patent Roll 12 Edward IV

1
5 Mar. 1472

PARDON, for good service, to Nicholas Brown of Dublin, merchant, and John Laundey, of suit of the peace for all treasons and felonies committed before this time.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, p. 367.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
16 Apr. 1472
Kilmainham

GRANT to Roland fitz Eustace kt, Lord Portlester, and John Tapton clk, in survivorship, of the office of C. of Ire., to exercise in person or by a sufficient deputy and receiving such fees, wages [etc.] as William Welles kt had.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, deputy
Authorized: 
By writ of p.s. of the Lt [George, duke of Clarence] by the assent of the said Lt out of Eng., and by authority of parliament of that date.
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 2, pp 22–4.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
5 May. 1472
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of the following act of parliament at Dublin on Friday after St Katherine [29 Nov. 1471] before Thomas Fitz Morice, e. Kildare, Jcr of Ire., and then prorogued and continued until Monday after St David the Bishop [2 March 1472], enacted in these words, viz.:

'[French] William, prior of the house of All Saints near Dublin and the convent of that house have pleaded that the said prior and convent and their predecessors have been seised of the manor of Balldolwill with the appurtenances as of the right of their house in their demesne as of fee from time immemorial. And the the said prior and convent have enjoyed wreck of sea from the goods of any ship which is wrecked and thrown up on any parcel of that manor, from time immemorial. Having considered the premises, it is graciously decided by authority of that parliament that the title [etc.] should be granted, confirmed, ratified and approved to the prior and his successors [etc.].'

EXEMPLIFICATION of that act or ordinance at the request of William, prior of the house of All Saints near Dublin.

Attested: 
Thomas Fitz Morice, e. Kildare, deputy of the K.'s brother George, duke of Clarence, Lt of Ire.
T: 

Reg. All Hallows, pp xliii–xliv.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 321–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
12 May. 1472
Dublin

GRANT, for good service, to Sir Robert Bold kt, Lord Ratoath, of the office of seneschal of the liberty of Meath, to occupy in person or by sufficient deputy for life with the accustomed fees and wages to be received out of the issues of the said liberty, with all other profits and benefits in as ample a form as William Welles kt, dcd, formerly held them.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 834–6.

C: 

COA, PH 15175, p. 237.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
16 Jul. 1472

GRANT, for life, to Barnabus Barnewall esq. and Walter de la Hyde esq. and others of the office of collectors of customs and keepers of the coket in the franchises, ports and liberties of the city of Dublin and the town of Drogheda, to hold in person and by deputy, taking the fee of 28m p.a.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, p. 348; BL, Add. MS 43769, f. 73.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
26 Sep. 1472

GRANT, for £40 paid into the Ex., to Eleanor Taaff and John Brown of Melaghurry clk, of custody of all manors, advowsons and other goods that belonged to James Gernon of Killyncoole, dcd, who held of the K. in chief, and that are in the K.'s hand by reason of the minority of John, s. of James, together with the marriage of the heir, and so from heir to heir.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 384–5.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
12 Oct. 1472
Maynooth

APPOINTMENT, for good service, of Nicholas Sutton, pleader, as second baron of the Ex., for life.

T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 2, p. 62.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, p. 360.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
16 Oct. 1472

APPOINTMENT, for life, of Thomas Talbot of Malahide, esquire, as justice of the common bench in Ire., taking £10 p.a. as his fee.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 364–5.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
22 Dec. 1472

COMMISSION, by mainprize of James Thu, gentleman, and William White, yeoman, to John Fleming clk and John Ward of custody of the manor or lordship of Clondalkin, in the K.'s hand through the vacancy in the archbishopric of Dublin, to hold for as long as it is in the K.'s hand, rendering the true value annually at the Ex.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, Jcr
C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 318–19.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
20 Jan. 1473

GRANT, for good service, to John Cornewalsh and his wife Matilda of pardon of suit of peace for all treasons, felonies and trespasses committed by them and also pardon of all debts and arrears owed by them before this time.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, p. 381.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
18 Feb. 1473

GRANT to brother James Ketyng, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., and David Ketyng esq. of custody of 1 messuage and 7 carucates and 40 acres of land, with appurtenances, in Tillaghdowere, Ballycollik and Peteston, one messuage and one carucate of land with the appurtenances in Balyrodane, one messuage and 30 acres of land, with appurtenances, in Ballagh, co. Wexford, to hold for as long as they are in the K.'s hand, rendering annually their true value.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 347–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
[No date.]

GRANT, during pleasure, to Thomas Clerk of the office of seneschal of the liberty of Meath, to be exercised in person or by sufficient deputies, taking annually the accustomed fee.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, p. 345.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
[No date.]

PROTECTION for one year for Robert Bold, lord of Ratoath, while in Eng. on business touching the K. and the state of Ire.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 360–61.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
[No date.]

INSPEXIMUS of act of parliament held at Dublin on Monday [recte Friday] after St Katherine in these words: [act partly given in French, viz.]:
Also, at the request of Nicholas Plunket in that whereas in a parliament held at Dublin the Friday after St Nicholas the Bishop 7 Edw. IV, before John, e. Worcester, it was ordained that Nicholas should surrender himself to the custody of the constable of Dublin castle on 4 March next and that if he did not do so then all his lands, tenements, goods and chattels would be forfeited to the K.; on which day Nicholas did not appear because he did not know about the act and was engaged on the borders of the march resisting the great wickedness of the K.'s Irish enemies. The premises being considered it is ordained by authority of the parliament that the act is void and without force; and similarly all outlawries against Nicholas, and that all his lands and tenements be restored to him; and that it shall be lawful for him to enter into the same without any other suit, the said act, [etc.] […]

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 382–3.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
28 May. 1472

Warrant: 'It is ordained by authority of parliament that letters patent be made to William Lucok, abbot of the house of the apostles Peter and Paul of Knock near Louth, of the order of St Augustine, of the diocese of Armagh, in the form following:

"Whereas lately the monastery of the apostles Peter and Paul of Knock [etc.] being vacant by the death of Magony Maeguyre, the last abbot of that place, William, prior of the house of BMV of Louth, and John, prior of the house of St Leonard of Dundalk, guardians of the spiritualities of the archbishopric of Armagh, the see being vacant, as there was not a convent which could proceed to the election of a future abbot in the monastery, [whereby] the whole right for that turn was and is lawfully devolved upon the guardians, as upon the ordinary of the place, to appoint some fit person to be abbot and pastor there, appointed a certain brother William Lucok, canon of BMV of Louth, of the said order, to be abbot, as by the letters patent of the guardians to that intent made clearly appears. Whereupon it being considered that the temporalities of the monastery are so poor and small or of so little value, that any faithful liege subject of the K., on account of the smallness and poor value thereof, would scarcely be willing to accept the same, William has prayed that the K. will grant special grace to him in this respect. The K., favourably assenting to said prayer, with the assent of Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, deputy of George, duke of Clarence, Lt, and of the lords spiritual and temporal and commons of the land of Ire. present in the parliament held at Dublin on the Friday next after St Katherine the Virgin [++] last past, before the earl of Kildare, and there at various times prorogued and continued by authority of parliament, have restored and delivered for this turn, from a motive of charity, the temporalities to the abbot, as is customary. Provided always that the K.’s grace, that to the abbot at this time of the K.’s mere liberality, by the said authority the K. has vouchsafed, shall not fall out to the prejudice or disherison of the K. or his heirs, nor be drawn into precedent in time to come."

Attested: 
Thomas, e. Kildare, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 846–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
28 May. 1472
Dublin

Warrant:

It is enacted, ordained and established by authority of parliament that letters patent be made to Christopher Bellow in the form that follows:

Christopher Bellew esq., son and heir of Philip Bellew esq., dcd, who held of the K. in chief on the day he died, has shown how Elizabeth, who was Philip’s wife, held as well in dower as otherwise for the term of life, various lands, tenements, rents and services, with the appurtenances, that belonged to Philip in Bellewstown, the Newtown of Stameen, Duleek, Glynduff otherwise Slanduffe and Stackallan, co. Meath; also in Tallaghdownyll, co. Louth or Uriel, of the inheritance of Christopher, which came into the K.’s hand because of Elizabeth’s death, and in the K.’s hand still remains. And Christopher is 30 years of age and more, as by inspection of his body plainly appears, and he has prayed for the K.’s grace in this respect to him. The K., with the assent of Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, deputy of George, duke of Clarence, Lt, and of the lords spiritual and temporal and commons of Ire. in parliament begun at Dublin the Friday next after St Katherine the Virgin [++] last past, before the earl of Kildare, Jcr, and there at various times prorogued, has thought fit that his hand be removed from every right and interest that he have or can have in these lands and tenements, rents and services, with the appurtenances, which Elizabeth held, of the inheritance of Christopher, as well in dower as for term of life, and in every parcel of them, with the appurtenances, and be restored to Christopher. And moreover, the K. has granted and given licence to Christopher, that he into the lands and tenements [etc.] without any prosecution or process in this respect to be made or prosecuted, may enter, and may have and hold all and singular the same, with all liberties, customs, profits and commodities, fully, peaceably and quietly, as freely and entirely as Philip, his father, or any of his ancestors had and held them, without any hindrance, molestation or impediment of the K. or his ministers or officers; and without homage, relief or fine to be made. Moreover, the K. has pardoned, remitted and released to Christopher all manner of debts and accounts, and arrears of debts and accounts, fines, issues and amercements whatsoever, and all manner of intrusions and abatements, unlawful entries, undue liveries, alienations without the K.’s licence, and reprises of estates, reliefs, royal services and arrears of royal services, in and of all the lands and tenements, rents and services, of which Christopher is possessed, and in every parcel thereof, with the appurtenances, by Christopher or any other tertenant, occupier or possessor thereof, to the K. in any manner whatsoever due, accruing or pertaining, or by them or any of them done, had or prosecuted, levied or received. Any statute, act, ordinance, provision or custom to the contrary of the premises done, had, used or ordained, or any other cause, thing or matter in any wise, notwithstanding.

Attested: 
Thomas, e. Kildare, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 862–6.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
15 Jul. 1472
Dublin

Warrant:

It is enacted, ordained and established by authority of parliament that letters patent be made to James Fleming esq., baron of Slane, in the form that follows:

James Fleming esq., baron of Slane, has shown that Alice, who was wife of David Fleming kt, late baron of Slane, dcd, who held of the K. in chief on the day he died, held as well in dower one third of the manors of Slane and Newcastle near Drumcondra, of all messuages, lands, tenements, rents and services, with the appurtenances, of which David died seised, with various other messuages, lands, tenements, rents and services, with the appurtenances, in Duleek, Garblagh, Culmullin, Curraghtown, Callan and Cultromer, and in various other places in co. Meath, that to James ought to remain, and that came into the K.’s hands because of Alice’s death and in his hand still remains. And James is aged 30 and more, as by inspection of his body plainly appears; and he has prayed that the K. would show his royal grace in this respect to him. With the assent of Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, deputy of George, duke of Clarence, Lt, and of the lords spiritual and temporal and commons of Ire. in parliament begun at Dublin on Friday next after St Katherine the Virgin [++] last past, before the earl of Kildare, Jcr, and there at various times prorogued, the K. has thought fit to remove his hand and all right and interest he has in the third part of the manor of Slane, [etc.]; and has restored and delivered them to James. And moreover, the K. has granted and given licence to James that he into the third part of Slane, [etc.], without any prosecution or process to be had or prosecuted in this behalf, may enter, and all and every of them, with all their liberties, customs, profits and commodities, may fully, peaceably and quietly have and hold, as freely and entirely as David or any of his ancestors have had and held them, without any impeachment, molestation or impediment whatsoever, of the K., or his heirs, or of any of his ministers or officers whatsoever, without homage, relief or fine to be made. Moreover, the K. has pardoned, remitted and released to James all manner of debts and accounts and arrears of debts and accounts, fines, issues, forfeitures and amercements whatsoever, and all manner of intrusions and abatements, illegal entries, undue liveries, alienations without licence, and reprises of estates, reliefs, royal services and arrears of royal services, in and of the third part of the manors, messuages, lands, tenements, rents and services, with the appurtenances, whereof James is possessed, and in every parcel thereof, with the appurtenances, by James or any other ter-tenant, occupier or possessor thereof to the K. in any manner due, belonging, pertaining, forfeited, or by them or any of them done or prosecuted, levied or received. Any statute, act, ordinance, provision or custom to the contrary of the premises done, had, used or ordained, or any other cause, thing or matter in any manner notwithstanding; saving the right of every person.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 856–8.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife