close Roll 14 Henry VI

1
1 Oct. 1435

It was agreed by Thomas Stanley kt, Lt of Ire., and the council that Donatus McMorgh, chieftain of his lineage, might have 20m of the K.'s gift by name of reward for service in restoring himself and others in Leinster to the K.'s peace.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 101.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

{1} This is first item in RCI roll §110, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus clausus de anno 14 Hen. VI. 2a pars.' (=§§1–46 below). It is in fact the only portion of the close roll for this year to survive. Another roll (RCI roll §109), consisting of two membranes, was calendared separately in RCH as 'Rotulus clausus de anno 14 Hen. VI. 1a pars.' (=§§47–60 below). It was in fact a controlment roll of the Irish Ex., with entries covering the regnal years 10–14 Hen. VI.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
10 Dec. 1435

A similar agreement to the same Donatus McMorgh, chieftain of his lineage [as in §1] by Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy Lt, and the council.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
27 Mar. 1436
Dublin
To James Blakeney, [escheator] of Ire.

Because the monastery of the Blessed Mary of Trim, diocese of Meath, was lately vacant, in the absence of the archbishop of Armagh, suffragan of the order of St Augustine, the canons of the same elected one brother Edmund Porter, canon of the same, to their abbacy with the K.'s licence; and the election was presented to William [Silk], bp Meath, suffragan of that archbishop, and the same bishop proceeding, for certain legitimate resaons was appealed to the archbishop, and by the said bishop of Meath delatum eidem appellacioni, out of reverance for the metropolitan see, which by authority of which appeal and delatio certain commissions of the said archbishop to a certain master John White, bachelor of laws, were made therein on the decree of the said election. And the said John White pronounced the election null because of the lack of knowledge of the said Edmund and other reasons, and decreed that the canons of the said monastery, because the elected Edmund indigum sciencie and adhered to him, were deprived of their voices and the power to elect on this occasion, and dcreed that the power to provide an abbot to the said monastery had devolved on the said archbishop and on him, as the archbishops commissary, by virtue of the said appeal and delatio. And cum vacanti monasterio esset providendum de gremio eiusdem, si quivis reptus fuerit, to the said monastery by authority of that archbishop and by virtue of his commission he provided to the said monastery brother John Acton, canon and prior claustralis of the said monastery and advanced him to be abbot, as appears by letters patent of the said archbishop. And the K. accepting that provision and advancement took the fealty of the said brother John and restored the temporalities of the monastery to him, as is customary. ORDER to deliver the said temporalities to the said abbot.

C: 

RCH; NAI, M 2654, p. 79

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
[No date.]

ENROLMENT of letters addressed to the K. by the Irish council, viz.:

‘Most soverayn and gratious lorde, we recomaunde us unto youre hye lordeship, as lowely as we can or may; and, gracious lorde, plese it unto your hye lordeship to wite that youre trewe knight, Thomas Stanley, youre lieutenant here, comes at this tyme unto youre gracious presence, for diverse notable matters that touchen the estate of youre lande here, and to pursue unto youre grace for the paiement that is due unto hym for the kepyng of the same, and to have notice how it plese to youre hye lordeship to make ordennance by the advys of youre worthy counseill, in whate wyse he shall be ordeyned, for from hensforth of his paiement duryng his terme to that ende, that he mow be the better proveided to supporte his charge that ye have commaundyd him with, as of the kepyng of the saide lande. Besechyng yow of youre hye grace to have youre saide trewe knight specially recemmendyd unto youre hye lordeship for his good governaunce and manfull labour that he has don and made here, as well amonge youre trewe peple as upon youre enemys, and such pourveiaunce make for his paiement, that he mowe the more hastily repaire hider, in salvacion of youre saide lande from the daunger of youre enemys, and in comfort of youre trewe peple in the same, giffing unto hym gracious and faithfull audience in all such matters as he woll declare thereine, touching the estate of youre lande, to foresaide most soverayn, &c.

John, ercebisshop of Ardmagh,
Richard, ercebisshop of Dyvelyn,
Thomas Strange, knight, deputye to the chancellour, and tresorer,
Christofre Bernevale, chief juge of the Kinges Bynche,
John Blakeney, the chief justice of the Common Place,
James Cornwalsh, chief baron,
William Chyvers, secondarie justice of the Kynges Bynche,
and all the remnant of youre counsell in Irelande.'

T: 

Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., p. 360.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

Footnotes: 

{1} A full transcription of the Middle English text is provided in Betham, and reproduced here. RCH confirms that the original enrolment was written in English [Anglice scripte sunt]; however, the calendared version in RCH is given in Latin. A translation of that Latin summary follows here for purposes of comparison:

'Letters of commendation by the council of Ire. addressed to the K. for Thomas Stanley kt, Lt of Ire., who was going to Eng. concerning business touching the state of Ire., and to sue to the K. for payment of arrears of his fee, and for an ordinance of any manner by which he should be paid in future. These letters commend the Lt on account of his good administration and vigorous labour both for the lieges and against the enemies.―Written in English.'

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
20 Oct. 1435
Dublin
To John Pilkyngton junior, kt, escheator of Ire.

Because the Augustinian abbey of SS Peter and Paul of Knoc near Louth, diocese of Armagh, was lately vacant by resignation of brother John Lokard, John [Swayne], abp Armagh, primate of Ire., as ordinary of that place to whom it belongs―the right having devolved upon him for that occasion―provided to that abbacy, with the aid of the K.'s licence, brother Patrick Ledewych', canon regular of the house of the Blessed Mary of Louth of the said order, licenced by his superior; and with the K.'s licence, he professed him in that abbacy. ORDER to deliver the temporalities to him.

C: 

RCH; NAI, M 2645, p. 80.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
25 Jun. 1436
Dublin

It appeared by inquisition taken before John Stauntoun esq., formerly deputy of John Charneles, former escheator of Ire., that William Darcy kt was seised in his demesne as of fee of his manor of Dunmowe, which is held of the K. in chief by knight service, and that he enfeoffed, without licence, William Prente chaplain, and, for that reason, the said manor was taken into the K.'s hand. And, because no mention was made in that inquisition of whom in Dunmowe the said William was seised, a writ to inquire further [de melius inquirendo] was issued to James Blakeney esq., escheator; and Henry Stanyhurst, deputy of the said James, returned that the said William Darcy did not have a manor in Dunmow nor any lands or tenements, nor had he ever had any manor in Dunmowe, as appears by inspection of the escheatry. ORDER not to trouble any tenants [etc.] in Dunmow by pretext of that first inquisition.

C: 

RCH; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 101.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
[No date.]

ENROLMENT of articles addressed to the K. by the Irish council, viz.:

'Thies ben the articles of the message of Irelande.

[1] First, that it please oure sov{r}aigne lorde, graciously considerer how that his lande of Ireland is welnegh destrued, and inhabytyd with his enimyes and rebelx, in so moch, that þ{r} is not left in the nethir parties of the countees of Dyvelyn, Mith, Loueth, and Kildare, that yoynyn to gadyr, oute of the subjection of the saide enemyes and rebelx, scarisly xxx miles in lengthe and xx mile in brede ther, as a man may surely ride other go, in the saide countees, to answerre to the kynges writtes and to his commandements.

[2] Also, the countee of Catherlagh, in the south west partie of the citee of Dyvelyn, within this xxx yere, was oon of the keyes of the saide lande, mydway betweene the saide citee and the out parties, that is to say, the countees of Kilkenny and Tiperarie; and the province of Casshell, also is inhabityd with enemyes and rebelx, save the castels of Catherlagh and Tillagh; and within this lx yere þ{r} were in the saide countee of Cathirlagh, cxlviii castelx and pyles defensible, well voutyd, bataylled, and inhabityd, that now ben destrued and under the subjection of the saide enemyes.

[3] Also the countees of Kilkenny, Weisford, Waterford, Cork, Limerick, Tiperarie, and Kery, in the oud{r} parties of the said lande, ben so destrued and oppressed with enemyes and rebelx, that the fewe leige pepull dwellyn in thamn ben not sufficiaunt to vitaill the citees of Waterford, Cork, and Limeryk, the wich ben sette upon the see coste, neth{r} the walled towns of the said countees, þat is to say Kilkenny, Rosse, Weysford, Kynsale, Yoghill, Clonmell, Kilmahallok, Thomastown, Carryk, Fithard, Cashell, and many other, wherthrugh the said countees and walled townes ben in the poynt to be enfaymed, and namely, the citee of Waterford, to likelye desolacion of tham in shorte tyme, that God defend.

[4] Also the most cause of destruction of the saide out{r} most parties and counties is, because that the xxx yere the lieutenantz of the saide lande, and other governours of the same for the time beying, come nat ther, but it were for a sodan journay or an hostyng; nor have made no residence among the people ther, to pynyshe the rebels by the kynges lawes; and also anor{r} cause is, that the kyngs courtes, parlementz, and grete conseilles, have not been holden there this xxx yere, save oon parlement x yere ago at the town of Kilkenny, notwithstanding that the leige peple have payed yaire subsides and other grauntz duely, as thay oue to don, to the lieutenantz, and other goveruours of this said lande yat have ben for the tyme.

[5] Also the province of Ardmagh, that is in the north partie of this saide lande, comprehending v countees, and the province of Twme, in the north weste partie of the same lande, comprehending also v countees, ben enhabyted with enemyes and rebels, and yerely tributaries unto thaym, and under theyr subjection; saving the castles of Craffergus and Ardglasse, and some of the countee of Loueth, in the province of Ardmagh, and the walled townes of Galvy and Athenry, in the province of Twme; and were not holly visityd by lieutenantz, ne non of governors of the said lande this xl yere, but it were for acteyng, hosteyng, or a sodan journey.

[6] Also there as diverse writtes passe oute of ye eschequer of the said lande, for to compelle the kynges tenaunts, holdyngof hymn londes and tenements in chief, by knyghtes service, for to do yayre homage in the said eschequer, and that on thayre apparaunce is noman having power to receyve it, but thay ben charged to go into England to the kynges owen persone, to do thayre homage þ{r}; and inasmuch as the said tenants ben put ever more to so grete distresse and costes, in resistence of the malice of the kynges enemyes and rebels, that thay mowe not so do withoute destruction of thayre londes, by the said enimyes and rebels, in thayre absence; and there fore be putte to grete fynes yerely at the saide eschequer, for þ{r} respite of thayre said homages. That oure sowaigne lorde wolde, of his grace, graunte a sufficeaunt powere to the lieutenant, or gov{r}nour of the said lande for the time beying, for to take and recayve ever more homage of his saide tenants, withoute more travayle or costes, by ye consideration aforesaid, and that withouten any fee paying.

[7] Also as the kynges enimys, that is to say Scottes, Bretons, Spanyalx, and others many, with thayre shippes, barges, balyngers, and of vessels diverse, stuffyd with men of warre to grete nowmbre, and that as well in tyme of pese as of warre, come yerely upon the see by þ{e} costes of the saide lande, and also by the costes of Wales, Chestre, Lancastre, and take merchauntz and other liege peple div{r}se of Irelande, Wales, and Englonde, that cometh and goth betwene with thayre shippes, merchandises and other godes, to passynge nowmbyr, withoute thayre rawnsome; in grete hyndryng and likely undoyng of the saide lande, and of the countrayes foresaide; upon les that yere be remedie ordeyned there upon zerely, þ{t} it plese oure said sov{r}aigne lorde to ordeyne by the avise of his wise counseile þ{t} y{s} admirall of Englande, and his deputees, have specially in commandement to visite yerely, and namely in the somyr seson, the se by þ{e} costes of the saide lande, and of the parties aforesaide, in withstandyng of the malice of the said ennimyes, and salvacion of his trewe peple, ant that at þe saide lande, evermore, be covered both by see and by lande, under the same pees, and trewes by especiale worde, like as the roialme of Englande is.

[8] Also that it please our saide sov{r}aigne lorde graciously and tendirly to consider the mischiefs and maters aforesaide, þ{s} wich ben emynent to cause hasty destrucion of the saide lande; and that it plese hym, of his hie grace, to graunt licence to his peple here, that thay, withoute displesance of hym, mow desire his presence at this tyme into his saide lande, the which wold be principall remedie of all the myschiefs and maters abovesaide, and sov{r}aigne comforte of his peple, and fynale rebuke of thayre enimyes, that God graunte ham that to se in haste. And, in case that it be not plesying to his hie lordship to come hidyr as yet, and also, forasmoch, as it hath ben ofte tymes compleyned unto hym and his worthie counseill, of div{r}se, extorsions and non paiements, don to the liege peple here, by lieutenants and other gov{r}nours of the same lande efor this, by the wich the same lande is gretely fallen in declyne, that it plese oure said sov{r}aigne lorde of his grace hereupon, to ordeyne some gracious and hastie remedie; and also to comawnde the Lt, that now is, to repaire in haste, with sufficeance of gode and men, and that he se that the said lande be duely keppyd and gov{r}nyd during his terme; other else some other grete lorde of the kynge's blode, and such as the peple woll drede and be aferd of, with sufficeaunce also of gode and men, in such wise that he that shall come now be ev{r}more powerouse to pay the peple, holde his retenue, and do due execution of lawe, and punishe rebellion and other trespass at all times like as the case askes; and that he have specially in cowmaundement justely and duely to observe this; and that the saide lieutenante, or any other gov{r}nor comyng, fynde sufficeant surete to oure saide sov{r}aigne lorde to kepe his retenue here continuely during his terme, and also to performe the articles forsaide, and to be here before the begynyng of this somyr, or else the saide lande is like to be fynaly destrued.’

T: 

Betham, Const. Eng. & early parl. Ire., pp 360–5.

C: 

RCH; RIA, MS 12.D.16, p. 149; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

N: 

Stat. Ire. Hen. VI., p. 46.

Footnotes: 

{1} A full transcription of the Middle English text is provided in Betham, and reproduced here. RCH confirms that the original enrolment was written in English [Articulus, Anglico sermone scriptus, cui titulus "Thies ben' the articles of the message of Irelande"]. The calendared version in RCH is given in Latin. A translation of that Latin summary follows here for purposes of comparison:

'Articles, written in English, whose title is: 'These ben' the articles of the message of Irelande'; containing [the following] complaints:

[1] Concerning the desolation of Ire. by enemies and rebels;
[2] That lieutenants very seldom visit many parts of Ire.;
[3] That the K.'s tenants are compelled to cross to Eng. to do homage;
[4] That lieutenants do not pay their debts;
[5] That the sea around Ire. is left undefended [etc.] and seeking swift remedy, and especially, among other things, that the K. himself should come to Ire., or if not, then at least he should send a very great man as Lt, who should find sufficient sureties concerning the premises.'

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
15 Feb. 1436

It was agreed by Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt of Ire., and the council, that Thomas Straunge kt, T. of Ire., together with Edward Eustace kt―who were elected in the last great council held at Dublin as messengers to cross to Eng. to declare to the K. and council there concerning certain public business―should hasten there as quickly as possible, and that the said T. might appoint Christopher Bernevale esq. as his deputy in his absence.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
2 Apr. 1436
Dublin
To James Blakeney esq., escheator of Ire.

It appears by inquisition taken before James de la Hyde, formerly deputy of John Pylkyngtoun kt, junior, former escheator, that John Stauntoun was lately seised as of fee of 1 messuage and 60 acres of land in Kenok near Duleek; and 1 messuage and 1 carucate of land in Clarellestoun; and 30 acres in Litylkenok. And being thus seised he enfeoffed Christopher Holywood esq. of the said messuage and land, to have to that Christopher and his heirs forever; who thus seised afterwards granted the same to the said John [Stauntoun] and Margaret his wife, to have for the term of their lives. By virtue of that grant the same John and Margaret were seised as of free tenement; and afterwards the said John died. And the said Christopher had issue one Robert Holywood kt, his son and heir; and he [Christopher] died. And that Robert, as his son and heir, entered into all his messuages, lands and tenements in co. Dublin; and thus seised he had issue Margaret, Elizabeth and Eleanor, his daughters and heirs; and he died. After his death, all lands [etc.] in co. Dublin, viz. two thirds of the manors of Cowlok and Tartayn, were taken into the K.’s hand by reason of Robert’s death and the minority of the said Margaret, Elizabeth and Eleanor. Afterwards the said Margaret, previously wife of the said John [Stauntoun], died seised as of her free tenement, the reversion belonging to the said Margaret, Elizabeth and Eleanor; and for these reasons, all the messuage and lands in Kenok, Clarellestoun and Litylkenok were seized into the K.’s hand.

And because no mention was made in the said inquisition of whom that messuage and land in Kenok, Clarellestoun and Litylkenok are held, nor of which messuage and lands the said John and Margaret were seised as of free tenement, a writ was issued to the former escheator instructing him to inquire further. It was returned that 1 messuage and 60 acres of land in Kenok near Duleek; 1 messuage and 1 carucate of land in Clarellestoun; and 30 acres in Litylkenoke are held of John Bellew kt, as of his own manor of Duleek, by service of suit at court; and that John Stauntoun and Margaret did not hold any other lands or tenements on the day they died.

Upon this Katherine Preston, by pretext of her petition in chancery, having admitted to plead and show her right upon the premises in chancery by her attorney, says that Richard fitz Eustace kt was seised as of fee of that messuage and land in Kenok, Clarellestoun and Litylkenok, and demised them to Katherine for the term of her life; on account of which she was seised as of free tenement, and continued her estate in the same until she was removed by virtue of the first inquisition, without any reason for the seizure being contained in that inquisition; and she seeks judgement [etc.].

Upon this a writ was addressed to the seneschal of the liberty of Meath to notify William Chevyr, to whom the K. had committed the custody of all the said messuage and land in Kenok, Clarellestoun and Litylkenok, that he was to be before the K. in chancery on a certain day to show, if he had anything to say on behalf of the K. or himself [etc.]. The same seneschal returned that he notified [etc.]; and on that day, William did not appear; and the said Katherine sought judgement [etc.], because the reason for the said seizure was not sufficient. And because that reason seemed insufficient to the court, it was decided that the K.’s hand should be removed [etc.].

ORDER to remove the K.’s hand.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
28 Jan. 1436

It was agreed by the great council that Henry Vale, parson of the church of Carlow, should have custody of the castle there, with 40s by name of reward.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
6 Feb. 1436
Dublin
To James Blakeney esq., escheator of Ire.

The K. has learned by inquisition taken before the barons of the Ex. that John Babe of Derver died on 20 Jan. [1432] 10 Hen. VI seised as of fee of the manor of Derver, which he held of the K. in chief by knight service; and that Thomas Babe, son and heir of Robert Babe (the brother1 and heir of the said John)―who was 17½ years of age at the time of John's death, and is now 21 years and more―is heir of the said John, and had married Patricia, daughter of Nicholas Taaff kt during John's lifetime. ORDER to cause him to have full seisin.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH does not distinguish between 'filius' and 'frater' indicating both with the abbreviation f'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
22 Jun. 1436
Dublin

It was agreed in council that Christopher Bernevall, who has now been sworn into the office of T. of Ire., might have 5s a day for his daily wages.

C: 

RCH; NAI, M 2645, p. 80.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
16 Jun. 1436
Dublin
To the constable of Dublin castle.

ORDER, at petition, to deliver from prison Isabella Verdon', who has been detained in the prison of the said castle [of Dublin] on suspicion of robbery.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
2 Jun. 1436
Dublin
To the mayor and bailiffs of the city of Dublin.

In response to an order addressed to the mayor and bailiffs of the city of Dublin to attach Thomas s. of Thomas Seys and Geoffrey Balstor taillour to answer to Robert Dyke, keeper of the rolls, before the K. in chancery concerning a certain trespass inflicted on him by them, the mayor [etc.] returned that they could not find [Thomas and Geoffrey]. ORDER to cause it to be proclaimed within their bailiwick that the said Thomas and Geoffrey are to be before the K. in chancery, under pain of £10, to answer upon the premises.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
15 Aug. 1436
Dublin
To the provost of the town of Naas.

ORDER to permit John Fraunceys of Naas, junior, who is detained in the prison of the said town for various felonies and trespasses, to go at large by mainprize of John Fraunceys of Naas, senior; Thomas Chilton' of Naas; William Mannyng of Dublin glower; and Patrick Nicholl' of Dublin smyth.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
20 Apr. 1436

It was ordered by Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt of Ire., and the council, that, in order to subdue the strife [ad sedandas lites] between Christopher s. of Christopher Plunket kt and Agnes, countess of Kildare, concerning the right in and of the manor of Carthyn, the said manor should be resumed into the K.'s hand, to remain there until it is adjudged to which of them it ought to pertain by right; and further, it was agreed that Christopher Bernevall, deputy of Thomas Straunge, T. of Ire., an impartial person [persona indiffens], for the safe custody of the said manor [should be named in the meantime etc.].1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The final words are supplied within square brackets in RCH as follows: 'ad interim nominetur &c.'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
4 Feb. 1436

[…]1 John Pratte acknowledges before the K. in chancery that he owes £100 to the K.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH records that the first part of this item had been damaged and obliterated by 1828 to such an extent that the sense could not be gleaned from it.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
[...] Nov. 1436
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

ORDER to cause Nicholas Woder, citizen of Dublin, committed to the prison of Dublin castle by the T. and barons of the Ex., to be delivered from that prison by mainprize of Robert Chambre of Dublin, esquire; William Chambre, citizen of Dublin; Richard Cotys of Dublin; and Thomas […] of Dublin.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first item on the dorse of RCI roll §110.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
21 Sep. 1435

John Haddesors kt acknowledges that he owes 300m to the K., to be held for naught if he appears before Thomas Stanley kt, the K.'s Lt, and the council at Drogheda on a certain day to answer upon matters that may be charged [etc.] against him by the Lt and council.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
21 Sep. 1435

Similar RECOGNIZANCE by Christopher Preston esq.; John s. of Christopher Fleming kt, baron of […]; Nicholas Taaff kt; and John Haddesors kt; with similar defeasance.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
21 Sep. 1435

Similar RECOGNIZANCE by Christopher Preston esq.; with similar defeasance.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
21 Sep. 1435

Similar RECOGNIZANCE by David Cusak esq.; with similar defeasance.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
21 Sep. 1435

Similar RECOGNIZANCE by Nicholas Taaff kt; with similar defeasance.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
24
28 Sep. 1435

Similar RECOGNIZANCE by Richard Nugent kt, baron of Delvin; with similar defeasance.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
25
25 Sep. 1435

Similar RECOGNIZANCE by Nicholas Holywood esq.; with similar defeasance.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
26
[6 Oct. 1435]

MEMORANDUM that on 6 Oct. [1435] in the chapter house of the Friars Minor of Drogheda a discussion took place between Thomas Stanley, Lt of Ire., and the council as to how John Dartas esq., having gathered to himself a great many malefactors, lately preyed and wickedly plundered various lieges within co. Louth by force and arms. The sheriff of Dublin was ordered to attach that John such that he should produce him before the said Lt and council on a certain day to answer upon the premises; and the sheriff returned that he could not be found; and the said John, having been solemnly called, did not come. Upon this it was agreed by the Lt and council that a writ should be addressed to that sheriff [ordering him] to cause it to be proclaimed publicly that John was to appear in chancery on a certain day to answer upon the premises and to do what should happen be ordered of him then and there; and if he did not appear on the specified day, that then the C., by advice of council, might cause all his lands and tenements within Ire. to be seized into the K.'s hand until he did appear. Whereupon the sheriff of Dublin was ordered to cause this to be proclaimed, as above. And Nicholas s. of Christopher Holywood, sheriff of Dublin, returned that he caused proclamation. And on the specified day the said John Dartas was solemnly called, and did not come. For that reason, Thomas Straunge kt, deputy of master Thomas Chace, doctor of divinity, C. of Ire., seized all the lands [etc.] belonging to John Dartas within Ire. into the K.'s hand, according to the form of that agreement.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The date on which the memorandum was enrolled is not given in RCH; the date given here is that mentioned in the text.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
27
28 Nov. 1435

MEMORANDUM that on 28 Nov. [1435] Robert Dowdall, serjeant-at-laws, came before the K. in chancery and showed that on 5 July [1435] last David Oconyll clk, the K.'s Irish enemy dwelling among the Offerrolles, who are continually at open war with the K., delivered £11 6s 8d to John Holy, merchant of Coventry, [to be kept] to the use of that David; and to deliver them to him at Coventry in Eng. And [Robert Dowdall] asked that John, who was present, be examined before the K. in chancery and, if the premises are true, be compelled to satisfy the K. of those £11 6s 8d as the goods of an Irish enemy which had not previously been taken by anyone. And the said John, examined by oath, confessed to the premises and [stated] that he had that money; and for the greater security of that sum, he bound himself by his deed obligatory in £22 to Philip Philpot, citizen of Dublin. And upon examination in chancery, Philip admitted everything just as the said John asserted.

For that reason, it was decided by the court that that John should be charged towards the K. for that sum and committed to the custody of the marshal until he should make satisfaction; and the said Philip should be similarly committed until he delivered to John the said deed obligatory, or letters of acquittance in exoneration of the same. And upon this, the same Philip displayed in chancery letters of acquittance, sealed with his seal, to be delivered to that John, in which he acknowledged receipt of those £22. And, by decision of the court, the said Philip was exonerated of the said sum.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
28
20 Mar. 1436

It was agreed by Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt, and the council, that James Blakeney esq., escheator of Ire., and clerk of the market, weights and measures there―who is occupied in the wars with that deputy [Lt]―might appoint under him Henry Stanyhurst senior, John Welles and Richard Stanyhurst, together and separately, as his deputies in those offices in cos. Meath, Dublin, Kildare and Louth; and also Walter s. of Thomas St John, John Sutton, John s. of Dionisius Stafford, Nicholas Everard and John Broun [as his deputies] in cos. Kilkenny, Wexford, Tipperary and Waterford.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
29
19 Mar. 1436
Dublin
To the constable of Dublin castle.

ORDER to deliver from the said prison [of Dublin castle] Richard Wellesley kt, by mainprize of Richard Nugent kt, baron of Delvin; Christopher s. of Christopher Plunket kt; Nicholas Holywood esq.; and Alexander Evere esq., under pain of £100 for producing Richard before the K. in chancery in the quindene of Easter next to do that which the court may decide.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
30
23 Apr. 1436

The same Richard Wellesley kt [as in §29] acknowledged that he owes £100 to the K., with defeasance on condition that he appear before the K. in chancery on the next Thursday after SS Philip and James [++++] to answer the K. concerning [matters] to be charged against him then and there.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
31
3 May. 1436

The same Richard Wellesley kt [as in §30] acknowledges that he owes the K. £100, with defeasance if he should appear in chancery in the quindene of Martinmas next, to answer the K. [as in §30].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
32
22 Nov. 1436
Dublin

It was ordained by Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt, and the council, that―until Michaelas [1436] next―no one is to buy wheat [etc.] or any other kinds of grain within Ire., or presume to load or transport them to parts overseas, under [pain of] forfeiture of the wheat [etc.] and the ships [etc.].

C: 

RCH; RIA, MS 12.D.16, p. 149; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
33
25 Nov. 1436
Dublin
To the sheriff of Dublin.

ORDER to cause the ordinance contained in the preceding article [concerning the purchase and export of grain, as in §32] to be proclaimed and observed.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first of two items calendared in RCH as a bundle with a single item-number (§33).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
34
25 Nov. 1436
Dublin

The mayor and bailiffs of the city of Dublin; the mayor and sheriff of Drogheda; and the sheriff of Louth have similar WRITS [ordering proclamation of the ordinance prohibiting the purchase and export of grain, as in §33].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
35
20 Mar. 1436

Nicholas Taaff kt has acknowledged that he owes £100 to the K., with defeasance if he appears in chancery in the quindene of Easter, to answer upon the taking of a certain prey lately made upon les Oreilies by that Nicholas, Thomas Verdon and John Gernon, and other accomplices; or meanwhile the judgement upon the same of Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of the Lt, and the council, remains.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first of two items calendared in RCH as a bundle with a single item-number (§34)

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
36
20 Mar. 1436

Thomas Verdon1 and John Gernon have given similar RECOGNIZANCES.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'Veldon'; but the name is given as Verdon in the preceding item (§35).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
37
23 Apr. 1436

New RECOGNIZANCES of the same persons [Nicholas Taaff, Thomas Verdon and John Gernon, as in §§35–6] for appearing in the quindene of Trinity.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
38
18 [Jun. ] 1436

The same recognizances [as in §37] were renewed again for the quindene of Michaelmas.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH gives the date as '18 Jan.', but it is likely that this is a misreading for '18 June' because the previous item is dated 23 April.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
39
[No date.]
To the sheriff of Limerick.

The mayor and commons of the city of Limerick have shown the K.―by their petition displayed to Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt, and the council, and endorsed by the same―that the K. lately ordered the mayor by his writ addressed to Richard Arthur, former mayor, and John Loft and Robert Nangle, formerly bailiffs of that city, to do full right between John s. of William Langer of Limerick and Thomas Comyne and Anastasia his wife deforciants, concerning certain lands in Limerick. By force of that writ the said former mayor and bailiffs held a certain plea between the said parties; and for that reason, John [Mothel], bp Limerick, came and instructed them, on behalf of Holy Church, not to hold that plea.

And because they did not surcease in that plea, the said [bishop]1 excommunicated John Loft, one of the bailiffs, and a certain Nicholas Arthur, one of the jurors, because he appeared in that plea; and [the bishop] did not permit, and still does not permit, divine service […] to be celebrated in their presence; and he prosecuted them in the court of Rome for that reason. For this reason they have pleaded that a writ be addressed to the sheriff instructing him to notify the bishop to be present before the deputy and council on a certain day in order to be examined concerning the premises, and to cause a suitable remedy to be made concerning this to the mayor and commons; and if that bishop should not come, that his temporalities be seized into the K.'s hand, to remain until he should come. Acceding to that petition, ORDER that […].2

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 There was a lacuna in the original enrolment at this point.
2 The remainder was lost: presumably this was an order to cause proclaimation to be made.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
40
26 Sep. 1435
Dublin

John […] vicar of Athboy acknolwedges that he owes £40 to the K., with defeasance […].1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The remainder of this item was damaged by 1828.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
41
24 Sep. 1435
Dublin
To John Pilkyngton junior, escheator of Ire.

The K. has learned by inquisition taken by Stephen Fulpot and William Baldewyn', who were appointed to inquire in co. Meath and the crosslands of the same concerning wards, marriages [etc.], that Walter Scurlag of Duffestoun died seised as of fee of 1 messuage, 1 carucate of land and 1 water-mill in Duffestoun. The messuage [etc.] are held in chief of the manor of Skreen by service of 20s royal servic, which manor is in the K.'s hand by reason of the minority of Robert Mareward, baron of Skreen, who held of the K. in chief by knight service. Mary, daughter and the said Walter, is his heir and 30 years old, and married to Richard Cadell kt. ORDER to deliver seisin to the same Richard and Mary.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
42
22 Jun. 1436
Dublin

It was agreed by Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt, and the council, that Robert Dyke, archdeacon of Dublin and keeper of the rolls―who was sworn on this day [22 June 1436] into the office of keeper of the g.s., [which was granted to him] by letters patent, to have during pleasure―should have 5s a day for his wages for all [charges]1 which he must sustain in that office.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 RCH reads 'pro omnibus'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
43
[...] Sep. 1435
[…]
To John Pilkyngton junior, kt, escheator of Ire.

When William [Hadsor] bp Meath was presiding over the rule of the church of Meath, Pope Eugenius IV, wishing for the apostolic see to provide to it a capable and suitable person, when it should fall vacant, caused the provision of that church to be specially reserved to his ordination and disposition on that occasion decernes extunc irritum si secus super hiis per quoscumque by whatever authority, knowingly or unknowingly, should happen to be attempted. Afterwards when the said church was vacant by the death of that bishop, who died outside the court of Rome, the clergy of the diocese of Meath, being ignorant of the said reservation and decree, elected as bishop brother William [Silk], doctor of decretals, and then electionis predicte negocio per predictum electum coram papa in consistorio proposito the pope cassaverit the said election because of the said reservation and provided to that church of Meath the person of the said elect by apostolic authority, and advanced the said elect to be bishop of that church, as appears by his bulls. And the said elect freely, openly and expressly renounced all words prejudicial to the K. and the right of his crown contained in those letters, in the chancery, and humbly submitted himself to the K.'s grace. ORDER to deliver the temporalities to him.

C: 

RCH; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
44
[No date.]
[…]
To James Blakeney esq., escheator of Ire.

Henry Bernevall and Edmunda, his wife, previously wife of Thomas s. of Simon Cruys, have pleaded to the K. showing that Thomas was seised as of fee of 6 messuages and 1 carucate of land in Tyrrelestoun; and of 1 messuage and 1 carucate in Malagheo; and he took Edmunda as his wife, and was seised of those messuages [etc.] after he married her, as of fee, such that she could be dowered of them; and the said Thomas died.

After his death, William Cruys, his son and heir, entered and died seised of the same. After his death it was found by inquisition taken before Henry Stanyhurst, deputy of John Pylkyngton [kt, junior],1 escheator of Ire., that William held that messuage and land as of fee on the day he died in Malagheo of the K. in chief by knight service, and that he held [the messuage and land] in Tyrrelestoun [as of fee] on the day he died of John Burnell and Robert Serjaunt, as of his manor of Castleknock, by knight service; and for that reason the said messuage and [land were seized into the K.'s hand just as appears by that inquisition; and that] two thirds of the said messuages [etc.] are in the K.'s hand for the same reason; [and Henry and Edmunda, as aforesaid, have reason to have the same as the dower of Edmunda]. ORDER [to inquire as to the right and title of the same Henry] and Edmunda by oath of worth men [etc.] of his bailiwick, and to send the inquisition taken concerning this into chancery without delay.2

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 Here and in the remainder of this paragraph, the words in square brackets are supplied in RCH. The original enrolment was damaged by 1828.
2 See also below, §46.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
45
6 Feb. 1436
Dublin
To [James Blakeney esq., as in §44], escheator of Ire.

ORDER to cause Thomas Babe, cousin and heir of John Babe Dever dcd, (viz. brother and heir of Robert Babe, son and heir of that John) to have full seisin of all lands [etc.] that the same John held of the K. in chief on the day he died.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
46
[No date.]
[…]
To [James Blakeney esq., as in §44], escheator of Ire.

[This item begins by reciting the petition, inquisition and order as in §44 above.]

The escheator returned that Thomas [s. of Simon Cruys] was seised [as of fee of the said messuages] and land; and he took as his wife that Edmunda, now wife [of the said Henry Bernevalle, and that the same Thomas was seised as of fee of] those messuages [etc.] after he had married her [such that they could be dowered of the same]; and that the said messuages [etc.] in Molagheo are held of the K. [in chief by knight service, and that the said messuages [etc.] in Tyrrelestoun are held of John Burnell and Robert Serjaunt, as of his manor of Castleknock, by knight service, and that for that reason they were taken into the K.'s hand; and that those messuages and land are in the hand of the present K.; and that the said Henry [and Edmunda] have reason to have them as dower of Edmunda. And because, for a fine which Henry and Edmunda have made […].1 ORDER to cause Henry and Edmunda to have reasonable dower from those messuages and lands.

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The item was badly damaged by 1828.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
47
17 Nov. 1435
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Christopher Bernevall, whom the K. appointed on 6 April [1434] 12 Hen. VI as [chief justice] at pleas [etc.], £19 18s which were returned as being in arrears of [his] fees and wages.

[14 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

Footnotes: 

{1} This is the first item in RCI roll §109, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus clausus de anno 14 Hen. VI. 1a pars.' (=§§47–60 below). It was in fact a controlment roll of the Irish Ex., with entries covering the regnal years 10–14 Hen. VI.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
48
27 Feb. 1436
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Christopher Bernevall―whom the K. appointed on 14 Feb. [1435] 13 Hen. VI as chief justice of the [common] bench of the K., just as [etc.]―£37 which were returned as being in arrears to him of his fee; and ORDER to pay him £40 p.a. for as long as he remains in office.

[14 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 388.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
49
22 Feb. 1436
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

It was agreed that the said Christopher [Bernevall, as in §48] should receive 40d a day for as long as he remains in office. ORDER to pay him that which is in arrears to him; and 40d a day, as above.

[14 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
50
13 May. 1436
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay William Chevyr―who was appointed second justice at pleas [etc.] by [letters] patent dated 24 March [1435] last―both £20 p.a. of his fee, and also 20d daily of wages, each year for as long as he remains in office.

[13 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
51
27 Jan. 1432
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Seyntleger [St Leger] of Ardee―appointed by [letters] patent dated 9 June [1430] 8 Hen. VI as chief clerk of the chief place, and keeper of the rolls, records and pleas in the same, and clerk of the crown in the same, and keeper of writs and memoranda in the same pertaining to those office [etc.]―100s, which were returned as being in arrears; and also those 100s p.a. for as long as he occupies the said offices.

[10 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
52
26 Jun. 1432
Trim
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay James Alleyne kt―whom the K. appointed by [letters] patent dated 23 Nov. [1429] 7 Hen. VI as chief justice of the common bench, just as [etc.]―£31 3s 9¾d, which were returned as being in arrears of his fee.

[10 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
53
18 Jan. 1430
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Blakeney―whom the K. appointed as chief justice of the common bench by [letters] patent dated 13 May [1430] 8 Hen. VI―£30 13s 4d, which were returned as being in arrears of his fee; and also £40 p.a. for as long as he remains in office.

[10 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
54
16 Dec. 1431
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John Bateman―whom the K. appointed by [letters] patent dated 20 Oct. [1423] 1 Hen. VI as chirographer and keeper of writs and rolls of the common bench―£8 3s, which were returned as being in arrears of his fee; and 100s p.a. for as long as he remains in office.

[10 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
55
17 Jul. 1435
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Edmund Bryane, whom the K. appointed by [letters] patent dated 10 March [1435] last as chirographer and keeper of the writs of the common bench, 100s p.a. for as long as he remains in office.

[13 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
56
18 Jul. 1436
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Christopher Bernevall―whom the K. appointed as serjeant-at-laws by [letters] patent dated 20 June [1430] last, by assent of the Lt―both 100s p.a. of his fee and also 100s p.a. of increment for as long as he remains in office.

[10 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
57
19 Mar. 1436
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Thomas s. of Christopher Plunket kt, whom the K. appointed by [letters] patent dated 8 Nov. [1434] last as serjeant-at-laws, 25s, which were returned as being in arrears of [his] fee.

[13 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
58
19 Oct. [1435]
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay Robert Dowdall, whom the K. appointed by [letters] patent dated 20 June [1435] last as serjeant-at-laws, 25s, which were returned as being in arrears to him, and 100s p.a. for as long as he remains in office.

[?14 Hen. VI.]1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 The regnal year is not specified in RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
59
13 Mar. 1430
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay John White―whom the K. appointed on 19 Oct. [1429] 8 Hen. VI as his attorney both in the Ex. and in the common bench―£75, which were returned as being in arrears to him of [his] fee; and also 100s p.a. for as long as he remains in office.

[10 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
60
27 Oct. 1433
Dublin
To the T. and chamberlains of the Ex.

ORDER to pay William Sutton―whom Henry IV, by [letters] patent which Henry V and Henry VI have confirmed, appointed as clerk of the common pleas of the Ex.―116s 8d, which were returned as being in arrears to him of [his] fee.

[12 Hen. VI.]

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
61
22 Nov. 1435
Dublin

WRIT of summons to John [Swayne], abp Armagh, to attend with proctors for the dean, chapter and clergy, the great council, which is to be held at Dublin on 16 Jan. 1436 by advice of Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt.

Attested: 
Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt.
Authorized: 
By the deputy and council.
C: 

Reg. Swayne, pp 161–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
62
12 Feb. 1436

ORDER to [John Swayne] the archbishop of Armagh to levy by clerically-elected proctors and assessors those 14m 10s 2d voted as a subsidy in a great council held at Dublin on 16 Jan. 1436 by the clergy of Armagh to Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt of Ire., for the labours of the archbishop of Dublin in defence of the K.'s lieges.

Attested: 
Richard [Talbot], abp Dublin, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt
C: 

Reg. Swayne, p. 164.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
63
14 Apr. 1436

WRIT of summons to John [Swayne], abp Armagh, for certain most arduous reasons concerning the K. and his estate and the salvation and defence of his land of Ire., to attend in person before the K.'s council at Drogheda on 20 April 1436.

C: 

Reg. Swayne, p. 165.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife