eliz., pp 217–18; BL, Egerton MS, p. 44.

N: 

Lib. mun. pub. Hib., p. 25.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
27
[No date.]

INSPEXIMUS of statute passed at Dublin at feast of St Luke the Evangelist before Gerald e. Kildare, at the supplication of Thomas, prior of Holy Trinity, confirming all endowments made to that house, enabling them to accept, receive, take and retain such.

C: 

COA, PH 15175, p. 289.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife