close Roll 19 Edward IV

1
4 Aug. 1479

MEMORANDUM that on 4 Aug. [1479] 19 Edw. IV, Robert St Laurence, Lord Howth, appeared personally in chancery and requested that the following deed [§2], sealed (as he said) with his seal, be enrolled in the close roll of chancery.1

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 43; RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first item of RCI roll §120, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus clausus de anno 19 Edw. IV.' The enrolment is calendared in RCH as a single item with the item-number range §§1–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
[4 Aug. 1479]

ENROLMENT of a deed dated at Howth, 10 July [1478] 18 Edw. IV, by which the said Robert, Lord of Howth, granted and confirmed to Robert Dowdall kt, John Cornewalshe kt, Thomas Talbot of Malahide esq., John More yeoman [yeman] and William Rery yeoman [yeman] all the messuages, lands, tenements, mills, moors, rents and services, with their appurtenances―which formerly belonged to Christopher St Laurence kt, late Lord of Howth, his father; or which descended to him [Robert] in any manner after the death of that Christopher; or after the death of Amory and Thomas, his brothers; or after the death of Lady Elizabeth Bermingham; or any others whatsoever who have or will have any estate to the use of the said Christopher, Robert, Amory, Thomas and Elizabeth or others aforesaid―in the town and fields of Balybarrok, co. Dublin; and 4m of annual rent in the town of Stapolyn in the same county; [and] in the towns and fields of Pilletestoun, Navan, Ballysawe and Kells in co. Meath; and in the town and fields of Drogheda; to have to themselves and their heirs and assigns from the chief lords of those fees, by due services for the same.1

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 43; RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

1 The date given here is that of enrolment, for which see above §1.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
4 Aug. 1479
Dublin

The same R[obert] St Laurence appointed Nicholas White yeoman [yeman] as his attorney to enter and deliver seisin to the same Robert Dowdall [etc.] of the said lands [etc.], as in the preceding charter [§1].

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 43; RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
5 Aug. 1479

MEMORANDUM that on 5 Aug. [1479] 19 Edw. VI, Robert Dowdall kt, John Cornewalshe kt, Thomas Talbot of Malahide esq., John More yeoman [yeman] and William Rery yeoman [yeman] appeared personally in chancery and requested that the following deed be enrolled.1

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 43; RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The enrolment is calendared in RCH as a single item with the item-number range §§4–5; the text of the deed is given in §5.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
[5 Aug. 1479]

ENROLMENT of certain charters dated at Dublin, 18 Aug. [1478] 18 Edw. IV, by which Robert Dowdall kt, John Cornewalshe kt, Thomas Talbot of Malahide esq., John More yeoman [yeman] and William Rery yeoman [yeman] granted and confirmed to the following persons all the lands [that belonged to Christopher St Laurence, as above, §2], viz.:

[1] Sir Robert St Laurence, knight and lord of Howth, son and heir of Sir Christopher St Laurence, kt, Lord of Howth, dcd, and the noble lady Joan, his wife, daughter and one of the heirs of Edward, duke of Somerset, marquess of Dorset, by the noble princess Eleanor, his wife, daughter and co-heir of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick and Albemarle; [and] to Sir Thomas Bourghchier, cardinal and archbishop of Canterbury; Henry Stafford, duke of Buckingham; Sir Thomas Rotheram, bp Lincoln; Sir William Dudley, bp Durham; Sir John Alcok, bp Worcester; Sir James Coldwell, bp Norwich; Henry Bourghchier, e. Essex; Anthony Wyndewille, Earl Rivers; Thomas [Butler], e. Ormond; William Hastings, Lord Hastings; Thomas Stanley, Lord Stanley; Henry Grey, Lord Grey; James Fleming, baron of Slane; Thomas Burgh kt; William Stanley kt; Thomas Seyntleg’ [St Leger] kt; Henry Roos kt; George Broun kt; Robert Spenser kt; James Tirrell kt; Maurice Burghill kt; Richard Roos; William Pastoun; John Rysshe; Hugh Balfronte; John Howett; Robert Plomer; Hugh Brice; Thomas fitz Symond; and Dionisius Waryng.

To have for the lives of Robert and Lady Joan, his wife, or whichever of them lives longer, of the chief lords of those fees, by due services for the same.

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 75, p. 43; RCH.

Footnotes: 

{1} The date given here is that of the enrolment; see above §4 for a related memorandum.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
5 Aug. 1479

Robert Dowdall, John Cornewalshe, Thomas Talbot, John More and William Rery appointed William fitz John as their attorney to deliver seisin to Robert St Laurence and the others [as above, §5].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
[No date.]

ENROLMENT, in English, of the K.'s decision and mandate from two parliaments lately held at Naas and Drogheda respectively; also from another parliament next to be held.1

'In thes articles folowing been comprised the kyng’s will, detterminacione, commaundment and plesures upon the Parliaments holdyn late at the Naase and Drogheda; and upon the Parliament that shall be nowe next holdyn within his lande of Ireland.

Whereas have been gret variences of late in our said land of Irland upon two Parliaments ther last holdyn the onn at the Naase, the other at Drogheda, whother of theym shuld be of auctorite, we have therupon taken suche direction as folowith.

Furst, we considere, that in the said two Parliaments were communed and concludet prynciply two actes, the oon touchyng the grauntes of certayn subsidies far the wele and defence of our said land, the second concerned resumpcions as well of offices as of our revenue.

As touching the subsidies graunted in our Parliament holdyn at Drogheda, for as moche as we understand that it was granted, and also in gret part, as we ben enformed, leveed for the wele and defence abovesaid, we will that the same graunte, with all that thereto apperteyneth, be gode and effectuell, and also auctorised by the Parliament in our said land now next to be holdyn.

As touching the’ acts of resumcions in eather of the said Parliaments passed, which of parcialte and malice been and have been more hurtyng to our subjects ther, than to us or the wele of our said land profitable, we will that the same acts be maad void, and of none effect in the lawe; except the resumcion of offices, and of chancellorship and Tresererships made in the Parliament holdyn at Drogheda, the which we will that hit stand in his force and effect; consideryng that theruppon we have made the Bishop of Meth our Chanseler, and S{r} Rouland Eustace Knyght our Tresorer there; and we will that a general act of Resumpcion for’ the furst day of Kyng Herry the VI{th} be had and made in the next Parliament touching our Revenue, and that such Provisions be made upon the same by our Depute Lieutennant there accordyng to our plesure; which our plesure we have showed unto our Right Trusty and wellbeloved cosyn, th’ erle of Kyldare, whom we have ordered to be Depute Lieutennant, and to the Reverend Fader in God the Bisshop of Mythe, whom we have ordeyned, as is above said, to be our Chanselor.

As touching the Resumpcion of offices, forasmoche as the offices of Chanselor and other, in the Depute’s commysion named to us oonly reserved, we will that the offices of Chief Baron of the Ex., and the Maister of our Mint there bie resumed in this same Parliament, and our letters patents be mad theruppon under our gret seall thereto thes persons to whom we have made our grantes upon the same.

And as to other offices to us in the said commysion not referred [recte 'reserved'], we be contented that suche of theym be resumed, and they for the wele of us and our said land by our said Depute Lievetennant, so disposed as shall be thought by hym most expedient.

We will also that at thys Parliament be resumed th’ office of Seneschalce of the liberte ofMethe, wyth the fees wages and rewardes therfor by us or otherwye to any person graunted, and soo to remayne in our hands at our plesur. We will also that if any act have be made to the prejudice of us, and in derogacione of our crowne in restreyning of Tonnage and Pondage it be utterly revoked and adnulled, and in this Parliament the old graunt therof be renovelled and established, as that be best for our right wele and honor.

Item, the Kyng wylleth, that suche an act as heretofore haith ben made in the land there restreyning that noo man within that land shuld be called out of the said land by any precept or commaundment made under the Kyng’s grete seall, prive seall, or signet in Eng. be utterly revoked and adnulled.

Item, the Kyng willeth, that upon resumpcione of the Kyng’s revenues to be made in this Parliament, the towns of Dyvelyn and Drogheda be providet fore al suche grauntis as have ben made unto theym by the Kyng’s auctorite his Progenitors or Predecessours; so that they promisse to be redy to doo the Kyng service at suche tymes as by the Kyng’s Lievtennant or his Depute they shall be desyred.'

F: 

Rep. RCI 1811–15, plate 4, §1.

T: 

Gilbert, Viceroys, pp 592–3.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

57th rep. DKPRI, p. 569.

Footnotes: 

1 The text given here is reproduced (with superior letters placed in curly brackets) from the printed edition in Gilbert, Viceroys, who made a transcript of the original Irish close roll. Mr J. T. Morrissey, Assistant Keeper of the Public Records of Ireland, later collated Gilbert's published transcript with the original roll, and annotated the copy of Gilbert, Viceroys, possessed by the PROI. The original roll was destroyed in 1922, but the annotations were published in 57th rep. DKPRI, p. 569. These annotations are placed here in square brackets immediately afer the corresponding word from Gilbert's edition.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
[No date.]

ENROLMENT, in English, of the K.'s mandate concerning the execution of the offices of the C., clerk of the rolls, and clerk of the hanaper, viz.:

'Of the Demeanor of the great Officers.

Thes Articles folowying conteyne the Kyng s comaundements and plesere how his Chanselere of Ireland, Clerc of the Rolles, and the Clerc of the Hanaper ther shall demene theym there in executyng of ther offices.

Furste, they and everiche of thems shall well and trewly serve the Kyng and his liege peple of the same land in the doyng of ther offices.

Item, that they ne none of them shall assent to the hurt, damage, or alienacione of þe1 Kyngs lands, revenues or rights, but they shall endevoir themselfe for the vauncyng, and encresyng therof, and lette all theym to the best of their powere that wold attempt the contrary therof.

Item, that the sead Chaunselor do sete alweyes in suche place and tymes, as the Clerc of the Rolles, the Clerc of the Hanaper, and other ministers of þe Chaunsery may be ther and then present.

Item, that the said Chaunselor do delyvre to the Clerc of the Rolles all suche warrants cummyng to his handes, so as he may kepe theim as the K.’s recordes accordyng to his office.

Item, that the said Chaunseller sele no pardons under the K.’s grete sele unto any man upon his provisione from the Court of Rome, without the Kyng’s knowledge or consent.

Item, the Chaunseller in person shall in true [recte 'term'] tyme make his abidyng in the place wher the Kyng’s courts be kept, unless ether be a grete and urgent cause by the Depute, wyth the advice of the more part of þ Kyng’s Consele it be thought his absence to be allowed.

Of the Clerc of the Rolles.

Item, that the Clerc of the Rolles do enrol all patents under the Kyng’s gret seall befor that they be deliveret to the parties, and kepe so the Kyng’s recordes that none of them be rased or besoiled.

Item, that he see and write at every sele what profite growth on to the Kyng therof, and the specialtees of the same; so that his boke so made may be a controllement upon th’ accompts of þe Clerc of the Hanaper to be made yerly in the Kyng’s Eschequer there.

Item, that no lyvere be made to the Kyng’s tenant, ne yet restitucion to be made to any Bishop, Abbot or Prior, without that the Kyng be furst answered of his duete accordynge to the rate of þe tyme that the lands have ben in the Kynges handes.

Of the Clerc of the Hanapier.

Item, that the Clerc of the Hanapier continuelly receive the fees of the sele of writts, comisssions, and patents, and also all suche fynes as shall be made in the Chaunsery, and thereupon pay the Chaunsellor his fees, wages and rewardes accustomed, and deliver the remnant unto the Kyng’s Ex. upon his accomptes, which he shall make yerly therof. And to th’ entent that noone ignoreunce may be pretendit what fines ben to be made there within th’ Kyng’s Chaunsery, the specialties of them herafter.

Of fynes upon Writts to be paid in Chancery.

All writts of Covenant, every assise, and writts in nature of assise, and other writts of entry above the value of xl. shillings unto the value of five m―6s 8d.
Every special assize, be hit ever so litill, it maketh a fine, and streitly every five M―6s 8d.
Every Formedowne above forty shillings unto 8 m―6s 8d.
Every Pone of Justicies, pone of writts of right, every writt of conspirici, writts of atteynte, and writts of false judgement, the fine―6s 8d.
Every recordare of dette or trispasse, and every Dedimus potestatem upon writt of Covenant―6s 8d.
Every writt of dette or trispasse, exceeding the some, value, or prise of 40 unto the some of 60―6s 8d.
Also, an attachment of the privilege of dette or trispasse according to the same, and if it exceeds more to pay more―6s 8d.
All respite of homage―6s 8d. But more after þe quantiti of the livelod.
All Oyer and Determiner at the sute of the partie, if gretter trispasse the gretter fine.
All manner licence to purchase temporell livelod to Mortmayne the fine five yere value of the same.
All manner licence of spirituell livelod, as appropriacions of chirches, or of benefices spirituell of Holy Chirche four yere value of the same.
All manner licence of alienacione by the Kyng’s tenaunt the third part of the value thereof.
All pardons of alienaciones made by the Kyng’s tenaunt the value of an hole yere.
All maner licence of marriage of the Kyng’s widdows the third part of ther dower.
All manere of confirmaciones of offices the third part or the fourth part of the value therof by the yere.
All confirmaciones of libertees and Franchisees the third part or the fourth part of the profites or value of the same Franchisees.
All patents of devysing the thirde part of the value of his godes.
All pardons of the Kyng’s widowes maried without licence the value of her dower by þe yere.

Item, that the Clerc of the Kyng’s Hanapier leave for him a depute in the court of the Kyng’s Bench, another in the court of the Common Place, whych shall receve for the Kyng all the profites growing of the Kyng’s sele in eyther of the said Courts, and therupon shall yeld his accompte in the Kyng’s Ex..'

T: 

Gilbert, Viceroys, pp 594–6.

C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 21, p. 61; RCH.

N: 

57th rep. DKPRI, p. 569.

Footnotes: 

1 The thorn (þ) is printed as a 'y' in Gilbert, Viceroys.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
[No date.]

ENROLMENT, in English, of the K.'s mandate to Roland fitz Eustace kt, T., concerning the execution of his office, viz.:

'The Tresorer’s Duty.

Here folowyth the Kyng’s commaundements and plesure to be showed unto Sir Rouland Eustace, knyght, whom his Highnesse haith deputed to be Tresorer of his lande of Irland.

Furst, the said Sir Rouland shall well and trewly behave hym in the occupieng of his said office, and justely and righteuisly exercize it, as well betwixt the Kyng and his subjects, as betwixt the Kyng’s subjects.

Item, he shall not assent nore agre to the hurt, dammage, or disheretyng the Kyng of his lands, revenues, rights, regalie, or prerogatifs, but in all that in hym is he shall uphold, mayntene, encrese, and avaunce them.

Item, that the said Sir Rouland continuelly endeavour himself that the Kyng be yerely answered of all suche revenues and rights, as shall belong unto his higheness within his land of Irland, and that he do send unto the Kyng’s gode grace yerely a trewe and pleyn vewe therof, comprising the particulars and specialtees of the same.

Item, that the same Sir Rouland remitte and forget all malice, and evill will, that he haith borne and berith unto the Bishop of Mythe, Bermingham, the Justice, and all others the Kyng’s subjects, within þe said land: For the Kyng’s Highenesse haith commandet them in semblablle wise to do toward hym.

Also, the K. wol that he delivere his gret sele beying in his kepyng unto the said Bisshop of Mythe, whom he haith deputed and made his Chaunsellor of his said land of Irland.

Item, that the said Sir Rouland kepe th’ appointment by the Kyng taken betwix him, and Sir Roberte Eustace in thes articles1 folowyng, which comprised the Kyng’s comaundments and plesure to be executed and accomplished by his Juges and Barones of th’ Eschequer within his land of Ireland.

Furste, that thei and everich of theym duely and trewly behave theym, as well towards the Kyng’s Higheness, as towards his subjects, in executyng and doyng of their offices, and aftir ther cunyng and discrecione justely and indifferently ministre justice to all the Kynges subjects in those parties.

Item, that nether thei ne eny of theym assent nore agree to the hurtyng or endamagyng of any suche revenues, enheritances, prerogatifs, rights, or interests to the Kyng in eny wise belonging; but that thei and everich of theym endevoir theym to their power to the avauncing and encrecyng thereof.

Item, that thei and everith of theym employ theym as effectually as thei can, that all fynes, amercements, and all other issues and profites that shall or ought rightwisely to grow within the Kyng’s Courts, wher they have or shall have administracione of Justice, be trwely and duely cessed and ordered, and that therof a due comptes be made yerly in the Kyng’s Eschequer ther; soe that their fees, wages, and rewardes may be paiet and contented of the same as far as it shall stretche unto.

Item, in caas that eny variences grow amongst the Kyng’s subjects in thes parties, which God defend, wherby the Kyng or the comon wele of his land ther by eny liklyod shuld be hurted, that thei endevoir themselves to the best of ther power to appeyse thos variences, and that suche directione be takyn theruppon as shall best acorde to reson, and to the wele of the Kyng, and of his land of Ireland.'

T: 

Gilbert, Viceroys, pp 596–8.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

57th rep. DKPRI, p. 569.

Footnotes: 

1 'in thes articles': Morrissey's annotations record that on the original roll a 'fresh heading commences with these words' (57th rep. DKPRI, p. 569).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
[No date.]

ENROLMENT, in English, of the K.'s mandate to be executed by his judges and barons, viz.:

'On the Juges Demeanor.

Item, that the Judges of both the places aid, assiste, and favoir suche persones as the Clerc of the Hanapier shall depute for hym there for the recoveryng of profites of the Kyngs seles within the same places; so that the Kyng may be therby answered therof, as he ought to be.'1

T: 

Gilbert, Viceroys, p. 598.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 A further section of Edward IV's ordinances concerning judges and the barons of the exchequer appears in NAI, CB 1/10, m. 5d (Steven G. Ellis (ed.), 'The common bench plea roll of 19 Edward IV (1479–80)', AH, no. 31 (1984), 50–1). The relevant portion of the text is reproduced here:

'In thies ffolowyng ben þe arteicles comprised þe kynges commaundementes & pleasires to be executed & accomplised bi his Juges & Barons of thEschequier w{t}in his land of Irland.

ffurst that they and eueryche of them duely & trewly behaue them aswele towardes the kynges highnese as towartes his subgectes in executing and doyng of there offices and aftir there cunnyng and discreccion iustly and indeferently ministre iustice to all þe kynges subgectes. Item, that they ne anny of them assent assent [sic] nore agree to þe hurting ore endamaging of thiese parties of anny suche reuenewes enheritaunces prerogatif right ore interest as to the kynge in any wise belongeth but that they and eueryche of them endeuoire theym to thare powere to þe avauncyng & encrecing thereof.

Item, þat they & euery of them enploy them as effectuelly as they canne þat all fines amercimentes and all other issues and profitez that shall ore ought rightusiy to grow w*in þe kinges courtes where they haue ore shall haue administracion of iustice be trewly and duly cessed and oredred and that therof a due comptes be made yerely in þe kinges eschequier there so þat thare fees wages & rewardes may be paied & contented of the same as farr as hit shall mow streche therto.

Item, in caas that any variaunce grow amongest þe kinges subgettes in thies parties, whiche God defend, whereby the kinge ore the commown wele of his land there by any lykelyhood shuld be hurted that they endeuoire them self to þe best of theire power to appeyse thoose variauncez and þat suche direction be taken thereuppon as shall best accorde to reason and to the wele of þe king and of his said land of Irland.

Item, þat þe Jugez of booth the places aide & assist and fauour suche persones as þe clerke of the hanaper shall depute for hym there for þe receyng of prouffites of þe kinges seales w{t}n the same places so þat the kyng may thereby answered therof as he ought to be.'

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
[No date.]

ENROLMENT, in English, concerning the manner and form by which Gerald e. Kildare, deputy Lt, shall exercise his office, viz.:

'In the Articles folowing ben comprised the Kyng’s plesure howe, and in what forme Gerard, th’ Earle of Kildare, Depute unto his Lievtennant, shall be demeaned in the peerceifing [recte 'thexercisyng'] of his office of the said Depute within his land of Irland.

Furste, the said Erle shal wel and trewly serve the Kyng, as depute to his Lievtennant of Irland, in all and everith thing comprised in his commisscione.

Item, he shall to th’ uttermoost of his power defend the Kyng’s lands, and his subgects within the said land against the Kyng’s rebells and Irish Ennemyes.

Item, he shall not assent to the hurt, damage, or alienacione of the Kyng’s lands, revenues, or rights within that land, but to the best of his power avance and encres them, and lete those that wold attempt to do the contrary.

Item, he shall not pardon th’ entre of eny of the Kyng’s tennants upon the Kyng’s possessions, nor yet graunt to eny suche licence1 without a resonable fyne furste to be therupon made and certyfied unto the Kyng’s Eschequer there, soe that his Higheness may be always lerned therof.

Item, he shall graunt no pardon to eny man upon his provision purchased, or to be purchased, from the Court of Rom, ne therof he shall adresse no warrant unto the Chaunselor, without þe Kyng’s knowleche and assent.
Item, he shall favor, aide, and assiste ail þe Kynges Officers within the same land in the doing of their offices, and resist all theym that wold maliciously attempt agens theym for the doying of þe same.

Item, he shall effectuously endeavour hymself, that Sir Rouland Eustace delivre unto the Bisshop of Methe, whom the Kyng haith deputed to be his Chanselor of the same land, the Kyng’s gret sele.

Item, in noo Parliament to be holdyn herafter ther shall no subsidie be axed ne graunted in the same upon the Commouns, ne levied, but one in a yere, whiche shall not exceed the extent of twelve hundrith [recte 'VII. C.'] mark, as haith ben accustumed.

Of the Councill.
Item, that noo thing that is, or shall be, commowned and concludet in consele be taken in strenth as an Act of Consele, unless the Kyng’s Lieytennant, or his Depute, give his assent thereunto by the advis of the more part of the Kyng’s Consell there, that is to say, the Chanseler, the Tresorer, the Kyng’s Chief Justys,2 the Chief Baron of the Kyng’s Eschequer, the Clerc of the Rolles, and the Kyng’s Serjant.'

T: 

Gilbert, Viceroys, pp 598–9.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

57th rep. DKPRI, p. 569.

Footnotes: 

1 Morrissey suggests an alternative reading of 'livery' for licence (57th rep. DKPRI, p. 569).
2 Morrissey records that the letters 'II' appeared between the words 'King's' and 'Chief' on the original roll (ibid.).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
[No date.]

ENROLMENT, in English, of ordinances concerning the mint, viz.:

'Of the Mynte.

Item, the Kyng will alsoo that the Maister of the Mint work his cuinage oonly in the Castle of Dyvelen.

Item, that in the sam cuinage touching þe finesse it be according to the standard of Eng., and that an unce of syllver of that fyness be coyned 4s 8d, whereof to the merchant 4s 2d, to the Kyng, the Maister of the Mynt for hym and the odyr officers and the coyners sixpence.

Item, that all and every of the peces to be coyned ber a notable difference on eyther side, on the cross side a Rose, and upon the pile side a notable difference of the [device] easy to be known to every body, accordyng to suche prints as ben delivered unto the Maister of the Mynt here.'

T: 

Gilbert, Viceroys, ++

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
30 Oct. 1482

ENROLMENT of the following deed, viz.:

'John Salle, citizen and fishmonger of London, has letters of acquittance dated 2 May [1481] 21 Edw. IV, which James Welles has acknowledged.'

[22 Edw. IV.]'

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
4 Aug. 1479

MEMORANDUM that on 4 Aug. [1479] in the said year [1479], John, archdeacon of Dublin, caused these letters [§15] to be enrolled.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The enrolment is calendared in RCH as a single item with the item-number range §§14–15.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
[4 Aug. 1479]

ENROLMENT of the following letters, viz.:

'Ryght reverend fader in God we woll you that ye dispose you to cu[m] onto us in all haste.

9 May.'1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The date given here is that on which these letters were enrolled; see above §14 for a related memorandum.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
5 Aug. 1479

[MEMORANDUM that] on 5 Aug. [1479] in the said year, Thomas Dowdall, clerk of the rolls of chancery, requested that similar letters [as in §15] be enrolled.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The enrolment is calendared in RCH as a single item with the item-number range §§16–17.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
[5 Aug. 1479]

ENROLMENT of letters [presented by Thomas Dowdall, as in §16] dated 8 May.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

{1} The date given here is that on which these letters were enrolled; see above §16 for a related memorandum.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
12 Aug. 1479

[MEMORANDUM that] on 12 Aug. [1479] 19 Edw. IV, Thomas Archbold requested letters to be enrolled.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The enrolment is calendared in RCH as a single item with the item-number range §§18–19.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
[12 Aug. 1479]

ENROLMENT of letters of Thomas Archbold [as in §18], dated 8 Aug., by which he appointed the said Thomas Dowdall [as in §16] as his deputy in the office [of clerk of the rolls of chancery], in his absence.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

{1} The date given here is that on which these letters were enrolled; see above §18 for a related memorandum.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
14 May. 1479

[MEMORANDUM that] Gerald e. Kildare; William Wellysley, lord of Dengyn; William Howt esq.; and Christopher Hall gentleman have mainprized for James Ketyng, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., that he shall not in future commit harm to any liege of the K.

F: 

Rep. RCI 1811–15, plate 3, §5.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
[No date.]

ENROLMENT of the following deed:

'Lord John Rede chaplain, vicar of Strafan, and Sir Gregory Stanys chaplain have granted to Robert s. James Penkestoun of all messuages, lands and tenements which they have or had in the lordship of Straffan and Drumpnagh by gift of the said Robert, to have to him and the heirs male of his body from the chief lords of the fee, for accustomed services [etc.] forever.

Dated at Straffan, Monday next before the Translation of St Thomas the Martyr 36 Edw. III [3 July 1362].'1

C: 

NAI, Lodge MS 1, p. 57; RCH; COA, PH 13203, pp 56–7.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife