patent Roll 16 Edward IV

1
16 Feb. 1476
Dublin

LICENCE, for four years, to John Swanne,1 John Blackbourne and John Simons, merchants, to carry hides and all other merchandise to Eng., Wales, or other foreign parts.

[15 Edw. IV.]2

C: 

RCH; RIA, MS 12.D.16, p. 155.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

1 'John Fibourne' in Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388, but this is probably a misreading because the roll is described as 'very much damaged'.
2 This is the first item in RCI roll §119, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus patens de annis 15 & 16 Edw. IV.' It seems in fact to have been a fragment of PR 16 Edw. IV, only two membranes of which were still extant in 1828.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
14 Mar. 1476
Ardbracken

GRANT to John Daveport esq. and Roger Ocley gentleman of the office of constable of Dublin castle for the term of their lives.

[16 Edw. IV.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
10 May. 1476
Dublin

By assent of William [Sherwood], bp Meath, deputy of the K.'s brother, George duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire., LICENCE to the following persons to found a certain fraternity or guild of the craft of glovers [and skinners] of the city of Dublin, to be called the fraternity or guild of the Blessed Virgin Mary, forever, of themselves and others, both men and women, with various other privileges specified, viz.:

the said [William Sherwood] bishop of Meath;
Roland fitz Eustace kt, C. of Ire.;
Christopher Nugent, baron of Delvin;
Philip Bermingham, chief justice of the K.'s bench;
Robert Dowdall, justice of the common bench;
Thomas Dowdall, clerk of the rolls of the chancery of Ire.;
Simon fitz Rery; John Boulond; Walter Piers; Richard Wolick; William Berry; Nicholas Fynsame;1 John Brounvesyn; Walter Wyddyr; Thomas Burtoun; and John Drury.

[16 Edw. IV.]

C: 

RCH; Henry S. Guinness, 'Dublin trade guilds', JRSAI, 12:2 (1922), 154; Bodl., Rawl. MS B. 502, f. 18v.

N: 

CARD, i, 470; Mary Clark and Raymond Refaussé (eds), Directory of historic Dublin guilds (Dublin, 1993), p. 21.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'Fynsanie' in error.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
20 Jun. 1476
Dublin

PARDON to John Barnewall of Momordry concerning treasons [etc.], and especially for the murder of John Dughy alias Boucher.

[16 Edw. IV.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
12 Jun. 1476
Dublin

For the reverence and praise of BMV and St Sythe the Virgin within the parish church of St Michan in the suburb of the city of Dublin; and at the request of the commons of the K.’s land of Ireland in his parliament held at Dublin on Friday after St Margaret the Virgin last [21 July 1475], before the reverend father in Christ William [Sherwood], bp Meath, deputy of the K.’s beloved brother George duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire., which was adjourned from there to the K.’s town of Drogheda and then similarly adjourned and continued from there to the K.’s city of Dublin; and by the assent of the deputy and of the lords spiritual and temporal, proctors and commons appearing in parliament on Monday after SS Philip and James [6 May 1476] next following, GRANT and LICENCE by authority of that parliament to the following persons to establish a fraternity or guild successively, in perpetual succession of themselves and others, both men and women, viz.:

[William Sherwood] the bishop of Meath;
Roland FitzEustace kt, C. of Ire.;
Philip Bermingham esq.;
Robert Dowdall kt;
Thomas Dowdall; James Aylmer; Simon Fitzrery; Arland Ussher; Thomas Fitzsimon; Robert West; William Tyve; Robert Fitzsimon, William Donagh; Thomas Mulghin; Robert Blancheville; Bartholomew Silke; Thomas Blake; and Peter Bartholomew.

The K. has granted them LICENCE to enter, make, found anew, ordain and establish [such a guild], and that they and each of them, as brothers and sisters of the said fraternity or guild, may have full power to elect each year a master and two wardens from themselves who shall have the government, rule and supervision of the fraternity or guild and custody of all lands, tenements, rents, services, possessions, goods and chattels acquired by or given to the guild. And they may use a common seal for the business and benefit of the guild in future. And they may plead and be impleaded, and answer and be answered, in all accounts, cases, plaints, demands and petitions―both real, personal and mixed―of whatever nature by the name of the master and wardens of the fraternity or guild of the same Blessed Mary and St Sythe the Virgin before any secular and ecclesiastical justices. And that they may assemble in suitable and fit places and times as often and whenever best pleases them to treat, agree and consider among themselves, together with others, upon the estate and rule of that guild.

And LICENCE to establish a chantry of a chaplain, or two or more chaplains, to celebrate divine services daily in the parish church of St Michan forever, for the K.’s soul and those of the founders; and they may remove the chaplain or chaplians from time to time, and put another suitable chaplain or chaplains in his place; and that they may assemble to treat and ordain for that chantry. And they may acquire lands, tenements, rents, services, both in demesne and in fee and also in reversion, with appurtenances, to the value of £40 p.a. beyond charges and reprises, to sustain the guild and the chantry, to sing and to celebrate and do other praiseworthy things, notwithstanding the Statute of Mortmain.

Attested: 
William [Sherwood], bp Meath, deputy of the K.’s beloved brother George duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By petition of parliament.
T: 

Colm Lennon, 'The foundation charter of St Sythe's guild, Dublin, 1476', Archivium Hibernicum , 48 (1994), 6–9 (=edition of RCB, Dublin Diocesan Archive No. CH/1).

N: 

Mary Clark and Raymond Refaussé (eds), Directory of historic Dublin guilds (Dublin, 1993), p. 40.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
24 Jun. 1476
Dublin

John [Cantwell II], abp Cashel, has pleaded to the K. that he and his predecessors, archbishops of Cashel, claimed to have within all the manors and lordships of that archbishopric the following liberties, viz. Soc and Sac, Toll and Theam, Infangthef and Outfangthef, pleas of homicide, murder, slaying of Englishman and all manner of robberies, larcenies, duels of Englishmen, and of all others within their lordships and manors; and the abjuration of fugitives and felons fleeing to Holy Church; and also the liberty to take in their courts fines and redemptions for felonies done within their lands; to grant charters and pardons for felonies committed within their lordships and manors at their will; and to banish and outlaw felons in their courts; and to have day, year and waste of their lands, tenements and rents; to appoint their own coroners; to view and bury Englishmen and all others drowned and slain by misfortune, without the K.'s coroner; justification, correction and punishment of all craftsmen and labourers within their lordships and manors; and to take fines and redemptions from those found guilty in their courts. And also all pleas of the crown except the four pleas of forestall, rape, treasure trove and arson.

Also they claimed to have their courts concerning all manner of franchises, liberties and privileges to be held by their seneschal or seneschals from time to time; and to have the return and exection of the K.'s writs and precepts, summons, distress and attachments to be made within the lordships, manors and crosslands of the archbishopric.

And also view of frankpledge, assize of wine, bread and beer, of their standards and ells, weights, bushels, gallons, yards and other measures and weights; and that the K.'s clerk of the market and keeper of measures should not interfere in that office within the lordships, manors and crosslands of the archbishipric except once a year, to see and examine the standards of the archbishopric. Also they claimed to take fines and corrections their tenants and to perform all that pertains to the office of clerk of the market and keeper of measures. And to take pleas of withernam [de vetito nameo] and all manner of pleas pertaining to court baron.

And that they and all their men and tenants should be free of tolls, pavage, murage, pontage, lastage, stallage, scot, guild, common assistance, common armecements; and to have free warren in all their lordships, manors, moutains and lands, and wrecks of sea, in all their manors, lordships, lands and sea-coasts; and also pillory, tumbrell and theme in the said places and manors.

Of the K.'s special grace, CONFIRMATION, RATIFICATION and APPROVAL, for the K. and his heirs, to the archbishop, of all those franchises, liberties, privileges, customs and usages, and each of htem, to have to him and his successors freely and quietly, without impediment from the K., his heirs or his Lt, Jcr, escheators, sheriffs, seneschals, bailiffs, ministers or officers, notwithstanding that the said archbishop may not before this have maintained or used those liberties [etc.].

Attested: 
William [Sherwood], bp Meath, deputy of the K.’s beloved brother George duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire.
C: 

Thomas Laffan, 'Abstracts from the ancient records of the corporation of Cashel', JRSAI, 34:1 (1904), 36–7; CPR Ire., Hen. VIII–Eliz., p. 341.

N: 

Weinbaum, British borough charters, p. 200.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
22 Oct. 1476
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of statute made in parliament at Dublin on Friday after St Margaret the Virgin 15 Edw. IV [21 July 1475] before William [Sherwood], bp Meath, deputy of George, duke of Clarence; and adjourned to Drogheda and thence to Dublin on the Monday after SS Philip and James [6 May 1476]; the record remaining in the chancery rolls, viz.:

'It is enacted, on petition of the mayor and community of the city of Dublin, that if any freeman of the city be accused of felony or treason by appeal, either to the K. in person or his Lt, whereby such citizen shall be committed to the K.'s goal, he shall be discharged by mainprize and admitted to justice himself by oaths on the gospels of 24 loyal citizens of the city to be made before the mayor of the same and a justice of the K.'s court; this act is not not, however, to extend to benefit James Keating, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire.'

Attested: 
William Sherwood, bp Meath, deputy
O: 

DCA, Royal Charter §58.

C: 

NAI, M 2546, pp 105–6.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
5 Nov. 1476
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of statute made in parliament at Dublin on Friday after St Margaret the Virgin 15 Edw. IV [21 July 1475] before William [Sherwood], bp Meath, deputy of George, duke of Clarence; and adjourned to Drogheda and thence to Dublin on the Monday after SS Philip and James [6 May 1476]; the record remaining in the chancery rolls, viz.:

'By letters patent dated 14 Feb. [1456] 34 Hen. VI, the late K. granted to four citizens of Dublin £6 p.a. from the fee-farm of the city for 40 years to be expended upon repairs of walls and gates; and by letters patent dated 24 June [1464] 4 Edw. IV, the present K. granted to four citizens of the same city 20m for 40 years from the fee-farm similarly to be expended on the walls and gates; and also the same K. by letters patent of 26 Aug. 4 Edw. IV [1464] granted to John Bennett and other citizens £30 p.a. for 12 years to be expended on gates [etc.] on view of four citizens chosen by assembly of same. The mayor and citizens of Dublin plead that they have often been in danger in resisting the malice of the Irish enemies, and the commons are so much impoverished that they cannot purchase armour for the field, and that the mayor and commons have often resisted the insurrections and wars that have threatened the destruction of the land of Ire. Having considerd the premises, GRANT by the authority of parliament that the said £6 and £30 are to be received for 40 years after the end of the original term, to be expended on the same works, with the account to be audited by the mayor or four of his fellows annually.'

EXEMPLIFICATION of this by the said deputy.

Attested: 
William Sherwood, bp Meath, deputy
O: 

DCA, Royal charter §59.

C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 3, p. 310; NAI, M 2546, pp 105–6.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
20 Dec. 1476
Drogheda

John Collyne, dean of the cathedral church of Holy Trinity of the K.'s city of Waterford, inflamed by the fervour of devotion and charity, proposed to found anew a perpetual chantry comprising one, two, three or four chaplains in honour of St Saviour, to celebrate divine service in the chapel of St Saviour situated beside the cathedral church of Waterford for the souls of his parents and friends and those of the faithful departed. He has pleaded to the K., so far as pertains to him, to grant him licence to do so. The K., commending the pious and salutary purpose of Dean John and wishing to increase divine worship in his time and wishing for that reason to respond favourably to the dean's petition, GRANT and LICENCE of the K.’s special grace and by assent of the reverend father in Christ William [Sherwood], bp Meath, deputy of the K.’s beloved brother George duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire., to the said Dean John to found, make, establish and construct such a chantry forever. John may give and grant to the chaplain and chaplains lands, tenements, rents, cartilages and services, with appurtenances, to the value of £20 6s 8d beyond charges and reprises. Furthermore, of the K.’s more abundant grace, GRANT and LICENCE that the chaplain or chaplains may acquire lands, tenements, rents and services, with appurtenances, to the value of £20 6s 8d, to have and to hold to them and their successors although held of the K. or of others, without acquiring the K.’s writ of ad quod dampnum in this behalf, notwithstanding the Statute of Mortmain. And the chaplain [etc.] may receive, occupy and enjoy those lands [etc.] without any other licence of the K. or his heirs or successors.

And GRANT to the dean of the cathedral church of Waterford for the time being and his successors forever that, with the advice and consent of the mayor of the city of Waterford for the time being, he may make, ordain and appoint a suitable chaplain or chaplains whenever and as often as is necessary because of the death of the chaplains or their removal. And GRANT to the chaplain or chaplains of 6s of annual rent issuing from 1 messuage with a cartilage or garden near the church of St Patrick in the city of Waterford, pertaining to the K.; to have to the chaplain or chaplains and their successors in pure and perpetual alms. Not wishing that John or his heirs, or the chaplain, dean, mayor or their successors, should be troubled or disturbed in any way by the K. or his successors or justices, escheators, sheriffs or ministers.1

Attested: 
William [Sherwood], bp Meath, deputy of the K.’s beloved brother George duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the deputy and sealed with his seal, and by authority of parliament of that date.
T: 

G. Mac Niocaill (ed.), 'Registrum cantariae S. Savatoris Waterfordensis', AH, no. 23 (1966), pp 211–13 (§90).

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 76, p. 70.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
[...] Jan. 1477

Warrant: 'It is granted by authority of parliament that letters patent be made authorizing William [Sherwood], bp Meath, and others named to found a chantry in the chapel of BMV in the parish church of St Nicholas, Greenoge, in the diocese of Meath, in the form that follows:

"Whereas William [Sherwood], bp Meath, Roland fitz Eustace kt, lord of Portlester, Richard, abbot of the house of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin, Thomas Bathe kt, Thomas Scurlagge esq., Robert Kerdyef esq., William Whitside, John White, chaplain, Robert Elize, chaplain, Edmond Lounsby, Richard Bermingham, Nicholas Dowdyng and Philip Lang inflamed with the fervour of devotion and charity purpose to begin anew and found a certain perpetual chantry of one chaplain in honour of God, BMV and St Nicholas the Bshop, to celebrate divine service in the chapel of BMV in the parish church of St Nicholas the Bishop of Greenoge, diocese of Meath, for the K.’s welfare and the souls of the said founders, their relatives and friends, and also the souls of all the faithful departed; whereupon they have besought the K. to deign to grant them his royal licence for the same. The K., commending the pious and salutary purpose of the same William, bp Meath [etc.], and desiring that divine worship should be increased in his time and willing the more favourably to assent to their prayer for that consideration and in order that he may able to be made partaker as perfectly as possible in their charity, has granted and given licence to the said William, bp Meath [etc.], that they and every of them may begin anew, found, make, institute and erect such a chantry forever, and that the same William, bp Meath [etc.], and every of them may be able to give and grant to the chaplain, established in the chantry, lands, tenements, rents and services, with the appurtanences to the value of £10 p.a. beyond the charges and reprises thereof, whether they be held of the K. or of others, without any writ of ad quod damnum, to have and to hold to the chaplain in the chantry established and his successors for ever, without any other licence thereof to be obtained or sued, of the K., his heirs or successors.

And further, the K. has granted and given licence that the chaplain and his successors may purchase and acquire lands, tenements, rents and services, with their appurtenances, to the value of 100s p.a. beyond the charges and reprises thereof, whether they be held of the K. or of others, to have and to hold to him and his successors for ever without any writ of ad quod damnum in this behalf to be purchased or obtained. The statute published of lands and tenements not to be put in mortmain or whatsoever other statute, act, ordinance, provision, thing or matter to the contrary thereof published, made, provided, ordained or had notwithstanding. And moreover, the K. has granted and given special licence that the chaplain in the chantry established and his successors may receive and occupy all the lands, tenements, rents and services with their appurtenances given and granted to them and enjoy them, to him and his successors for ever without any other licence thereof from the K., his heirs or successors to be purchased or obtained. And further, the K. wills and by the presents grant to the bishop and his successors for ever that every of them successively, for defects, culpable causes, bad government, negligence, ignorance, or for example on account of deficiency of knowledge, death, resignation, translation or surrender, with the assent of the bishop and twelve parishioners of the parish by the bishop and his successors for the time being for that purpose to be summoned and sworn to declare the truth as to every of the premises, may exonerate, depose and remove such chaplain in the chantry established from such service, and so often as it shall be necessary and expedient from time to time may make, ordain and constitute another fit chaplain in the stead and place of him so exonerated, deposed, and removed, with the assent and will of the bishop and twelve parishioners. Not willing that the said William, bp Meath [etc.] or the chaplain or any of them or their heirs or the heir of any one of them or their successors or similarly the parishioners or their successors, by reason of the premises or any of them, shall be troubled, troubled or aggrieved by the K., his heirs or successors, justices, lieutenants, deputies, governors, escheators, sheriffs, bailiffs or ministers of the K., his heirs or successors." '

T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 2, pp 576–82.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife