Close Roll 30 Edward III

6 Feb. 1356
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

ORDER to allow Thomas Quykeshull, clerk of the wages for men serving with Thomas Rokeby, Jcr, against O Bryn.

£8 5s delivered to Thomas Rokeby for wages of John Husee kt with eight men-at-arms, twelve […] and six mounted archers from 14 Sept. 28 Edw. III [1354] until 2[4] Sept.: 12d a day for men-at-arms, 4d a day for ho[belars] and […];
£4 3s 7d for wages of said John with nine men-at-arms, twelve hobelars and […] from 5 Sept. [1354] 28 Edw. III until 29 Sept.;
15s for wages of Thomas Louther and Adam Lenfaunt, men-at-arms, with three hobelars and six mounted archers from […] Sept. until 2 Oct.;
£7 12s for wages of Roger […] with four men-at-arms and 14 mounted archers from 21 Sept. until […] Oct., Roger being paid as a banneret 4s;
53s to said Roger, Thomad Louther and Adam Lenfaunt and their men from […] Oct until 5 Oct;
£22 12d to said Roger with seven men-at-arms, ten hobelars and 20 mounted archers from 5 Oct. until 26 Oct;
25s to John Lenfaunt […] two men-at-arms, ten hobelars and six mounted archers from 27 Oct. until 29 Oct.;
£40 […]s 1½d to James Butler, e. Ormond, with eleven men-at-arms, 74 armed hobelars and 40 unarmed and 193 foot from 21 Oct. until 31 Oct.: the earl receiving 4s a day, unarmed hobelars 3d a day and foot 1½d a day;
[…] to Patrick de la Freigne with four men-at-arms, 54 armed hobelars and 29 unarmed, and 137 foot from 21 Sept. until 31 Oct.;
£29 18s 11d to John le Poer, baron of Dunhill with two men-at-arms, 19 armed hobelars, 14 unarmed from 14 Sept. until 31 Oct.;
£50 7s to Richard de St Albino with 30 armed hobelars and 67 foot from 10 Sept. until 31 Oct., Richard taking 12d;
£41 3s to Nicholas le Poer of Kylmydan with three men-at-arms, 18 armed hobelars and 49 foot for same time;
£4 3s 4d to Roger Clifford, banneret, with eight men-at-arms and 14 mounted archers coming at the Jcr’s command from co. Limerick to the part of Wicklow to fight Obryn from 16 Sept. until 21 Sept.;
£71 15s 5d to Walter Carragh with 16 hobelars, nine foot, captains of Kernes, and 171 other foot from 12 Sept. until 31 Oct., Walter receiving 6d a day, captains 2d, others 1½d and hobelars 4d a day;
67s 6d to Murgh Manessone with two hobelars and four foot from 16 Sept. until 30 Oct.;
£8 5s to Adam Harold with 17 hobelars and eight foot staying at Newcastle McKynegan in a certain guard by order of the Jcr from 15 Sept. until 29 Oct.;
75s to David Hened for four hobelars from 15 Sept. until 29 Oct.;
23s 4d to Gylpatryk Quoniam with four foot from 19 Sept. to 16 Oct., Gylpatryk receiving 4d a day;
40s to E[…] Poer with two hobelars from 20 Sept. until 29 Sept.;
9s 9d to Ed[…] Archebold with one footman from 21 Sept. until 29 Oct., each receiving 1½d a day;
£4 10s to Geoffrey Trevers with seven hobelars from 18 Sept. until 14 Oct., Geoffrey receiving 12d a day;
40s to said Geoffrey with five hobelars from 14 Oct. until 29 Oct.;
70s to Nicholas fitz Ririci with one man-at-arms from 21 Sept. until 29 Oct., each receiving 12d a day;
40s to [Gilbert] Giffard kt, with two men-at-arms, two hobelars and four mounted archers going and returning to the parts of Kilkenny, Waterford and Wexford by the command of the Jcr and council to hasten the men-at-arms, hobelars and foot from the said parts to the parts of Wicklow, from 10 Sept. until 17 Sept.;
26s 8d to said Gilbert with one man-at-arms, two hobelars and two mounted archers from 18 Sept. until 25 Sept.;
25s 8d to said Gilbert with one man-at arms, two hobelars and three mounted archers from 20 Sept. until 2 Oct.;
£4 8s to John Cusak kt, with four men-at-arms and nine hobelars from 18 Sept. until 28 Sept., John receiving 12d a day, others 10d;
73s 4d to David Lawless with four hobelars and five foot from 15 Sept. until 16 Oct.;
20s to Dermot McMurgh with five hobelars from 17 Oct. until 26 Oct.;
32s 8d to Richard Melys with one hobelar and qua [footmen] from 19 Sept. until 16 Oct.;
7s 7d to John Melys with two foot from 17 Oct. until 29 Oct., John receiving 4d a day;
12s to William Lawless with one man-at-arms and three hobelars from 26 Oct. until 29 Oct.;
21s 4d to Peter Holywood with three men-at-arms and four hobelars for said time;
20s to John Harold with two hobelars and eight foot from 21 Sept. until 30 Sept.;
20s to John Halfknyght, marshal, with seven mounted archers, going and returning by precept of the Jcr by sea to bring McMurgh from Dublin castle to the parts of Wicklow from 21 Oct. until 26 Oct.;
£17 5s 4d to Oliver fitz Eustace with eight men-at-arms and ten hobelars from 2 Oct. until 29 Oct.;
£4 8s to Geoffrey fitz Eustace with three hobelars from 14 Sept. until 27 Oct.;
78s to Philip Staunton kt, with two men-at-arms and nine hobelars from 11 Oct. until 23 Oct.;
£8 to John Wellesley kt, with four men-at-arms and nine hobelars from 14 Sept. until 3 Oct.;
10s to John Wolf of Beaufo with three hobelars from 14 Sept. until 18 Sept.;
5s 4d to Richard Tuyt with two hobelars from 14 Sept. until 21 Sept.;
£9 6s 4d to Thomas Wogan kt, with three men-at-arms and 13 hobelars from 7 Oct. until 29 Oct.;
£6 15s to Francis Feypo kt with two armed hobelars; Robert Cruys kt with two hobelars; Elias Asshebourn kt with two armed hobelars; Fromond Brun kt with two armed hobelars; John Bathe with two armed hobelars; Geoffrey Crompe with two armed hobelars; Thomas Talbot with two armed hobelars; William Broun with two armed hobelars; John Cruys del Naall with two armed hobelars, there for co. Dublin at the wages of the county from 18 Oct. until 26 Oct.;
40s to Reiric fitz Reiric kt with two armed hobelars; and John Tryvers, himself at arms with two armed hobelars, there for said county as above, from 15 Oct. until 26 Oct.;
66s 8d to Hugh Tyrell kt with two armed hobelars; William Comyn kt with two armed hobelars; Richard Butler kt with two armed hobelars; Robert Holywood, himself at arms with two armed hobelars; Nicholas Howth, at arms with two armed hobelars; for said county as above, from 17 Oct. until 26 Oct.;
6s 8d to John Wafre with two armed hobelars, as above, from 23 Oct. until 26 Oct.;
36s to William s. of Henry Harold with 23 hobelars and 80 foot from 16 Oct. until 17 Oct.;
42s to John fitz Thomas with seven hobelars from 15 Sept. until 2 Oct.;
30s to three men-at-arms, four hobelars and two archers going in the company of Thomas Quykeshull clk to bring the money for wages from Dublin to the parts of Wicklow from 20 Sept. until 22 Sept. and 4 Oct. until 6 Oct.;
47 […] spent on hereng various cat’ [sic] and sailors to carry […] from Dublin to the parts of Wicklow, for various tuns of ale, and carrying them from the ship to a certain stone house in the town of Wicklow, and the wages of two men there to guard and sell the victuals by day and night, and other minute expenses and the wages of five men there to guard various cows for fear of the Irish enemy;
104s for Thomas’s own wages at 2s a day from 1 Sept. until 31 Oct.

Maurice fitz Thomas, e. Kildare, Jcr

NAI, RC 8/27, pp 146–70.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).


  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary





The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.


A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.


Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor


Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.


See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.


Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.


Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.


The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.


A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.


A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.


Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.


Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.


A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.


The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.


Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.


A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.