patent Roll 11 Edward IV

1
7 Mar. 1471

GRANT to Gerald fitz Gerot, constable of Dublin castle, of £18 5s p.a. from the fee-farm of the K.'s manors of Chapelizod and Leixlip, by the hands of the prior and brothers of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare
C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 266–7.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
22 May. 1471
Dublin

By assent of Thomas fitz Morice, e. Kildare, Jcr of Ire., GRANT to John Godyng, Thomas West, Thomas Herebert and William Tyve, merchants of Dublin, that they should have the liberty for all their lives not to be placed on assizes, juries, attainders, inquisitions [etc.], nor in any assizes [etc.] or trial in the same between party and party before royal judges, officers or ministers within the land of Ire.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Morice, e. Kildare, Jcr of Ire.
C: 

Colm Lennon and James Murray (ed.), The Dublin city franchise roll, 1468–1512 (Dublin, 1998), p. 49.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
8 May. 1471

GRANT of free status to William MacMoriertagh, chaplain, of the Irish nation, and grant that he may acquire lands, tenements, [etc.].

C: 

NAI, RC 8/43, p. 170.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
12 May. 1471
Dublin

GRANT, for life, to Thomas Sharpe clk, of the office of chief engrosser of the Ex., receiving yearly all accustomed fees, wages, robes and rewards.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, Jcr
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 792.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
20 May. 1471
Dublin

GRANT to Richard Bernwell and Robert Hamlyn clk of custody of all lands [etc.] that belonged to John de la Feld of Feldeston esq., dcd, which are in the K.'s hand because of John's death and the minority of Nicholas, his son.

C: 

BL, Add. MS 43769, f. 72.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
22 May. 1471

APPOINTMENT, for life, of Nicholas Sutton as the K.'s attorney, receiving the fees and wages pertaining to the office, which amount to 100s p.a.

T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 892.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
22 May. 1471

GRANT to John Codyng of Dublin, Thomas West, Thomas Herbert and William Tyre, merchants, of exemption from assizes, juries [etc.] and from being made sheriff, coroner, keeper of the peace or collector in Ire.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 361–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
24 May. 1471
Maynooth

GRANT, for good service, to brother James Ketyng, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., Davy Ketyng esq. and William s. of Davy Sutton esq. of all castles, manors [etc.] that formerly belonged to the duke of Norfolk in co. Wexford; in the K.'s hand as forfeitures, to hold for the prior's life, without rendering anything.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, Jcr
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 752–4.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
1 Jun. 1471

GRANT, for £15, to John Fleming of Naas, James Prendergast alias Collyn, and John Ward of all manors, lands, tenements, rents, services, knights' fees and advowsons of churches, wreck of the sea and other profits that belonged to Stephen fitz William, dcd, in co. Dublin, who held of the K. in chief by military service, in the K.'s hand because of his death and the minority of James, his son and heir, together with the marriage of James to hold until he comes of age, and so from heir to heir.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, pp 319–21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
17 Jun. 1471
Trim

Esmond, son and heir to Thomas Plunket kt, and Marion his late wife, dcd, who held of the K. in chief on the days on which they died, has shown that Thomas, late tenant by the law of Eng. as in right of Marion and in his own right, died seised of the manors or lordships of Kilsallaghan and Rathmore, with the appurtenances, and of various other castles, manors or lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, patronages and advowsons of churches, and other possessions and hereditaments, with the appurtenances, as well in his demesne as of freehold as tenant by the law of Eng., and in his demesne as of fee as in his demesne as of fee tail, in cos. Dublin, Meath, Kildare and Louth, which came into the K.’s hand by reason of Thomas’s death, and therein still remain. And Esmond is aged 24 years and more, as by inspection of the body of Esmond plainly appears; and he has requested that the K. would extend his royal grace on his behalf. The K., bearing in mind the good and acceptable service that Esmond, according to his ability, has in various matters afforded the K., and being willing to grant him special grace the K. has thought proper that his hands, and all right and interest that he has or may have in the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, patronages and advowsons of churches, and other possessions and hereditaments, with the appurtenances, and in every parcel of them, with the appurtenances, should be entirely removed; and the K. has given back the same to Esmond, and by the tenor of these presents has restored him to the same. And moreover, the K. has granted and given to Esmond, that he into all the castles, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services, patronages and advowsons of churches, hereditaments and other possessions whatsoever, with the appurtenances, may enter, without any prosecution or process in this respect to be sued or prosecuted, and them all and singular, with all liberties, customs, profits [and] commodities, may have and hold fully, peaceably and quietly, as freely and entirely as Thomas and Marion, or any of their ancestors had and held them, or as if Esmond had obtained and prosecuted them out of the K.’s hands by due process of law, according to the custom of the land, without any hindrance, molestation or impediment whatsoever of the K. or his heirs, or of any ministers, officers or ministers of the K. whomsoever. And moreover, the K. has pardoned, remitted, and released to Esmond all manner of debts and accounts and arrears of debts and accounts, fines, issues and amercements whatsoever, and all kinds of intrusions and abatements, unlawful entries, undue liveries, alienations without the K.’s licence, and reprises of estates, reliefs, royal services, and arrears of royal services, in and of the castles, manors or lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, patronages and advowsons of churches and other possessions and hereditaments, with the appurtenances, by Esmond, Thomas and Marion, or any other tertenant, occupier or possessor thereof, to the K. in any manner due belonging or pertaining, or by them or any of them done, had, prosecuted, levied or received. And moreover the K. wills and grants that this livery made in said manner to Esmond be of such force and effect to Esmond and his heirs as the due [and] lawful livery according to the course of the common law of the land would be to him of the same castles, manors or lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, patronages and advowsons of churches, and other possessions and hereditaments with the appurtenances, and every parcel thereof with the appurtenances, by Esmond had or prosecuted. Any statute, act, ordinance, provision or custom to the contrary of the premises, done, had, used or ordained, or any other cause thing or matter in any manner notwithstanding.

By petition endorsed by the Jcr and sealed with his p.s. and for 6s 8d paid into the hanaper, and of the said date by authority of parliament.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, Jcr
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 770–74.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
3 Sep. 1471
Louth

LICENCE to John Colyne, dean of Waterford, to found a chantry of one, two, three or four chaplains in the chapel of St Saviour by the cathedral of Waterford and to grant it lands [etc.] to the value of £20 6s 8d p.a. without writ of ad quod damnum and the chaplains may acquire an equal amount [etc.].

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, Jcr
Authorized: 
By petition endorsed by the Jcr and sealed with his seal, and by authority of parliament of that date.
T: 

G. Mac Niocaill (ed.), 'Registrum Cantariae S. Salvatoris Waterfordensis', AH, no. 23 (1966), 185–6.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
10 Sep. 1471
Dublin

GRANT, for life, to Thomas Dowdall, pleader, of the office of clerk and keeper of the rolls in chancery, occupying it in person or by sufficient deputy, receiving £20 p.a., and grant to him for life of the manor of Esker at farm, taking the said £20 from it and answering from the remainder at the Ex.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, Jcr
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 734–6; Stat. Edw. IV, pt 2, p. 60.

N: 

D. B. Quinn (ed.), 'Guide to financial records for Irish history, 1461–1558: with illustrative extracts, 1461–1509', AH, no. 10 (1941), p. 21.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
3 Oct. 1471
Dublin

By assent of Thomas fitz Morice, e. Kildare, Jcr of Ire., PARDON of all treasons, felonies, trespasses, extortions [etc.] to William Donnogh, John Whitacres, William Grampe junior and Matthew Fouler, merchants of Dublin, in consideration of their good and diligent behaviour; and also PARDON to them of all debts, arraers and concealments [etc.].

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Morice, e. Kildare, Jcr of Ire.
C: 

Colm Lennon and James Murray (ed.), The Dublin city franchise roll, 1468–1512 (Dublin, 1998), p. 49.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
20 Oct. 1471
Dublin

Release to Thomas Sharpe of Dublin clk 40s of his fee-farm rent for the land he holds in Crumlin for the term of 20 years.

T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 760–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
3 Dec. 1471
Dublin

GRANT, for life, to Henry Duff of Drogheda, pleader, of the office of K.'s serjeant at law, taking yearly the accustomed fees, wages and rewards.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 790–2.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
28 Dec. 1471
Carthyn [Carton]

GRANT, for life, to Roger Rochefort, gentleman, of the chief rent of the town of Trim, alewight, cense, petty customs and all costagia in Trim and a weir called Carriffyn, parcel of the manor of Trim, without rendering anything.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare
Authorized: 
By bill of the deputy of the p.s. and by authority of parliament of the said date.
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 814.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
17
3 Jan. 1472
Dublin

GRANT, for life, to William Moleynes and Thomas Sharpe, clerks, of the offices of chancellor of the green wax and clerk of the common pleas of the Ex.

Attested: 
Thomas, e. Kildare, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, p. 844.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
18
18 Feb. 1472

COMMISSION, by mainprize of Patrick Chevyr and William Bellew, to James Keating, prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ire., and David Keating esq. of custody of the manor of Taghmohagyr in co. Wexford, to hold for as long as it is in the K.'s hand, rendering annually the true value.

C: 

NAI, RC 8/41, p. 347.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
19
[No date.]

Letters of PROTECTION for Sir Robert Bolde who is sent by the Irish parliament to Eng. with certain writings.

C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 3, p. 258.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
20
5 Dec. 1471
Dublin

Warrant: It is ordained by authority of parliament that letters patent be made to Richard Bellow esq., in the form following:

Richard Bellow esq., son and heir of John Bellewe, the younger, kt, dcd, who on the day on which he died held in chief of Henry VI, late K. of Eng. in fact and not of right, has shown that Margaret, who was wife of John, held in dower one third of the manor of Roche with the appurtenances, and also one third of various other lands, tenements, rents and services, with the appurtenances, in co. Louth, (of which John died seised in his demesne as of fee tail, viz.: to himself and his heirs male of his body begotten), for the term of her life, and died; after whose death these lands, tenements, rents and services, with the appurtenances, came into the K.’s hand, where they remain. And Richard is of the age of 40 years and more. And it is now a long time since Richard prosecuted, had and obtained out of the hands of the late K., the livery of two thirds of the manor of Roche, [etc.], as appears in the chancery of Ire. And he has humbly prayed to the K. to show him royal grace in this behalf. With the assent of Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, Jcr, and of the lords spiritual and temporal and commons, in parliament held at Dublin on Friday next after St Katherine the Virgin [++] last past, considering the good and acceptable service that Richard, within co. Louth and elsewhere, has done to the K., at his great costs and charges, and being desirous therefore to extend special grace to him in this behalf, the K. has removed his hand from the third part of the manor of Roche, [etc.]; and they have been delivered and restored to Richard. And moreover, the K. has given and granted licence to Richard, that he may enter into the third part of the manor of Roche, [etc.], without any other suit or process in this respect to be made or prosecuted; and them with all liberties and free customs, may have and hold, fully, peaceably and quietly, as freely and fully as any possessor or occupier of the manor of Roche, [etc.], has had and held them, and as Richard could have obtained and prosecuted them out of the K.’s hand by due process of law, according to the custom of the land of Ire., without any impeachment let or impediment whatsoever of the K. or his heirs, or of any ministers or officers of the K. or of his heirs, and without any fine, fee, homage or relief whatsoever therefore to be paid. And moreover, the K. has granted to Richard all profits, issues and revenues arising from the third part of the manor of Roche, [etc.], arising from the time of the death of Margaret, to have to Richard of the K.’s gift, without anything thereout to be paid to the K. or to any other person to be paid or account thereof to be given. Any grants of the issues, profits or revenues made to any other person notwithstanding; [the omission of] the express mention of the true yearly value of the third part of the manor of Roche, [etc.], or of the gifts and grants made by the K. or his progenitors to Richard or his ancestors, or any statute, act, ordinance or custom within Eng. or Ire. to the contrary of the premises, published, had, ordained or used, or any other cause, thing or matter in any respect notwithstanding. The K. wills and by these presents grants, that the livery, to Richard by the K. to be made, shall be of the same force and effect to Richard and his heirs, as a due legal livery to him of the premises made and prosecuted by Richard by course of the common law of Ire. would have been.

Attested: 
Thomas fitz Maurice, e. Kildare, Jcr
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 1, pp 736–40.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife