patent Roll 12 Henry IV

1
18 Mar. 1411
Drogheda

PARDON to Thomas Kent senior and Thomas Kent junior of suit of peace for treasons [etc.].

C: 

RCH; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 69.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 387.

Footnotes: 

{1} This is the first item of RCI roll §77, identified as follows in RCH: 'Rotulus patens de anno 12 Hen. IV'.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
21 Mar. 1411
Trim

Wishing to bestow gracious favour upon John Kelly―servant of Nicholas [Fleming], abp Armagh―who is by birth of Irish blood, as is said, GRANT of the K.'s special grace and by assent of brother Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy [of the K.'s son, Thomas of Lancaster], and the K.'s council there, at the request of that archbishop, to the same Thomas that he and all his issue, born and to be born, may be of free status and condition, and free and quit from all Irish servitude; and that they shall answer and be answered in all the K.'s courts, and all other courts whatsoever; and they may use and enjoy English laws in the same manner as English persons use and enjoy them in the K.'s same land; and that they may acquire lands, tenements, rents, and services to themselves and their heirs, in perpetuity or in fee tail, except for lands and tenements which are held of the K. in chief; and also that they may freely obtain ecclesiastical benefices and dignities, and be promoted to the same and freely enjoy them, without interference of the K. or his heirs, officers or ministers whatsoever, notwithstanding statutes or ordinances made concerning this to the contrary nor the Irish condition; so long, however, as John and his said heirs bear and maintain themselves towards the K. and his heirs as his faithful lieges in the future.

Attested: 
Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy [of the K.'s son, Thomas of Lancaster. Lt]
Authorized: 
By petition [etc.].
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 176.

C: 

RCH.

N: 

Rep. RCI 1816–20, 8th rep., p. 387.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
12 Feb. 1411
Drogheda

The mayor, bailiffs and community of the city of Dublin, who hold that city at a fee-farm of 200m p.a., are so impoverished, both by pestilence and the invasion of the K.'s enemies, and also by various burdens, that they cannot pay that fee-farm without tallages upon the community of the city. By letters patent dated at Westminster, 20 Feb. [1403] 4 Hen. IV,1 the K. granted to mayor, bailiffs and community of Dublin that they might be quit of £20 each year for the next 20 years. Ten years of that term have been completed. GRANT that the mayor [etc.] might be quit for a further 12 years.

C: 

RCH; CPR 1408–13, p. 408 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 29 May 1412); RIA, MS 12.D.16, p. 109; COA, PH 15173, p. 473; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 69; BL, Egerton MS 76, p. 24; BL, Egerton MS 78, p. 22.

Footnotes: 

1CPR 1401–5, p. 204.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
1 Sep. 1411
Kilmainham

GRANT to Robert Elyot of Dublin that he shall not be placed on assizes [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
17 Aug. 1411
Kildare

GRANT to John Tanner clk of the prebend of St Columba of Swords in the cathedral church of St Patrick, Dublin.1

C: 

RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first of two items calendared in RCH as a bundle with a single item-number.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
17 Aug. 1411

ORDER to Thomas [Cranley] abp Dublin, to admit [John Tanner] to the [prebend of St Columba of Swords, as in §5]; and to the dean [and chapter of the cathedral church of St Patrick, Dublin], to assign him a stall [etc.].

C: 

RCH; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 69.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
1 May. 1411
Kilmainham

On the advice of Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, Lt of Ire., GRANT to John Chenele of the alien priory of Eynes in Arde,1 within the lordship of Ulster, in the K.'s hand by reason of the war between the K. and France.

T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 178.

C: 

COA, PH 13203, f. 354; RCH.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the priory of St Andrew in Ards, co. Down, a cell of St Mary's of Lonely in Normandy; 'Eynes' may refer to the neighbouring church of Inishargy: see William Reeves, Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, Connor and Dromore […] (Dublin, 1847), p. 22 note p; Med. religious houses, Ire., p. 109.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
6 May. 1411
Naas

GRANT to John Keppagh and John Bernevale of all manors, lands [etc.] that belonged to John Darcy in Ire., in the K.'s hand by reason of the minority of Philip Darcy, son and heir of the said John.

C: 

RCH; NAI, Lodge MS 19, p. 203; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 69.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
10 Jan. 1411
Leixlip

GRANT to Christopher Plunket and Joan his wife that they may absent themselves outside Ire. for one year.

C: 

RCH; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 69.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
5 Oct. 1410
Clonmel

LICENCE to William, prior of the house of the Blessed Mary of […], to cross to the court of Rome and stay there for one year.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
20 Jun. 1411
Leixlip

PARDON to Callagh Niew, former […], of suit of peace for felonies [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
24 Jul. 1411
Kilmainham

GRANT to James Lynche of the office of collector of customs from wool, hides [etc.] in the port of the town of Galway.

C: 

RCH; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 69.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
[No date.]
Kilmainham

PARDON to John Penkestoun, citizen of Dublin, of suit of peace for trespasses [etc.].

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
17 Sep. 1411
New Ross

COMMISSION to Reginald Broun of the office of chief serjeant of the crosslands of co. Wexford.1

C: 

RCH; NLI, GO MS 193, p. 69.

Footnotes: 

1 This is the first item on the dorse of RCI roll §77.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
7 Nov. 1411
New Ross

INSPEXIMUS and EXEMPLIFICATION of various charters concerning the family of de Ebroyc or Deveroys, as follows:

[1] Stephen de Ebroyc gives to Raymond de Ebroyc his son all the land and tenements that he has in the tenements and town of Duncormok, [retaining to himself and his heirs]1 half an acre measured in a certain respect lengthways from the mid-stream of the water near Cnoctalyn. To have to him and his legitimate heirs male born of his body; with successive remainders to Alexander de Ebroyc, his [Stephen's] son and his heirs male; Stephen de Ebroyc, his son, and his heirs male; John de Ebroyc, his son and heir; rendering due service.

Witnesses: Sir Nicholas de Carew; Sir Walter de Nevile; Sir Raymond de Barry; Sir Nicholas Broun; Maurice de Cauntoun, then seneschal of Wexford; and others.

[2] Thomas Lynet remises to Henry s. of Philip Deveroys all his right and claim in all lands, tenements, lordships and rents in the tenement of Dounecormok, Tyberculle and Ballymckarwyll.

[3] Thomas s. of John Lynet kt remises to Nicholas Deveroys all his right and claim in 30 acres of land in Balimacgyr, which lie between Knocsallyn and Tybernethan [etc.].

Given on the next Thursday after St Nicholas the Bishop 30 Edw. III [3 March 1356].

[4] Wolfrannus Deveroys gives to Nicholas s. of Stephen Deveroys 1 messuage and 1½ carucates of land, and 10 acres of wood, and 5 acres of meadow in Coulhysl and Clonhawil, to have to himself and his heirs forever.

Witnesses: David Colyn, Geoffrey Maccus, Raymond Barri, Nicholas Coule, Henry Gode and others.

[5] John s. of Richard Synath gives to Nicholas s. of Stephen Deweroys 1 messuage and 6 acres of land in Ballibrenan, to have to him and his heirs forever.

Witnesses: John s. of Michael Synath; John Hardeyne, Davit2 Lewite, John Franc, Philip Harper and others.

[6] Stephen s. of Stephen de Ebroyc remises to Raymond de Ebroyc his right and claim in the tenement and town of Duncormok.

Witnesses: Nicholas Broun; John fitz Henry; Walter Wogan, then seneschal of Wexford; Henry Estemond, then chancellor of the same place; Roger Colmyn, then T. there; Richard Whittey; and others.

C: 

RCH; NLI, GO MS 193, pp 70–1; COA, PH 13203, p. 354.

Footnotes: 

1 The clause in square brackets appears in NLI, GO Ms 193, p. 170.
2Sic in RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
[No date.]
[…]

APPOINTMENT of William Tynbegh, Thomas Walleys and Richard Hard to inquire concerning all lands and tenements, goods and chattels [that belonged to] […] rector of Swords, dcd, the K.'s debtor.

C: 

RCH.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
4 Nov. 1410
Dublin

Of the K.'s special grace, by assent of Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, the K.'s son, Lt of Ire., PARDON to Richard Keppagh and William Venge, chaplains, of all manner of intrusions, misprisons and offences whatsoever in the manors of Kells, Dengynyspydoke and Ballytarsyn, co. Tipperary, committed by them or by any predecessors, tenants, possessors or occupiers of the said manors in the time of the present K. or of his progenitors and predecessors. Further, of his special grace, RATIFICATION and APPROVAL of the estate that the said Richard and William have in the same, so far as pertains to the K. and saving to the K. and his heirs the service due of old from the said manors, notwithstanding any treason or felony committed by them or any other possessor or tenant, and any statutes or ordinances to the contrary. For 6s 8d paid in the hanaper.

Attested: 
Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By petition of the deputy and council sealed with the p.s., and by authority of parliament.
O: 

NLI, D 1478.

C: 

COD, ii, §409.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
10 Nov. 1410
Dublin

For his good service in the wars of Ire. and by advice of the deputy and council of Ire., GRANT, for life, to Edward Perers kt and John his son the constableship and keeping of the castle of Wicklow and town of Wicklow, situated among the Obrynnes, the K.'s Irish enemies and far distant from any aid from the English; with the fees, profits and commodities belonging to the same, and all liberties, jurisdictions, customs and other appurtenances by land or sea; receiving £50 p.a. at the Ex. of Ire.

Attested: 
Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, Lt of Ire.
C: 

CPR 1416–22, p. 42 (=an inspeximus dated at Canterbury, 27 Aug. 1416); CPR 1422–9, pp 101–2 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 11 March 1423); RCH, p. 229, §89 (=CIRCLE, PR 1 Hen. VI, §92: an enrolment of the inspeximus of 11 March 1423).

N: 

RCH, p. 201, §1 (=CIRCLE, PR 14 Hen. IV, §1); RCH, p. 251, §21 (=CIRCLE, CR 9 Hen. V, §21: a writ of liberate dated 13 Oct. 1420).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
13 Apr. 1411

INSPEXIMUS and CONFIRMATION to the sovereign, bailiffs and burgesses of Wexford of a charter [dated 25 July 1317] of Aymer de Valence, e. Pembroke.1

C: 

BL, Egerton MS 76, p. 74; NAI, Lodge MS 14, p. 155; NLI, MS 24,555/5 [Colclough papers].

Footnotes: 

1 The text of the charter appears in CPI, p. 47; and MacNiocaill, Na Buirgéisí, i, pp 232–6.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
27 Apr. 1411
Carlow

Of the K.'s special grace, by assent of Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, the K.'s son, Lt of Ire., GRANT to Simon Okelli, John s. of Roger Laffan, John s. of Hugh Laffan and Richard s. of Roger Laffan, who are of Irish birth, that they may be of free status and use English law; for 20s paid in the hanaper.

Attested: 
Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, Lt of Ire.
T: 

NLI, [Harris] MS 4, f. 178.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
21
15 Jul. 1411

For the laudable service and immense labours that David Vale and Maurice Cogeran clk have performed in the K.'s wars in Ire. in the company of Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of the K.'s son, Thomas of Lancaster, steward of Eng. and Lt of Ire., PARDON to them of his special grace and by assent of the deputy of all intrusions, misprisions, suits, undue liveries, negligences of suits, contempts, offences and trespasses whatsoever committed by either of them, or any person, tenant or possessor of lands in or of the manors of Knockgraffon and Kyltevenan, with all lands, tenements, lordships, rents, services, franchises and liberties pertaining to the same in co. Tipperary or in any parcel thereof committed in the time of the K.'s predecessors. Further RATIFICATION of their estate in those manors, notwithstanding any forfeiture or title found in favour of the K. or his progenitors for any reason against them or any other person, tenant, possessor or occupier of the said manors [etc.].1

Attested: 
Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, Lt of Ire.
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the deputy and sealed with his seal.
O: 

NLI, D 1481.

C: 

COD, ii, §412.

Footnotes: 

1 The engrossed letters patent conclude with the following 'mention of service': Sutton (=Robert Sutton).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
22
4 Aug. 1411
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of a writ dated at Clonmel, 4 June [1411] 12 Hen. IV,1 addressed to Ralph Standish, escheator in Ire., ordering him to remove the K.’s hand from certain lands and possessions of brother William Bobington, master of the house of St Thomas the Martyr of Canterbury called of Acon [Acre] of London, in the town of Karrikmagriffin and elsewhere in co. Tipperary, wrongfully taken into the K.’s hand by Thomas Clifford, formerly escheator.1

Attested: 
Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, Lt of Ire.
T: 

Eric St John Brooks (ed.), ' Irish Possessions of St. Thomas of Acre', PRIA, 58:C2 (1956), pp 39–41 (item XXIII).

Footnotes: 

1 CR, 12 Hen. IV, §19.
{2} The inspeximus ends with the following 'mention of service': Extracta per Robert Sutton clericum.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
23
13 Aug. 1411
Naas

INSPEXIMUS of the following writ:

'To Ralph Standesshe, escheator of Ire., or his deputy there.

James, son and heir of James Butler, [third] earl of Ormond, dcd, was lately a minor and in wardship, and has lately proved his age, as is found by a proof taken before Ralph Standesshe, escheator, and returned in the chancery of Ire. Because James 'the son' is now in Eng. to sue for livery of his lordship in Eng. before the K. and to perform his homage and fealty, the K. has respited until Easter next his homage and fealty due to the K. for castles, manors, lands, tenements, lordships, rents, services, liberties, regalities, knights' fees, advowsons of churches and all other posesessions whatsoever, which are of his inheritance in Ire. and which the said [third] earl lately held of the K. in chief; for 13s 4d paid in the hanaper. And he has restored to him all those castles, manors [etc.]. ORDER to give James full seisin, saving the rights of others.

Attested by Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, Lt of Ire., Dublin, 8 Aug. [1411] 12 Hen. IV'.

EXEMPLIFICATION of this writ at the request of James ['the son'].

Attested: 
Thomas Butler, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., deputy of Thomas of Lancaster, Lt of Ire.
O: 

NLI, D 1482.

C: 

COD, ii, §413.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife