patent Roll 2 Richard II

1
20 Jul. 1378
Dublin

The K. has learned that there is no law, justice or good governance in any parts around the town of Cashel, but rather rebellion, extortion, murder, killing, robbery and open war made by the K.'s Irish enemies and rebels upon that town, so that the provost and commons of that town can scarcely be kept without great relief by the K. in this part. The provost and his successors had and claimed to the following liberties within the said town, and the franchises and burgage of the same, viz.:

[1] Sok, sak, toll and theam, Infangthefe and owtfanthefe, pleas concerning death of men, murder, killing of Englishmen, and all manner of robberies, thefts, duels of Englishmen and all others within the town franchises and burgage of the same.
[2] Abjuration of fugitives and felonies fleeing to Holy Church.
[3] And also liberty to take fines and redemptions in their courts for felonies committed within their lands, and to grant charters or pardons to the said felons for felonies committed within the town, and the franchises and burgage of the same, at their will.
[4] And to outlaw felons in their courts and to have waste of their lands rents and tenements for a year and a day [diem annum et wastum].
[5] And to appoint coroners from time to time, and to view and bury Englishmen and all others drowned and killed by misfortune by their coroner, without the royal coroner.
[6] And also justification, correction and punishment of all craftsmen and labourers within the town [etc.], and to take fines and redemptions from those who are convicted or found guilty in their courts against any of the articles contained in the statutes and ordinances made by the K. or his progenitors before this time concerning craftsmen and labourers.
[7] And also all pleas of the crown except the four pleas, viz. forestall, rape of women, treasure trove and arson.
[8] They also claimed to have their courts to be held by the said provost and his successors concerning all the said franchises, liberties and privileges from time to time at his will.
[9] And full return of royal writs and precepts within the said town [etc.] to summons, distraint and attachment made by the K. or his progenitors.
[10] And view of frankpledge, the assizes of wine, bread and ale, weights and measures,
[11] And that the K.’s clerk of the market and keeper of the measures, should not interfere, except once a year to view and examine the standards.
[12] And that the K.’s sheriff should not interfere within the town, franchise and burgage of the same in any way contrary to these the K.’s grants.
[13] And they claimed to take fines and correction from all those dwelling there.
[14] And further to do all things that pertain to the office of clerk of the market and keeper of weights within the town [etc.].
[14] And pleas of withernam [de vetito nameo] and all pleas pertaining to the court-baron in that town [etc.].
[15] And that they should be quit of toll, pavage, pontage, passage, lastage, stallage, scot, guild, common aid, common amercements and customs, and especially the customs of the town of Clonmel.
[16] And also free warren within the town, franchises [etc.].
[17] And also pillory, tumbrel and thewe within the town, franchises [etc.].

Of the K.'s special grace, and by assent of his beloved cousin Gerald e. Kildare, Jcr of Ire. [sic],1 and to the honour of holy mother church and St Patrick the bishop, patron of Ire., GIFT, GRANT, and by this present charter CONFIRMATION, RATIFICATION and APPROVAL of all those franchises, liberties, privileges and customs to the provost and his successors all those franchises, liberties, privileges, constitutions and customs, and especially the customs of Clonmel, and each of them, to have and to hold to them and their successors [etc.] forever, without impediment, notwithstanding that the provost and his ancestors did not have nor use them before this time. And further, of the K.’s abundant special grace, GRANT to the provost and his successors that while they occupy that office they shall not be placed on assizes, juries, attaints or inquisitions in the K.’s courts or those of any other within the land of Ire.

Attested: 
[James Butler, e. Ormond] Jcr
Authorized: 
By bill of the p.s. of the Jcr of the said date and by authority of parliament.
T: 

CPI, p. 75.

C: 

Rep. municipal corporations in Ire., p. 461; CPR Ire., Hen. VIII–Eliz., pp 335–6.

Footnotes: 

1 This seems to be an error for James Butler, e. Ormond, who was Jcr in 1378. The epithet 'K.'s cousin' was normally applied to the earls of Ormond.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
12 Oct. 1378

EXEMPLIFICATION, at the request of the mayor and citizens of Dublin, of a charter dated at Westminster, 22 Nov. [1363] 37 Edw. III,1 inspecting and confirming:

[1] A charter dated at Westminster, 11 July [1336] 10 Edw. III, inspecting and confirming a charter dated at Upton, 7 Nov. [1200] 2 John.2

[2] Letters patent dated at Dublin, 26 Sept. [1363] 37 Edw. III under the seal in use in Ire., witnessed by Lionel, duke of Clarence,3 being an exemplification of:

(i) letters patent dated at Nottingham, 14 Aug. [1338] 12 Edw. III.4
(ii) a charter dated at York, 13 Oct. [1334] 8 Edw. III.5

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

DCA, Royal Charter §38.

C: 

CARD, i, 26 (§50); CPR 1377–81, p. 333 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 8 March 1379).

Footnotes: 

1 Mac Niocaill, Na Buirgéisí, i, 92ff.
2 DCA, Royal Charter §2 (=CARD, i, §1; Hist. & mun. docs, §1).
3 See CIRCLE, PR 37 Edw. III, §10 (=Mac Niocaill, Na Buirgéisí, i, 93).
4CPR 1317–21, p. 196.
5 DCA, Royal Charter §21; TNA (PRO), C 53/121–3 (=CARD, i, §31; Mac Niocaill, Na Buirgéisí, i, 89–92; CChR, iv, 320).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
20 Oct. 1378

APPOINTMENT of Thomas Mareward and John fitz Rery as justices to keep ordinances and statutes relating to labourers and servants in co. Dublin and to inquire concerning all masters, mariners, ships, boats [etc.] attempting [anything] contrary to statutes and ordinances made; and they are to hear and determine the same, for which they are to have one third of all fines.1

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 123.

Footnotes: 

1 See below, CR 2 Ric. II, §62.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
5 Nov. 1378
Naas

INSPEXIMUS of [1] a certain petition displayed to the Jcr of Ire. and others of the K.'s council there and [2] of the endorsement of the petition in these words, in these words, viz.:

[1] '[French] To the Jcr and council of the K. in Ire., Robert [Wikeford], abp Dublin, pleads that he and his predecessors were seised of the manor of Swords with its appurtenances in demesne as of fee and as of the right of their churches of the Holy Trinity and of St Patrick's, Dublin; and Nicholas Daggeworth1 kt [chiv'], who was appointed by the K.'s letters patent of Eng. to survey the state of the land of Ire. and to inquire concerning all manner of lands and tenements belonging or pertaining to the crown in Ire. of whatever kind, and to seize into the K.'s hand those where he should find default, seized that manor into the K.'s hand by colour of an inquisition taken before him; and the reason for which it was seized into the K.'s hand was sent before the T. and barons of the Ex. of Ire.; and thus the said archbishop was ousted of his free tenure [franktenement] of the manor. He seeks remedy.'

[2] 'Let a writ [of certiorari] be sent to the T., or his Lt, and the barons of the Ex. to inform the K. concerning the seizure of the manor contained in the petition [returning] the tenor of the same in the K.'s chancery in Ire., and upon this let right be done.'

EXEMPLIFICATION of the petition and endorsement at the request of the said archbishop.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

CPI, p. 75; TCD, MS 1061/1, f. 165–165v.

C: 

Reg. Alen, p. 225.

Footnotes: 

1 Given as 'Baggeworth' in CPI, 75.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
12 Nov. 1378

APPOINTMENT, during pleasure, of John Symcok as collector of customs great and small in the port of Waterford, rendering his account at the Ex.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 122.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
13 Nov. 1378

APPOINTMENT of Thomas Founte and John Webbe as controllers of John Symcok [in the port of Waterford].

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 122.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
20 Nov. 1378
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of the following:

[1] Letters patent sealed with the seal of John, sometime count of Mortain and lord of Ire., in favour of the archbishop of Dublin.1

[2] Letters patent of Henry III, late K. of Eng., dated at Reading on 13 April [1230] 14 Hen. III, inspecting and confirming John's charter with additional grant to Luke, then archbishop elect of Dublin.2

EXEMPLIFICATION of these letters at the request of Robert [Wikeford], the present archbishop of Dublin.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

CPI, p. 75; TCD, MS 1061/1, ff 165v–168.

C: 

Reg. Alen, p. 225.

Footnotes: 

1CPI, p. 8.
2CPI, p. 22. This Luke, who was royal chaplain and dean of St Martin's, London, prior to his elevation to the archbishopric of Dublin, was elected as archbishop before 13 Dec. 1228, and consecrated after May 1230 (NHI, ix, 309).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
9 Jan. 1379
Castledermot

INSPEXIMUS and CONFIRMATION of letters patent attested by William Windsor, governor and keeper of Ire., dated at Naas, 20 Dec. [1374] 48 Edw. III,1 by which the K. granted the mayor and bailiffs of the city of Dublin a licence to take certain customs for 24 years from 28 Oct. 1374 remaining from a former grant, and for a further 20 years at the end of that term, for the murage, pavage and other necessary works of the city.2

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

CPI, p. 76 (from Ir. memo roll, 3 Ric. II, m. 41)

C: 

CARD, i, p. 26 (§51).

Footnotes: 

1 See CIRCLE, PR 48 Edw. III, §11.
2 The date of this item is given as 29 Jan. 1379 in CARD, i, pt 1, §51.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
12 Jan. 1379
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of the partition of the lands and tenements that belonged to Theobald Verdon made in 6 Edw. III [1332–3] and sent into the chancery of Edward III by that K.'s order, in these words:1

[1. PORTION OF THOMAS FURNIVAL]

'The portion assigned to Thomas Furnival and his wife Joan, eldest daughter of Theobald Verdon:

ROCH.
The site of the castle of le Roche, in which there are no buildings because the castle has been burnt by the Irish so that it is extended at no value.
A small plot called parke, and a garden lying around the castle, and 4 acres of meadow and pasture around the castle which are worth 16d p.a.
80 acres of land that the burgesses of the town of Roche hold there in free burgage, rendering 6½d p.a. for each acre at Michaelmas and Easter, and 80 acres of land that the same burgesses hold there in free burgage, rendering 2d p.a. at the accustomed terms; and each of them does suit at the hundred [court] fortnightly.
The pleas and perquisites of the hundred of that town, worth 2s 3d p.a. and the toll-booth of the town, worth 16d p.a.
33 acres and two-thirds of an acre in the field called Edynkill, which free tenants hold there in fee, rendering 10d p.a. for each acre.
Two-thirds of a water-mill there worth 4s 6½d, except costs.
220½ acres of land and two-thirds of an acre of land in demesne, each acre is worth 6d p.a.
3s 4½d p.a. from a certain cart-toll [chiminagium] at le Roche.
12d from the rent of 1 carucate of land at le Curragh that the abbot of the house of SS Peter and Paul of Armagh holds, with a quarter of the service that was customarily performed in the time of Theobald Verdon.
.
45s 8¼d p.a. from the rent of the borough of the New Town of Dundalk, except £4 14s 3½d of the dower of Elizabeth, who was the wife of Theobald Verdon, both of messuages and also burgage land there; and each of [the burgesses] does suit at the hundred.
10 acres [of land], each acre worth 4d p.a.
14 acres of land of the same demesnes, each acre worth 8d p.a.
3 weirs there, worth 13s 4d p.a.
The prise of fish there, worth 12d p.a.
The profits of the toll-booth of the town, worth 13s 4d p.a.
The pleas and perquisites of the hundred and fair there, worth 13s 4d p.a.

And assigned to this portion are 3s 4d p.a. from the service of Othegan, McLoirch and McColgyn, who are called leaders [duces], who [hold] their lands within the woods of the same castle for service, as above.

And assigned to this portion are:
33s 4d p.a. of rent of the lands of Othanlan in Erthir pertaining to that castle;
33s 4d p.a. of rent of the land called Eryel, which McMahym holds there;
15½d of rent p.a. from 2 carucates of land in New Town of Coly that William Burgh, e. Ulster, holds there;
7s 6d of rent from 1 carucate of land that John s. of William White [Albus], Henry Cadwell and other tenants hold in Ballymacles.

Assigned to this portion are the profits of the court of the barony of Farard', extended at half a mark p.a., together with suit and service [attendancia et servicio] that the free tenants of the whole barony were accustomed to do at the castle of la Roche in the time of Theobald Verdun, when the Irish were at war.

And assigned to this portion are suit and service of Walter Ka[…], Nicholas Kerri, Elizabeth wife of Richard Exeter, Geoffrey fitz Leones and other tenants who hold in Steneston by knight service, who do 20s royal service when scutage runs [etc.]; and also of Elizabeth, who was the wife of Richard Exeter, who holds 1½ knights’ fees in Brounestoun, Verdounestoun and Felipstoun, and does 20s royal service when scutage runs [etc.].

And assigned to this portion are 8 carucates of arable land, meadow and pasture, moor and brushwood, viz. 6 carucates of land in the manor of Lyssardaule, and 2 carucates of land in the manor of Killinglarrath, with appurtenances, each acre of which used to be worth 12d p.a. in peace-time, but now they are worth nothing because the land is waste.

Item, assigned to this portion are the following:
one quarter of all profits of the foreign court, the hundred, the fair and the tolls of the town of Lexuedy, extended at 6s 8d p.a.;
one quarter of all profits of the passage of Portlec, extended lately at 20s p.a.;
20d of rent from Fouleristoun at the accustomed terms;
2s 6d p.a. of rent from Ballylig' at the accustomed terms;
£10 p.a. of rent from Offerwyl from lands and tenements in Monterhawyl […] at the accustomed terms;
5s p.a. of rent from Lagh at the accustomed terms;
10s p.a. of rent from Carnyagh [and] Rathnesugaun at the accustomed terms;
50s p.a. of rent from Montyrgilgaun at the accustomed terms;
6 cows, 15 ells of linen cloth, [25] squirrel skins of rent and customs p.a. from Blanarwy [sic] at the accustomed terms.

All profits, issues and customs from the following islands and the fishery of Loghry are to be divided equally between the co-heirs of Theobald Verdun each year, viz. from Inysmore, Illangno, Illanr[eogh].

And assigned to this portion are suit and service of all tenants of the following tenements, viz. from all the lands and tenements of:
le Dessard, £6 of royal service;
Perisistoun Seynt Leger, 20s of royal service;
Caltelamery [sic], 20s of royal service;
Gray, 20s of royal service;
Killcornaun, 2s of royal service;
Lokardistoun, 2s of royal service;
Moyeyl, 40s of royal service;
Moytanemagh, 10s of royal service;
Taghureskot, 10s of royal service;
Dirgaune, 6s of royal service;
Burnyng, 8d of royal service;
Ballynathan, 4s of royal service;
and one knight's fee in Firkyl, 20s 6d of royal service.

DULEEK
And assigned to that portion are:
2 carucates of land in Ballymarny, each acre extended at 6d p.a. Total, £6.
1 carucate of land and 20 acres in Balyrath, of which 90 acres are extended at 8d and the remainder at 6d. Total, £4.
A small moor called Midlemore, extended at 4s p.a.
12 cottages in Ballymagarvi, extended at 3s p.a.
1 carucate of land in Rathpaig, of which each acre is extended at 4d p.a. Total, 40s.
48 acres of land in Rathulley, each acre is extended at 4d p.a. Total, 16s.

It was granted and agreed by Richard Basset and John Rauffe of Dundalk, attorneys of Thomas Furnival kt, who married Joan, eldest daughter and heir of Theobald Verdon; John Bredstoun and John Russell, attorneys of Bartholomew Burvagh kt, who married Elizabeth, second daughter and heir of the said Theobald; William Purytoun clk and Henry Lotegarsal, attorneys of William Blount [White] kt, who married Margaret, third daughter and heir of the said Theobald; and [Henry Lucy and] Henry Cowlok, attorneys of Henry Ferers kt, who married Isabella, fourth daughter and heir of the said Theobald; that the advowsons and patronages of churches and chapels, of abbeys, priories, religious houses, hospitals, and houses of the infirm are to fall to each of the heirs in turn as they arise. Similarly, it was agreed between the said attorneys that if any lands or tenements, profits or services not contained within this partition are later found to have belonged to Theobald in Ire. on the day he died, they should be partitioned equally between the heirs by oath of twelve worthy and lawful men [etc.].

And assigned to that portion are suit and service of the following free tenants:
Hugh Brydaun, who holds 40 acres of land in Brydanistoun for 33s 4d of rent at Michaelmas and Easter;
John Jye, who holds 30 acres of land in Lanaford for 11s 10d of rent at the accustomed terms;
John Malaphene who holds 1 carucate of land in Malaphene for 13s 4d p.a. at the accustomed terms;
John Oliver, who holds 80 acres of land in Carbelakh for 12s 5d of rent p.a. at the accustomed terms;
John Winstoun, who holds certain lands and tenements in Duleek for 10s 10d of rent p.a. at the accustomed terms;
Robert Rathfodan, who holds certain lands and tenements in Duleek for 8d of rent p.a. at the accustomed terms;
Roger More, who holds 15 acres of land in Duleek for 10s of rent p.a. at the accustomed terms.
Nicholas Verdon, who holds 30 acres of land in Duleek near Carriggobaun for 17s 4d of rent p.a. at the accustomed terms;
Mathew Bathe, who holds 5 carucates of land in Colpe for 6s 8d of rent p.a. at the accustomed terms;
Robert Whytacre, Nicholas s. of Robert Stephen and others for the tenements they hold in Thienelond near Drogheda, 10 acres for 4s of rent p.a. at the accustomed terms;
the abbot of Duleek, who holds a carucate of land in Duleek for 8d of rent p.a. at the accustomed terms;
Robert Caveney, who holds 80 acres in Gaffeney for 2s of rent p.a. at the accustomed terms.
Mabel Bermingham, who holds one carucate of land in Dromyn for 10s of rent at the accustomed terms.

And also suit and all the services of the following free tenants:
Richard de la Bere, who holds in Athnebaghlagh 5 carucates of land by 10s of royal service;
Richard Preston, who holds [?2] carucates in Leynagistoun one [sic] … by 4s [of royal service];
John Bellewe, who holds 2½ carucates of land at Bellewestoun by 5s royal service;
Richard Rodipak, who holds 2 carucates of land at Haunginlest and Ballymallagh by 4s of royal service;
the lord of Mullingar, who holds 1½ carucates of land there by 3s of royal service;
Fromund Brune, who holds 5½ carucates of land at Moymurthie [by 11s] of royal service;
Mabel Bermingham, who holds 1 carucate of land at Mekenamstoun by 2s of royal service, and [the service] of the same Mabel who holds 1 carucate of land at Rathsquitnagh by 2s of royal service;
Henry s. of Leo [fitz Leones], John Poswyk, heir of James Dunheued, who hold 5 carucates at le Ninche by 10s of royal service;
John Whitacre, who holds 1 carucate of land at Payneston by 2s of royal service;
Adam Hauberge, who holds 2 carucates of land at Staghmone by 4s of royal service;
And 12½ acres [acris dimidio] in Lynaneston, viz. that Richard Preston and other tenants hold there by 2d of royal service.

Wards, marriages and escheats of one quarter part of the barony of Slane are assigned to this portion, as they arise. And a quarter of the profits of wards and marriages of the barony of Slane, as they arise, viz. from all lands and tenements of the parish of Sydane that William Telyng and his tenants hold there, and of the parish of Loghbrytan that William Teling of Loghbritan and Stephen Cruys, lord of Droumsaury, and his tenants hold there.

The wards, marriages and escheats of one quarter part of the barony of Ferrard are assigned to this portion, as they arise.

Item, assigned to this portion are:
13s 4d of royal service for 10 carucates that James Daudeby holds in Donlier;
2s of royal service for [?]180½ acres of land in Rathdomnewe that John Stanley, John Overtoun, Ralph Curragh, Thomas Marshal, Thomas Graftoun, John Curragh and John Plunkett hold there;
11s 4d of royal service for 8½ carucates of land which Nicholas Verdon, Richard s. of Richard Molo Verdon, the prior of St John of Drogheda, John Prene and John Lewes hold in Ardboby, Reynaldestoun, Bagodestoun, Kiltanelagh, Priorestoun and Kilhort [hold];
and 2s of royal service for 180 acres of land that John Plunket holds in Milletoun and Balrothistoun.

[2. THE PORTION OF BARTHOLOMEW BURGHERSH]

The portion assigned to Bartholomew Boronessche and his wife Elizabeth, second daughter and heir of Theobald Verdon.

DULEEK.
Assigned to this portion are the following:
The site of the castle of Duleek, worth nothing because there are no buildings there from which any profit might be received.
84 acres of land in le Narri, each acre worth 8d p.a. Total, 56s.
44 acres of land in le Narri, each acre worth 6d, and 3 acres there, each acre 4d [p.a.]. Total, 22s 9d.
1 carucate and 21½ acres in Carllagh, each acre worth 4d p.a. Total, 47s 2d.
100 acres of land, each acre worth 8d p.a. Total, 65s 8d.
1 carucate of land in Kildingistoun, each acre worth 8d p.a. Total, £4.

And assigned to that portion are attendance and service of the following free tenants:
100 burgesses in the town of Duleek, who render 100s p.a. for their burgages;
all cottages of that town, worth 3s 1d p.a.;
the service of John Jordan, who holds 20 acres of land in Duleek near Woodewey and renders 17s 4d p.a.;
the service of the heir of Thomas Dunstaple, who holds 1 carucate of land in Fennor near Scarlistoun and renders 4s p.a. at the accustomed terms;
the service of Rose Stokes, who holds 10 acres of land there and renders 8d p.a.;
and the service of the heir of Ailred [Alliredus] and Roger Fleming, who holds in Colom 40 acres of land and renders 2s p.a. at the accustomed terms.

And assigned to that portion are the attendance and service of the following free tenants by royal service:
the heir of Sir John St Amand, who holds 5 carucates of land at Gormanestoun by 10s of royal service;
Luke Netterville, who holds 3 carucates of land in Ballygarth by 6s of royal service;
[…] Criketot, who holds 10 carucates of land in Lystornaun for 20s of royal service;
Walter Exset’ [Exeter], who holds 2 carucates of land in Gilbrekistoun, by 10s of royal service;
Nicholas Verdon, who holds 2 carucates of land at Baligeth by 4s royal service;
the prioress of Lismullin, who holds 1 carucate of land at Clatrestoun by 2s of royal service;
and 12½ acres of land that free tenants hold in Lynamstoun, viz. that Richard Preston and other tenants hold there by 2d royal service.

And assigned to that portion are:
8 carucates of land, viz. 7 carucates in the manor of Athlek and 1 carucate in Kyllynle with appurtenances, each acre of which was formerly worth 10d in times of peace, now worth nothing because the land is waste and uncultivated;
9s 2¾d p.a. of rent of the burgesses of the town of Lexeuedy at the accustomed terms;
all profits of the foreign courts, hundreds, market-tolls and toll-booths from the town of Lexeuedy, extended at 6s 8d p.a.;
one quarter of all profits of the passage of Portlek, extended at 20d p.a.;
20d of rent from Foulerestoun at the accustomed terms;
[…];
2s 6d p.a. of rent from Ballilige at the accustomed terms;
£10 p.a. of rent from Offerrull from lands and tenements in Mounckeanwill at the accustomed terms;
£5 p.a. of rent from Lakagh at the accustomed terms;
£10 p.a. of rent from Karneagh and Rathnesangaun at the accustomed terms;
50s p.a. of rent from Mountegilgaun at the accustomed terms;
6 cows, 15 ells of linen cloth, 25 squirrel-skins p.a. of rent and customs of Clanarwy at the accustomed terms.

All profits, issues and customs from the following islands and the fishery of Loghrye are to be divided equally between the co-heirs of Theobald Verdun each year, viz., Inishmore, Ilagno, Ilandriocke.

And assigned to this portion are suit and service from the following lands and tenements:
Portloman, £4 of royal service;
Moybaghill, 18s of royal service;
Scurlok, 16s of royal service;
Multyfornaun, 20s of royal service;
Dormrathe, £3 of royal service;
Freysilestoun, £4 of royal service;
Knokoscri, […] of royal service;
Creneposkin, 4s of royal service;
Rochan, 6s 8d of royal service;
Tirelekin, 4s of royal service;
Staghsinny, 4s of royal service;
Swanenan, 2s of royal service;
Mounterelanan, 4s of royal service;
Tullaghgartynan, 8s of royal service;
Comnorayerard, 20s of royal service;
Rathrenath, 10s of royal service;
and 1½ knight’s fees in Ferkill, 30s 6d of royal service.

And assigned to this portion are the following:
3 carucates 40 acres of land in demesne at Ballybarlick, each acre worth 8d p.a. Total £13.
The pleas and perquisites worth 12d p.a.
60 acres of land in demesne in Dondowkine, each acre worth 9d p.a. Total 45s.
1 weir near Staghmacnaheraun called Colmkill, or all its profits, worth 13s 4d p.a.
4 acres of meadow in Baskervillisrath near the water of Dundugin, each acre worth 4d p.a. Total 16d.
2s 6d of rent from 10s p.a. that William Burgh, e. Ulster, renders from 2 carucates of land that he holds in the New Town of Coly.
2d of rent from 1 messauge that Nicholas White [Albus] holds in Dundowkyne.
8s 8d of rent received at the accustomed terms [?from] 32 acres of land and 1 stang that Laurence Goodman holds in Miltoun of Ballyhehykes.
2½m of land of Erthir which Ohanlon holds.
2½m of land called Uriel which McMaldin [sic] holds
12d rent received from 1 carucate of land in le Corragge which the abbot of SS Peter and Paul of Armagh holds, with a quarter of the service that was customarily performed in the time of Theobald Verdon.
And 3½d p.a. from a certain cart-toll [chiminagium] at le Roch.

And suit and service of the following free tenants:
Robert Naptoun, who holds half a knight’s fee of Dunboyne by half a mark of royal service;
John Rolens, who holds a knight’s fee in Dromothir by 2s 2¾d of royal service;
Thomas Netterville, who holds 1 carucate of land in Baskillwillsrath by 16d of royal service;
John Mandeville, who holds 1 carucate of land in Knockdewan, 16s of royal service;
Laurence Goodman, who holds half a carucate of land in Milton of Ballybalricke by 8d of royal service;
Henry Cadewolye, John s. of William White [Albus] and other tenants, who hold 1 carucate of land in Ballymacles by 16d of royal service;
William Burgh, e. Ulster, who holds 2 carucates in the New Town of Coly by 2s 8d royal service;
Henry Wottoun, who holds 2½ carucates of land in Keen by 40d royal service.

It is agreed and granted by the attorneys [of the four co-heirs, as above] that advowsons of churches [etc.] should fall to each of the heirs in turn as they arise. Likewise it is agreed that lands [etc.] not mentioned in this partition but found to have belonged to Theobald Verdon should be divided equally between the four co-heirs. Wards, marriages and escheats of one quarter of the barony of Slane are assigned to this portion as they arise. And assigned to that portion are one quarter of the wards, marriages and escheats of the barony of Slane, viz. attendance of all tenants of the parish of Slane which Baldwin Fleming and his tenants hold there; and the parish of Dowth, which Luke Netterville and his tenants hold there; and the parish of Stachcallan, which Richard Exeter and his tenants hold there.

Wardships, marriages and escheators of one quarter of the barony of Ferrard are assigned to that portion when they shall arise. And assigned to that portion are one quarter of the wards, marriages and escheats of all the said barony, viz.:
from Roger Gernoun, half a mark of royal service for 5 carucates of land in the town of Donanye;
from Nicholas Verdon and Robert Swayne half a mark of royal service for 5½ carucates in the same town;
from Gerald Clinton half a mark of royal service for 5 carucates of land in Portlyueran;
from Anastasia Stanley, Philip Roche, William Naptoun clk, Henry de la Field 13s 4d royal service for 10 carucates of land in the town of Molafernan and Kernese […];
from Adam Naptoun 2s of royal service for 180 [ix xx] acres of land in le Dizard etc.

[3. THE PORTION OF WILLIAM BLUNT]
The portion assigned to William Blunt and his wife Margaret, third daughter and heir of the said Theobald.

LOXEUEDY.
Assigned to this portion are the following:
The site of the castle of Loxeuedy in which there are no buildings because the castle was burned by the Irish, so it is extended at no value.
8 carucates of arable land, meadow and pasture, brush and moor, viz. in the manor of Moydoue, each acre in past time of peace worth 12d, now worth nothing because the land is waste.
9s 2¾d p.a. of rent from the burgesses of the town of Luxeuedy at the accustomed terms;
one quarter of all profits of the passage of Portleke, extended at 20d p.a.;
one quarter of all the profits of foreign courts, hundreds, and market-tolls and toll-booths of the town of Loxeuedy, worth 6s 8d p.a.;
20d of rent from Fouleristoun at the accustomed terms;
2s 6d p.a. of rent from Ballylege at the accustomed terms;
£10 p.a. of rent from Offerwill from lands and tenements in Monterawill at the accustomed terms;
5s of rent from Loth [sic] at the accustomed terms;
10s p.a. from Karnaghe and Rathnesangaun at the accustomed terms;
59s p.a. of rent from Montergilgaun at the accustomed terms;
and 6 cows, 15 ells of linen cloth, 25 squirrel-skins p.a. of rent and customs from Clanerwey.

All profits, issues and customs from the following islands and the fishery of Loughrie are to be divided equally between the co-heirs of Theobald Verdon each year, viz., Inishmore, Illangno, Iillanrioghe.

And assigned to that portion are suit and service of all the following tenants, viz., from the lands and tenements of:
Richard Tuite of Loughloghe, £10 royal service;
the lands and tenements of Irith, 8s royal service when scutage runs;
Brownescastle, 8s of royal service;
Drounmore, 12d of royal service;
Carrickteylaun, 2s of royal service;
Furgony, 14s of royal service;
Cloncollaun, 5s of royal service;
Droumecore, 10s of royal service;
Rathmacoyle, 2s of royal service;
Palleis, 4s of royal service;
and 1 knight’s fee and 4 carucates of land in Ferkille, which do 28s 6d of royal service when scutage runs.

VRIELL.
The town of Castletoun of Dundalk, which the burgesses there hold freely 3 carucates of land in free burgage, rendering 2d for each acre at Michaelmas and Easter. Total, 60s.
80 messuages which the burgesses there hold in fee, rendering 2d p.a. for each messuage. Total, 13s 4d.
The fishery of the water of Criduff there, worth 40d p.a.
Half the water-mill there, worth 10s p.a.
14 acres of meadow in demesne, each acre worth 4d p.a. Total 4s 8d.
180 acres of land in demesne, each acre worth 8d. Total £6.
The pleas and perquisites of the hundred and toll-booths of that town, worth 40d p.a.
1 carucate of land of Staghumahera, which lies on the western part side of the road which leads from Dundalk to Athlegan, each acre worth 10d p.a. Total 100s.
3s 11½d p.a. of rent 10s which William Burgh, e. Ulster, renders from two carucates of land which he holds in the New Town of Colye at the accustomed terms.
6s 6d rent to be received from 30 acres of land that Laurence Goodman holds in Miltoun of Ballybalricke;
5s 6d of rent to be received from 1 carucate of land which Henry Cadewell, John s. of William White [Albus], John Calfe and others holding there hold in Ballimacles.
12d rent to be received from 1 carucate of land in Le Curraghe, which the abbot of SS Peter and Paul of Armagh […] with one quarter of the service from the time of Theobald Verdon.

And suit and service of all the following free tenants:
Reginald de la Field, [who holds] half a knight’s fee and does 10s royal service when scutage runs;
Miltoun [sic] Verdon kt who holds half a knight’s fee in Dengin and does half a mark royal service when scutage runs;
Nicholas Verdon kt [who holds] 4 carucates in land in Donncoule and does 5s 4d royal service;
and the abbot of SS Peter and Paul of Armagh who hold in Curraghe 1 acre of land and does not do royal service but does the service that they were accustomed to do in the time of Theobald Verdon.

DULEEK.
And assigned to that portion are the following:
1 carucate of land in Cartenesboy, each acre worth 8d p.a. Total £4.
1 carucate of land in Loghlagh, each acre worth 6d. Total 40s.
Half a carucate of land in Bathlistoun, in the K.’s hand, each acre worth 3d p.a. Total 15s.
1 carucate and 38½ acres of land in Castamstoun, Reskis of Careblaghe and near le Reskis, each acre worth [4d p.a.]. Total 3s 10d.
20 acres of land in Bridamestoun, each acre worth 8d p.a.
30 acres of land there, each acre worth 4d p.a. Total 24s 4d.
58 acres of land in Derramestoun, each acre worth 8d p.a. Total 38s 8d.

And suit and service of the following free tenants:
John Crauyll who holds 20 carucates of land in Offerna by 40s royal service;
1 carucate of land that John Molaghphene holds in Mollaghsene [sic] by 2s royal service;
1 carucate of land that Mabel Bermingham holds at Dronyne by 2s royal service;
1 carucate of land that Matthew Bath holds at Colpe by 2s royal service;
12½ acres in Lynamestoun that Richard Preston and other tenants who hold there by 2d royal service.

DULEEK
Assigned to that portion are the suit and service of the following free tenants:
the prior of Duleek who holds 1 carucate of land called Miluardslond, rendering 79s 8d p.a. at Michaelmas and Easter;
the heir of George Telinge who renders 45s 8d for his lands in Duleek near le Horeroche;
Fromund le Brune who holds 1½ carucates of land by 6d of rent and half a pound of pepper worth 6d at the accustomed terms;
Gilbert Ryuer who holds an acre near Cerrygliske for 2s [sic] of rent at the accustomed terms;

Wards, marriages and escheats of one quarter of the barony of Slane are assigned to that portion as they arise, viz. one quarter of the profits of the wards, marriages and escheats of the barony of Slane as they shall arise, viz. suit of the whole parish of Killaruy which Richard Fleming and other tenants of the same parish hold there; and of the parish of Miltoun which Michael Stokes and other tenants hold there; and the parish of Inyhemaugh which Robert Cruice and others his tenants hold there.

Wards, marriages and escheats of one quarter of the barony of Ferrard are assigned as they arise.

And assigned to that portion are the following:
13s 4d of royal service from 10 acres of land that Philip Roche holds in Phillipstoun Nugent;
6s 8d of royal service for 5 carucates of land in Birsleystoun which Richard Taaff holds;
6s 8d of royal service from Nicholas Bagott and Matthew Courland for 5 carucates of land in Le Crag and Walshtoun;
6s 8d of royal service from Nicholas Gernoun and John Plunkett from 5 carucates of land in Alon’ and Morestoun;
2d [sic] of royal service from Thomas Large for 180 acres of land in le Miltoun and Ardlonaun.

It is agreed and granted by the attorneys [of the four co-heirs as above] that advowsons of churches [etc.] should fall to each of the heirs in turn as they arise. Likewise it is agreed that lands [etc.] not mentioned in this partition but found to have belonged to Theobald Verdon should be divided equally between the four co-heirs.

[4. HENRY FERRERS].
The portion assigned to Henry Ferrers and his wife Isabelle, fourth daughter and heir of Theobald Verdon.

Assigned to this portion are the following:
a haggard, viz. the manor of le Hagard which is worth nothing because it is waste and nothing can be received;
3 carucates of land there and in the town of Staghmanaran in which there are little gardens and an orchard, each acre of which is extended at 10d both of arable land and of the gardens and orchard;
1 water-mill of Dundugin, worth 10s p.a.;
1 rabbit-warren there, worth 6s 8d p.a.;
The pleas and perquisites and tolls of the town of Staghmacaneren, worth 40d p.a.;
2s 4d of rent from 10s p.a. which William Burgh, e. Ulster, renders for 2 carucates of land he holds in the New Town of Coulye at Michaelmas and Easter;
6s 2d p.a. of rent 27 acres and half a stang of land in Miltoun of Ballybarlicke which Laurence Goodman holds, at the same terms;
2½m from lands [of] Erthir which O Hanlon holds in that portion;
2½m from the land called Uriel which McMaghoun holds;
4s 1½d from a certain cart-toll [chiminagium] at le Roche;
12d of rent to be received from 1 carucate of land at le Curragh which the abbot the house of SS Peter and Paul holds there together with a quarter of the service that was customarily performed in the time of Theobald Verdon.

And suit and services of all the following free tenants by royal service:
Thomas More, who holds 1 knight’s fee at Rathskeagh for 40s royal service;
the same Thomas who holds half a knight’s fee in Athboy for half a mark of royal service;
Peter Wotton who holds a quarter of a knight’s fee in Dunmagham for 8d royal service;
Reginald Heyroun, John s. of Walter Heyroun, John Tankard and other tenants who hold one quarter of a knight’s fee in Reynaudstoun by 5s royal service.

DULEEK.
And assigned to this portion are the following:
1 carucate of land that farmers hold in Crynamshoyle, each acre worth 8d p.a. Total, £4.
Half a carucate of land in Neymesboke which farmers hold there, each acre worth 6d p.a. Total, 30s.
2½ carucates of land that farmers hold in Kerns, each acre worth 6d p.a. Total £7 10s.
54 acres of land there, each acre worth 2d p.a. Total, 9s.

And assigned to this portion are suit and service of the following free tenants:
Robert O Brydan, who holds 100 acres of land in Douanstoun and renders £4 17s 4d p.a.;
Nicholas Couloke, who holds 29 acres of land in Duleek near Carrickrothery and renders therefor 18s 8d;
John Whittaker, who holds 1 carucate of land in Paynstoun near Colpe and renders half a mark p.a. and one pound of pepper, worth 12d, at the accustomed terms;
Robert Welles, who holds 40 acres of land in Carblaghe and renders 5s 7d p.a. at the accustomed terms;
Mabel Bermingham, who holds 1 carucate of land in Macknanstoun by 2d of rent at the accustomed terms;
and Thomas Frauncis, who holds 1 carucate of land in Duleek by 8d at the accustomed terms.

And suit and service of the all the following free tenants [by royal service]:
Richard Dardeis kt, who holds 3 carucates of land ad Dardeestoun, who does 6s 8d royal service.
Nicholas […, who holds 2 carucates at Regeristoun near le Nanye, and Robert Cauancye who holds 1 carucate of land and 40 acres of land at Gaffney by 2s 8d royal service;
William Clifford, who holds 5 carucates of land at Fynore near Slane by 10s of royal service;
Milo Verdon, who holds 30 acres of land at Finore near Clatteristoun by 6d royal service.
John Whittaker, who holds 1 carucate of land at Paynstoun near Colpe by 2s royal service.
12½ acres of land that free tenants hold at Lynamestoun, viz. Richard Preston and other tenants by 2d royal service.

LUXEUEDY manor.
And assigned to this portion are the following:
8 carucates of land, viz. 6 carucates in the manor of Lysserdawlye and 2 carucates in the manor of Moydowe, each acre of which was formerly worth 2d in time of peace and now is worth nothing because the land is waste and uncultivated, for lack of tenants;
9s 2¾d p.a. from the burgesses of the town of Loxeuedy at the accustomed terms;
one quarter of all profits of foreign courts, hundreds, market-tolls and toll-booths of the town of Loxeuedy, extended at 6s 8d p.a.;
one quarter of all profits of Portleicke and the passage there, extended at 20d p.a.;
20d of rent from Fouleristoun at the accustomed terms;
18 carucates of land in the town of Ballilegge alias Beallalegge, now extended at no value because the land is waste and uncultivated for lack of tenants;
£10 rent p.a. from Offeralls from lands and tenements in Moyterawkye alias Clanawle at the accustomed terms;
5s p.a. of rent from Lackagh at the accustomed terms;
10s p.a. of rent from Carnaghe and Rathnesangaun at the accustomed terms;
50s p.a. of rent from Moynteryalgan at the accustomed terms;
8 carucates of land in Clonagh and Moyntergeran, now extended at no value because the land is waste and uncultivated for lack of tenants;
42 carucates of land with appurtenances in Clonconnor, worth nothing because the land is waste and uncultivated for lack of tenants;
and 6 cows, 15 ells of linen cloth, 25 squirrel-skins p.a. of rent and customs from Clanarvie at the accustomed terms.

All profits, issues and customs from the following islands and the fishery of Loughrie are to be divided equally between the co-heirs of Theobald Verdun each year, viz. Inishmore, Ilangno, Ilanrock’.

And also suit and services of all the following free tenants, viz. from the lands and tenements of:
Moybrackery, £10 of royal service.
Kilsirr, 40s of royal service.
Rathcourbie, 40s of royal service.
Athlegagh, 18[?s] of royal service.
Kells, 6s of royal service.
Castlbyde, 40s of royal service.
Balrathe, 4s of royal service.
Killawan, 14s of royal service.
Tyrelekine, 4s of royal service.
Cresey, 6s of royal service.
Belnagh, 2s of royal service.
Ballindir, 4s of royal service.
Ballinrode, 5s of royal service.
Clonathragne, 2s of royal service.
1 knight’s fee in Firkill, 20s 6d of royal service.

It is agreed and granted by the attorneys [of the four co-heirs as above] that advowsons of churches [etc.] should fall to each of the heirs in turn as they arise. Likewise it is agreed that lands [etc.] not mentioned in this partition but found to have belonged to Theobald Verdon should be divided equally between the four co-heirs.

Wards, marriages and escheats of one quarter of the barony of Slane are assigned to this portion as they arise. Assigned to this portion are one quarter of the profits of wards, marriages and escheats of the barony of Slane, viz.: from all the lands and tenements of the parish of Douncomeragh which Balwin Fleming and his free tenants hold there; also from the parish of Gernounstoun which John Gernoun and his free tenants hold there.

Wards, marriages and escheats of the barony of Ferrard: James Crycktoun.

And assigned to that portion are 10m for royal service from James Crickestoun for 10 carucates of land in Killalry.
6s 8d of royal service from Thomas Dillon of More and John […] for 5 carucates of land in Brenenugh and Craunestoun.
12s [of royal service] from Anastasia Stanley for 9 carucates of land in Trostelmomagh.
2s of royal service from John Naptoun for 10 acres of land in Carnaghtoun.'

EXEMPLIFICATION of this partition at the request of Thomas Chambre.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

A. J. Otway-Ruthven, 'The partition of the de Verdon lands in Ire. in 1332', PRIA, 66:C5 (1968), 421–37 (=an edition of BL, Cottonian charter ii, 24, a copy taken from an enrolment in the memoranda of the Ex., Hilary 6 James I [1609]).

Footnotes: 

1 This inspeximus comes from a seventeenth-century copy, and many of the readings of place- and personal names are to be treated with caution. A full index to the document is given in Otway-Ruthven, 'The partition of the de Verdon lands in Ireland in 1332', PRIA, 66:C5 (1968). The editor provides the following description (ibid., p. 419):

'[T]he partition of the de Verdon lands in Ire. made in 1332, [is] taken from a contemporary copy of an enrolment made in the office of the chief remembrancer of the Dublin Ex. in 1609 at the instance of Robert Talbot of Dardistown, whose interest does not appear. It is contained in nine parchment membranes, written on both sides and filed at the head. The document which Robert Talbot produced in the Ex. was itself a copy; an inspeximus of the original made in the Irish chancery on Jan. 12, 1379, at the request of Thomas Chambre. […] The partition as we have it has been rather carelessly copied: clearly at two removes there was every opportunity for corruptions to creep in, but an Anglo-Irish clerk in either 1379 or 1609 should not have written Slave for Slane, and some of the figures given are almost certainly incorrect […] All such figures have been given as they stand in the MS.'

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
29 Jan. 1379
Castledermot

RATIFICATION of a grant to the city of Dublin dated 20 Dec. [1374] 2 Ric. II.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

CARD, i, p. 26 (§51).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
24 Feb. 1379
Clonmel

INSPEXIMUS of a record entered before the T. and barons of the Ex. in Dublin in the memoranda rolls of 41 Edw. III [1367–8] among the records of Trinity term in roll XIV, in these words:

'Surrey, Sussex: extracted from the great roll of 41 Edw. III in Surrey, Sussex.
£20 under the name of James Butler, [first] earl of Ormond, received by him from William Bromle, former T. of Ire., for the provision of victuals for the defence of Nymagh [?Nenagh] castle.
Also £112 13s 4d received by the same both at the receipt of the Ex. and the K.'s wardrobe for his wages of war, concerning which they do not yet make account.
And £100 of prestite on his wages of war in the K.'s service, as is contained in the prestite roll made at the receipt of the Ex. in Michaelmas term 24 Edw. III [1350], now in the custody of the K.'s remembrancer.
And £10 from the same James and Eleanor his wife of fine for leave to agree concerning the manor of Compton in Hennenisshe, co. Warwick, and the manor of Fenneburgh, co. Suffolk, and of the manor of Shire and la Vacherie, and the advowson of the church of the manor of Shire and other manors, as is contained in rolls XIII and XIV.
And £479 3s 4½d of receipt of prestite on his wages and those of his men from Thomas Crosse clk, as is contained in rolls XVIII and XVII.
And 20s 8d exacted under the name of James Butler, tenant of the lands that belonged to John Butler and his issues forfeited, as in rolls XXI and XI.
TOTAL £722 17s 4½d.

James Butler, son of the said James, John Kyngesfeld and Gilbert Talbot came here before the barons on 15 July this term in their own persons and say that the said James Butler was hereby distrained for payment of the above sum to the K. in his lands and tenements in Eng., and that by account made with the said Eleanor, later the wife of Thomas Dagworth, and executrix of Thomas's will, of the debts by him, said Thomas received for various reasons, the K. is bound to the said Thomas, all allowances deducted in £3535 17s 6d. They claim to be executors of the said Eleanor and of the administration of the goods and chattels of the said Eleanor granted to the said Gilbert and John by form of law. And they show the will of the said Eleanor, which is enrolled elsewhere among the records of this term, dated 20 Aug. [1363] 37 Edw. III, by which Eleanor bequeathed the residue of all her goods and chattels both in debts and goods to James, her son. And they further say that Richard Talbot, father of Gilbert, was bound to the K. on the day he died in £696 13s ¾d of various debts exacted by him for various reasons, which ought sufficiently to appear by the rolls of this court.

The premises having been considered and examined before the whole council, the K., T. and barons of the Ex., the K. himself being present, granted that James should be discharged and quit of £1000 owed both from him and his father in various sums at the Ex. of Eng.'

At the request of James Butler, son of the said James, the K. has thought fit to exemplify the premises under the seal of the Ex.

Witness: T. Ludlowe at Westminster, 12 Nov. [1367] 41 Edw. III'.

EXEMPLIFICATION of the premises at the request of the K.'s dear cousin, James Butler, [second] earl of Ormond.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

NLI, D 1256.

C: 

COD, ii, §235.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
9 Mar. 1379
Waterford

INSPEXIMUS of the following documents, viz.:

[1] A writ of certiorari dated at Clonmel, 22 Feb. [1379] 2 Ric. II.
[2] The return to that writ.
[3] A petition in French displayed by the Jcr to the K.'s council in Ire.
[4] And the endorsement of that petition.

[1. Writ of certiorari.]

'Wishing to be informed concerning how much is owed to the K.'s dear cousin, James [Butler], e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., both of his fee of £500 which he receives as Jcr, and also for other sums owed to him by the K. and not yet paid, ORDER to the T., barons and chamberlains of the Ex. to search the rolls and memoranda of the Ex., returning their findings to the K. in his chancery of Ire.

Attested by James Butler, e. Ormond, at Clonmel, 22 Feb. [1369] 2 Ric. II.'

[2. Return to writ of certiorari.]

'Having searched the rolls of the Ex. of Ire., it is found that the following sums are in arrears to James [Butler], e. Ormond, Jcr of Ire., viz. £301 8s of his fee annual fee of £500 from 7 Oct [1377] 1 Ric. II until 22 Feb. [1379] 2 Ric. II, viz. 1¼ years and a day; and £50 of a reward granted to him for the retinue of Robert Tame and Edward Perers, 7 men-at-arms and 67 archers, from 7 Oct. [1377] until 20 Jan. [1378] next in the K.'s wars. And £18 from payments made by the Jcr to Tyrelagh Obrien, appointed chieftain of his lineage in the K.'s court, to maintain him against Obrien Shramagh, the K.'s enemy.'

[3. Petition.]
'To the K.'s council in Ire., James [Butler], e. Ormond, shows that on 8 June last, by advice of the council—considering and perceiving how McMurgh, chieftain of his lineage [cheveteyn de sa nacioun], had wickedly arisen in open war, claiming to be K. of Leinster and being confederated and allied with all the Irish of Leinster, and Murgh Obreen and Okerwyll and various others, both Irish and English rebels of Munster, with a great number of men on horse and foot supporting him, with intent to destroy the parts of Leinster and make a general conquest of the K.'s lieges there—, it was ordained in order to resist and overthrow this wicked design and to save those parts that the said Jcr should retain from time to time as many men-at-arms, archers, hobelars and foot beyond the armed men included within the K.'s commission of office, as seemed to him good and necessary for the resistance of those enemies, and for the salvation and good government of the said land, to be paid by Thomas Everdon clk from the revenues of the said land. Whereupon a writ of liberate was ordered and directed to the T. and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing the clerk to deliver £300 in part-payment of those wages, as more fully appears by the accord.

Perceiving that those enemies were assembled and ready to come upon the liege people to fulfil their wickedness and that there was nothing in the K.'s treasury, as was shown by the bishop of Leighlin, then deputy of the T. of Ire., the Jcr retained certain men-at-arms [etc.] for the resistance of those enemies, and for the payment of their wages lent £254 to the K., and delivered it by indenture to the said clerk, to be paid in wages. The said clerk is chargeable for that sum in his account at the Ex.

The Jcr seeks a writ [of certiorari] concerning the premises to pay him that sum, and to charge the said clerk for the same in his account. And if he cannot be paid by the T., he asks the council to inform the K. and council in Eng. of the sums owed to him that cannot be paid owing to the poverty of the treasury of Ire.'

[4. Endorsement of petition.]
'Having viewed this petition, the K. issued the writ of certiorari; and having viewed the return, viz. that James, e. Ormond, was owed £369 8s, and having been informed by the T.of Ire. that there is nothing in the K.'s treasury in Ire. with which to pay him, it was agreed to inform the K. and council in Eng. concerning the premises by a patent of inspeximus under the g.s. of Ire.'

EXEMPLIFICATION at the request of the said Jcr [James Butler, e. Ormond].

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

NLI, D 1258.

C: 

COD, ii, §237; Paul Dryburgh and Brendan Smith (eds), 'Calendar of documents relating to medieval Ireland in the series of Ancient Deeds in the National Archives of the United Kingdom', AH, no. 39 (2006), 36–7.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
30 Apr. 1379

PARDON, by mainprize of William Holywood, William de la Felde, Richard Cruys and Robert Brod, to John Talbot of Mayn, outlawed at the suit of Maurice Stafford, on condition that he appear to answer concerning the trespass in which Maurice impleaded him in 50 Edw III [1376x7].

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

BL, Add. MS 43769, f. 204.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife