patent Roll 19 Edward IV

1
15 Mar. 1479
Dublin

KNOW YE that we of our special grace by the consent of our trusty and well beloved Sir Robert Preston kt, Lord Gormanstown, deputy of Henry Grey, Lord Grey, deputy of the K.'s son George, duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire., for the honour of God, the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Saints Clement and Anne and of all Saints, for the pious purpose and loyal intention of the said Sir Robert Preston; Walter, Lord Abbot of the house of the Blessed Virgin Mary near Dublin, Keeper of our Great Seal of Ireland; Sir Robert Eustace, Knight, Treasurer of our land of Ireland; Sir Maurice Burghill, Knight; Philip Bermingham, Chief Justice of our Bench in Ireland; Sir Robert Dowdall, Knight, Chief Justice of our Common Bench in Ireland; Thomas Dowdall, Clerk and Keeper of the Rolls of our Chancery in Ireland; John West, now Mayor of our City of Dublin; John Bellew, John Fyan, Nicholas Bourke, Thomas Fitzsymon, Patrick Fitzleones, John Bowland, Mathew ffowler, John Savage, Jenico Markys, Richard Arland, John Estrete, Thomas Cusack, Richard Nangle, John Moore, Thomas Beck, Thomas Hunt, John Godfrey, Richard Long, John Bowland, Patrick Comyn, Thomas Long, John Read, Hugh Baker, Roger Hollywood, Richard Calfe, Thomas Prendergast and John Semblen to be fulfilled, HAVE granted and give licence for us and our heirs to them as much as in us lieth that they who shall join to the praise of God and Blessed Virgin Mary and the Saints Clement and Anne and of all Saints be a fraternity or guild of the art of Bakers of the City of Dublin to be forever called the Fraternity or Guild of St Clement and Anne of themselves and other persons as well men as women by right and deed and whatsoever persons honest and able to them adhering and loyal affection may take admit and receive as brothers and sisters of the guild or fraternity aforesaid and that the brethren of the fraternity or guild aforesaid to have a Master and two Wardens chosen every year and by themselves to have the governing and ruling of the said art of Bakers and shall have the keeping of all the lands tenements rents the possession of the goods and chattels which to the said fraternity or guild are now given and granted or shall happen hereafter to belong to the said fraternity or guild of the City and suburbs of Dublin AND that such Master and Wardens for the time being with the advice of the approved brethren of the said art shall have full power to choose appoint and successively constitute other Master and Wardens from year to year to have the ruling governing and overseeing of the said fraternity or guild and the custody of such lands tenements rents the possession of the goods and chattels aforesaid in form aforesaid and them and every of them from time to time when it shall be needful and necessary to be removed and discharged and others of the art aforesaid to be put in the place as to them shall be thought fit and to have a common Seal for the business and concerns of the said fraternity or guild belonging which Seal shall remain under the custody of the said Master and Wardens for the time being AND that the Master and Wardens and their successors Masters and Wardens which at any time hereafter shall be constituted for the said fraternity or guild and for the lands tenements rents services possessions goods and chattels of the said fraternity or guild shall and may plead and be pleaded unto answer and be answered unto in whatsoever actions causes quarrels demands and pleas as well real . . . . . . . . . . all and mixed of whatsoever kind or nature by the name of the Master and Wardens of Saint Clement and Anne Dublin before whatsoever judges secular or ecclesiastical AND that the said Masters and Wardens and brethren of the said fraternity or guild shall and may meet in what place and at what time when and as often as to them shall be thought expedient to act do and communicate among themselves one with another for concerning and advising about the State and good government of the said guild or fraternity and make honest ordinances to the praise and honour of God the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Clement and Anne and all Saints and good government of the said fraternity or guild from year to year and from time to time and the same laws from time to time likewise as need shall require according to the discretion of the said Master and Wardens to increase or diminish or make void AND further of our more abundant grace we do grant to the aforesaid Robert Preston. Abbot, Robert, Maurice, Philip, Robert, Thomas, John, John, John, Nicholas, Thomas, Patrick, John, Mathew, John, Jenico, Richard, John, Thomas, Richard, John, Thomas, Thomas, John, Richard, John, Patrick, Thomas, John, Hugh, Roger, Richard, Thomas, and John and whosoever shall join with them to the praise of God the Blessed Virgin Mary St Clement and Saint Anne and all Saints shall and may make ordain and establish according to their discretion and permission a certain Charity one or more Chaplain or Chaplains every year in the Chapel of Saint Anne within the Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Damines [Dammes] of the said City for ever to be celebrated for us whilst we live and the brethren and sisters of the fraternity or guild whilst they live and our souls when departed this life and the soul of our Father and progenitors departed this life AND that the Master Wardens brethren and sisters and their successors may meet in such convenient places and times when and as often as to them shall be though expedient to manage and ordain for the aforesaid charity according to the appointment in this part made we do further give and grant licence to the said Master Wardens and brethren of the said fraternity or guild and their successors for the time being that they may purchase lands tenements rents and services and advowsons of the Church and Chapels as well in fee as reversion to the value of Ten Pounds per annum to be held of us in capite TO HAVE AND TO HOLD to them and their successors Masters Wardens and brethren of the same fraternity or guild for ever of the chief lord of the fee by the services thereout of right accustomed to support and sustain the charities of the said Chauntry and all other works of piety for the soul for ever the Statute of Mortmain or any other statute or ordinances heretofore to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding AND further of our more abundant grace to the honour of God the Blessed Mary Saint Clement and Anne and of all Saints as aforesaid we do for us and our heirs grant to the said Master and Wardens and their successors that they shall have full power to inquire into as often and from time to time as to them shall be thought convenient of all transgressions deceits misprisons oppressions extortions and misbehaviours made and acted by whomsoever of them who in the said city or suburbs exercise the said art of Bakers and of every their servants and apprentices in all and every matters which to the said art belongs within the city and suburbs of Dublin to hear and faithfully determine to the damages of the complaining or wronged and all and every thing which before the said Master and Wardens by due examination or other lawful means shall come and be found faulty to chastise correct and amend by imprisonment in the prison of our said City or by fines or amerciments as the case shall require AND we will for us and our heirs firmly command as much as in us is that the keeper of our prison of the City of Dublin for the time being or his deputy by warrant from the Master and Wardens shall take into his safe custody and imprison such offenders and them keep until by the warrant or warrants of the said Master and Wardens they shall be discharged giving unto the said keeper and his deputy full power to receive into his custody such offenders committed by the aforesaid authority and them in safe custody keep until from the same prison by warrant from the said Master and Wardens they shall be delivered without our hindrance or molestation of our heirs or successors or of any our officers or Ministers whatsoever AND also that the said Master and Wardens and their successors shall have full cognizance or knowledge in all pleas of debt trespass contracts deceit falsehood and misprison between baker and bakers and their servants and apprentices and others and whosoever of the said art belongs to be held before the said Master and Wardens wheresoever they will and to them shall be thought most convenient within our said City and suburbs of Dublin and the fines and amerciments in that behalf arising to be collected shall be to the use and benefit of the fraternity or guild aforesaid AND further whosoever of the said art shall take an apprentice shall first bring before the said Master Wardens and Clerk for the time being to see if such apprentice be discreet good conditioned of the English nation and of good conversation and that such apprentice to be bound before the Master and Wardens for the term of seven years and his indentures to be enrolled by the Clerk within a year next ensuing and whosoever shall take an apprentice otherwise shall be utterly null and void as to such taking and he shall pay immediately half a Mark for the use of the said fraternity or guild AND as often as such of the aforesaid art shall run away that then it shall be lawful for the Master in his proper person or his attorney having the testimonial under the common seal of the said fraternity or guild to testify that such apprentice ran away such apprentice to take and arrest wheresoever he shall be found without the liberties of the said City and Towns by us or our ancestors privileged and to bring him back to his house and compel him to serve as is just and customable and the term of seven years being expired and faithfully served every apprentice of the said art of the City of Dublin shall be brought by his master and Master and Wardens for the time being to the Guild Hall of the said City and there by their testimony before the Mayor and Bailiffs of the said City for the time being and received into the guild of the said city AND that none of the aforesaid art shall be hereafter received or admitted to the liberty or freedom of the said City without the Master of the fraternity or guild aforesaid and other sufficient men of the said art their consent and that none shall exercise the aforesaid art within the said City and suburbs without the consideration of such Master and Wardens for the time being but be found capable of exercising the said art and admitted into the guild of the said City AND that the said Master and Wardens and their successors may ordain and constitute one Clerk to write their arts and records and have so many servants and beadles as to them shall seem meet for the execution and offices aforesaid AND that the said Master and Wardens and their successors together with others of the aforesaid art residing in the said City shall and may meet together at the times and places convenient when and as often as they shall think fit to communicate and manage among themselves with others in council and make honest laws for the ruling and good governing of the said art to the glory of God AND we have also granted for us our heirs and successors that the said Master and Wardens and their successors during the time they shall continue in their offices shall not be put upon juries or assizes or inquisitions whatsoever in any courts within the City and suburbs although the inquisitions or juries concern us our heirs and successors AND that no such Master or Wardens as long as they exercise in such offices shall be made Collector or Receiver of any rents subsidies customs or other the revenue of us or our heirs or successors or other concerns within the said City or suburbs arising for our use or our heirs or belonging to the said City. IN WITNESS whereof we have caused these our letters to be made patent. WITNESS the aforesaid Deputy at Dublin the fifteenth day of March in the Nineteenth year of our reign.

Attested: 
Robert Preston kt, Lord Gormanstown, deputy of Henry Grey, Lord Grey, deputy of the K.'s son George, duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire.
T: 

NLI, MS 680, ff 166–75.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
11 Jun. 1479

INSPEXIMUS of statute passed at Trim at All Saints last [1 Nov. 1478] whereby Thomas Archbold, otherwise called Thomas Galmole, who by patent 15 Dec. 18 Edw. IV [1478] was appointed master of the coinage, is confirmed in possession of the same, but saving that Walter Marshall be called marshal master of the mint of the city of Waterford.

C: 

COA, PH 15175, p. 257.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
12 Jul. 1479
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of certain charters enrolled in the close roll of the chancery of Ire. in the year 9 Edw. IV [1469x70],1 the tenor of which follows here, viz.:

[1] 'Let all persons present and future know that I, Juliana Passavaunt, in my pure widowhood, have given, granted and by this my present charter have confirmed to Nicholas Clerke of Dublin, merchant, and to Richard Stanyhurst and John Stanyhurst, my sons, all my messuages, lands and tenements, rents and services that I have both in co. Dublin and in the city of Dublin and in the suburb of the same; to have and to hold all those messuages, lands and tenements, rents and services, with all and singular their appurtenances, to the said Nicholas, Richard and John, and their heirs and assigns, forever, to be held of the chief lords of the fee by due and accustomed service. In testimony of which thing, I have affixed my seal to these presents.

Given on 1 May [1454] 32 Hen. VI'

[2] 'Let all persons know by these presents that I, Juliana Passavaunt, gentilewoman, have remised and released and quitclaimed for myself and my heirs forever to Richard Stanyhurst and John Stanyhurst, my sons, and to their heirs and assigns, all my right and claim whatsoever that I have or might have in the future in all messuages, lands, tenements, rents and services, with their appurtenances, in co. Dublin and in the city of Dublin, and in the suburs of the same city. Such that henceforth in future neither I, the said Juliana Passavaunt, nor anyone else in my name shall be able to exact or challenge any right or claim in those messuages, lands, rents and services, with their appurtenances, or in any parcel of the same, with appurtenances, but rather that all my right and claim in the same shall be utterly extinguished forever by these presents. In testimony of which thing, I have affixed my seal to these presents.

Given on 3 May [1454] 32 Hen. VI.'

EXEMPLIFICATION of those charters at the request of Richard Stanyhurst.2

Attested: 
Robert Preston, Lord Gormanston, deputy of the K.'s son Richard Salop, duke of York, the K.'s Lt in Ire.
O: 

TCD, MS 1207/243.

C: 

J. Gilbart Smyly (ed.), 'Old deeds in the library of Trinity College―V', Hermathena, 71 (Nov. 1946), §184 (pp 42–3).

Footnotes: 

1 CIRCLE, CR 9 Edw. IV, §1.
2 The engrossed letters patent conclude with a 'mention' of the clerk ('Dovedall') who oversaw the engrossment. The names of the chancery clerks who exemplified the deeds are written on the plica of the engrossment: 'Ex' per Ricardum Nangle et Willielmum Caudell, clericos'. The seal pendent is now missing, although there is a slit in the plica for the parchment tag by which it would have been attached to the engrossment.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
17 Dec. 1479
Dublin

Of the K.’s special grace and by assent of his cousin Gerald e. Kildare, deputy of Richard of Shrewsbury, duke of York, Lt of Ire., GIFT and GRANT to Henry Duff of Drogheda the office of second justice of the K.’s common bench of the land of Ire.; and APPOINTMENT of that Henry as second justice of that bench by these presents. To have, hold, occupy and exercise that office during his lifetime, receiving from the K. annually in that office 20m at Easter and Michaelmas in equal portions, together with all other profits and commodities due and accustomed to that office. And for the great security of the payment of those 20m annually, GIFT and GRANT to Henry of 20m to have and receive from the rents, issues, profits, commodities and revenues of the fee-farm of the K.’s town of Drogheda, by the hands of the sheriff of that town for the time being at the said feasts [of Easter and Michaelmas] in equal portions; notwithstanding that express mention is not made in these presents of the true annual value of that office or its profits and commodities, nor of other gifts or grants made by the K. to Henry before this time, according to the tenor and form of the statutes, acts and ordinances enacted in such cases before this time; [and notwithstanding]any statute, act, ordinance, use or custom enacted, made, or ordained before this time.1

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy of Richard of Shrewsbury, duke of York, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By writ of the p.s. and by authority of parliament of that date.
O: 

NAI, CB 1/10, m. 4d (ed. Steven G. Ellis, 'The common bench plea roll of 19 Edward IV (1479–80', AH, no. 31 (1984), p. 47).

T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 2, pp 794–6.

N: 

D. B. Quinn, 'Guide to English financial records for Irish history, 1461–1558, with illustrative extracts, 1461–1509', AH, no. 10 (1941), p. 19.

Footnotes: 

1 The transcript of these letters patent in NAI, CB 1/10, m. 4d, conclude with the following 'mention of service': 'Cogley'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
22 Dec. 1479

GRANT, for 20 years, to the prior and convent of Holy Trinity and their successors of £20 p.a. from the revenue of Dublin.

Attested: 
Robert Preston kt, deputy Lt
N: 

D. B. Quinn, 'Guide to English financial records for Irish history, 1461–1558, with illustrative extracts, 1461–1509', AH, no. 10 (1941), p. 18.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
22 Dec. 1479
Dublin

APPOINTMENT, for life, of James Ketyng, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., as constable of Dublin castle to hold in person or by sufficient deputy, receiving the accustomed fees and wages out of the issues and profits of the coinage or moneys to be made within Ire.

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 2, pp 752–3.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife