patent Roll 2 Henry VII

1
25 Sep. 1486
Maynooth

GRANT to Thomas Fitz Willyam gentilman, son and heir of Richard Fitz Willyam, late of Bagotrath, esquire, who held of Edward IV, of the manor of Bagotrath and Dundrum, and lands in Donabroke, Fynneston, Owyneston, co. Dublin; and Lestornane and Rathalyne, co. Meath.1

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy of Jasper, duke of Bedford and e. Pembroke, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the deputy and sealed with his seal, and by authority of parliament of that date.
O: 

NAI, MS 2011/1/196.

C: 

Pembroke deeds, §196.

Footnotes: 

1 The engrossment concludes with the following 'mention of service': Cogley.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
1 Oct. 1486

GRANT of £20 p.a. from the fee-farm of the city of Dublin to Thomas, prior of Holy Trinity, for the souls of the K.'s sons and Elizabeth his queen and all his progenitors deceased; to be paid by the mayor and bailiffs forever as appears in the letters patent enrolled in the Ex., Michaelmas term 13 Hen. VII.

C: 

RIA, MS 12.D.10, p. 203; NAI, M 2659, p. 2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
3 Dec. 1486
Dublin

GRANT, for life, to John Dauston, James Acton and Richard Dauston, together and separately, of the offices of chief clerks of the chief place, keepers of the rolls, process records of common pleas and of the clerk of the crown and keepers of all writs, records, indictments, certificates and other remembrancers, to hold by them or their deputies, receiving 100s out of the issues and profits and the debts of various of the co. Meath, by the hands of the sheriff, together with other accustomed fees.

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy of Jasper, duke of Bedford and earl of Pembroke, Lt
C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 3, p. 314.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
5 Jan. 1487
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of a certain act or ordinance made in the parliament held at Dublin on Friday next before St Margaret the Virgin last past [14 July 1486] before Gerald e. Kildare, deputy of the K.'s uncle Jasper, duke of Bedford and earl of Pembroke, Lt, in these words, viz.:

'At the plea of John Jordan of Lieucan and John Walshe of Waspayneston and all the other inhabitants of the same towns that whereas the said John and John are charged in every subsidy and other charge to pay for three carucates of land and a half for which they intend to avoid the said towns and to leave them waste and […] refuse to come and inhabit their places. In consideration it is ordained, enacted and established by authority of this parliament that Lieucan and Waspaineston and all the lands and tenements in them henceforward be extended and charged in every subsidy and other charge for three carucates of land and no more and by the authority that it be not well nor lawful in any manner for a collection to cause to be levied from the towns, lands and tenements according to the rate of three carucates. And by the same authority that all and each […] collection at all times henceforward have allowances on each of their accounts of one half of a carucate of land, parcel of the aforesaid three carucates of land, and a half as well before the barons of the Ex. as every auditor and auditors. And that […] the manor of Lieucan is held of the K. by annual service of one pair of cirokes, penulates and one tabour, it is ordained that the tenants and occupiers of the manor be pardoned, released and otherwise discharged towards the K. of all the arrears of the service before now incurred on the manor.'

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy of Jasper, duke of Bedford and earl of Pembroke, Lt
C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 3, pp 323–4.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
5 Jan. 1487
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of act of parliament before Gerald e. Kildare, at the plea of the mayor and citizens stating the number of robberies committed upon them in Eng. and specifying one in Lancashire at Wirral, one at York and yet another at Chester, attended with the threats and abusive words when they were called 'varlets and Irish knaves'. Because of these attacks Robert Lawless has sought for justice against the malefactors but could not succeed and the K. had commanded that restitution should be made. It was therefore ordained by parliament that it should be lawful for the mayor and any inhabitants to attack any person or persons out of the kingdom of Eng., wheresoever they may find them and keep their bodies and goods, so arrested until they receive free restitution of their property and other losses they may have suffered and if any person conceals such so as to prevent the satisfaction required being obtained, they shall forfeit £200, half to the K. and half to the city.

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy of Jasper, duke of Bedford and e. Pembroke, Lt of Ire.
O: 

DCA, Royal Charter §65.

C: 

NAI, M 2546, p. 113.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
20 Jan. 1487
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of a certain act or ordinance enacted in a great council of Richard III, late K. of Eng., held and finished at Naas on Friday next before St Luke the Evangelist 1 Ric. III before Gerald e. Kildare, then Jcr of Ire., in these words, viz.:

'[French]'

EXEMPLIFICATION at the request of Walter [FitzSimon], abp Dublin.

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy of Jasper, duke of Bedford and e. Pembroke, Lt of Ire.
T: 

TCD, MS 1061/1, ff 183v–186.

C: 

Reg. Alen, pp 248–9.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
13 Aug. 1487
Dublin
Edward [=Lambert Simnel], by the grace of God, K. of Eng., France and Ire., to all to whom these presents may come, greeting.

GRANT to Peter Butler gentilman, otherwise called Peter Butler, son of James Butler gentilman, of the office of sheriff of the K.'s county of Kilkenny; to have and to hold that office to the said Peter during pleasure―saving to the K. the fines and amercements arising from that county―, receiving from the K. in that office the accustomed fee.

Given on 13 Aug. [1487] 'in the first year of our reign.'1

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By writ of the p.s.
O: 

NLI, D 1855.

T: 

COD, iii, §272 (p. 262); Bryan, Great earl, appendix 8, pp 283–4.

Footnotes: 

1 This letter has been attributed to the 'reign' of the pretender Lambert Simnel, who was crowned as 'Edward VI', king of Eng., France and Ire., at Christ Church cathedral on 24 May 1487 (hence the words 'in the first year of our reign', which appear in the dating clause). It has been included with the letters for the year 2 Hen. VII in order to preserve the chronological sequence. The authenticity of the letter is discussed in COD, iii, 262–3; and in Bryan, Great earl, pp 283–5. The engrossed letters patent conclude with the following 'mention' of the clerk who oversaw the engrossment: Thomas Dowdall.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife