patent Roll 2 Henry IV

1
7 Nov. 1400
Drogheda

PARDON for Henry Murgan for all manner of seditions [etc.].1

Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Lt and sealed with his seal.
C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first item in RCI roll §59, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus patens de anno 2 Hen. IV' (=§§1–20 below).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
11 Nov. 1400
Dublin

COMMISSION, by mainprize of Richard Butler and […] chaplain, to Theobald s. of Thomas Butler of custody of the manors of Kyltenenan and Cnokgraffan, co. Tipperary; [to have] for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, rendering the extent.

Authorized: 
By bill of the T.
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
23 Nov. 1400
Dublin

COMMISSION, by mainprize of Thomas Rochefort and Henry Bryt, to Simon Vale of custody of Croketmore in the march of co. Kildare near Ballaghmon'; [to have] for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, rendering the extent.

Authorized: 
By bill of the T.
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
22 Nov. 1400
Dublin

COMMISSION, by mainprize of Henry Netterville and Nicholas Taaff of co. Meath, to Janico Dartas esq. of custody of the manor of Ardbrakan, co. Meath, being a parcel of the temporalities of the bishopric of Meath, in the K.'s hand by reason of the vacancy of the same; to have for as long as they should remain [in the K.'s hand], rendering the extent.

Authorized: 
By bill of the T.
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
22 Nov. 1400
Dublin

COMMISSION, by mainprize of Henry Netterville and Nicholas Taaff of co. Meath, to Janico Dartas esq. of custody of the alien priory of Foure, in the K.'s hand by reason of the the wars that have arisen between him and those of France, to have for as long as it is in the K.'s hand, rendering 20m p.a. just as the bishop of Meath used to render.

Authorized: 
By bill of the T.
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
19 Nov. 1400
Trim

COMMISSION, by mainprize of John Whitsyde and John Symcok, to William Symcok of Drogheda of custody of the manor of Ardcath, co. Meath, except a water-mill there, which manor is a parcel of the temporalities of the bishopric of Meath, in the K.'s hand by reason of the vacancy of the same; to have during pleasure, rendering the extent.

Authorized: 
By bill of the T.
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
24 Nov. 1400
Dublin

By letters patent under the g.s. of Eng. [dated at Westminster, 23 Feb. 1400], the K. granted to Nicholas Taaff the office of the chief serjeanty of the lordship and county of Meath in Ire. during the minority of Edmund, son and heir of Roger Mortimer, late earl of March, with the accustomed fees, wages and profits, and so from heir to heir until one of the heirs attains his majority.1 Nicholas has petitioned the K. that as this county extends into various baronies, he cannot be present in the K.'s courts and in every barony. GRANT that he may exercise that office by his deputies.

Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Lt and sealed with his seal.
C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 8; RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The English-seal grant is calendared in CPR 1399–1401, 219–20.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
22 Oct. 1400
Kilkenny

PARDON, for 1m paid in the hanaper, to Walter Lytill, alias Manne, for treasons [etc.].

Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Lt and sealed with his seal.
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
6 Nov. 1400
Dublin

PARDON, in consideration of his service to Richard II, the late K., and to the present K., to Maurice fitz Eustace kt for all manner of treasons [etc.].

Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Lt and sealed with his seal.
C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 17, p. 72; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
28 Nov. 1400
Dublin

COMMISSION, by mainprize of John Shriggeley kt of co. Meath and John Barry of co. Wexford, to Nicholas Orell and William Picard of custody of 1 messuage and 10 acres of land in Colyntragh and 2 acres that belonged to Ralph Kilmessan in Kilmessan; to have during pleasure, rendering the extent.

Authorized: 
By bill of the T.
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
26 Nov. 1400
Dublin

APPOINTMENT, during pleasure, of Thomas Talbot as sheriff of co. Louth.

Authorized: 
By letters of the Lt.
C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
27 Nov. 1400
Dublin

LICENCE to Stephen Gernon, constable of the castles of Greencastle and Carlingford, to take by his money grain and tithes [decimas] within the lordship of Coly, co. Louth, for the victualling of the said castles.

Authorized: 
By petition.
C: 

RCH; RIA, MS 24.D.5, p. 25.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
26 Nov. 1400
Dublin

PARDON to Thomas Gernon of Darghanestoun, on his petition that, on Monday before All Saints 1 Hen. IV [27 October 1399], he found on the seacoast at Salthous, co. Louth, a large fish called a whale [ballone], which he killed and disposed of as he pleased, contrary to the statute concerning such fish.

Authorized: 
By petition.
C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 17, p. 72; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
27 Nov. 1400
Dublin

GRANT, for a fine of £20, to John Darditz of Grilly, of custody of 1 messuage and two thirds of 1 carucate of land in Cossanes, in the K.'s hand by reason of the minority of John, son and heir of Matthew White, who held in chief of Edmund, son and heir of Roger Mortimer, late earl of March and lord of Meath, a minor in the K.'s wardship, as of his manor and castle of Trim; and also 1 messuage and 2 carucates of land in Glaskarne and Pecokestoun, as of his manor of Ratoath, which is similarly held in chief of the said Edmund; and also the reversion of one third of the said lands and tenements which Joan, lately w. of the said Matthew [White], holds in dower of the inheritance of the said John s. of Matthew, to be held to the same John Darditz, together with the marriage of the said John s. of Matthew.

Authorized: 
By petition.
C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 19, p. 191; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
16 Feb. 1400
Westminster

'GRANT, during good behaviour, to John Barry of the office of being the K.'s attorney in the common and in the Ex. of Ire., with the fees belonging to it.'1

Attested: 
English g.s.
Authorized: 
By the K., on the information of the earl of Northumberland.
C: 

CPR 1399–1401, p. 171; RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 An enrolment of English letters patent.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
7 Jan. 1400
Westminster

'GRANT, for service, during good behaviour, to John Bateman of the office of chirographer and keeper of writs and rolls of the common bench in Ire., with the accustomed fees.'1

Attested: 
English g.s.
Authorized: 
By writ of the p.s.
C: 

CPR 1399–1401, p. 253; RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 An enrolment of English letters patent.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
24 Nov. 1400
Dublin

APPOINTMENT of Thomas Fleming, baron of Slane; Christopher Preston; William Nugent, baron of Delvin; Robert Caddell; Walter de la Hyde kt; Janico Dartas; John Darcy; Henry Betagh; and Christopher Plunkett esq. as justices and supervisors of the peace, and commissioners of array in co. Meath.

Authorized: 
By the Lt and council.
C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 17, p. 214; RCH.

N: 

Frame, 'Commissions of the peace', §155.

Footnotes: 

{1} This is the first item on the dorse of RCI roll §59.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
24 Nov. 1400
Dublin

APPOINTMENT of Bartholomew Verdon kt, Thomas Talbot, James White and Reginald Haddesore as justices and supervisors of the peace, and commissioners of array in co. Louth.

C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 17, p. 214; RCH.

N: 

Frame, 'Commissions of the peace', §123.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
12 Jan. 1401
Dublin

APPOINTMENT of Christopher Holywood, William Tynbegh, Thomas Serjaunt and Robert White, or any two of them (William Tynbegh to be one), as justices and supervisors of the peace in the county and crosslands of Dublin. They are to assemble the prelates, magnates, peers and commons of the said county and crosslands at certain times and places within the said county for the safety and defence of same, whenever seems expedient to them; to assess the subsidies granted by them; and to appoint collectors for those subsidies.

Authorized: 
By the Lt and council.
C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 17, p. 214; RCH.

N: 

Frame, 'Commissions of the peace', §41.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
3 Dec. 1400
Dublin

APPOINTMENT of Thomas fitz Eustace and Maurice, his brother, to inquire as to who owed any debts to Richard [Northalis], late archbishop of Dublin, because the said archbishop owed Richard II, late K. of Eng., various debts on the day he died.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 Richard Northalis, abp Dublin, died 20 July 1397 (NHI, ix, 310).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
12 Oct. 1400
Kilkenny

Walter Passavaunt was seised of 1 messuage, 2 carucates, 20 acres of meadow and 60 acres of pasture in Bagotesrath within the city of Dublin, and continued in possession until it appeared by inquisition taken by the escheator that a certain William Bagot was seised in his demesne as of fee of the premises and died so seised.1 As his heir was a minor, the premises were taken into the K.'s hand, though being in the city [of Dublin] they were not legally so taken. Afterwards, Walter intruded on the lands and enfeoffed James Cotenham with them. On the death of James, his son and heir, John, intruded and enfeoffed Thomas Everdon clk, William Tynbegh and Nicholas Whelok, who continue to hold same, notwithstanding the seizure into the K.'s hand. PARDON to Thomas, William and Nicholas for this intrusion.

Attested: 
John Stanley kt, Lt of Ire.
O: 

NAI, MS 2011/1/103.

C: 

Pembroke deeds, §103.

Footnotes: 

1 See Pembroke deeds, §55.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
21 Oct. 1400
Kilkenny

PARDON, at the request of James Butler, e. Ormond, for 40s that brother John, prior of Holmpatrick and David Tryvers shall pay the K.—namely, 20s at the quindene of Hilary next [1401] and 20s at the quindene of Easter next following—, to the said prior and David for all manner of erroneous deliveries and undue intrusions, misprisions, contempts, alienations [etc.] and other trespasses and misprisions whatsoever, and prosecution made by the said prior and David without the licence of the K. or his predecessors in the time of the K. or his predecessors on any other tenant on possession of the lands [etc.] in Hakeston, co. Dublin, which the said prior holds of the K. in chief. PARDON also of all issues [etc.] due to the K. by the aforesaid actions [etc.]. The K. wishes that they be not troubled [etc.] by reason of the premises.

Attested: 
John Stanley kt, Lt of Ire.
C: 

NAI, EX 2/4, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
21 Oct. [1400]
Kilkenny

PARDON, for 100s, to William s. of Peter Butler, seneschal of the liberty of Tipperary, of all debts and accounts owed by him to the K. or his predecessors, and of all amercements, forfeitures and arrears of accounts, and all demands against him by the K. in the Ex. of Ire. and in the K.’s other courts for those reasons. As the K. has considered his good service in resisting the malice of Obreen of Thomond, William Burke kt of Connacht, Ocarvyll and their army, who confederated for the conquest of Munster and Leinster and other parts of Ire., and also the great damage and destruction to his houses and tenements which were despoiled, and the wounding of his men, and the capture and killing of his horses, and the burning by the said enemies of his castle and town of Cabbragh and various goods therein, and that he is always ready to serve the K. in his Irish wars.

Christopher Petit and Philip Fleming of co. Meath are pledges for his fine.

Attested: 
John Stanley, Lt
C: 

Lambeth, Carew MS 608, ff 17–17b; Cal. Carew Mss, v, §335.

Footnotes: 

{1} The date of this item is problematic. The Carew Ms gives 7 Hen. V [1419–20] as the date in the heading, but 21 Oct. [1414] 2 Hen. V in the dating clause of text. On neither of these dates was John Stanley, Lt of Ire. Moreover William s. of Peter Butler died in 1406. William Blake Butler attributes the item to 21 Oct. 1405 ('The barony of Dunboyne', Ir. Genealogist, 2 (1943–55), 79), but this cannot be correct because John Stanley was not Lt of Ire. in that year. These problems are resolved if the item is attributed to 2 Hen. IV [1400–1]. Stanley was Lt of Ire. at that time, and we know from other surviving chancery letters that he was testing at Kilkenny on 21 Oct. 1400. Consequently this is date tentatively attributed to this item in CIRCLE.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
24
22 Oct. 1400
Kilkenny

The K.'s beloved cousin James Butler, e. Ormond, has petitioned that all the tenants of the barony of Imokill, co. Cork, both temporal and spiritual, and the burgesses of the town of Youghal situated in the said barony, are so surrounded and hemmed in by enemies and rebels that they dare not these days go outside the said barony and town on account of the dangers of the roads and the peril to their lives. GRANT, of the K.'s special grace, to the said tenants and burgesses that they shall not henceforth be compelled nor distrained to labour outside the said barony and town before any of the K.'s ministers in the said county by virtue of any commands directed to them or any distraint made on them for this purpose; but they shall only answer within the said barony and town for the abovesaid reasons, except when the K.'s Lt, Jcr, C. or T. of Ire. for the time being shall come within the said county, and then only on the K.'s writ or the mandate of the said Lt [etc.] directed to them. And they are not to be troubled contrary to this grant.1

Attested: 
John Stanley kt, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Lt and sealed with his seal.
O: 

NLI, D 1398.

C: 

COD, ii, §351.

Footnotes: 

1 The engrossed letters patent conclude with the following 'mention of service': Everdoun (=Thomas Everdon).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
24
8 Feb. 1401
Dublin

GRANT to Hugh Bavent, clerk of the hanaper, of 100s to be received annually beyond the ancient fee pertaining to that office.1

C: 

RCH, p. 175, §119 (=an inspeximus under the g.s. of Ire. dated at Connell, 21 March 1403).

Footnotes: 

1 Cf. CIRCLE, PR 4 Ric. II, §122.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
26
17 Feb. 1401

GRANT, for life, to Thomas Fourneys of the office of clerk of the T. of the Ex. of Ire., receiving the accustomed fees, wages and rewards, and in addition 40s p.a. at the said Ex.

C: 

CPR 1401–5, p. 421.

Footnotes: 

{1} See also §32 below, and CIRCLE, PR 3 Hen. IV, §59.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
27
9 Mar. 1401

RATIFICATION of the election of John Prene as dean of St Patrick's, Dublin.

C: 

NAI, M 2645, p. 42; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 50.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
28
6 Apr. 1401

RESTORATION of the temporalities of the bishopric of Ossory, as the pope, on the vacancy by the death of John [Griffin], late bishop of Ossory,1 provided Roger Apelby [Appleby], formerly prior of the priory of Noneton [Nuneaton], to that church.

N: 

Bodl., Ms Rawl. B 502, f. 16.

Footnotes: 

1 John Griffin, bp Ossory, died after June 1400 (NHI, ix, 318).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
29
10 Apr. 1401
Carlow

LICENCE, by the K.'s special grace and for good service in the K.'s wars in the K.'s land of Ire., to the K.'s beloved cousin James Butler, e. Ormond, that he may freely acquire and enjoy, have and hold, according to the form and effect of this grant, lands, tenements, rents, services and advowsons within the said land forever in fee simple or tail or for the term of life at his pleasure, whenever it pleases him, even though he may be the K.'s Jcr or other minister or officer of the K. or of the K.'s heirs, for the time being, notwithstanding any statute or statutes made to the contrary before this time by our progenitors, kings of Eng. And the earl or his heirs shall not be vexed or troubled by reason of this grant in the future.1

Attested: 
John Stanley kt, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By the Lt and council.
O: 

NLI, D 1403.

C: 

COD, ii, §355.

Footnotes: 

1 The engrossed letters patent conclude with the following 'mention of service': Everdoun (=Thomas Everdon).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
30
24 Apr. 1401
Dublin

EXEMPLIFICATION of five charters from the time of John, lord of Ire. and K. of Eng. [1185–1207]:1

[1] 'John, count of Mortain and lord of Ire., to all his men and friends, French, English and Irish, greetings. Know that I have granted and confirmed to Peter Pipard all the land that Hubert, his brother, gave of Peter's land to the same, viz. of his conquest in Uriel, namely 2½ cantreds, viz. 'deferrors' [Ferrard], with the castle of Ardee and 4 burgages in Drogheda, 1 boat for fishing on the Buing [Boyne], 4 burgages in Carlingford and these 4 burgages with the liberty of fishing and the lord's boats belonging to the said Peter, and the half cantred of Muderne (Mudhorna, Mourne) nearer to the water, one cantred of Ethir and a half cantred of Clochkerin [or Clochkerm] and one cantred of Clonoys, to have and to hold of me and my heirs to Peter and his heirs by service of ten knights. Wherefore I wish and firmly command that Peter and his heirs after him shall have and hold the said lands freely and quietly [etc.], in wood and plain, meadows and pastures, ways and paths, moors and marshes, fishings and warrens, mills and ponds, boroughs and markets, advowsons of churches, castles, toll and theam, infangenteof, judgement of water, iron and furii, wreck, and all liberties and free customs, except the pleas of the crown.

Witnesses: William Marshal, Roger de Plan, Theobald Walter, Philip de Wygorne, Roger Tyrell, Richard his brother, Robert le Poher, William le Poher, Simon de Pikard, Helias de Linkin, Geoffrey Costentein, Reginald Poher and many others.' [(?)1185]

[2] 'Hugh de Lacy, e. Ulster, to all [etc.], greetings. Know that we have given and granted to Roger Pipard for his homage and service in Ulster one cantred of land, viz. Duffrian with all its appurtenances saving to us all rabbit-warrens [cunigariis]. To have and to hold of us and our heirs by hereditary right by service of five knights. Wherefore, we will and command that he and his heirs have the said cantred, except rabbit-warrens, freely and quietly [etc.], with churches and chapels, in wood and plain [etc.] and all liberties belonging to free land, saving to us the pleas belonging to our sword.

Witnesses: Walter de Lascy, Robert de Lascy, William de Lascy, Richard del Tuit, William Parvus, Henry de Astitlee, Walter de Logan, Richard fist [fitz] Robert, Reginald Haket and William the clerk.
Given by our own hand at Radbegan on 13 Jan. in the second year of our earldom [13 Jan. 1207].'

[3] 'John, K. of Eng. and lord of Ire., to all archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, justiciars, constables, bailiffs and ministers, French, English and Irish of the land of Ire., greeting. Know that we have granted and given to Hubert Walter, then dean of York, for his homage and service all my town of Luske with all its appurtenances in fee and heritage, to have and to hold of me and my heirs to him and his heirs, well and in peace, freely, quietly [etc.], in churches, sanctuaries, chapels, woods, plain [etc.], with Sach and Soch, Thol, Them, Infangentheof, judgement of water and iron, and pit and gallows [fosso et furcis] and duel, and all other free customs pertaining to the same land, save pleas and law-suits which belong to the royal crown, which I have retained to myself.

Witnesses: Lann [recte Ranulf] de Glanuill, Bertram de Verdon, Gilbert Pipard, Roger de Plan', Reginald de Panill', William de Mieleres, Reginald de Wassamuill', John Marescalc, my steward [dapifer], Baldwin de Brach, Fulc de Cantelo and many others, at Chem.' [No date.]

[4] 'John, lord of Ire. and count of Mortain, to all his men and friends, French, English and Irish, greetings. Know that we have given and granted to Peter Pippard for his homage and service three cantreds of the land of Uhegeni for the nearer land of Uriel [per propinquiores terre de Uriel], to have and to hold to him and his heirs of me and my heirs by service of twelve knights. Wherefore, I will and command that he and his heirs have and hold the said cantreds well and freely in wood and plain [etc.], in Thol and Them and Sohc and Infangentheoff, judgement of water and iron [etc.] with all free customs and liberties.

Witnesses: Stephen Ridell, my C., William de Wenn', Reginald de Wassemull, Hamo de Valon, David Walu, Engelram de Pratell', Fulson' de Captell', master Benedict, master Peter, canon of Betilber'. Given on 25 Jan. in the fourth year of K. Richard [25 Jan. 1193] at Portemue.'

[5] 'Nicholas de Verdon to all [etc.], greetings. Know that I have given and granted to Theobald Walter, butler of Ire., for his homage and service and to his heirs 20 knights' fees in my land of Honectath in the south part of Ardmacha with all its appurtenances, to have and to hold of me and my heirs to him and his heirs, freely [etc.] in woods and ways [etc.] in castles, fortresses, advowsons of churches and chapels, with tol and tem [etc.] and all liberties; doing to me and my heirs the service of four knights for all service and exaction.

Witnesses: Sir Robert de Vanys, Sir William Pipart, Sir Simon de Ouriel, Sir Robert de Hortishorne, Sir Richard de Samlusbery, Sir John de Heuerous, Sir Philip s. of Tankart, Sir Robert Onymyn, and many others.'

EXEMPLIFICATION of these charters at the request of James Butler, e. Ormond.2

Attested: 
John Stanley kt, Lt of Ire.
O: 

NLI, D 971.

C: 

COD, i, §863.

Footnotes: 

1 This translation is based on that by Curtis in COD.
2 The engrossed letters patent conclude with the following 'mention of service': Everdon (=Thomas Everdon). This is followed by a note: Extracta per Thomam de Everdon clericum.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
31
4 May. 1401

PARDON to Matthew Butler for intrusions into the manor of Meryong and LICENCE to enfeoff John Cruys kt and Matilda his wife, and the said John's sons, John, Nicholas and Robert: with remainders to the heirs male of John Cruys junior, Nicholas, Robert and the right heirs of John Cruys kt.

O: 

NAI, MS 2011/1/107.

C: 

Pembroke deeds, §107.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
32
20 May. 1401
Dublin

GRANT to Edward Perers kt, in consideration of his charges in the defence of the land before the arrival of John Stanley kt, Lt of Ire., of custody of all lands, rents and services in co. Kilkenny that lately belonged to Roger Mortimer, earl of March and Ulster, during the minority of Edmund, his son and heir, with all fees, wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats, liberties and royal jurisdictions, and other profits and commodities, and so from heir to heir.

Attested: 
John Stanley kt
C: 

CPR 1399–1401, p. 446 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 8 July 1401).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
33
5 Jul. 1401

GRANT to Thomas [Barret], bp Elphin, of custody of the temporalities of the bishopric of Killala in Connacht, in the K.'s hand by reason of the translation of Thomas [Orwell], formerly bishop of Killala.1

Attested: 
[John] Stanley.
C: 

Bodl., Rawl. MS B. 502, f. 16.

Footnotes: 

1 Thomas Orwell was bishop of Killala [Aladensis] from 1390 until before Nov. 1398, when he was translated to the bishopric of Dromore.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
34
27 Aug. 1401

GRANT to Thomas Fourneys of letters patent dated 17 Feb. 1401 granting him the office of clerk of the T. of the Ex. of Ire., receiving the accustomed fees, wages and rewards, and in addition 40s p.a. at the said Ex.

C: 

CPR 1401–5, p. 421 (=an inspeximus dated at Tutbury Castle, 3 Sept. 1404).

Footnotes: 

{1} See above, §25.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife