patent Roll 19 Richard II

1
8 Jul. 1395
Dublin

LICENCE to Thomas Waffre clk, William Thoume chaplain, William Grenet and Nicholas Taaff to alienate to the church of Holy Trinity seven shops in Trinity Lane in the parish of St Michael, Dublin, held in free burgage by service of landgable; and LICENCE to Thomas Comyn of Ballygriffin to alienate to the same church Ballygriffin and the advowson of its church, held in chief. The premises were found by inquisition before John Aldelyme, escheator of Ire., to be worth £7 13s 4d p.a. They are to be held in frankalmoign.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, e. March, Lt
C: 

Christ Church deeds, §259.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
3 Sep. 1395

LICENCE to Nicholas Wafre, vicar of Skreen, diocese of Meath, to absent himself for three years to study at Oxford or Cambridge, and to receive the fruits of his benefice in the interim.

C: 

COA, PH 15172, p. 326

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
7 Oct. 1395

APPOINTMENT of Ralph Ebbe collector of customs of wool, hides [etc.] owed to the K. in the port of Dublin. He is to answer faithfully to the K. at the Ex. of Ire. for the monies arising from this. ORDER to him to perform and execute the premises.

Attested: 
The Lt
C: 

RIA, MS 24.H.17, f. 9; RIA, MS 12.P.4, p. 141.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
18 Nov. 1395
Rathwire

In aid of the town of Galway (which is situated in the marches between the K.’s enemies and rebels, as well English as Irish, and by their daily attacks was very much impoverished) as well for the safety of his faithful people of the town, to be enclosed of a stone wall, as of the parts adjacent, and in aid of the paving of the town, GRANT to the provost, bailiffs and community of the town of Galway, and their successors, that they might, by themselves, or by those who should be by them thereto deputed, take for all articles for sale coming to the town, by land or by water, or passing from the same, the customs or tolls underwritten, for a term of 40 years, viz.:

from every pound of ginger, 1d;
from every pound of saffron, 2d;
from every pound of pepper, ¼d;
fromevery pound of galingale, 1d;
from every pound of cloves, 1d;
from every pound of grains of paradise, 1d;
from all other sorts of spices, of the valued of 12d, ¼d;
from 100 pounds of wax, 6d;
from 100 pounds of alum, 3d;
from each hide tanned, fresh (green) or salted, and put or to be put into juice in the town, and without, as far as the island that is called Eniskyreach, ½d;
from each pound of silk, 3d;
from each piece of legis, 4d;
from each piece of English cloth, 3d;
from each piece of Irish linen cloth, containing 12 yards, ½d;
from each hundred-weight of iron, 2d;
from each bundle of rods of iron, 1d;
from each sum of sables, 1d;
from 100 stone of Spanish iron, 4d;
from each fotmel of lead, ½d;
from each 100 pounds of scroff, 1d;
from all kinds of goods, of the value of 12d, ¼d;
from 1000 spike-nails, 1d;
from each frail of batry [kitchenware], 8d;
from each large kettle or large dish, 4d;
from each 100 of batry, 4d;
from each ton of wine, 6d;
from each pipe of wine, 3d;
from each crannock of common malt, 1d;
from each crannock of best malt, 2d;
from each crannock of wheat, 2d;
from each sum of corn, ½d;
from each sum of butter, 1d;
from each last of butter, 1d;
from each stone of tallow, ½d;
from each mease (500) of herrings, ½d;
from each crannock of salt; 1d;
from each crannock of barley, beans and peas, 1d;
from each crannock of oats and other corn, 1d;
from each stone of wool, 1d;
from each sack of wool, 4d; from each hide, fresh or salted, ½d;
from hides of shorlings, 1d;
from 100 woolfells, 1d;
from 100 lambskins, 2d;
from any skins valued at 12d, ¼d;
from each horse valued at 40s and more, 6d;
from each pack-horse, steer, bull, ox and cow, 1d;
from each calf, ¼d;
from each large hog, 1d;
from each sheep or goat, ½d;
from each small hog, ½d;
from 100 each 100 rabbit-skins, 2d;
from 100 wool-fells, 3d;
from 100 dried fish, ½d;
from each horse-load of fish, 2d;
from each salmon, ¼d;
from 1000 eels and merlings , 1d;
from every kind of timber, and also carts, small carts and boards valued at 4s, 1d;
from each falcon or hawk, 1d;
from each tercel or tercelet, ½d;
from each mill-quern, 1d;
from two hand querns, ¼d;
from 12 crannocks of coal, 1d;
from each stone of butter, hogs lard, tallow and cheese, ½d;
from each ton of honey, 8d;
from each pipe of salmon, 18d
from each hundred-weight of glass, 1d;
from each hundred-weight of scalphyn or other fish, salt, dry or hard, 1d;
from 2000 onions, 1d;
from 8 sheaves of garlic, ¼d;
from each new chest or box, and each 1000 dishes and wooden platters, ¼d;
from 100 pounds of pitch or rosin, ½d;
from each 100 gads of steel, ½d;
from every kind of ware of the value of 12d, of which no mention is above made, ¼;
from every kind of ware of the value of 6s and 8d, not above expressed, ½d;
and from every kind of the value of 13s and 4d, likewise not herein before contained, 1d;

ORDER to the provost, bailiffs and commonalty of the town of Galway that they should cause and order the customs and tolls, and every of them, from day to day, to be levied, collected and received and had in the town in the manner said. Provided always, that the monies arising therefrom should be faithfully expended on the murage and pavage of the town, and not otherwise; and they are to render their accounts before the T. of the lordship of Connacht and not at the Ex. of Ire.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, earl of March and Ulster, Lt
T: 

James Hardiman, History of the town and county of Galway from the earliest period to the present time (Dublin, 1820), appendix 3, pp vii–viii.

C: 

CPR Ire., Hen. VIII–Eliz., pp 196–7; CPR 1401–5, p. 86 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 12 March 1401).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
13 Nov. 1395

Nicholas de la Feld owed the K. certain sums of money on the day he died, and all his goods [etc.] were seized for that reason on 9 Aug. [1395]. COMMISSION, by mainprize of Thomas and Hugh, sons of Reginald de la Feld of co. Meath, to Joan, wife of Nicholas, of custody of those goods [etc.].

C: 

BL, Add. MS 43769, ff 41–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
1 Dec. 1395

On 22 July [1354] 28 Edw. III, the K. granted 4m p.a. to the prior and convent of Augustinian friars, Dublin, and their successors, because the said prior [etc.] found one brother each day and two each Sunday to pray for the K.'s soul and those of his consort Queen Philippa, their children and progenitors in the chapel in Dublin castle; and the present K. confirmed that grant on 29 April [1395] last. Because they are owed arrears, GRANT to them of a garden called le Cheqer Yarde near the highway and near the cemetery containing 1½ acres, to hold forever, notwithstanding the Statute of Mortmain.

C: 

COA, PH 15172, p. 305.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
20 Jan. 1396
Kilmainham

For the salvation and defence of the town of Callan, which lies among the K.'s Irish enemies and rebels, and for fortifications and repairs against their malice, GRANT to the sovereign, provosts and community of that town, by advice of the council, that for 24 years they may take and receive the following customs on all articles for sale coming to or going out of that town in order to build a wall and pavements, viz.:

from each pound of ginger, 1d;
from each pound of saffron, 2d;
from each pound of pepper, ¼d;
from each pound of galyngale, 1d;
from each pound of cloves, 1d;
from each pound of grain of Paris [gryndeparys], 1d;
from all other kinds of spices to the value of 12d, ¼d;
from 100 pounds of wax, 6d;
from 100 pounds of Alleyn, 3d;
from each hide, tanned, fresh or salted, in ships arriving or leaving, ½d;
from each pound of cherries, 3d;
from each piece of legys, 4d;
from each piece of English cloth, 6d;
from 12 yards of English cloth, 3d;
from each piece of Irish cloth containing 12 yards, 1d;
from each piece of linen […];
from 12 measures of iron, 1d;
from 100 spits of Spanish iron, 4d;
from each fotmell of lead, ½d;
from 100 pounds of soroff, 1d;
from all kinds of avoirdupois worth 12d, ¼d;
from 1000 spike-nails, 1d;
from each frail of batry [kitchenware], 8d;
from each gross of pots or bowls, 4d;
from each hundred-weight of batry [kitchenware], 4d;
from each gallon of wine, 6d;
from each pipe of wine, 3d;
from each crannock of ordinary malt, 1d;
from each crannock of first-grade malt, 2d;
from each crannock of grain, 2d;
from each sum of grain, ½d;
from each sum of butter, 1d;
from each last of butter, 1d;
from each stone of onions, ½d;
from each mease of herrings, 1[…];
from each crannock of salt, 1d;
from each crannock of barley, beans and peas, 1d;
from each crannock of oats and other grain, 1d;
from each stone of wool, 1d;
from each sack of wool, 4d;
from each hide, tanned, fresh or salted, ½d;
from any hides valued at 12d and other skins of sporlyng, 1d;
from 100 woolfells, 1d;
from 100 lamb-skins, 2d;
from other fells worth 12d, ¼d;
from each horse worth 40s and more, 6d;
from each draught-horse, nag, cow or pig, 1d;
from each calf, ¼d;
from each large pig, 1d;
from each small pig, ½d;
from each 100 rabbit-skins, 2d;
from 100 wolf-skins, 3d;
from each sum of fish, ½d;
from 100 dried fish, 2d;
from each salmon, ¼d;
from 1000 eels or whiting, 1d;
from timber, carts and boards valued at 4s, 1d;
from each falcon or goshawk, 1d;
from each hawk or little hawk, ½d;
from each millstone, 1d;
from 2 grindstones, ¼d;
from 12 crocis of coal, 1d;
from each stone of butter, onions and cheese, ½d;
from each gallon of honey, 8d;
from each pipe of salmon, 18d;
from each hundred weight of glass, 1d;
from each hundred-weight of shellfish or other slated, dried or hard fish, 1d;
from 2000 onions, ¼d;
from 8 sheaves of garlic, ¼d;
from 8 stone of canvas and linen, 1d;
from each new chest and each 1000 dishes or vessels of wood, ¼d;
from 100 pounds of pitch or resin, ½d;
from 100 measures of slabs, ½d;
from all merchandise to the value of 6s 8d not already mentioned, ½d;
and on merchandise to the value of 13s 4d not already mentioned, 1d;

ORDER to receive those customs until the end of the said term by themselves or by deputies. The money derived from these customs is to be spent on the repair of the walls and pavements, and not otherwise. And they are to render a faithful account each year before the bishop of Ossory and the seneschal or sheriff of Kilkenny, and not at the Ex. of Ire.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, e. March, Lt
C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 2, pp 178–9 (=an inspeximus under the g.s. of Ire., dated at Dublin, 20 Jan. 1403).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
20 Jan. 1396

GRANT, during pleasure, to John Inglewood clk of the office of chief remembrancer [of the Ex.].

C: 

COA, PH 15172, p. 313.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
26 Jan. 1396
Dublin
To all and singular archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, earls, barons, seneschals, sovereigns, provosts, mayors, bailiffs, serjeants, subserjeants and all other ministers and faithful persons.

The K. has considered that the town of Galway in Connacht—which is the key of those parts of the K.’s land of Ire., in which all his faithful people and lieges, both strangers and others coming to those parts, are received, protected, comforted and relieved—is surrounded both by the K.’s Irish enemies and English rebels, so that the burgesses of that town and others dwelling there dare not come to that town or leave it for the purpose of trade or transacting other business, either by land or water, without a great guard. For the safe custody of that town against the malice of the K.’s said enemies and rebels, the burgesses continually by day and night find and sustain various men-at-arms at their own costs, to the manifest impoverishment of their estate.1

[1] In aid of the relief and comfort of the town, and so that merchants and others might be more induced and encouraged to reside and dwell there, GRANT and LICENCE to the provost and burgesses forever, for the better resistance of the said enemies and rebels to elect a sovereign among themselves each year by their common assent, who shall take oath after the first election before the provost and afterwards before the sovereign of the preceding year to rule and govern that town well and laudably, and to maintain the K.’s laws and the good customs hitherto used and approved in that town, and to do and exercise all things that by right concern the office of sovereign in similar boroughs for the good rule and profit of that town.
[2] Further GRANT that no merchant or other person residing in the town who is not a burgess shall buy or sell merchandise or victuals at retail within the liberty of the town;
[3] and also that the burgesses shall have all liberties, franchises, jurisdictions, privileges, recognizance of pleas, and customs that the burgesses of Drogheda on both sides of the water have, saving to the lord of the town and his heirs, the rents, services, fines, amercements, issues and profits belonging to him and them from that town and its courts, just as they and their ancestors were accustomed to receive.

Witnesses:
Roger Mortimer, e. March and Ulster, the K's cousin and his Lt in the land of Ire;
Stephen le Scrope, deputy of the Jcr of Ire.;
Alexander [Balscot], bp Meath, C. of Ire.;
James Butler, e. Ormond;
Gerald fitz Morice, e. Kildare;
Peter Rowe, justice of the K.'s bench;
John fitz Adam, justice of the common bench of Ire.

T: 

Mac Niocaill, Na Buirgéisí, i, pp 225–8; James Hardiman, History of the town and county of Galway from the earliest period to the present time (Dublin, 1820), appendix 3, pp vi–vii.

C: 

CPR Ire., Hen. VIII–Eliz., pp 195–6; CPR 1401–5, p. 86, item 1 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 12 March 1401).

Footnotes: 

1 The numbered clauses below are summaries of the Latin text, the numeration corresponding to the edition in Mac Niocaill, Na Buirgéisí, i, pp 225–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
20 Feb. 1396
Dublin

Wishing to bestow gracious favour upon the K.'s beloved liege Patrick Obergy chaplain, who is by birth of Irish blood, as is said, GRANT, for half a mark paid in the hanaper, to Patrick, of the K.'s special grace, that he may be of free status and condition, and free and quit from all Irish servitude, and that he shall be held and treated as a true Englishman; and that he shall answer and be answered in all the K.'s courts of the land of Ire., and may enjoy and use English law in all things just as the true English in the K.'s said land [veri anglici in dicta terra nostra] enjoy and use them; and that he may be promoted to any ecclesiastical benefices in that land, and may freely, accept, have and possess them, and enjoy the fruits of the same, notwithstanding his Irish condition or any statute made to the contrary.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, earl of March and Ulster, Lt
O: 

NLI, D 1595.

T: 

COD, iii, §67 (at p. 56).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
9 Mar. 1396

PARDON, for a fine of £40, to Margaret who was the wife of John Slegh, formerly collector of the K.'s customs in the ports of Dublin, Cork, Waterford, Limerick and Drogheda and all other ports and places in Ire., executrix of his will and administrator of his goods, of all arrears and sums owed by John.

C: 

COA, PH 15172, p. 317.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
26 Apr. 1396
Dublin

The farm of a messuage, with appurtenances, in the town of Wexford, which formerly belonged to Maurice Benger, was let at the annual rent of 4s to be paid at the K.'s Ex.; but because that messauge, by the subsidence of the soil, has become so much damaged and broken, the K. has committed the custody of it to Nicholas Hassan, by mainprize of Mark Bothy and Robert Walsh of co. Wexford, to hold for a term of eight years from the date of these presents at a rent of 3s, to paid half-yearly in the first year, and after that at the rent of 4s p.a. Always provided that Nicholas shall at his own expense within that term rebuild and repair the messauge and at the end of the term, or as long as he shall hold it from the K., render it to the K. again styff and staunch.1

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, earl of March and Ulster, Lt
C: 

Hore, Wexford, v, 124.

Footnotes: 

1 Hore confirms that the vernacular phrase styff and staunch appeared in the memoranda roll for 19 Ric. II , which he consulted in the PROI.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
28 Apr. 1396

APPOINTMENT of Thomas Comyn and John Oweyn as keepers of the K.'s peace in co. Dublin, both in Leinster and Fyngall, to assess [persons] to horses and arms, hobelars, archers and foot according to the quantity of their goods and chattels for the observance of the statute of Winchester for the preservation of the peace in that county on account of the excessive robberies [etc.] done there and to inquire into all seditions felonies [etc.] and commit to the K.'s prison those who shall be judged before them and send the judgements from time to time before the justiciars of Ire.; and to amerce all those who are unwilling to rise to do the premises or to a hue and cry in their aid [etc.], or who are rebels, and to return those amercements from time to time before the T. and barons.

C: 

NAI, EX 2/4, pp 54–6.

N: 

Frame, 'Commissions of the peace', §39.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
4 May. 1396

GRANT to John Drax, the K.'s serjeant-at-arms, of £16 13s 4d p.a. out of the fee-farm of the city of Waterford.1

N: 

CPR 1396–9, 107 (=English letters patent dated 12 April 1397).

Footnotes: 

1 In April 1397 these Irish letters patent were surrendered and a new grant to Drax was made, for life, of the same sum 'out of the issues of the county of York' (CPR 1396–9, 107).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
4 May. 1396
Dublin

APPOINTMENT of William fitz William as chief keeper of the peace in co. Dublin, with power to array the men of that county and lead them against the K.'s enemies, both English and Irish. He may appoint deputies in each barony or place to assist him.

O: 

NAI, MS 2011/1/86.

C: 

Pembroke deeds, §86.

N: 

Frame, 'Commissions of the peace', §40.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife