Close Roll 30 Edward III

17 Aug. 1356
To the T. and barons of the Ex.

ORDER to allow William Barton clk of the wages of the men ordained by advice of the council to stay in the marches of Leinster in co. Dublin against Obryn and victuals for Newcastle McKynegan and other places in the neighbourhood of the enemy [etc.] from 16 April [1355] 29 Edw. III until 6 March following.

£4 15s 8d to William s. of John Lawless with eleven foot at Newcastle McKynegan for its defence by the ordinance and advice of the whole council from 18 April 29 Edw. III until 12 June;
60s 8d to said William, as above, from 13 June until 10 July, William receiving 4d a day and foot receiving 2d;
4s to said William for the wages of two archers there from 15 June until 26 June;
50s to Hugh s. of Robert Lawless for wages of eight foot at Kylmartre, as above, from 27 April until 15 June;
26s 8d to Donald s. of Paul Lawless for wages of 16 foot at Kylmartre from 16 June until 6 March;
£105 to Robert Saut at Kylloghtre with 13 foot, from 27 April until 7 June;
£8 7s 6d to Hugh s. of Simon Lawless for wages of 15 foot there from 8 June until 17 Aug.;
£18 7s 4d to said Robert there with 17 foot from 18 Aug. until 11 Dec.;
£13 9s 2d to said Hugh s. of Simon there with 19 foot from 12 Dec. until 6 March;
28s 4d to said Robert Saut there with 15 further foot for the defence of those parts by the ordinance of the whole council from 18 July until 27 July;
£4 to Laurence Danyell for wages of 16 foot with him at Wicklow in his stone house for its salvation and of those parts according to the ordinance and advice of the whole council from 15 May until 23 June;
42s to Thomas Blakebourn for the wages of twelve foot in the marches of Leinster at Tallaght from 20 June until 10 July;
58s 8d to John Begge for wages of 16 foot in a certain ward at Saggart by the ordinance of the whole council from 20 June until 18 July;
50s 8d to John Bermingham kt in a certain ward at Balyten, by ordinance and advice of the whole council, with three men-at-arms, 16 hobelars and 40 foot from 20 June until 21 Aug.;
21s to David Lawless, constable of Wicklow castle, for wages of twelve foot from 28 June until 11 July;
20s to Donald s. of Paul Lawless for the repair of a wall of the fortalice of Kylmartre;
40s to Robert Saut, being at Kylloghtre for a loricu granted him by the Jcr and council for the defence of the people of those parts against Obryn and Otothill;
26s 8d to John Obryn, chaplain, going various times between English and Irish for the reformation of the peace for his expenses granted by the Jcr and council;
20s to Adam Barry pro bono gestu suo super les Otothills comburendo q villat’ juxta castrum de Balyten’, granted by Jcr and council;
20s to said Adam for his good service at Wicklow, slaying four men de les Obrynis;
13s 4d for una capella ferreu et un’ par’ des plates given to William s. of John Lawless being in the garrison of Newcastle McKynegan by command of the Jcr and council;
40s for a loricu given to Murgh Manessone for his good service in a certain ward at le Bree fighting les Obreynnes et Otothills by command of the Jcr and council;
26s 8d to Robert Beverley kt, going with his men to the marches of Leinster ad parliamentum cum les Obrynnes et Otothills by command of the Jcr and council for his expenses;
£27 12s 2½d for 422 paribus bought and purveyed for municione of castles and fortalices in the said parts, 23 crannocks and four pecks frumenti bought for them, and 30 crannocks and two pecks of beans; 37½ crannocks brasei aven’; two doliis one pipa and one barell’ ale; six porc’; six carcus’ multon’; one carcus beu’ two pecks of salt;
£6 11d for 10 doliis, one pipe and one barrel all empty, canvas to make sacks, wages of men bringing victuals by ship to Wicklow, and wages of seamen, ships and boats, timber, straw, and other minute necessaries;
£20 for William’s own wages at 2s a day – £12 10d remitted at instance of T. and barons.

Maurice, e. Kildare, Jcr

NAI, RC 8/27, pp 185–95.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).


  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary





The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.


A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.


Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor


Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.


See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.


Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.


Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.


The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.


A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.


A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.


Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.


Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.


A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.


The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.


Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.


A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.