Patent Roll 22 Edward IV

13 Jun. 1482
Dublin

INSPEXIMUS of statute of parliament 21–22 Edw. IV giving leave to the prior and canons of Christ Church to acquire lands in mortmain without writ of ad quod damnum [etc.], in these words:

'Also at the prayer of Thomas, prior of Christ Church, Dublin, and the fellow-canons and convent of the same. That in consideration that various of their deeds and muniments concerning their very ancient foundation are fallen in ruin and in decay: it is ordained by authority of parliament that where any manner of person or persons through his or their gracious disposition inspired in them by virtue of the Holy Trinity had founded, endowed or had given, granted, leased or in any manner devised or left to the prior and convent or to any of their predecessors or in any manner in time to come would or will endow, give or grant, lease or in any manner devise or leave to the prior and convent or to any of their successors, any manner of manors, lordships, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, annuities, reversions or services or any other manner of possessions whatsoever, that by authority of this present act and ordinance, it shall be lawful for the prior and convent and for their successors to retain in their possession and to enjoy, accept, receive and enter into all the manors, lordships, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, grants, annuities, reversions, and services and into each and every other manner of possessions whatsoever in said form as well to them and their predecessors as to the church or house, endowed, given, granted, leased or in any manner devised or left, as also to them and to their successors, as also solely to their successors as to the church or house, at any time to come by any manner of person or persons to be endowed, given, granted, leased or in any manner devised or left to have and to hold, retain and enjoy them and every part of them to them and to their successors in pure, free and perpetual alms, quit for ever, saving to the chief lords thereof their services of right due of ad quod damnum or any other manner of suit for that behalf to be made by them or their successors. And by the same authority, that the statute made for the restraint of alienation, gifts and grants of lands and tenements and of any of the premises in mortmain, and all and every other manner of statute, act, ordinance in any manner to the contrary made or to be made, and also all and every manner or restriction, use, custom or any other matter or thing to the contrary had and used, be restrained and extend not in any manner of effect in law to be prejudicial or to injure the prior and convent or any of their successors of, for or in any of the premises. And that by the same authority it shall be lawful for every manner of person and persons to give, grant and devise lands, tenements and every thing such as is specified in the premises and to make alienation of them and of every part of such, jointly and severally to the prior and convent and to their successors at all times at their pleasure and this without any manner of licence to be sued and fine to be made therefor, and for one sole fee of 6s and 8d to be paid in the K.’s hanaper in his chancery in Ire. And that this present act extend not nor be prejudicial to Patrick Burnell and Anne his wife, nor to Walter, abbot of St Mary’s near Dublin and the convent of the same, nor their successors, nor to Thomas Sharpe, nor to the proctors of the church of St Werburgh in Dublin not to their successors, nor to any of them in any manner, nor to the title, possession and entry of the mayor, bailiffs and commons of Dublin city in any manner for the premises so given. Except always that this act extend not nor be prejudicial to John [Walton], abp Dublin, nor to John, abbot of the house of St Thomas the Martyr near Dublin, nor to Sir Roland Eustace kt, lord of Portlester, nor to the prior of Kilmainham, nor to James Fleming kt, baron of Slane, nor to Robert St Laurence kt, lord of Howth, nor to the heirs of Nicholas White, formerly of Killester, esq., nor to any of them. The K. has considered that the act or ordinance at the request of the prior, con-canons and convent by the tenor of the presents should be exemplified.'

Attested: 
Gerald e. Kildare, deputy
T: 

Stat. Edw. IV, pt 2, pp 896–900.

C: 

Christ Church deeds, §334.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.