patent Roll 1 Richard II

1
22 Jan. 1378
Castledermot

APPOINTMENT of Robert de la Freigne, Walter Coterell and John Lumbard as justices to inquire by juries of cos. Kilkenny, Wexford, Waterford, Cork, Limerick, Kerry and Tipperary concerning all manner of seditions, felonies, trespasses, extortions [etc.].

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 111.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
22 Jan. 1378
Castledermot

APPOINTMENT, during pleasure, of Richard Walsh as second chamberlain of the Ex.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 14.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
22 Jan. 1378
Castledermot

APPOINTMENT, during pleasure, of James Boys as chief chamberlain of the Ex.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 14.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
22 Jan. 1378
Castledermot

APPOINTMENT, during pleasure, of William Holywood as chief engrosser of the Ex.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 14.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
5
22 Jan. 1378
Castledermot

APPOINTMENT, during pleasure, of William Archbold as second engrosser of the Ex.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 14.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
6
22 Jan. 1378
Castledermot

APPOINTMENT, during pleasure, of John Breccan as chief remembrancer of the Ex.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 14.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
7
23 Jan. 1378
Castledermot

APPOINTMENT, during pleasure, of John Breccan as one of the barons of the Ex.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 14.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
8
16 Feb. 1378

GRANT to Ralph Ramseye of the chief serjeanty of co. Meath.

C: 

NLI, GO 192, p. 207.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
9
12 Mar. 1378

APPOINTMENT of Alexander [Balscot], bp Ossory, and John Breccan, chief remembrancer of the Ex., to inquire by oath of a jury in co. Kilkenny concerning the lands and goods that William Ilger, formerly escheator of Ire., the K.'s debtor, held there, and into whose hands they have now come.

C: 

COA, PH 15171, p. 34.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
10
16 Mar. 1378

GRANT to John Piers and John Boudram of custody of all lands which, by ancient custom, were cultivated and now are cultivated within the park of Wexford, with moors and pasture within the bounds of that park, viz. from a place called Laffaed to Redstherd, and from the sea to the place called Trorp's lakes, to hold during pleasure rendering 10s p.a. from the hands of the provost of Wexford.

C: 

NLI, Hore MS 48, p. 239.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
11
20 Mar. 1378
Castledermot

INSPEXIMUS of [1] a charter of Stephen s. of Adam Hereford [?1250] and [2] letters of acquittance of Maurice s. of Thomas, e. Kildare [8 Aug. 1345]:

[1] 'Stephen Hereford gives and grants to Geoffrey Hereford and his heirs for his homage and service all the land that Adam Hereford, the grantor's father, gave to Roger Hereford, his nephew, for his homage and service in the tenement of Cloncurry, viz. Mayn and BalymcCologh and Clonhomery and Hachmacoban and Derneganhach and Feybocullan, with all nativi belonging to those lands. He also gives and grants to Geoffrey Hereford and his heirs that they shall not make suit at his court of Cloncurry forever. To have and to hold all the aforesaid lands etc. of him and his heirs in fee and inheritance forever, well and in peace, freely, quietly and fully, both in lordships and demesnes, homages, services, wardships, reliefs and escheats, in wood and plain, meadows and pastures etc., fishings, huntings, advowsons of churches and all liberties and free customs pertaining thereto: performing for this to him and his heirs the service of one quarter of a knight.

Witnesses: Hugh Ley, Adam Ledewyche, John Possewych, Godfrey Valon', Geoffrey Hereford, John de la Liserne, Thomas, parson of Tachoneny, and John s. of Walter the clerk, who wrote this charter.'

[2] The K. has inspected certain letters of acquittance made under the seal of Maurice s. of Thomas, e. Kildare, in these words:

'We, Maurice s. of Thomas, e. Kildare, have received from Thomas Dagworth kt and Eleanor his wife, countess of Ormond, 20s silver by the hands of Simon Flatesbury of royal service proclaimed at Modessel before Ralph Ufford, Jcr of Ire., for the lands and tenements belonging to the said Simon in Balymcscallok in the barony of Cloncurry, Offelan. And those whose concern it is, we have notified of this.

Given at Kildare on 8 Aug. [1345] 19 Edw. III.'

The K. has exemplified this charter and letters of acquittance at the request of James Butler, e. Ormond, in witness of which the K. has had these letters made.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

NLI, D 958.

C: 

COD, i, §853.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
12
26 Mar. 1378
Castledermot

The mayor and commons of the K.'s city of Limerick have pleaded by their petition displayed to the Jcr and others of the K.'s council in Ire. in his parliament summoned and held at Castledermot on the next Monday after Ash Wednesday last [8 March 1378] that the city is the greatest aid and succour to all the K.'s lieges of neighbouring parts, and both Irish and English, enemies and rebels of the K. daily threaten and plot with force and by cunning to burn, waste and desolate it, which [God] forbid. And although the city is fortified on all sides [circumquaque sit vallata], yet the mayor and commons have sustained grave labours and excessive expenses upon its salvation and defence against the malice of the K.'s said enemies and continue to do so, and they dare not cross through the sea-gate of that city with their merchandise in barges and battels for peril of capture and imprisonment of their bodies by those enemies except in time of peace, and other merchants dare not come to that city with their merchandise for this reason. Consequently they are at present in such poverty and debility that they cannot in any way defend the city any longer against the malice and plots of those enemies without aid from the K. in fortifying and repairing the city walls.

Considering the premises and wishing to extend his helping hand in maintenance and salvation of that city, GIFT and GRANT to the mayor and commons both of half of the farm of that city pertaining to the K., and also half of all and singular sums of money derived from the customs of the coket in the same, to have from the day of the making of these presents for a term of five years. Always provided that the moneys from the farm and customs are expended faithfully upon the repair and improvement of the walls, and not otherwise. The mayor and commons are to render an account in the same city before any of the K.'s ministers deputed by him to this, and not at the K.'s Ex. of Ire.; and they are to answer at the Ex. for the other half of the farm, reckoned at the customary rate paid for the past 40 years, and also other half of the customs of the Coket. Not wishing that the mayor [etc.] or their successors shall be troubled by the K. or his heirs, or his ministers whatsoever in future times by reason of the receipt of those sums.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
T: 

CPI, p. 74.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
13
26 Mar. 1378
Castledermot

GRANT, on the advice of the Jcr and council of Ire., and of Nicholas Dagworth kt, surveyor of Ire., to John Asshewell of Drogheda and his heirs and assigns of a vacant plot called Castelmote of Drogheda on the side of Meath, for 60 years, rendering 12d p.a. at the Ex. of Ire. LICENCE also to build a windmill on that plot, and for that purpose to pull down the stone walls of an old house in a garden called Le Castelblathaghyord of Drogheda, adjacent to the said plot, and to use the materials; and also LICENCE to make a way to that mill through a vacant place called Castelblathagh, but without hindrance to the K.'s access to, and repair of, his prison there.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

CPR 1381–5, p. 49, item 1 (=an inspeximus dated at Westminster, 28 Oct. 1381).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
14
26 Mar. 1375
Castledermot

GRANT to John Asshewell of custody of an empty stone tower in the west part of a garden called Le Castelblatbaghyord of Drogheda [as above §14], and of the garden itself, rendering 12d p.a. at the Ex. of Ire., with LICENCE to build a dovecot in it, but without hindrance to the K.'s access to, and repair of, his prison there.

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
C: 

CPR 1381–5, p. 49, item 2 (=an inspeximus given at Westminster, 28 Oct. 1381).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
15
8 Apr. 1378
Dublin

EXEMPLIFICATION of articles in charter to the city of Dublin by Edward III [5 July 1363].1

'Notwithstanding the privilege of the citizens of Dublin that no foreign merchant should sell his merchandise by retail in the said city, some foreign merchants, under pretext of the statute or ordinance of the staple lately published—that all merchants coming to the staple of the cities and boroughs in the kingdom of Eng. and the K.'s lands of Ire. and Wales, may sell their merchandise by wholesale or retail or by parcels, without impediment—come to Dublin, and at their will sell and buy goods by retail as freely as the merchants of that city, and thus engross the profits that may arise from buying and selling there, giving no aid or contribution towards the charges for the preservation and defence of the city of Dublin. Under an ordinance recently made that all wool, hides and other goods from the K.'s dominions for foreign parts are to be carried to his town of Calais and not elsewhere, the citizens of Dublin are bound to bring their merchandise, namely old cloth, wool, hides and other exempted goods, which are very unlike and different from the merchandise of other lands to the town of Calais, where they can with difficulty sell such goods for any proper value, or obtain wines, iron, salt, or other merchandise fit for Ire.; and the citizens of Dublin, having disposed of their goods at a low price at Calais, are necessitated to take a new freight to Eng., Gascony or elsewhere, to obtain merchandise suitable for their country, and they have thus to incur two freights instead of one, to their great loss and manifest impoverishment. In consideration of these circumstances, and for the peace and advantage of the citizens of Dublin, the K. by this charter ordains that all foreign merchants buying and selling merchandise within the city under the statute of the staple shall pay and be obliged to pay with the citizens in aids and contributions to the tallage, and such other charges on the city as may be just, according to the amount of their purchases or sales. The citizens of Dublin are authorized to bring old cloth, wool, hides and all other wares produced in Ire., except grain when prohibited, to Eng. Gascony and other places, where they may desire, as they did before the enactment of the statute and ordinance of the staple.'

Attested: 
James Butler, e. Ormond, Jcr
O: 

DCA, Royal Charter §37.

C: 

CARD, i, p. 25 (§49); NAI, M 2546, p. 85.

Footnotes: 

1 An edition of Edward III's charter of 1363 appears in Mac Niocaill, Na Buirgéisí, vol. 1. A calendared version of the corresponding section of the 1363 charter appears in CARD, §49 (p.23).

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
16
[No date.]

Henry Lynham nominates David Sottewike or Adam de la Pull as his attorneys in a plea of account for the lands [etc.] that belonged to John de la Felde in Glynsurd: brother Thomas Scurlag, abbot of St Thomas the Maryr, Dublin, being one of the pledges.

C: 

BL, Add. MS 43769, p. 28.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife