close Roll 11 Henry VI

1
11 Dec. 1432
Dublin
To Robert More, escheator of Ire. or his deputy

The K. has learned by various inquisitions taken before Henry Stanyhurst and Walter Glerne, deputy escheators, and returned in the chancery of Ire. that Gerald, late earl of Kildare, was seised in his demesne in fee tail to himself and the heirs of his body on the day of his death of the following, viz.:

The manor of Maynooth with its appurtenances, except for the water-mill there and 50 acres of land in le Waterton, a parcel of the manor; also the manors of Rathmore, Rathmygan, Lea and Geashill, with their appurtenances, by the gift of a certain Richard Barby; and that he held the same in chief of the K. by military service.

Also that he was seised in his demesne [etc.] of the manor of Taghmohok by the gift of Richard Barby, and held the same of Richard, duke of York, as of his manor of Dunamase by fealty and service of one rose p.a. for all service.

Also that James Flattesby held one third of the manor of Naas of Gerald on the day of his death by homage, fealty and knight service; and that William Byrt held another one third part of the same by homage, fealty and knight service; and that Christopher Preston held a moiety of the other one third part of the same of Gerald by homage, fealty and knight service; and that Elizabeth Brun held the other moiety of one third part of the same manor of Naas of Gerald. And that the earl held the manor of Naas of the K. in chief by fealty and service of one rose p.a. for all service.

Also that he was seised in his demesne as of fee in the manors of Rathbryde and Kilcork and held the same on the day he died of the prior of the hospital of St John in Ire. as of the right of the hospital by fealty and service of one rose p.a. for all service.

And that he was seised in his demesnes of fee of the manor of Taghmoho, and held it on the day he died of John Bellew and Anastasia his wife and of Thomas Harbryk and Margaret his wife as of the right of the same Anastasia and Margaret by fealty and service of one rose p.a. Also that he was seised in his demesne, [etc.] of one messuage and 80 acres of land in Cradokeston, and held them of the K. in chief by fealty and service of one rose. Also that he was seised [etc.] of the manor of Balysochan, and held it of the K. in chief by knight service. Also that he was seised in his demesne in fee-tail to him and his heirs on the day he died of the manors of Croom, Adare, and Esgrene by the gift of Richard Barby, and held them of the K. by knight service. Also that he was seised of the manors of Aclakath, Grene, Carrykytyll and Typernevyn and held them on the day he died of the K. in chief by knight service. Also that he was seised [etc.] of a moiety of the manor of Corcomoyd and held it on the day he died of James, e. Desmond, as of his manor of Inskyfty by fealty and service of a rose p.a. Also that he was seised on the day of his death of the manor of Glassare and held it on the day he died of James Butler, e. Ormond, as of his castle of Kilkenny by fealty and service of one otter skin. Also of the manors of […]coyn, Oglassyne, Kilblan, Bewer, Corbyn and Greyeweyn and held them on the day he died of the K. in chief by fealty and the service of a rose p.a. Also of the manors of Sanraynach, Portolehaan and le Boyle, and held them on the day he died of James, e. Ormond, as of his manor of Nenagh by fealty and service of a rose p.a.

Elizabeth, the earl's daughter lawfully begotten between the earl and his wife Agnes, is the nearest heir and is of age 34 years and more, and was married to James Butler, e. Ormond, long before the death of Gerald, and that the said Gerald died on Thursday next before St Luke the Evangelist last past [13 Oct. 1432].

The K. has taken the fealty of the earl of Ormond and Elizabeth his wife, due to the K. for two thirds of the said manors, messuages, lands and tenements, with appurtenances, and has of his special grace respited until Michaelmas next the homage of the earl of Ormond similarly due to him, for 100s paid into the hanaper of the chancery of Ire. Therefore ORDER to the escheator that, having taken security from the earl of Ormond and Elizabeth his wife for the payment of a reasonable relief at the Ex. of Ire., he is to cause them to have full seisin of those two thirds of the manors [etc.] held of the K. and which were taken in to the K.'s hand because of the death of the late earl [of Kildare]. Similar ORDER to deliver seisin of the two thirds of the lands held of the duke, the prior, Anastasia, Thomas, Margaret, the earl of Desmond and earl of Ormond, similarly taken into the K.'s hand on the deeath of the earl of Kildare.1

Attested: 
Christopher Plunket kt, deputy of Thomas Stanley kt, Lt of Ire.
T: 

COD, iii, §101 (pp 86–9).

C: 

COD, iii, §101 (pp 83–5).

Footnotes: 

1 The original record concludes with the return, dated 14 Dec. 1432, of Henry Stanyhurs, deputy of Robert More escheator, who records that he delivered seisin to the earl of Ormond and Elizabeth his wife in pursuance to this writ and has affixed the seal of the office of escheator of Ire.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife

This glossary is by no means comprehensive. Readers may also wish to consult standard references books such as Joseph Byrne, Byrne’s dictionary of local Irish History from the earliest times to c.1900 (Cork, 2004); P. G. Osborn, Osborn’s concise law dictionary, ed. Sheila Bone (London, 2001).

Abbreviations

  • AN = Anglo-Norman
  • Ir. = Irish
  • Lat. = Latin
  • ME = Middle English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary

 

Term

Explanation

advowson

The right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice.

allocate, writ of

A writ authorizing allowance to be made by the officers of the Ex. of a specified amount: often this amount is to be off-set against the debts owed to the K. by the beneficiary.

alterage

A form of affinity proscribed in late medieval Ireland between the Irish and the English, whereby a man stood sponsor for a child at baptism; (also) gossipred.

assize

Technical term for legal proceedings or various kinds. See mort d’ancestor, novel disseisin.

avener [Lat. avarius]

provider of oats, esp. for the household of the K. or his chief governor

avoirdupois

Miscellaneous merchandise sold by weight.

bonnaght [Ir. buannacht]

The billeting of mercenaries or servants.

cask

See tun.

certiorari, writ of

Letters close issued by the K. to his officers commanding them to supply information to him concerning a specified matter, normally by searching the records.

chattels

Property, goods, money: as opposed to real property (land).

dicker [Lat. dacra]

A measure of 10 hides.

dower

Portion (one third) of a deceased husband’s estate which the law allows to his widow for her life.

escheat

The reversion of land to the lord of the fee to the crown on failure of heirs of the owner or on his outlawry.

extent

A survey and valuation of property, esp. one made by royal inquisition.

falding [Ir. fallaing]

A kind of coarse woollen cloth produced in Ireland; the mantle or cloak made from the same.

fee-farm
 

A fixed annual rent payable to the K. by chartered boroughs.

fotmel [Lat. fotmellum]

A measure of lead.

engrossment

Technical term: the action of writing out, for instance patent letters and charters; (also) the documents thus written out.

enrolment

Technical term: the action of recording in the records of the K., esp. the registering of a deed, memorandum, recognizance; (also) the specific item or record thus enrolled.

hanaper

A repository for the keeping of money. The ‘clerk of the hanaper in chancery’ was the chancery official responsible for the receipt of fines for the issue, engrossment and ensealing of writs, patents and charters issued by the chancery.

herberger [Lat. herbergerius, hospitator]

One sent on before to purvey lodgings for an army, a royal train (OED).

galangal [AN galyngale]

The aromatic rhizome of certain Asian plants of the genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, of the ginger family, used in cookery and herbal medicine; (also) any of these plants (OED).

generosus [Lat.]

Term designating social status: translated as ‘gentleman’.

king's widow [Lat. vidua regis]

The widow of a tenant in chief: so called because whe was not allowed to marry a second time without royal licence.

knights’ fees

Units of assessment of estates in land. Originally a single knight’s fee was the amount of land for which the military service of one knight (=knight service) was required by the crown. ‘Fee’ derives from the Latin feudum, which in other contexts translated as ‘fief’. In practice the descent of landed estates meant that many knights’ fees came to be subdivided and, in the later Middle Ages, personal service was frequently commuted to money payments (=scutage).

liberate, writ of

A chancery writ issued to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Ex. authorizing them to make payment of a specified amount, often the annual fees, wages and rewards of the K.’s officers.

linch [Lat. lincia]

A measure of tin.

livery

The delivery of seisin, or possession, of an estate hitherto held in the K.’s hand, for instance when a minor reaches the age of majority.

mainprize

Legal term: the action of undertaking to stand surety (=‘mainpernor’) for another person; the action of making oneself legally responsible for the fulfilment of a contract or undertaking by another person (OED).

mass [Lat. messa]

A standard measure of metal.

messuage

A portion of land occupied, or intended to be occupied, as the site for a dwelling house; (also) a dwelling house together with outbuildings and the adjacent land assigned to its use (OED).

mort d’ancestor, assize of [Lat. assisa mortis antecessoris]

A legal process to recover land of which the plaintiff’s ancestor (father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother sister, nephew or niece) died seised (=in possession), possession of which was since taken by another person.

nolumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula nolumus]

A standard clause inserted especially in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time.

novel disseisin, assize of [Lat. assisa nove disseisine]

A legal process to recover land from which the plaintiff claims to have been dispossessed (=disseised).

pensa See wey.
piece [L. pecia] A standard quantity of merchandise.
pendent seal Seal hanging from engrossed letters patent attached to a tongue or tag of parchment.
perpresture An illegal encroachment upon royal property.
plica A fold along the foot of engrossed letters patent and charters to create a double thickness of parchment, used for attaching the ‘great seal pendent’ to the letters. An incision was made in the plica and through which a tag of parchment was attached. A wax impression of a seal was then affixed to the tag.
protection An act of grace by the K., granted by chancery letters, by which the recipient is to be free from suits at law for a specified term; granted especially to persons crossing overseas or otherwise out of reach of the courts in the K.’s service.
quare impedit, writ of An action brought to recover the advowson of a benefice, brought by the patron against the bishop or other person hindering the presentation.
scutage The commutation of personal military service to the crown for a money payment. Normally called ‘royal service’ in Ireland.
seisin Formal legal possession of land.
sendal [Lat. cendallum; ME cendal] A thin rich silken material (OED).
stallage [Lat. stallagium, estallagium] Payment for a market stall.
tun [Latdolium] A large cask or barrel, esp. of wine.
valettus A term designating social status: translated ‘yeoman’.
Vidua Regis [Lat.] See King's widow.
volumus, clause of [Lat. cum clausula volumus] A standard clause inserted esp. in letters of protection by which pleas and suits are delayed for a specified period of time. In full the clause runs: volumus quod interim sit quietus de omnibus placitis et querelis (=we wish that meanwhile he be quit of all pleas and plaints).
waif A piece of property which is found ownerless and which, if unclaimed within a fixed period after due notice given, falls to the lord.
waivery [AN weiverie] The technical term for proceedings of outlawry in the case of women.
wey [Lat. pensa, peisa, pisa] A standard of dry-goods weight.
worsted [ME wyrstede] A woollen fabric or stuff made from well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool combed to lay the fibres parallel (OED).
writ [Lat. brevis] Letters close containing commands by the K. to certain specified persons, esp. royal officers. Returnable writs, which were not normally enrolled in the chancery rolls, were to be returned by the officer to chancery with details of the actions taken by the officer in response to the contents. See also allocate, certiorari, liberate.
2
12 Dec. 1432
To the seneschal of the liberty of Meath.

ORDER to pay William Sutton, clerk of the common pleas of the K.'s Ex. of Ire., 26s 8d that the K. has granted him.

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, pp 94–5

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
3
10 Jan. 1433
Trim
To the sheriff of the crosslands of Meath.

It has been ordained in the English council that men of 70 years and over shall not be placed on assizes, juries and other recognizances. ORDER that if Michael Lynham of Scurlageston exceeds the said age the sheriff is not to place him on assizes, juries or other recognizances, in accordance with the said provision, and to release any distraint made against him.

Attested: 
Christopher Plunket, deputy Lt
C: 

NAI, Ferguson Coll. 3, p. 97.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife
4
27 May. 1433
To the seneschal of the liberty of Meath.

ORDER to pay William Sutton, clerk of the common pleas of the K.'s Ex. of Ire., 26s 8d that the K. has granted him.

T: 

TCD, MS 1747, pp 96–7.

The following abbreviations are used within in the text of CIRCLE

  • abp = archbishop [of]
  • BMV = beate Marie Virginis [of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
  • C. = chancellor [plural: chancellors]
  • co. = county (i.e. medieval shire: lower case ‘c’) [plural. cos.]
  • dcd = deceased
  • e. = earl of
  • Edw. = Edward (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • Eng. = England
  • esq. = esquire [plural: esquires]
  • Ex. = exchequer
  • g.s. = great seal
  • Hen. = Henry
  • Ire. = Ireland
  • Jcr = justiciar [plural: justiciars]
  • JP = justice of the peace
  • K. = king
  • kt = knight
  • Lt = lieutenant
  • O.Carm. = Order of Carmelites
  • O.F.M. =  Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
  • O.P. = Order of Preachers (Dominicans)
  • Ric. = Richard (used when giving dates by regnal year)
  • s. = son
  • sen. = seneschal of
  • T. = treasurer [plural: treasurers]
  • w. = wife