close Roll 19 Henry VI

1
20 Sep. 1440
Dublin
To Thomas Bathe gentleman, escheator of Ire.

It was found by an inquisition taken before the escheator and returned to chancery that Christopher Preston kt, son of Christopher Preston kt, held of the K. in chief in his demesne as of fee on the day he died by knight service two thirds of 1 messuage and 40 acres of land in Ardrasse, worth 20s p.a.; and two thirds of all messuages, land [etc.] in Blakeston and Godfreyhenryeston, worth 40s p.a.; and Robert Preston is his son and heir, and is 15 years old and more, and unmarried; and Joan Dartas, now surviving, was his wife [etc.]. The K. has taken [the oath] of fealty of Giles Thorndon, now Joan's husband by the K.'s special licence. ORDER to cause reasonable dower to be assigned to that Joan of those two thirds [etc.], in the K.'s hand by the death of that Christopher.1

Attested: 
Lionel, Lord Welles, Lt of Ire.
C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 1, p. 53; BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 40; COA, PH 13203, pp 53–4.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first item in RCI roll §111, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus clausus de anno 19 Hen. VI.'

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
15 Mar. 1441
Dublin
To the same [Thomas Bathe gentleman] escheator.

It was found by another inquisition taken before the barons of the Ex. and returned into chancery that the said Christopher Preston [as in §1] died seised in his demesne as of fee of 3 messuages and 160 acres in Shyllick, co. Meath, worth 20s p.a.; and 1 messuage and 60 acres in Wylkyneston in the said county, worth 6s 8d p.a., viz. on Sunday next before St Margaret the Virgin [1439] 17 Hen. VI; and he held of the K. in chief by knight service [etc.], leaving Joan Dartas his widow and Christopher Preston, his son, aged 14 years and more. As the K. has taken the fealty of Giles Thorndon esq., Joan's present husband, ORDER to cause the same Joan [Dartas] to be assigned reasonable dower of those messuages and lands, which are in the K.'s hand.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 1, p. 54; BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 40; COA, PH 13203, p. 54.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
[17 Nov. 1440]

MEMORANDUM that on 17 Nov. [1440] at Drogheda in the council chamber within the house of the Friars Minor, a discussion took place between Lionel Lord Welles, Lt of Ire., and the council, as to how the fees [etc.] of Edward Somerton―whom the K. appointed by [letters] patent dated 4 Feb. [1438] 16 Hen. VI as serjeant-at-laws, for service, for life―do not exceed £9 p.a., and are not sufficient to sustain his expenses, because he must be present at all the K.'s parliaments and councils. It was agreed that he should have 100s p.a. of increment, for life.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given here is that mentioned in the text.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
9 Feb. 1441
Trim

Similar AGREEMENT by council [as in §3] that James Cornewalshe―who was appointed as chief baron [of the Ex.] by [letters] patent dated 24 April [1420] 8 Hen. V, confirmed by [other letters] patent dated 26 Jan. [1423] 1 Hen. VI―might have £10 p.a. of increment for as long as he remains in office; because his fees do not exceed 26m p.a. and he must attend parliaments and councils.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
[19 Nov. 1440]

In the council at Drogheda on 19 Nov. [1440] before Lionel Lord Welles, Lt of Ire., Lt of Ire., it was agreed that Donatus McMorgh, chieftain of his lineage, might have 40m of the K.'s gift by name of reward for various praiseworthy services in restoring himself and other Irish enemies in Leinster to the peace, as he says, whereby peace and quiet are engendered in manifold ways in those parts [unde pax & quies in partibus illis multipliciter generantur].

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

Footnotes: 

{1} The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given here is that mentioned in the text.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
[19 May. 1441]

In the council at Dublin on 19 May [1441] last year before James Butler, e. Ormond, deputy of Lionel Lord Welles, Lt of Ire., a similar sum was agreed for the same Donatus [McMorgh, chieftain of his lineage, as in §5], for the same reasons.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given here is that mentioned in the text.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
27 Sep. 1440
Dublin
To the escheator.

It was found by various inquisitions that John [Mowbray], late duke of Norfolk, was seised in fee of the following lands [etc.], viz.:

the manor of Olde Rosse with the town of New Ross, and the castle and Hervey island [insula Hervey], which he held of the K. by knight service, worth £10 p.a.;
and the manor of Ballysaxe, co. Kildare, which he held of the K. in chief by knight service, worth 20s p.a.;
and the castle of Carlow with the corporation of the county and borough there;
and the manor of Fethard, which he held of the chief by knight service, worth 12d p.a.

And he had issue John, his son and heir, then 17 years old. The K. has respited the homage of John, the son, for 6s 8d. ORDER to cause him to have full seisin of those manors [etc.], and of all other things of which that late duke was seised [etc.] and which are in the K.'s hand by his death and by reason of the minority of John, the son; saving the right [etc.].

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 19, p. 193.

N: 

Hore, Wexford, i, 227.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
22 Sep. 1440
Dublin
To the escheator

The K. has taken the fealty of Christopher Wellesley, brother and heir of William Wellesley dcd, for the land that the said William held of the K. in chief [etc.], and he has respited his homage for a fine of 10s [etc.]. ORDER that, having accepted security for the payment of a reasonable relief, the escheator is to cause him to have full seisin; saving the right of the K. and others, and saving the reasonble dowers of Joan, who was the wife of Richard Wellesley kt, and Katherine who was the wife of the said William.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 19, p. 193.

N: 

Lynch, Legal institutions, p. 99.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
7 Dec. 1440
Dublin
To the escheator.

It was found by an inquisition returned into chancery that the K. and his progenitors were seised from time immemorial of all the whole channel of the water of Boyn [river Boyne] in co. Meath, viz. of the space of 24 feet in breath in the middle of the water for its whole course, which water extends from Drogheda as far as Trim, through which all lieges [etc.] were used and accustomed to have free course for boats and merchandise; and that John Prowdefote gentleman raised a weir against and upon the channel of the said water, viz. on Monday next before Michaelmas [1435] 14 Hen. VI, at Prowdefoteston in the said county, by which he obstructed that channel, and for that reason, the said weir was taken into the K.'s hand. And that weir is worth 40s p.a. That reason, having been examined in chancery, was deemed to be insufficient. ORDER to remove the K.'s hand; saving the right [etc.].

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 1, p. 54; BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 41; COA, PH 13203, p. 54.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
7 Dec. 1440
Dublin
To the escheator.

It was found by inquisition that the K. and his progenitors were seised of the whole channel of the water of Boyn [river Boyne] in co. Meath, and that John Kerdyfe esq. raised a weir against and upon the channel of that water, viz. on Monday next before Michaelmas [1435] 14 Hen. VI, at Dowth in the said county, by which he obstructed the channel [etc.]; and for that reason the weir, which is worth 26s 8d p.a., was taken into the K.'s hand. And that reason [for its seizure] was deemed to be insufficient. ORDER to remove the K.'s hand; saving the right [etc.].

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 41; NAI, Lodge MS 1, p. 54; COA, PH 13203, p. 54.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
23 Mar. 1441
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

On 10 June [1440] last a discussion took place between Lionel Lord Welles, Lt of Ire., and the K.'s council, as to how William and James, brethren of brother Thomas fitz Gerot, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., having gathered to themselves many other Irish enemies and English rebels and members of the household of that prior [familiaribus dicti prioris], lay in ambush in the march near Kylcok, took William Welles esq., lately deputy of the Lt, and killed very many of the K.’s lieges in his company. They detained the deputy until he was delivered [in exchange for] hostages, which hostages for that reason have long been in chains in the custody of the said William and James. Because the prior constantly adhered to his brethren in those treasons, supplying them secretly with provisions, it was agreed and ordained that a writ should be addressed to the prior to appear before the K. in chancery on Thursday next before SS Marcellus and Marcellinus last [++++] to answer such charges as should be made, under pain of forfeiture. And because he did not come it was agreed that writs be addressed to sheriffs of Dublin and Kildare, and to the seneschal of the liberty of Meath and the sheriff of the crosslands there [ordering them] to cause it to be proclaimed in Dublin, Trim, Naas, Athboy, Navan, Kells and Skreen [etc.] that the said prior was to be before the K. in chancery on the next Thursday before the Nativity of St John the Baptist last [++++]; and [it was agreed that] if the prior refused to appear that then the C. might have authority to seize into the K.'s hand the manors, preceptories, banalias of Clontarf, Kilbeg, Kilmaynanbegg and Kilsaran, and all other manors, preceptories and banalia belonging to that prior and hospital, and tithes, lands [etc.], rents [etc.], advowsons [etc.], and all other commodities and profits whatsoever belonging to that hospital, except the house or preceptory of Kilmainham, which has been assigned to the prior of the same church and the brethren, chaplains, officers and ministers of the same for [their] sustenance. Upon this the prior was called but did not appear. Afterwards on 15 March [1442] last the said prior appeared in chancery and stated that the K. had pardoned him of all treasons [etc.] before 13 March [1442], reversing his outlawry (if any had been made against him) and granting him the K.’s peace. In consideration of this, the K.'s hand is to be removed. ORDER to supersede and acquit all demands against the prior or his tenants [etc.] from that 15 March.

C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 17, p. 74; RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
23 Mar. 1441
Naas
To the K.'s justices at pleas.

ORDER to cause to be delivered from prison Thomas de la Feld esq., for whom Christopher Feld of Payneston Dullard, Richard Lawless of Saggart, William White of Rathmony, an Philip s. of Philip Netterville of Duleek mainprized in chancery at Naas, under pain of £100, that he [Thomas] shall not inflict bodily harm on John Rede of Ratoath.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
21 Dec. 1440
Dublin
To Thomas Bathe, escheator.

Because Robert Burnell―who has married Margaret, one of the daughters and heirs of Robert Holywood kt, dcd, tenant-in-chief of the K.―has proved his wife's age, the K. has taken his fealty on behalf of Margaret both of two thirds of two thirds of all manors [etc.], rents [etc.], together with knights' fees and advowsons of churches, and also of one third of the said two thirds which Elizabeth, who was the wife of the said R[obert] Holywood dcd, lately held in dower of the inheritance of that R[obert] H[olywood] (except for the manors of Tartayne, Holywood, Kylleghe and Tybyrbyrre, with the advowson of the vicarage of the church of Holywood), and returned the portion of M[argaret] to the same to R[obert] B[urnell] and M[argaret] (except for the said exception); saving the right [etc.].

ORDER that―having made a lawful partition into three equal parts according to the extent in the presence of Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, to whom the K. had granted custody of those two thirds until the full age the said Margaret, Eleanor and Elizabeth, daughters and heirs of that R[obert] H[olywood], and in the presence of John Blakeney, who whom the K. granted custody of the reversion of the lands [etc.] that Elizabeth, previously wife of R[obert] H[olywood] held (both in dower and for her life) of that inheritiance until the same full age, if they [the archbishop and John Blakeney] wish to be present―the escheator is to cause the same Robert B[urnell] and Margaret to have full seisin of Margaret's portion (except for the said exception); saving the right [etc.].

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 1, pp 54–5; BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 41; COA, PH 13203, pp 54–5; RIA, MS 12.D.25, p. 31.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
7 Feb. 1441
Dublin
To the escheator.

It has been found by inquisition that the K. was seised of all the channel of the water of Boyn [river Boyne] in co. Meath [etc.], and that Christopher Fleming kt raised a weir, by which he obstructed the channel of the said water [etc.]; and that weir, which is worth 13s 4d p.a., was seized [into the K.'s hand] for that reason. That reason has been deemed to be insufficient. ORDER to remove the K.'s hand.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 1, p. 54; COA, PH 13203, p. 54; BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 41.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
28 Sep. 1440
Dublin
To the escheator.

Because Richard Chambre, brother and heir of Michael Chambre dcd, and son and heir of John Chambre dcd, has proved his age, the K. has taken his fealty both for manors and lands [etc.] of which the said M[ichael] and J[ohn] thus held, and also for lands [etc.] that Joan Darcy dcd, who was the wife of the said John, thus held (both in dower and otherwise) for her life of the inheritance of the said M[ichael] and J[ohn]; and the K. has respited his homage for 13s 4d. ORDER to cause him to have full seisin of [those lands etc.]; saving to the wife of Henry Chambre her reasonable dower, and also the reasonable dower of the wife of the said Michael.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 19, p. 193.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
11 Jul. 1441
Dublin
To the escheator.

James Nugent―who married Elizabeth, one of the daughters and heirs of Robert Holywood kt, dcd, the K.'s tenant-in-chief―has proved his wife's age before the escheator. ORDER that, having taken James's fealty for the portion of Elizabeth [etc.],1 the escheator is to grant James and Elizabeth full seisin of Elizabeth's portion, having made a lawful partition into three parts

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 1, pp 54–5; BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 41.

Footnotes: 

1 As in §13 above, with the same exceptions.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
24 Aug. 1441

Andrew Sampford made fine with the K. for 6s 8d because he seized into the K.'s hand two carucates of land in Leawnaght, Saveshill and Somereston, co. Wexford; because the said Andrew was neither escheator nor deputy escheater on the day of the said seizure.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
1 Mar. 1441
Dublin

James Cruys esq. and Matilda his wife, [and] Reginald Cruys gentleman and Joan his wife give 5s for a writ of assize of novel disseisin.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
11 Aug. 1441

John Bouker acknowledges that he owes £40 to the K., to be nullified by his appearance before the deputy Lt.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This letter has the item-number range §§19–20 in RCH. This is the first item on the dorse of RCI roll §111.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
12 Aug. 1441

Similar RECOGNIZANCE in £20 by Walter Samf[…] of Dublin [with defeasance] for similar appearance [before the deputy Lt, as in §19].

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

{1} This letter has the item-number range §§21–2 in RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
[No date.]
To the constables of [the castles] of Esker and Dublin.

ORDER […].1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The item was almost entirely obliterated by 1828; the names John Swayne, John Smith and John Darcy were still legible.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
[No date.]

William [Silk], bp Meath, made fine for 40s because, although the K. ordered the bishop by his writ to produce before the K. on a certain day brother Edmund Porter (a fellow-canon of the house of the Blessed Mary of Trim, who was arrested and placed in the bishop's prison), together with the reason for his capture, that bishop refused to do so.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
[3 Aug. 1441]

MEMORANDUM that on 3 Aug. [1441], in the council chamber within the monastery of the Blessed Mary the Virgin of Trim, the following persons were then present in council, viz.:

James [Butler], e. Ormond, deputy Lt;
Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin;
Thomas Chaace [sic], doctor of divinity, C.;
Giles Thorndon esq., T.;
Christopher Bernevale, chief justice at pleas [etc.];
Robert Dowdall, chief justice of the common bench;
James Cornwalish, chief baron [of the Ex.];
William Chevyr', second justice at pleas [etc.];
Robert Dyke clk, keeper of the rolls;
Edward Somerton, serjeant-at-laws;
Christopher Plunket and Richard Guestas, knights, the K.'s counsellors.

Thomas Walsh, bachelor of laws, declared before the said deputy and council that one brother Thomas O.P. of Dublin, and other friars of the mendicant orders, informed the K. wrongly that Thomas Walsh, with others, impeded Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, so that certain processes and papal bulls, which were addressed in favour of the friars of the four mendicant orders and against one Philip Norreys, doctor of divinity, could not be freely executed. By pretext of his suggestion, it pleased the K. to issue letters under his p.s. for that T[homas] Walsh and others to appear before the K. and council in Eng. and to answer. For this reason, the said T[homas] Walsh pleaded to the deputy to question the archbishop, who was then present, as to whether that T[homas] Walsh or anyone else, by word or deed, made any impediment [etc.]; and the archbishop confessed that he executed those bulls and processes at the High Cross of the city of Dublin freely and peacefully, without impediment from that Thomas or anyone else whatsoever. The Lord Deputy1 ordered that that confession should be enacted in the rolls of chancery to remain of record.2

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This seems to be the first occurrence of the title 'Lord Deputy' [dominus deputatus] in RCH.
2 The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given here is that mentioned in the text.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
24
17 Aug. 1441

Robert Arcoll of Sutton gentleman and John Belyng del Wode, housebondman, acknowledged before the K. that they owe £100 to the K. for the appearance of John Carlond, alias Carlton, merchant, to answer and do [etc.] before the deputy and council.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

{1} This letter has the item-number range §§25–6 in RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
25
[4 May. 1441]

MEMORANDUM that on 4 May [1441] in the council chamber in the abbey of St Mary a discussion took place concerning the good governance and keeping of laws in the parts of Kilkenny, Wexford, Waterford, Tipperary, Limerick and Kerry; and how it was necessary that with all possible haste William Chevyr, second justice at pleas [etc.] and Edward Somerton, serjeant-at-laws, should proceed with the K.'s commission to execute his right and laws there. It was agreed that the said W[illiam] and E[dward] should dispatch themselves to those parts, and that the said William should have 6s 8d a day for his costs during the eyre [durante itinere], and the said Edward 4s a day.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given here is that mentioned in the text.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
26
3 Jul. 1441
Dublin
To the treasurer of the liberty of Meath and the barons of the Ex. of the same liberty.

Nicholas Plumm of Trim, John Broun of Dublin, John Hanwod of Dublin and John White of Dublin have mainprized for William Broun of Trym vynter that he shall not commit any bodily harm on William Dowdall and Katherine Kelly of Trim. ORDER to deliver that William Broun from the prison in which he has been detained for that reason.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
27
20 Jun. 1441
Dublin
To the constable of Dublin castle.

Malachy Grove, who was captured for various felonies by the sheriff of Kildare and detained in the prison of the said castle [of Dublin], has declared publicly that he is prepared to stand to right. ORDER―at his petition and by mainprize of Thomas Grogan of Carrykbronan, Donaldus Mole of the same, Richard White of the same, and Donaldus McShaghlyn of the same―to deliver him from prison.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
28
[23 Jun. 1441]

PETITION of the parliament at Naas, concerning grievances:1

'Soverayn lorde liege, thes ben the articles whiche your humble and pouer lieges of your land of Irland before James erle of Ormonde, depute to Lyone lorde of Welles, your lieutenaunt of your saide lande, and al othir lordes espirituelle and temporelle and your communes at your grete counseille nowe holden at the Naas, the Fryday next before the fest of the Nativite of seint John Baptist that last was [23 June 1441] have shewed, praying humbly your saide leigez your roialle mageste the saide articles graciousely to resceive and remedy, by the advyce of your right wirshipfulle and wyse counseille, with esployt ordeyne, and al the estates of your saide lande at this your said counseille have chosen Stephen Roche, your attourney in your saide lande, to come to your high presence the sayde articles to declare in the fourme that folowith.

First that the articles sende to you, soverayne lorde, by William Welles esquyer, messenger chosen in a parliament holden before Lyone lorde of Welles, your Lt of your saide lande, in the Fryday in the fest of seint Martyn the Bishop last passet, at your towne of Drogheda, the yere of your graciouse reigne xix [11 Nov. 1440], by the advyce and assent of lordes espirituelle and temporelle and communes beyng present in the saide parlement, to goo to your graciouse presence with the saide articles and that it wolde please your saide highnes that the saide articles were tenderly consideret, remedyet and answeret.

Also theras the saide lande of Irland is your lordship of oolde tyme annexet to your crowne, in the whiche ye and al your progenitours some tyme kynges of Engeland and lordes of Irland of the tyme that noo mynde rennet have had courtes, that is to say chauncery, kynges bynche, commune bynche, eschekker and grete counseils in the whiche courtes al maner of plees and querelles of al maner of thing within the same lande as welle touchyng the kyng as eny othir persone have to be determinet and ben determinable, and that noone your liege man ther dwellyng have not uset to plede ne to be empledet of suche plees and querels oute of the saide lande by force of any of your writes and pryve seales oute of your saide roialme to hym directe ne noon of your ministers your saide liege peple ne noon of hem by colour of any suche writtis or privy seale to hem directe have be take oute of the saide lande in to the saide royalme to answere of any suche plees othir querells, treson touching the kynges persone and a writt of errour aftir that right faylith in the kynges parlement oonly out take, the whiche lawes, consuetudes and privileges alle the kynges liege peple in the saide lande of alle tyme hath optenet and enjoyet, and also in the tyme of the right noble kyng, kyng Edwarde the thredde, your progenitour, in his parlement holden at Westminster, it is contenet that theras untrewe suggestiouns of some of the saide lande comyng in to the saide roiawme purposing to deprave and sclaundir fame and opinione of the kynges gode ministers and othir trewe men in the parties as welle by bille as by suggestiouns wherthrough the profit of the kyng and of the saide lande have be letted, the saide noble kyng wolde and ordeynet that suche bille or suggestiouns sholde be writte and sende to the justice, chaunceller and tresourer of the saide lande fore the tyme beyng under the sealle of the chaunceller of Engelande that they calling to them suche as them semed to be callet in presence of suche accusours the whiche also sholde be sende in to the saide lande to enquire diligently apon the matiers contenet in the saide bille and suggestiouns and if the saide bille and suggestiouns contenet verite that rightfully to correcte and amende the defautes and if the saide accusours made untrewe suggestiouns thay to be punished that suche peyne sholde yeve ensample to othirs to abstene them froo suche untrewe accuses and suggestiouns, that hit pleas you, soverayne lorde, that your saide peple of your saide lande might have, use and enjoye the saide lawes, usages and privileges and were not vexet ne inquietet contrary to the saide lawes, usages and privileges.

Also theras your noble progenitour kyng Edwarde before saide considering that divers his ministers and officeres within his saide lande unsufficiente and unconnyng by force of lettres patents under the kynges grete seale of Engelande withoute duhe examinacioun by prayer and giftes have ben admittet to ther offices whereof grete hurte have falle to the kynge and to his peple within his saide lande, wherefore he by the advyce of his counseille in Engelande ordeinet that noo ministre ne officer lowir than the office of the tresourer by colour of any suche lettres patentes shulde be admittet unto suche offices lasse than he were able to governe the said office to him grauntet but that the kyng sholde be asserted of the names of suche that were sufficient that the kyng might ordeyne fore the saide officeres. And nowe in late dayes divers persouns unsufficient and unconnyng ben admitted to divers offices in the saide lande as welle by force of your letters patentes, soverayne lorde, under your grete seale of Engelande as by lettres patentes by your lieutenauntz and other governours under you here under your grete seale of your saide lande unto grete hurte unto youre saide peple and subversioun of your lawes and courtes here. Wherapoun pleas it you, soverayne lorde, thes matiers consideret, by the advyce of your saide counseille in Engelande to ordeyne that noo maner man be admitted by force of any lettres patentes made under your grete seale of Engelande or Irlande to noon suche office but by duhe examinacioun made by your governour of the saide lande fore the tyme being and the kynges counseille of your saide lande he be founde sufficient, able and connyng to occupie such offices. And if any persoun be admittet contrary unto the saide graunt that the saide governour and counseille have power to examine them and they be found unsufficient and nounable to amove hem.'

O: 

TNA (PRO), E 101/248/16, §1.

T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, ff 336–9.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

Footnotes: 

1 The item was badly damaged by 1828, and nothing further is recorded in RCH except that the petition was written in English [Anglice script']. The vernacular text is based primarily on NLI, [Harris] MS 4, ff 336–9. The date attributed to this item here is that on which parliament is known to have met at Naas.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
29
[No date.]

LETTERS, addressed to the K., appointing Stephen Roche to present to the K. the said petition [of the grievances of the parliament of Naas, as in §28].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
30
[No date.]

Six similar letters, mutatis mutandis, addressed to the following lords, viz.:

[1] First, to [Humphrey] duke of Gloucester;
[2] to [Henry Beaufort] the cardinal of Eng., bishop of Winchester;
[3] to [John Kempe] cardinal of Eng., archbishop of York;
[4] to [John Stafford] the bishop of Bath and Wells, C. of Eng.;
[5] to [William de la Pole] the earl of Suffolk;
[6] to [Ralph] Lord Cromwell, T. of Eng.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This enrolment has the item-number range §§32–6 in RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
31
20 Aug. 1441
Dublin

INSTRUCTION given to the said Stephen Roche [as in §29] by the earl of Ormond, deputy of the Lt, and the council, to be shown to the K. and the council of Eng.

Written [in English] at Dublin on 20 Aug. [1441].

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
32
19 Mar. 1441
To John [Prene], abp Armagh.

ORDER to cause collection among his clergy of their portion of a subsidy of £20 granted by the commons and clergy of co. Louth to Bernardus McMaguna, chieftain of his lineage.

C: 

NLI, MS 2689, f. 144 (§195).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
33
5 May. 1441
Ardee
To John [Prene], abp Armagh.

ORDER to be present in person with sufficient proctors for the dean, chapter and clergy of his diocese, at a great council which is to be held at Naas on Friday before St John the Baptist [23 June 1441] for certain most arduous reasons intimately concerning the K.'s estate and the salvation and defence of his land of Ire., by advice of James Butler, e. Ormond, deputy of Lord Welles, Lt.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, deputy of Lord Welles, Lt
T: 

TCD, MS 775, p. 460.

C: 

Reg. Swayne, p. 184 (§548).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife