close Roll 13 Edward II

1
22 Jul. 1319
Dublin
To the justices of the Dublin bench.

ORDER to admit Rithericus [son of John] to the office of justice of the bench to which he has been appointed.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer
Authorized: 
By bill of the Jcr.
T: 

TCD, MS 579/1, f. 190 (p. 395); NLI, [Harris] MS 13 p. 119.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
5 Oct. 1319
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

WRIT of allocate for Richard Wodehouse, escheator, in his account 28 June 1316 – 13 May 1317, for the following sums: £35 granted to him for his fee in that office at the rate of £40 p.a. and 40s. for his robes for the same period, that is for Christmas in the said year; 66s. 4d. which he paid to 5 sub-escheators, for their fees for exercising the office of the escheatry as often as necessary in the absence of the escheator, that is in cos. Dublin, Louth, Waterford, Tipperary and Limerick, 1 mark each; 60s. paid to his sub-escheator in co. Meath for exercising the office of the escheatry in that county and for his labours and expenses in holding the K.’s courts in the manors of Duleek and Kells, which belonged to Theobald Verdun and were in the K.’s hand at the time; 20s. paid to various messengers carrying writs and other things touching the escheatry to various places in Ire.; 10s. paid for the maintenance of the son and heir of Peter Bruys, in the K.’s wardship; 5s. paid for the maintenance of the son and heir of William Hendy, in the K.’s wardship; 6s 8d paid for the maintenance of the son and heir of John Valle, junior, in the K.’s wardship; 4s. paid for the maintenance of the son and heir of James le Taillor, in the K.’s wardship; 4s. paid for the maintenance of the son and heir of Thomas Kenefeg, in the K.’s wardship; 4s. in compensation for two horses which brother Richard, prior of the house of St Leonard of Dundalk, receiver of the issues of the lands and tenements which belonged to Theobald Verdon within the barony of Dundalk, lately lost in the K.’s service, parleying by the K.’s order with Ohanlan and other Irishmen of those parts; 118s. 9½d. allowed to the prior for his expenses in receiving the issues of the lands of Theobald in that barony, and also for the custody of the castle of de la Roche, which belonged to Theobald, Michaelmas 1316 – 13 May in the same year; 40s. paid to John le Blound, keeper of that castle, for his fee and for the custody of the castle, 2–29 Sept. 1316; 13s. 4d. spent in going with an armed force to bring Oche McMahoun, the K.’s hostage, lately detained in the castle of de la Roche, to Dublin castle to stay there; 20s. paid to Henry Badowe, constable of Dublin castle, for the maintenance of the said Oche in that castle; £11 11s. 5d. which the escheator accounts for as rent of various free tenements, with which he is charged in his account and from which he was unable to levy anything, as is contained in the exactis which he delivered at the Ex. for the levying of the said rent.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2, m. 3.

T: 

Gilbert, Hist. & mun. docs, pp 383–6.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
8 Nov. 1319
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

Although master Walter Istelep, formerly escheator of Ire., on 6 Feb. 1311 took into the K.’s hand one messuage and 19 acres of land with the appurtenances in Drummeskyn because Vincent s. of Ralph acquired the land for life without licence 43 years ago from Nicholas, then archbishop of Armagh, who held them of Edward I in chief, the K. has granted Vincent that he may hold the lands for life according to the grant made by the archbishop. ORDER to exonerate Vincent henceforth of the issues of those messuage and lands, remove them from the great roll, and acquit Vincent.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2, m. 4d.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
18 Nov. 1319
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of allocate for Cambinus Donati, appointed as purveyor of victuals at Cork to buy, provide and send them to Skinburneys for the expedition of the war in Scotland, 16 April – 25 June 1315, for the following sums: £258 6s 8d which he paid for 100 tuns of wine bought there and sent to Skymburneys, as contained in his roll of particulars delivered into the Ex.; £33 6s. 9d. paid to Nicholas le Veel for freight of his ship carrying the wine from Cork to Skynburneys; £4 15s. 1½d. spent in buying wine for the ullage of the said tuns; £4 12s. 1¼d. spent in hooping, porterage, boat hire, hoisting and stillage of the said tuns, and for wood and nails bought and for carpentry in stowing the tuns in the ship; 100s. granted to him for his labours and expenses.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 18.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
22 Apr. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of allocate for Nicholas Goldyng and Hugh Castrocnok, purveyors at Dublin of wine and corn to be sent to Skymburness for the war in Scotland which were diverted because of the arrival of Edward Bruce, to provision the castles of Dublin, Carrickfergus and Northburgh and the town of Dundalk and for the wages and expenses of John Ergadia, admiral of the fleet and his men-at-arms and sailors going by the coast to the parts of Ulster, and for the wages of several magnates of Ire. resisting the Scottish felons. They are to be allowed the following sums in their account 2 May 1315 – 20 March 1316: £56 12s. 6¾d. paid for 667 crannocks and 3 bushels of wheat, as contained in their rolls of particulars delivered into the Ex.; £115 7s. 6¾d. paid for 493 crannocks and 3 bushels of oats; £260 6s. paid for 87 tuns and one pipe of wine; £10 8s. 11d. for the rent of various houses and cellars for storing the corn and wine, and the wages of a man turning the said corn as often as necessary and keeping it; 62s. 10¼d. for 19 empty tuns, bought for keeping bolted flour in, and for salt bought for salting the flour, with sacks, sieves and other minor necessary items in connection with bolting the flour and putting it into the tuns; £15 15s. spent on hoisting, towing, hooping and porterage of the said tuns and in measuring the said crannocks of wheat and oats, and for timber, nails and carpentry for the stowing of the tuns of wine and flour in various ships, and the expenses of a clerk serving the purveyors and writing their account; £7 which they paid to Alexander Conners and Robert Cotegrave, K.’s clerks, appointed to supervise and hasten the purveyance, for their labours and expenses; £27 7s. 7¼d. spent in the freighting of two ships to carry the victuals to Skynburness, with pilotage and minor expenses of the same, and afterwards, by order of the Jcr and council, the victuals were removed from the ships and delivered to the castles and town aforesaid and for the wages of the admiral and magnates; £4 granted to the purveyors for their labours and expenses.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 33.

T: 

Gilbert, Hist. & mun. docs, pp 347–50

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
25 Apr. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of allocate for Nicholas Goldyng and Hugh Castrocnok, purveyors at Dublin of wine and corn to be sent to Skymburness for the war in Scotland which were diverted because of the arrival of Edward Bruce, to provision the castles of Dublin, Carrickfergus and Northburgh and the town of Dundalk and for the wages and expenses of John Ergadia, admiral of the fleet and his men-at-arms and sailors going by the coast to the parts of Ulster, and for the wages of several magnates of Ire. resisting the Scottish felons. They are to be allowed the following items in their account 2 May 1315 – 20 March 1316: 62½ crannocks of wheat, 56 crannocks of oats, and 27 tuns full of wine, delivered by the K.’s order to Robert Cotegrave clk keeper of the stores of Dublin castle, to provision that castle, as contained in their roll of particulars; 36 crannocks of wheat which they delivered to Robert Sengleton and Robert Osbern, keepers of the stores of Carrickfergus castle, to provision that castle; 40 crannocks of wheat which they delivered to Thomas Stanes, keeper of the stores of Northburgh castle, to provision that castle; 10 tuns full of bolted flour,20 crannocks of wheat, 40 crannocks of oats delivered to the men of the town of Dundalk, who had been destroyed and despoiled by the arrival of the said felons in those parts, in aid of relief of the town; 24 crannocks of wheat delivered to Elizabeth, widow of John Burgh, as a prest made to her by the Jcr and council; 18 crannocks of wheat and 7 tuns full of wine delivered to John Ergadia, admiral of the fleet, and to Dongallus McDowyll and Donecanus McGoffry kts, and their men going in the company of the said fleet, for their wages and expenses; 2 crannocks of wheat and one tun full of bolted flour containing 6 crannocks and 2 bushes of flour, delivered to Nicholas Veel, master of the ship called the Grace Dieu of Cork, for wages and expenses of himself and his sailors going in the company of the said fleet; 49 crannocks of wheat delivered to Alexander Conners, K.’s clerk appointed to pay wages of sailors and others in the fleet, for those wages; 8 crannocks of wheat and 14 crannocks of oats delivered to the same Alexander, for his labours and expenses in supervising and hastening the purveyance of the said victuals and in paying the wages; 94 crannocks of wheat and 14 crannocks and 10 bushels of oats and 12 tuns full of wine delivered to John Bouwet, Ralph Cobley and Robert Joye, constables of certain ships of the K. in the said fleet, for the payment of wages to men-at-arms and sailors in those ships; 1 tun of wine delivered to master William Hothum, chancellor of the Ex. as a prest made to him by the Jcr; one tun of wine delivered to John fitzThomas kt, in part-payment of his wages for himself and his men-at-arms, hobelars and foot soldiers going in the company of the Jcr to Sketheres to defeat the said Scottish felons; 6 tuns of wine which they spent in ullage of 87 tuns of wine; 14 crannocks and 5 bushels of oats lost in various ships laden with 200 crannocks of oats to carry to Skynburness, and of which oats they were afterwards discharged by the Jcr and council in Ire., because of the said impedimentum; 22½ crannocks and 6 bushels of oats which the purveyors spent in fodder for certain horses of the K. bought in Ire. and staying at Dublin and Swords before they were sent to the K. in Eng.; 24 crannocks of oats delivered to Ralph Cobleye to expedite the K.’s business.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
Authorized: 
By bill of the Ex.
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 33.

T: 

Gilbert, Hist. & mun. docs, pp 343–7

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
26 Apr. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of allocate for Nicholas Goldyng and Hugh Castrocnok, purveyors at Dublin of corn, wine and other victuals to be sent to Skymburneys for the war in Scotland, 20 May 1314 – 25 Oct. 1315, for the following sums: £88 11s. 2¾d. paid for 451½ crannocks and two bushels of corn, as appears in their rolls of particulars delivered into the Ex.; £18 14s. 5½d. paid for 84 crannocks and two bushels of oats; £153 1s. 4d. paid for 53 tuns of wine; £32 15s. 8d. paid for the freighting of 4 ships, with pilotage, to carry the victuals to Skymburness; £7 6s. 9½d. paid in wood, boards, nails, carpentry, straw and hay, for the stillagio of the said wine and dunnage of the said corn in the said ships, and for boat hire, porterage and hoisting of the said tuns of wine and of 41 tuns full of bolted wheat flour put in the same ships; £13 5s. 9¼d. spent in the rent of cellars and houses for storing the said corn and wine in, and purchase of 4 empty tuns for putting the flour in, and for sacks, sieves, hooping of the tuns and wages of various men bolting the flour and other minor necessary expenses; 60s. granted to them for their labours and expenses.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
Authorized: 
By bill of the Ex.
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 33d.

T: 

Gilbert, Hist. & mun. docs, pp 332–4.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
3 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

Because of his good service in fighting English and Irish felons in co. Limerick and elsewhere in Ire., the K. has pardoned James Bellafago, sheriff of Limerick, £20 for various sums in which he was amerced in the court of the Jcr, the Dublin bench and the Ex. and elsewhere. ORDER to exonerate and acquit him.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
Authorized: 
By bill of the Jcr.
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 33d.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
5 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

John Tuite has shown the K. by a petition displayed before Roger Mortimer, Jcr of Ire., and the K.’s council in full parliament called at Dublin on 27 April, that when he and Richard Boscher, deceased, were collectors of the fifteenth granted to Edward I in Meath, £47 8s. remained in arrears on their account at the Ex., which they could not levy because of the capture of Richard Burgh, e. Ulster by John s. of Thomas, and other disturbances everywhere in Ire. at that time. The K. has pardoned him his half of the arrears, in consideration of losses of men and horses of great value suffered by John and his father in the K.’s service. ORDER to exonerate John of half of the said arrears and acquit him.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 31.

T: 

P&C, no. 3

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
7 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

At the request of William [++++], abp Cashel, C. of Ire. and for the good service of master John Cantok, and because John is destroyed and impoverished by various robberies and other damage done to him by various English and Irish felons, that his goods scarcely suffice for the sustenance of himself and his household, the K. has pardoned him £13 which he owes for various debts of the said master Thomas Cantok in the Ex. ORDER to exonerate and acquit John.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
Authorized: 
By bill of the Jcr.
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 33d.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
7 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

ORDER, If Maurice fitzThomas acknowledges in the Ex. that he owes the K. £300 for Reginald Russell which Reginald owed the K. for various debts to be paid at the same terms as Reginald had, to exonerate and acquit Reginald of the debt.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
Authorized: 
By bill of the Jcr.
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 31.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
8 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

Andrew Gerard, who owes various debts at the Ex., has petitioned claiming that the K. owes him £51 6s. 1½d. for wine bought for the K.’s use by Eymer Godor, late purveyor in the city of Waterford of victuals to be sent to Skymburness and asking for allowance of this sum in his debts. ORDER to search the rolls of Eymer's account, and if this is so, to allow the sum to Andrew in his debts.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 42d.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
9 May. 1320
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of certiorari concerning debts owed by Ralph, count of Eu, and his wife Joan at the Ex., both in the account of the escheator rendered at the Ex. and in other debts which they owe there. ORDER to send the information to the Jcr on the morrow of Holy Trinity next at Dublin.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 41d.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
10 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of allocate for William Barry, sheriff of Cork, in his account, for £26 13s. 4d. which was granted to Cambinus Donati, receiver in co. Cork, in addition to his annual fee of £10, that is from 11 May 1311 to 11 May 1319, at the rate of 5mannually for his great labours and expenses in receiving the money and bringing it to the Ex. on several occasions, and which he paid to Cambinus.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 32d.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
12 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

On 30 July 1314 the K. committed all his lands and tenements at Bray, with the fishery, pleas and perquisites of the court there and all other profits, to Hugh Lawless, during pleasure, rendering the extent. The K. understands by Hugh’s petition that because of the arrival of the Scots, the K.’s enemies and rebels, who immediately after the commission was made flooded into Ire. [confluxerunt], the Irish of the Leinster mountains, the K.’s felons and enemies, devastated, raided and burned the said lands and tenements, so that Hugh received no benefit or profit from them. ORDER, if this is so, to give Hugh due allowance on his account.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2, mm 21 32d.

T: 

Gilbert, Hist. & mun. docs, pp 460–1.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
15 May. 1320
To the mayor and bailiffs of Dublin.

EXEMPLIFICATION of statutes of 13 Edw. II, to be read, published and maintained.

T: 

Stat. John–Hen. V, pp 280–91

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
16 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

For good service by William Lercedekne in fighting the Irish and Scottish felons and enemies in various parts of Ire., the K. has pardoned him £24 13s. 4d. owed by him at the Ex. for a fine to have the peace. ORDER to exonerate and acquit him.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
Authorized: 
By bill of the Jcr.
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 40.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
17 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of allocate for William s. of David Barry, sheriff of Cork, for the following sums: £7 paid to Thomas Warylowe, engrosser of the Ex. as annual fee in addition to his wages of 5d. daily, 24 June 1319 – 23 June 1320; 24s. spent in repairing the gaol at Cork for the better security of the prisoners, when sheriff.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 40.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
17 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of allocate for Cambinus Donati, receiver of the K.’s money in co. Cork, for £10 which he received from Richard Clare, formerly sheriff of Cork and which were granted to him for his labours and expenses in receiving the K.’s money in a.r. 4 [1310–11], and for various expenses in coming by various ways to the Ex. with the money in that year.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
Authorized: 
By bill of the Ex.
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 40.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
20 May. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

Robert le Clerk of Drogheda, formerly constable of Drogheda castle, has petitioned before the Jcr and council that the K. owed him £12 10s. arrears of his fee for 25 Nov. 1304 – Michaelmas 1307, and from Michaelmas 1308 to 28 May following, that is 2½ years at an annual fee of 100s. Robert owes the K. £11 15s. received from Richard Dardyz, formerly sheriff of co. Meath. ORDER to search the rolls and allow him the £11 5s. in part-payment of his arrears, and exonerate and acquit him.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition of council.
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 40.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
10 Mar. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of allocate for Richard Ulveston and John Bouveis, purveyors at Drogheda on the side of Uriel, of corn and wine for the Scottish expedition and afterwards the corn and wine by reason of the arrival of Edward le Bruys with a great force of Scottish felons and enemies to Ire., by order of the Jcr and council the said wine and corn was delivered for the provisioning of Carrickfergus and Greencastle and to Edmund Butler, then Jcr, and the other peers and magnates in his company resisting the felons, in their account 31 May 1315 – 5 Feb. 1316, for the following sums: £7 10s. paid for 20 crannocks of corn as in their roll of particulars; £18 2s. 8d. for 68 crannocks and one bushel of oats; £47 for 20 tuns of wine bought from William Liscapoun; £9 6s 8d paid to William Parte and Thomas Bossher for the freight of 2 ships to transport the victuals from Drogheda to Carrickfergus castle; 60s. 11d. which they spent on renting two houses to keep the corn and wine in, and for hooping the tuns of wine and other necessary expenses; 56s 8d granted to them for their labours and expenses and the expenses of a clerk serving them.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 40d.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
14 Jun. 1320
Dublin
To the T. and barons of the Dublin Ex.

WRIT of allocate for Jordan Bristoll and Cervasio Copale, purveyors at Waterford of wine to be sent to Dublin for the provisioning of Dublin castle and for the castles of Carrickfergus and Northburgh, 12 – 28 June 1315, for the following sums: £135 paid for 45 tuns of wine bought from Andrew Gerard, as contained in their rolls of particulars; 36s. spent in ullage of the tuns; £16 5s. for freight of a ship with pilotage for the transport of the wine from Waterford to Dublin; 70s. spent on wood and nails and carpentry for stillagio of the tuns in that ship and for hooping, porterage, boat hire and hoisting of the tuns and other necessary expenses in connection with them; 40s. granted to them for their labours and expenses.

Attested: 
Roger Mortimer, Jcr
O: 

NAI, EX 1/2 m. 40d.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
24 Aug. 1318

William Hotham, who has licence to go to Eng., has appointed Robert Heyton as his attorney in all pleas held in the Ex.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/12, p. 343

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife