Patent Roll 16 Henry VI

1
25 Sep. 1437

In recompense for good service that the K.'s servant John Hardwyk, under-clerk of the K.'s kitchen [subclericus coquine nostre] has rendered to the K., GRANT to him of the office of chancellor of the green wax within the K.'s Ex. of Ire., together with the office of clerk of the common pleas within the same Ex.; to have during his lifetime by himself or his sufficient deputies, with all manner of fees, wages, rewards, profits and commodities due and accustomed of old to those offices.1

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, pp 98–101.

Footnotes: 

1 John Hardwyk came to the Ex. of Ire. on 4 Dec. [1437] 16 Hen. VI, and Robert fitz Symon was admitted as John's deputy in the office of chancellor of the green wax of the Irish Ex. and was sworn by the barons (TCD, MS 1747, pp 100–1).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
12 Oct. 1437

INSPEXIMUS of a deed by John Hardwyk, sealed with his own seal, as is said, made in these words, viz.:

'John Hardwyk [to all persons], greeting.

The K. granted to John the office of chancellor of the green wax of his Ex. of Ire., together with the office of clerk of the common pleas within the same Ex., to hold in person or by his sufficient deputies. John has appointed, during his pleasure, Robert Plunket, John Rede, Robert fitz Symond and John Burnele as his true deputies, jointly and separately, to hold those offices in his name.

6 Oct. [1437] 16 Hen. VI.'1

NOTIFICATION of this appointment to all those whom it may concern.

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, p. 100.

Footnotes: 

1 The letters of Hardwyk are given in TCD, MS 1747, at pp 100–1.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
2 Nov. 1437

INSPEXIMUS of a charter dated 16 July [1419] 7 Hen. V,1 by which the K. granted a licence for the foundation of a guild of tailors in Dublin to be called the fraternity of St John the Baptist.

N: 

Henry F. Berry, 'The merchant tailors' gild―that of St John the Baptist, Dublin, 1418–1841', JRSAI, 8:1 (1918), 20; Henry S. Guinness, 'Dublin trade guilds', JRSAI, 12:2 (1922), 145; Mary Clark and Raymond Refaussé (eds), Directory of historic Dublin guilds (Dublin, 1993), p. 28.

Footnotes: 

1 CIRCLE, PR 7 Hen. V, §67.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
6 Mar. 1438
Dublin

The mayor and citizens of Dublin having pleaded that as they pay a fee-farm of 200m p.a. but, on account of the pestilence and invasions of the Irish as well as other grievances, they are unable to pay the same without laying a tallage on the citizens as a result of which many leave the city and others refuse to settle there, and the gates and walls are so ruinous that the repair is very onerous. Moreover the merchants and merchandise that used to come to the city are brought to Howth, Baldoyle, Malahide, Rush and Skerries to the great destruction of the city. By assent of Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, Jcr of Ire., and the K.'s council there, GRANT in aid of paving and fortifying the city, that every merchant bringing merchandise by sea or by land to any of those towns shall pay during 40 years next following to the mayor [etc.] the same tolls and customs as are paid when they are brought to the city of Dublin. The mayor is to account for the said tolls before two citizens to be chosen by the mayor and bailiffs.

Attested: 
Richard Talbot, abp Dublin, Jcr
O: 

DCA, Royal Charter §50.

C: 

NAI, M 2546, p. 103; RIA, 12.P.4, p. 69; CARD, i, pp 30–1 (§64).

N: 

'Calendar of the contents of the Liber Albus: the White Book of the city of Dublin', CARD, i, p. 81.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
3 Apr. 1438
Dublin

By letters patent dated 18 Jan. [1435] 13 Hen. VI,1 the K. granted 20m to be retained from the rent of 174 acres which he held of the K. in Thorncastle by service of 108s 4d p.a., which land the tenants at will which Philip had in Balibothir held and occupied; and that parcel of the town of Balibothir was assessed upon a parcel of the said lands in Thorncastell. And the town of Balibothir was lately burned and devasted by the K.'s Irish enemeis and the tenants taken and destroyed, to the perpetual disinheritance of Philip and of the royal services, unless the town be speedily rebuilt and protected with a castle or fortalice in defence of that town and the surrounding countryside.

Philip accordingly began and built in the town of Balibothir, upon parcel of the lands of Thornecastell, the greater part of a fortalice. Considering the great costs he has sustained, GRANT to him of a further 40m.

O: 

NAI, MS 2011/1/144.

C: 

Pembroke deeds, §144.

Footnotes: 

1 CIRCLE, PR 1 Hen. VI, §95.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
16 Apr. 1438

GRANT, during good behaviour, to John Vernour clerk of the office of chancellor of the green wax of the K.'s Ex. of Ire.; to have during good behaviour, receiving all manner of fees, wages and rewards due and accustomed of old to that office.1

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, pp 102–3.

Footnotes: 

1 He was sworn before the barons of the Ex. on 25 April 1438 (TCD, MS 1747, pp 102–3).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
17 Apr. 1438

GRANT to John Vernour clerk of the office of chancellor of the green wax of the K.'s Ex. of Ire.; to have by himself and his deputies during good behaviour.1

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, pp 104–5

Footnotes: 

1 He was sworn before the barons of the Ex. on 2 May 1438 (TCD, MS 1747, pp 104–5).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
5 Jun. 1438

GRANT, during good behaviour, to Richard Watyrton esq. of the office of chancellor of the green wax of the K.'s Ex. of Ire.; to have by himself and his deputies during good behaviour, receiving all manner of fees, wages and rewards due and accustomed of old to that office.1

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, p. 104.

Footnotes: 

1 He was sworn before the barons of the Ex. on 16 June 1438 (TCD, MS 1747, pp 104–5).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
17 Jun. 1438

The K. has granted to Richard Watyrton esq. the office of chancellor of the green wax of the K.'s Ex. of Ire.; to have by himself and his deputies. Richard has appointed John Heyne and Walter White, together and separately, as his deputies. ORDER to be intendant to them, and each of them, as Richard's deputies.

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, pp 106–7.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
18 Jul. 1438

PARDON to Christopher, s. of Christopher Plunket kt, and exemption for life from being mayor [etc.]

C: 

COA, PH 15174, p. 76.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
[No date.]

ASSENT by the Jcr and council to a petition to found a guild in honour of St Anne in the church of St Peter, Drogheda:

To Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, Jcr, and council of Ire. Petition of John [Swayne], abp Armagh, primate of Ire., Esmond White, William Hasty, Nichol Alexandre clerks, Peter Clinton, John Tayllour, John Fynglass, John Palmer, Richard Palmer, Richard White of Kylmone, and Robert Brou’ that to the honour of God, Our Lady and St Anne, [etc.], licence may be given to them for the K. and his heirs that they or those of them who survive may found a guild of St Anne, [etc.], in a chapel of St Anne newly built by the archbishop and annexed to the chancel of St Peter’s church, Drogheda, towards the north, of themselves and other persons, both men and women, honest and suitable, wishing to be of good will to them, enrol (enhereder), retain, admit and accept them as brothers and sisters of the fraternity or guild and that the brothers of the fraternity or guild so (issint) founded, commenced, begun and made [may elect] from themselves a master and two wardens each year to the rule, governance and surveillance of the fraternity or guild, for the guard of all the lands, tenements, rents, services, churches, advowsons or possessions, goods and chattels, that they in the future, for the fraternity or guild, purchase, give, grant, or assign, or to the fraternity or guild belonging avondreit and [according] to the rules, [&c.] of the fraternity or guild in the town and suburbs of the same have, and that the masters and wardens, by advice of the most worthy vaillants of their brothers, have full power that they may ether order and successfully constitute other masters and wardens from year to year for the rule [etc.], of the fraternity and for the guard of the lands [etc.], in said form to have, and that they and each of them from time to time, when he shall be master [have power] to remove from their offices, and exonerate them, and put or substitute others in their places as shall be expedient, and may have and exercise a common seal to serve the needs and affairs relating to the fraternity or guild, which seal remains under the guard of the master and wardens, and also that the master and wardens and their successors may plead and be impleaded, answer and be answered, [&c.] for the lands, rents [etc.], in whatever actions, causes, quarrels and demands, both real and personal, and mixed, of whatever nature they may be, for the name of the master and wardens before whatsoever judges, of holy church or secular, and that the master, wardens and brothers of the fraternity or guild may assemble at suitable and necessary places and time, a tant de forts (as many times) and when it will become espleit for them to treat, agree and commune (coer) but between […] (so) themselves together, to have counsel and advice for the estate and good governance of the fraternity or guild and of the brothers and sisters and their successors and make lawful and honourable ordinances for the good governance of the fraternity or guild from year to year and from time to time, when there shall be need or necessity, according to the discretion of the master, wardens and brothers and their successors for ever.

And further licence is asked that the supplicants and their survivors, to the honour of God [etc.] may make, ordain, establish, according to their discretion, or ordinance, and provision, a perpetual chantry of two chaplains or more according to the ordinance, disposition and establishment of the master, wardens and brothers to celebrate divine service each day in the chapel of St Anne perpetually for the estate of the K. and his heirs, and the souls of their ancestors, and also for the estate of the supplicants, and for their souls, and the souls of the ancestors and benefactors, and also for the estate of the brothers and sisters of the fraternity or guild and their successors, and their souls after their death, and the masters, wardens, brothers and their successors may assemble in the places and times necessary when it shall seem to them best to do, to treat and ordain for the chantry according to the ordinances in this part to be made.

And further licence is asked for the masters, wardens and brothers and their successors to purchase lands, tenements, rents, services and advowsons of churches or chapels, as well in demesne and fee as in reversion, with the appurtenances, to the value of £20 p.a., beyond charges and reprises thereof, whether they be held of the K. in chief or of others, to have and to hold to them and their successors, for ever from the chief lords of the fees for the services thereof due and of right accustomed, as well in amendment of the estate of the fraternity or guild, as to find, support and sustain the charges of the chantry and to do perpetually other works of piety for the estates and souls of the supplicants [etc.], the statute of mortmain or any other statutes and ordinances before these hours to the contrary thereof made notwithstanding, and that the master, wardens and brothers or their successors and none of them, because of the statutes be prevented therein, molested, [etc.] by the K., his heirs, ministers or officers whatsoever in time to come, and this for God and in work of charity.

C: 

Reg. Swayne, pp 178–80.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife